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  • Söndergaard, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Avtryck från förr: storhögar i Mälardalen under järnåldern2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Imprints from the past: great mounds in Mälardalen during the Iron Age.

    Within the archaeological field large mounds has been a topic of interest since the 17th century. The thought of large mounds as monuments of power during the Iron Age has long been the established way of understanding them. They are believed to contain mighty and wealthy lords, or at least they are preferred to contain men. The purpose of this paper is to look into the mounds content and examine if these contents justify the established theories within the archeological field or if they are cause for dispute.

  • Bergsén, Sakarias
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    "Skaldernas sång är folkets röst!": En studie av Fosterländska Förbundet i Norrköping som borgerligt tankekollektiv 1887–19072019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I research a senior high school association called The Patriotic Society, and the records that they produced between 1887–1907. The title, which roughly translates to “The song of the bards is the voice of the people!”, is a quote from a poem, published in the paper of the association.  I seek to determine what their “thought style” – as defined by Ludwik Fleck – consists of through these records, and also how the inherent characteristics corresponded to two contemporary, educational ideals described by Hans Wennås: the classic-humanistic represented by the conservative aristocracy, and the utilitarian which the bourgeoisie sympathized with. There has earlier been research done about bourgeois and aristocratic ideas, and their settings in the swedish senior high schools – although there has not been any research done about this specific association. Moreover, to fulfill my specific purpose, I raise two questions in the beginning of the thesis: what was the characteristic features of The Patriotic Societies’ thought style, and how did they relate to Wennås educational ideals? By analyzing the associations paper Saga, protocols from their meetings and lectures that they held, I came to distinguish three primary characteristics in the thought style: a liberal patriotism with a strong idea of nordic community, a literary orientation that emphazised the patriotic and the idealistic, and lastly bourgeoisie ideas mainly consisting of a co-occuring liberal standpoint combined with a pronounced class consciousness. In conclusion, The Patriotic Society corresponded by these means the most to the utilitarian ideal, than the classic-humanist.

  • Skagersten, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Doing away with safety: A study on mourning and metafiction in How to Live Safely in a Science Fictional Universe2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay works with Freud’s theory of melancholia, and Hutcheon’s theories of parody and metafictional writing to explore Charles Yu’s novel How to Live Safely in a Science Fictional Universe. By looking at how both theories handle the subject of identity and unconscious formations, this study argues that the relationship between the main character and his father visualizes the process of creating, as well as evolving a dialectic discourse regarding the function of literature. It also showcases the opportunity afforded by parody and self-aware writing, to create a narrative gap that allows for objective criticism that places the reader in an active role in the construction of the text.

  • Skoglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den lärda kvinnans onaturlighet: En undersökning av mönster i porträtteringen av den lärda kvinnan i teaterhistorien2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is called The unnatural learned woman: an examination of patterns in the portraying of the learned woman in theatre history and it examines what patterns in the portraying of learned women that can be found in theatre history, by looking at a few selected dramatic plays, with a time span that goes from ancient Greece to the 1980s. The term "learned woman" includes women with knowledge that is comparable with educated knowledge, such as philosophy, science and mathematics, law, politics and so on, and knowledge that gives the woman social power, like wit or strategic thinking. I also discuss how the concept of knowledge is looked upon, and how eligible knowledge is a social construction, by using Foucault’s Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings 1972–1977. The plays I have read are the following: Antigone (442 BCE) by Sophocles, Medea (431 BCE) by Euripides, The Learned Ladies (1672) by Molière, True women (1883) by Anne Charlotte Leffler, Hedda Gabler (1890) by Henrik Ibsen and Top Girls (1982) by Caryl Churchill. Given the macro-historic perspective that I am using, it follows that I am not doing an in-depth survey that covers every part of the history, but rather a search for long-term trends or patterns that are used when establishing the learned woman in relation to prevailing gender structures. My theoretical question is the following: What patterns can be found in the portraying of "the learned woman" in the history of Western theatre, and what do they say about the connection between gender and knowledge and power and knowledge? I discuss the results of my analyzes in three aspects: the contrast of the "learned woman" and the "natural woman", the rise and fall of the learned woman and whether the learned woman is forced to start acting like a natural woman in the end of the plays.

  • Mårsell, Maria
    Mot expressionism – en kontextualisering av August Strindbergs Ett drömspel och AnneCharlotte Lefflers Sanningens vägar.2014In: Arvet efter Strindberg – The Strindberg Legacy: Elva bidrag från den artonde internationella Strindbergskonferensen / [ed] Gedin, David; Lysell, Roland; Sauter, Willmar; Stam, Per, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2014, p. 75-81Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Stadin, Kekke
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    The Performance of a Naval Hero Admirals in the Nordic Seven years' War 1563-15702019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 19-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What were the human experiences on board warships in the early modern period? Here, specific examples connected to battlefield situations and the practices on and below deck present clearer insights. Primarily, however, this anthology details the human organization of, and attitudes towards, systematic violence and warfare. How should we better explain and understand an addiction to war during this period and elsewhere in history?

    On War on Board is the result of a collaboration between archaeologists and historians using both material sources and written documents. The contributing authors explore subjects connected to warfare based on their expertise and research interests.

  • Aleksic, Sonja
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "De kommer alltid för sent!": En vetenskaplig essä om kommunikationsproblem mellan föräldrar och förskola2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My science- and experience based essay depicts the communicative difficulties I perceive with a special parent couple at my preschool. My questions are: What kind of relationship can I have with the parents based on my duty ethics, utility ethics and virtue ethics? How can the power between me and the parents be described from a power perspective? How can my practical knowledge help me deal with parents who are late? In the essay I present my interpretation of two self-experienced situations that I illustrate in two different stories. The problems are also from a more general perspective regarding the communication between home and preschool. The study will help me learn more about what communication is and what new challenges that may arise when home and preschool meet. Furthermore, my reflection will help me to get an overview from a power-related perspective and what is in the preschool curriculum about cooperation between parents and preschool. How can I see the problem from the parents´ perspective and take their position? What makes me react the way I do? What makes parents act the way they do? The purpose of this study is to analyze the importance of communication between parents and educators in preschool and then see what the consequences will be for the child when the communication fails. I intend to also shed the light on the power relationship that exists between educators and parents. To get further, I need to reflect on my actions based on several different perceptions and with this create a deeper insight into the whole dilemma. From different ethical  perspectives, I will help to see my dilemma. I will also highlight the significance and influence of Aristotle´s three forms of knowledge for my practice. I believe that education, learning and care are important components that we preschool educators should relate to.

    The conclusion I see is that the steering documents are important to me as an educator and just as important is the cooperation with all parents at the preschool. Relationship competence is important to have when we educators at preschool have to work with it every day, through all our “meetings” with educators, children and parents. That relational competence requires that I as an educator have intuition and am extremely responsive to how I should act there and then.

  • Allinger, Natalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Bergström, Venus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Barnets bästa - en subjektiv bedömning utifrån olika tolkningsramar.: En kritisk diskursanalys av vårdnadstvister där barnets pappa antas ha utövat våld mot barnets mamma2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how the accusations of domestic violence is taken into account in the court's decision and the social services' assessment in custody disputes. The method used in the study is a critical discourse analysis of six district court judgements as well as corresponding custody investigations compiled by social services in cases where information that the child's father has committed violence against the child's mother has been brought forward. The thesis's theoretical starting points is Fairclough's critical discourse analysis as well as a gender perspective based on norms about gender and parenting. The analysis also takes into account the aspect of power by studying how discretion is used. 

    The main conclusion of the study is that the district court motivates its judgement based on one of two possible discourses. In the “family discourse”, the court emphasizes the importance of a good and close relationship with both parents and domestic violence becomes side lined, whereas violence and the absence of safety is a central issue in the “women's abuse discourse”. Regardless of the discourses, the district court has the right to choose whether or not to follow the assessment supplied by social services. 

  • Gharam, Jean
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sundstrand, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Baselregelverket: hjälper eller stjälper det Europas banker?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the third Basel regulation has affected the profitability of European banks. The method used in this study has been a fixed effect paneldata regression with a dummy variable for year 2014 when the third Basel regulation was established. The study is limited to the years 2011 until 2018 due to data availability. Results show that there is a significant positive relationship between capital and profitability. In addition, results show that there is a negative relationship between credit risk and profitability. The Basel regulation and increased capital requirements have had a significant positive impact on the profitability of European banks.

  • Klovemark, Yasmina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stylistic Refusal: A Case of Language Crossing?: Consequences of Stylistic Choices in a Social Media Discourse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to social media’s vast reach, platforms are created where participants of different speech communities interact. In these interactions, the role of language in conveying a credible identity is brought to light. This study investigates stylistic choices and consequences thereof in the YouTube video Bella Hadid goes Sneaker Shopping with Complex. Entering an established hip-hop speech community, Hadid is viewed as an out-group infiltrator. Through a qualitative approach, 150 of the most popular comments were collected, categorized and analysed to investigate how language, style and appropriation are addressed or made salient through explicit discussion. Applying Rampton’s theory of language crossing (1995), the data suggest that the participant’s stylistic choices led her to be perceived as a crosser with an illegitimate claim, causing commenters to voice a refusal. This study aims to bring attention to the often concealed negative effects of crossing, as well as discussing it in the context of power, privilege and legitimacy.

  • Opacic, Anita
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Vi vill leka själva faktiskt!: En essä om barns kamratkultur i förskolan, när det inte riktigt fungerar och pedagogens roll i sammanhanget2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on my reflections on children’s peer culture and their interactions in preschool when it comes to conflicts and their ways of treating each other in such situations. I start by telling a story where I describe a situation between four children and their way of handling a conflict between them. Based on my story I want to investigate and understand how peer culture works and why it sometimes doesn´t work in children’s relationships. Why it sometimes comes to children excluding each other or using power over one another in different ways, good and bad. This makes me think about my own ways of handling things and why I sometimes hesitate when it comes to knowing what the right thing to do is. The purpose of writing an essay as a method is to reflect and deepen my own understanding of these matters, like peer culture, conflicts between children and their relationships, but also of my own actions and how I can better understand them. This way of writing, reflecting and relating to theoretical literature deepens my own reflections and understanding of the questions I have been hesitant about, which are: What strategies are children using in conflicts and what norms govern children’s peer culture in preschool? How do I as a teacher work with conflict management? Why do I hesitate in my own knowledge of what is right or wrong? The theoretical perspectives I have been using to better understand my story are by William Corsaro, Fanny Jonsdottir and Pia Williams and their studies about peer culture and social interactions as well as Annica Löfdahl who also writes about norms and attitudes in children's play. To reflect on the social competence and self-esteem of children I explore Margareta Öhman and Kari Pape, who also studied children excluding each other and power structures. I have also reflected on Cecilia Ländins research on master suppression techniques and Maria Johansson, the actress, who writes about: having courage, fairness and kindness.

  • Rodell Olgaç, Christina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Sverige, skolan och de fem nationella minoriteterna: från monokulturalitet och enspråkighet till interkulturell pedagogik och social rättvisa2020In: Perspektiv på interkulturalitet / [ed] Helena Hill, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, 1, p. 85-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet diskuterar och analyserar hur den svenska minoritets- och skolpolitiken påverkat de fem nationella minoriteternas skolsituation under 1900-talet fram till idag. Till detta knyts några pedagogiska tankegångar beträffande synen på undervisning, lärande och mångfald med särskilt fokus på de nationella minoriteterna, och mer specifikt romernas situation. Trots de förändringar som skett sedan erkännandet av minoriteterna år 2000 och de rättigheter som de numera formellt har, bland annat i skolan, visar kapitlet att dessa rättigheter fortfarande inte genomförs i praktiken och att okunskapen om minoriteterna fortfarande är stor. Avslutningsvis ges dock några exempel på motberättelser och hur skolan och högskolan genom en interkulturell pedagogik kan utmana de diskurser om minoriteterna som ofta lever kvar.

  • Oscarsson, Jens
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Husmödrarnas kvinnokamp – en granskning av arbetsfrågan i Husmodersförbundets medlemsblad under 1930-talet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1930's in Sweden, at the same time as the country experienced a nativity crisis and a job crisis, the married women's right to gainful employment was under attack. A significant part of the governing people wanted women to stay at home and to only do the domestic work. But what did the women that were already working in this field, the housewives, think about this discussion? What were their standpoint? How did they see themselves in this context and what were their thoughts regarding their own work? These questions will this essay examine, by studying the member journal of the biggest and most important housewives’ organization in Sweden around this time, "Husmodersförbundet" (Housewives association). Previous research is lacking in this area and the purpose of this essay is to enlighten the reader in this particular field.

    By using a qualitative method, and by reading all the editions of the member journal, several key themes have arisen. With the gender theory of Yvonne Hirdman and the working theory of Hannah Arendt, interesting and new knowledge in this area has emerged through the survey. Unlike previous research, this essay proves that "Husmodersförbundet" took a stand for the married women's right to work as early as 1933. This essay also shows, by using Arendts theory along with the results of the survey, that wages was not the key factor to raising the status of domestic work. This conclusion has arisen after studying the housewives' view on unpaid farmer wives versus paid maids in the member journal and will be further discussed in this essay.

  • Plate Blomberg, Jennie
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Den levda blicken: En fenomenologisk undersökning av blickens betydelse för mötet mellan lärare och elever2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this essay is: The lived gaze: a phenomenological study of the importance of gaze for the meeting between teachers and students. With a phenomenological gaze at the gaze, I examine the gaze and how it appears in the meeting between me and my high school students. In between the phenomenological method, the reflective conversation with the philosophers Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault and Jean-Paul Sartre as well as portraits from my teaching practice I go on an explorative journey. In my essay I discover that in the meeting between me and my students the gaze appear as directed, broken and supervised.

  • Lindén, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Östman, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Jag vill inte träffa dem: En kvalitativ studie om servicekvalitet inom FinTech2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of digital services is becoming more common and demand is increasing. Consumers are demanding opportunities to get in touch with different services faster and more efficiently. FinTech is based on a more customer-focused bank, which means more money is spent on customer service. Despite this, the personal meeting is demanded by consumers, and the lack of a physical meeting has made customer satisfaction decrease. The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of what customers consider to be a good service quality at a FinTech company, since there is no physical meeting.

    The theories for the study are traditional theories of service quality. The main theory of the study is SERVQUAL. An interview guide was designed based on the themes from the chosen theories. The study has used a qualitative research design. The data collection was done via semi-structured interviews, such as individual interviews with 21 respondents and a focus group interview with four respondents.

    The key factors in service quality for a digital service meeting are reliability and service readiness. The staff in the customer service tone, if they are polite and accommodating, give the respondents confidence in the staff. The non-physical meeting affects the respondents in different ways. We have identified a pattern among the respondents, which is: to not demand a physical meeting requires trust and experience

  • Hidbäck, Susanna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Praktisk kunskap, är den tillförlitlig?": En vetenskaplig essä om vilken kunskap som ligger till grunden för våra beslut inom skola och fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Praktisk kunskap, är den tillförlitlig?” är en vetenskaplig essä om vilken kunskap som ligger till grunden för våra beslut inom skola och fritidshem. Syftet med denna essä är att undersöka och reflektera över vilken sorts kunskap det är som gör att lärare tar olika beslut under skoldagen och på fritidshemmet kring raster, idrott och hälsa. Varför tar vi så olika beslut?  Och hur viktig del har den praktiska kunskapen och vår egen unika erfarenhet i dessa beslut?

  • Fedioutchek, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Public Law.
    Askarova, Elnara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Svensk migrationspolitik i förändring: En kritisk studie om säkerhetisering av migration i Sverige.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines changes in the Swedish migration policy discourse during the year 2015 that resulted in the change of migration legislation with the aim of significantly reducing the number of asylum seekers. The aim of the study of the political landscape for Swedish governance of the migration issue is to define the priorities that led, among other things, to the introduction of the Act (2015:1073) on specific measures in serious danger to public order or internal security in the country and the law (2016:752) on temporary restrictions on the possibility of obtaining a residence permit in Sweden. The study's main focus is thus on the analysis of the Swedish Parliaments migration discourse which, by describing migration as a security risk, forces "urgent measures" in the form of laws that restrict migration. We want to understand the underlying factors for the expressed "emergency" that underpins these laws. As a starting point for our work, we have chosen to use the Securitization theory from the well known, within the peace and security policy research field, the Copenhagen School. The definition of the concept of securitization has a central role in the study's methodological part. It is used as a key to decode the collected material, which consists of two bill texts for new "emergency laws" in the field of migration, official statements from Swedish political parties and the Swedish government, and the political debate in the wake of, for example, the parliamentary motions. This study invites the reader to make a perception of the political decision-making process in the area of ​​migration from the security perspective. Securitization, as it has been introduced in science, means a process where (political) actors determine priorities and decide on extraordinary measures based on an assessment of the risks and threats that a specific political issue is considered to bring. We find that critical discourse theory is best suited as a method for evaluating the material that has been collected and for answering the study's questions. Finally, we would like to state that we find the study questions extremely interesting, important and relevant to the research area of ​​political science. We also believe that the issue of migration is today the most discussed issue both in politics and in society at large.

  • Johansson, Ludvig
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    "Jag är som en barnvagn av människohud.": En närläsning av kroppsgränser, textöppningar och abjektion i Åsa Nelvins Gattet. Sånger från barnasinnet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gattet. Sånger från barnasinnet is a cycle of poems by the author Åsa Nelvin (1951-1981). Several readers have recognized a grotesque theme in the book, while some have read an apocalyptic motif. A few have mentioned feelings of both disgust and pleasure. The attempt of this essay is to analyze a selection of the poems through a theme of horror or disgust, in content and form, by applying Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection. L’abjection is something that one is disgusted by, threatening the borders of the self, but it is not simply something that is outside of us since the “abject” is neither subject nor object. In the first part of the analysis I will explicate how abjection is expressed in Gattet concerning the mouth and eating, but also bodily waste. In the second part it is the poetical text itself and its form that is discerned through abjection, considering typographical features such as italicization, s p a c i n g, and the phonetic script in some of the poems.

  • Lindeberg, Sverker
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Naturen och staden: En vetenskaplig essä om utomhusmiljö som lärmiljö i förskolan, med ett utomhuspedagogiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this scientific essay, I reflect with an outdoor educational perspective on the importance of outdoor environments as learning environments in preschool. I write my essay with a hermeneutic approach, which is interpretive and reflective in nature. Topics that I adress include outdoor environments, the importance of the place, sustainable development and norms. I mention how outdoor education relates to selected letters in the preschool curriculum Lpfö 18 regarding health, well-being and sustainable development. I emphasize the importance of practical knowledge and practical wisdom, fronesis, in an outdoor educational perspective. I also reason about norms linked to outdoor and indoor activities in preschool.

  • Ghedel, Robel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Är verkställande direktörers insynstransaktioner informativa?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers generally agree that it is possible for insiders to use monopolistic information to obtain abnormal returns, therefor the research has now shifted focus to investigate whether or not insider transactions has any financial implications for outside investors. According to Eugene Fama, one of the most famous researchers in the field of efficient markets, the transactions should not be of any relevance to outside investors as the information is already included in the price of the shares. However, studies by Bettis et al. (1997) and Lakonishok and Lee (2001) and Incu, Lu och Seyhun (2010) their studies have shown contradictory results, which implies that financial markets are characterized by imperfections. This study continues on the same path and examines whether outside investors can copy the CEO's purchase transactions in the company they employ to make another abnormal return on the Swedish stock market. The study is based on data from 2016-07-03 to 2019-04-01 and has been conducted using the event study methodology, which is a statistical method that can be used to assess the impact of various events on the value of a firm. Based on the 79 transactions that have been observed, the study concludes that the stock market isn’t semistrong efficient, since abnormal returns has been observed in conjunction with the announcement of CEO buy transactions.

  • Goriya, Nancy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Soreni, Gåvan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att leda i det moderna kontorslandskapet: En kvalitativ studie om hur chefer och medarbetare upplever ledarskapet i ett aktivitetsbaserat kontor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Various designs of office landscapes have progressed since 1900 century. Because of traditional office designs and the technological developments, the activity-based workplace has been constructed. Companies today have the resources and capacities that allow employees to work away from the workplace to an increasing extent. However, difficulties have arisen after the implementation of the activity-based working place as focus has been on, for example cost savings by reducing the office space, rather than focusing on the need of employees of the organization. In turn, this has created challenges in regards to the leadership with reasons being that traditional leadership does not suit the leadership required for an activity-based working place. Leaders and employees have been used to working in a traditional workplace in which they have fixed places, which in turn favors trust, motivation etc. Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge is one of the bigger organizations that have implemented the change to the activity-based workplace. For this reason, it is interesting to examine how both leaders and employees experience leadership in an activity-based workplace.

    In order to provide basis for the study’s theoretical frame of reference, positions have been highlighted in order to create understanding for the generated empiricism; organizational change, leadership and communication. For this to be realized, the study’s strategy is of a qualitative kind with semi-structured interviews and observations as a collection tool.

    The results show that the department at Karolinska University Hospital differs between working groups to the extent that they choose to adopt an activity-based approach. The reason for this is that some managers and employees do not consider that the work method is appropriate for their assigned tasks. These working groups experience less difficulties when they are working close to each other, which is what they are used to traditionally. The working groups that together have decided to work wherever they please, such as from their homes, have stated that they miss the personal connection that previously existed. Thus, the managers of these working groups also find it difficult to maintain good relationships with individuals, which in turn has resulted in various negative effects.

    The conclusion of the study is that depending on the extent to which you choose to work activity-based, you face various complications and how effective the work within the group becomes in reality.

  • Krstic, Violeta
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barn som har svårt att leka: En vetenskaplig essä om samspel och exkludering i leken2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scientific essay is about children's play difficulties and interaction with other children. I describe a story where a boy has a hard time cooperating in the game and fights when he doesn't get what he wants. The other kids exclude him from the game because they think he always ruins their games. It is a difficult dilemma for us educators to deal with and we often exclude him from the group when he fights. I reflect on my actions and whether I handled the situations correctly. How can I as a future preschool teacher help a child who has play difficulties and include him in the play with the other children? What might be the reason that the children exclude him from the game, is it the pedagogical attitude that has made Adam out of the game? I will try to address and get answers to these questions in my essay.

    The purpose of writing in essay form as a method is to be able to reflect and gain an understanding of the importance of play, exclude play difficulties and how we educators can support in the play. The method of writing essay form is to be able to answer my questions based on various theories and literature that I have reflected on during my essay writing. In order to gain an understanding of my dilemma, I have used Vygotsky's theory of the importance of play and Corsaro’s and Löfdahl's theories regarding the culture of comrades. In my reflection, I have used the game researchers Knutsdotter Olofsson, Lillemyr, Folkman & Svedin and Öhman who write a lot about children who do not play with other children and are excluded from play. In discussions about educators rolling and how we should help the child in the play, I reflect on Edfelt's thoughts and Tullgren's doctoral dissertation on being and presently an educator in the game.

    All theoretical literature has supported me to reflect on my actions and to be able to critically review how I handled the situation at the preschool. What different working tools can I use to include the child in the play and that they start playing together? The study's conclusion has given me knowledge about how to strengthen my relationship with the child and support him in play with the other children at preschool. I have to be a present educator and help him be included in the game.

  • Samuel, Hansén
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Ett hermetiskt förseglat universum?: Om självrepresentationen av autism i paret Newports gemensamma biografi Mozart and the Whale: An Asperger's love story2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to examine how autism and self-representation is portrayed in the couple Jerry and Mary Newport’s memoir, Mozart and the Whale: An Asperger’s love story (2007). The analysis of the memoir raises two key terms of importance for the purpose of the essay, the concepts of aesthetic nervousness coined by Ato Quayson and the figure of the sentimental savant which has been formulated by Stuart Murray. Another central discourse was articulated by Jenny Bergenmar: That autistic biographies are characterized by a tendency to incorporate narrative about self-awareness, acceptance and the capability to agency as a strategy to escape the objectification of non-autistic readership.

    What emerges in the analysis is that the experience of living within the autism spectrum involves a form of suffering, though also an opportunity for agency, which is what is evident in the self-representation in the Newport couple’s joint biography. Other autistic voices that convey stories of their inability to reach agency have been excluded from the biography and thus ultimately excluded from a discourse of what it means to have autism. And above all it becomes apparent that to be able to act as an autistic in the world requires a different form of self-centeredness than the one that is normatively attributed to the autistic condition, namely self-love.

  • Stjärnvarg, Camilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    "huadh syndz:r iagh på annat sätt hafr bedrijfuit, så är iägh lichwäl frij för trulkonsten": En genusanalys av trolldomsprocessen i Torsåker, Ångermanland 16742019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyse and deepen the understanding about the witch trial in Torsåker, Ångermanland, 1674 through a gender perspective by studying the protocol from the first local trial (tingsrätt). The four different elements to understand how gender works by Joan Scott is used to analyse the protocol from one of the biggest witchtrial in the history of Sweden that included 76 people accused of witchcraft. These elements are cultural symbols, normative discourse, society/polity and subject identity.  The main focus of this essay is the women who are accused of witchcraft and how the process was directed on them, based on their gender. 67 out of 76 people were women, 9 men were accused and 6 out of them were sons of accused women who were all freed from the death penalty in the end. The essay explore the statistics of the accused, the witnesses that testified against them, what the accusations were about, how they were similar and different for men and women, how the sexual accusations were used only against women, how women were accused through generations and the final death sentences.  The study is time chronological, thematic and cross thematic with a presentation of the accused, the way of the trial and final sentences as a ground structure. The middle part about the trial is thematic and there is a cross combinations of some of the themes that are explored throughout the essay as they cannot be separated.

  • Alvarsson, Mattias
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Mattias Alvarsson.
    Swedish Iron Law of Oligarchy: Swedish social networks and strategical positions in Russia, the transitional period of 1991-19942019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the configurations of power positions in the perspective of social networks in the context of Sweden and Swedish actors around the initiation of privatization in Russia 1991-1994. The study aims to increase the knowledge on the subject of power and social networks through the use of a combination of theoretical concept, taking off in Janine Wedel’s flex net. Using the concept of power positions, derived from C. Wright Mills’s command post and Janine Wedel’s flexian-type actor, the study asks questions concerning the occupants of these power positions, the configuration of these power positions as well as the formation, reproduction and implications thereof. The study uses a qualitative mixed method approach inspired by Nick Crossley to gather data by primary, secondary and archival research means, while storing and structuring the data in a social network analysis manner which allows for a more easily grasped visualisation and overview of the relational ties among the actors. The data consists of published sources in the form of books authored by actors, news articles, interviews previously done by journalists, records etc. The study finds indications of possible flex net-like social networks where actors across the Swedish political, business and military intelligence domains collaborate to achieve both ideological and material goals. There is especially a gravitation towards a background in or a close connection to the Swedish Military Intelligence, in particular its collaboration with Swedish business representatives. The study does however not argue corruption or nepotism in the traditional sense, but rather suggest that the reproduction of power positions may be the result of a rationale along the lines of Robert Michels’s concept of the iron law of oligarchy - a power law function - in other words, previous power positions qualify actors for future power positions. The study acknowledges its methodological limitations, and also emphasises that the actors and the social network examined here is unlikely to be unique in any sense of the word, however it is also worth noting that this study is part of a larger study project which includes other methodological approaches, such as interviews.

  • Aziz, Yadgar
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hur påverkas barns fria lek i förskolan?: En vetenskaplig essä om lek och huruvida vuxnas roll är påverkande i barns fria lek2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Free play in pre-school has been a widely discussed topic, and researchers have come to different conclusions about the role of the educator in free play. This essay is based on a self-perceived dilemma about free play. The main focus is whether children's free play should be free from adults and whether or not educators control free play. The dilemma occurs when a colleague points out that adults should not participate in children's play. The aim with this essay is to investigate and explore the presence of adults in the free play and in what way educators influence the free play. The research questions also consider children's experiences of play and how one can perceive the role of the educator in free play. The method has been to write a scientific essay by reasoning, reflecting and exploring the concept of "free play" with the help of theories, research and literature that highlights free play. In conclusion, there is no right or wrong about the presence of adults in the free play. Children need to both be completely free of adults to experiment on their own and time to play with an adult who can balance and enrich the game. The disadvantage is that the play without adults can result in certain children deciding at the expense of other children and with adults present, the development can be hampered, and the game can be controlled.

  • Ganse, Maria
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Jag vill spela fotboll": En essä om att få barn engagerade i förskolans undervisning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this experience-based essay is to reflect on a dilemma that may arise in my work as a preschool teacher and which I present in my own experienced story. The dilemma is that I as a preschool teacher have a responsibility to give the children the conditions to develop in the subjects presented by the preschool curriculum, such as mathematics, language, science and technology. At the same time, I meet children who are not always receptive to it and where I sometimes fail to reach them. I present this in five different situations where I myself am an educator who meets children in events that have occurred but which are to some extent distorted. In these situations I tell you about Fia, Cassandra, William and Simon. Fia and Cassandra are more interested in playing than taking part in an experiment in which we investigate what happens when you put sugar cubes in water. William would rather build a space rocket of Lego than listen to a fairy tale, and Simon longs to play football when we reflect on what we can do to help the environment.

    In my reflection, I will base myself on three issues. My first question is how I as a preschool teacher can shape the teaching so that the whole group of children becomes engaged and interested in learning new things. My second issue is how I as a preschool teacher can help the children who are not so involved in teaching situations to become more involved. My third issue is how I can be a fair preschool teacher towards all children. I will reflect on these three issues with the help of my story and the literature I have chosen to use as references to my thesis. I have tried to choose literature of great breadth so that it can be as productive as possible for my thesis. What I find is that a greater preparation for the activity and also a follow-up afterwards can affect the children´s group´s commitment and interest in a good direction. Other factors that can have a positive impact can be to increase the variation, work more in smaller groups to more easily support each child and to base more on what the children are interested in.

  • Lindblom, Dennis
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barns lärande går före deras inflytande och intresse: En vetenskaplig essä om att tillgodose barns egna intresse och se det individuella lärandet i en gruppinriktad förskola2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about two described stories with a common dilemma, about being able to see children's individual learning in a preschool that works almost exclusively in groups. The first story describes a planned activity with a group of children while the second is a situation during a gathering before lunch together with all of the children in my group. The purpose of this essay is to make it visible how my actions affect the individual learning and influence of the children when the children show a lack of interest in what we do together. Based on my purpose, I have focused on three selected questions that include children's individual learning and interest, the teacher´s impact on children's influence and the group's importance for the individual's learning.

    I illuminate Michel Foucault’s theory of power and Aristoteles´s meaning of practical knowledge as phronesis importance for the situations that arise in my story. These are the basis for describing my actions and why I choose to take the path I take. The difference between children's participation versus children's influence is included in the text to separate them and give a broader perspective on what these concepts mean. From Lev Vygotsky’s thoughts about the sociocultural perspective, I show the importance of the group and also emphasizes the importance of social interaction and the meaning of the group to see the individual learning of the children at preschool

  • Näsström, Denise
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Turismprogrammet.
    Svenska kvinnors upplevelser av att bli och vara fotbollssupporter: En kvalitativ studie om socialisering och identitetsbevarande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences women soccer supporters socialization process and the socializations process continuation after they have adopted the supporteridentity. The majority of studies conducted in Sweden focuses on male supporterhip, studies on swedish women soccer supporters is particularly insufficient. Studies conducted outside of Sweden on female supporters is also limited and focuses to an extent on the gender perspective of women and mens experiences. By testing the results from chosen studies on women supporters socialization process, this study aims to find whether the same experiences can be found among swedish soccer supporters. Through Goffmans theories of the presentation of self and theories of stigmatisation, this essay aims to explain how swedish women supporters depicts the survival of their supporter identity. The empirical data was collected through four interviews with women who identify as active soccer supporters. The study uses an ethnomethodological approach and a qualitative data analysis. The key results this study presents are that women supporters initial socialization process acts almost in the same way as shown in earlier studies. The techniques of Goffmans presentation of self and impression management were a common occurance for the continuing socialization process of the supporter identity. In addition to their own presentation of their supporter identity, other supporters and supporter team clubs have a role in the continuing of the socializaion process of the supporter identity and the preservation of the supporter culture. Goffmans theories on stigmatization occurs within the women supporters experiences with non-supporters and the police.

  • Néa, Sedell
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Det vita brusets poetik: En konceptuell återerinring av avantgardistisk praxis2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay, The Poetics of White Noise - A Conceptual Remembrance of Avant-garde Practice, explores the possibility of a postmodern avant-garde through the critical practice of conceptual writing. By engaging this poetic impulse in a dialogue with two previous avant-garde tendencies, concrete poetry and situationism, I attempt to trace an expansion of the critical potential of poetry in the contemporary spectacle of late capitalism. This prospect is defined as a form of double criticism consisting of the externalization of poetic subjectivity and its simultaneous institutionalization as a part of the social fabric of society. In opposition to the notion of postmodern theorist Fredric Jameson, this study argues for the possibility of an avant-garde practice in postmodernity through the anti-aesthetics of conceptual writing. Thus, an understanding of the avant-garde as a position in history, rather than an aesthetic movement limited to a specific place in time, is realized.

  • Sjöström, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Rosin, Åsa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hur bekräftar förskollärare barn som söker uppmärksamhet: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på självkänsla2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how preschool teachers respond to children's need for attention where we focus on self-esteem and self-confidence. In addition, the study also draws attention to how preschool teachers motivate their choice of conformation. Self- esteem development starts with the caregiver’s recognition of the basal needs of the infant and continues to develop in a safe environment. A high level of self-esteem has been shown to protect children from stressful events later in life which implicates that working to raise children's self-esteem in preschool is highly important. Therefore, we are using a qualitative study where we can observe how preschool teachers respond to the different ways of attention-seeking behavior from the children in two different preschools. The observations are also accompanied by a follow-up interview with the preschool teachers in order to investigate the underlying cause of their response. The results of this study show that the preschool teachers respond to the children's search for attention regardless of the way in which the child seeks attention. We interpret that the preschool teacher’s response to the children’s need of attention depends on the teachers practical and ethical knowledge. In addition, the preschool teachers are very attentive to the children’s need of attention where they primarily confirm the children's being which might lead to an increase of the child’s self-esteem. 

  • Van, Carina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hallgren, Jasmine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Är influencers trovärdiga?: En kvalitativ studie om konsumenter upplever trovärdighet i influencer marketing2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The development of social media has generated new communication and marketing strategies. Influencers is a phenomenon that has developed with social media and has become increasingly important for marketing strategies for companies. Influencers have a stronger credibility and impact on consumers then companies, which has led to more companies taking advantage of influencers on social media. YouTube is a growing social media platform that allows companies to expose and market themselves through an influencer.

    Purpose and research question: The study will clarify factors that may be of importance to the credibility of an influencers marketing and business collaborations. The purpose of this essay is to gain an understanding if consumers experience credibility of influencer marketing, which results in the following research questions:

    • Do consumers experience credibility in influencers marketing and business collaborations?

    • What factors may be of importance to the credibility of an influencers marketing and business collaborations?

    Method: The study applies a qualitative approach consisting ten individual semistructured interviews with consumers who are 16 to 24 years old and take part of influencers on YouTube. The interview guide for the semistructured interviews consists of 14 questions divided into three themes. The material that was obtained during the interviews has been compiled and analyzed using the chosen theories, which is communication, e-WoM, influencer marketing as a marketing strategy, influencers as opinion leaders and trust.

    Results and conclusion: The results show that all respondents thinks that influencer marketing is credible. The respondents also feel that the credibility of influencer marketing is affected by the trust to an influencer and that the trust and credibility to an influencer can be affected depending on various factors.

  • Deibl, Hinnd
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Gräsrotsbyråkrater i ett emotionellt arbete: En kvalitativ intervjustudie ur distriktssköterskans perspektiv, gällande handlingsutrymme och emotioner i arbetet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how district nurses work with their emotions and how they experience their discretion and stress in the workplace. To answer the study's purpose and questions, a qualitative method was used in the form of six semi-structured interviews with district nurses. The study is based on theories of emotional work and street-levelbureaucracy.

    The study results show that the district nurses organize their emotions in a number of different ways and through different strategies, such as through deep and superficial emotional action. The most common strategies that are used by district nurses to manage their emotions are both mental and work-related management systems. Furthermore, the results show that the districtnurses experience a large discretion when performing a medical assessment and when prioritizing patient visits. Furthermore, the results show that the district nurses' discretion isnot limited by regulations, but it is the lack of time that limits their room for discretion andwhich leads to stress experiences. This problem is addressed by all district nurses through theuse of different management systems.

  • Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Perspektiv på interkulturalitet2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begrepp som interkulturalitet och interkulturell undervisning har länge förts fram som en viktig grund för undervisning och utbildning. Där begreppet mångkultur ofta har kritiserats, bland annat för att essentialisera kulturer och befästa en syn på kulturer som klart åtskilda och statiska har interkulturalitet förts fram som ett alternativ som snarare fokuserar på ömsesidigt samarbete och processer mellan kulturer.

    Liknande kritik som har riktats mot mångkultur har dock även riktats mot begreppet interkulturalitet. Samtidigt menar många forskare att begreppet inrymmer något viktigt som det är värt att bevara och hålla fast vid men på samma gång hela tiden utveckla och hålla levande. Södertörns högskolas lärarutbildning har i många år haft en interkulturell profil och här diskuterar lärare och forskare begreppet interkulturalitet från en rad olika perspektiv.

    Författarna tar utgångspunkt i egna erfarenheter av undervisning på lärarutbildningen såväl som i pågående forskningsprojekt. Texterna behandlar vitt skilda områden som vad interkulturalitet betyder för lärarprofessionen, interkulturalitet i relation till de nationella minoriteterna, Sverige som ett mångreligiöst samhälle, interkulturalitet i en specifik lärarsituation samt begreppets historiska rötter. Den gemensamma tråden är dock att de alla diskuterar och reflekterar över vad interkulturalitet kan betyda och hur det kan förstås liksom dess relevans för en utbildning som tar utgångspunkt i alla barns och elevers lika värde och villkor.

  • Kella, Elizabeth
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Suspect Survival: Matrophobia in Postmemory Generational Writing2019In: American, British and Canadian Studies, ISSN 1841-1487, E-ISSN 1841-964X, Vol. 33, p. 89-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family and kinship carry special significance to Holocaust survivors and their descendants. In autobiographies and family memoirs, writers of what Marianne Hirsch terms the postmemory generation employ different narrative strategies for coming to terms with the ways in which the Holocaust has marked their identities and family ties. This article focuses on women’s writing of the postmemory generation, examining three works in English by daughters of survivors in the UK, the US, and Canada, written during the 1990s. It investigates the narrative strategies used by Anne Karpf, Helen Fremont, and Lisa Appignanesi to represent maternal sexual agency and vulnerability in a survival context. It suggests that these representations are strongly influenced by matrophobia and matrophilia, defined as the conflicting dread of becoming and desire to be one’s mother, which are themselves strongly conditioned by Holocaust history, particularly the gendered history of vulnerability among women in open hiding during the war.

  • Arkelid, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Johansson, Eva-Lie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Fem tysta minuter: En vetenskaplig essä om olika perspektiv på ordningskultur under måltider i fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “Fem tysta minuter” (five minutes of silence) is a scientific essay about methods to create order during mealtimes in school. The essay mainly focuses on the afternoon snacks that are an every day part of the “fritidshem” (after-school centre) work. The essay is based on two different stories that combined presents mealtime situations where the pedagogical choices have been hard to make and were there are no clear options that would benefit all the participants. We have researched whether ”fem tysta minuter” is a good method to achieve a pedagogical and harmonic mealtime. In the presented stories we are both faced with a situation where our experience and intuition tells us another choice of action would be preferred but we are restricted by the rules of the collegium. From this, we have reflected on how one as a professional educator can act when your inner didactics collides with the working group. We also view this from a child perspective where the dilemma is that both children with the need for a calmer and more quiet environment and children who can't stay quiet and constantly fails to do so must be satisfied.

    Our approach has been to consider a child and adult perspective in relation to the consequences of a democratic and an authoritative leadership. We have reached the conclusion that the tools and conditions we as lone professional pedagogues have, are not enough to create the pedagogical arena during mealtime that are recommended for instance by the Swedish food agency and the Swedish National Agency for Education. A broader pedagogical discussion concerning mealtimes in school(s) is needed.

  • Ayari, Nadine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Al Banna, Veronica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kvinnliga chefer i byggbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelser och arbetslivserfarenheter av byggbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay refers to have its focus on women in male-dominated industries, especially within the construction industry to make a differentiation. We want to see what kind of experience women in a male-dominated industry have around leadership among men. Therefore, the separation existing in the work environment has brought difficulties for the women to advance to manager rolls in their work-life. Women encounter difficulties in their role as a manager also during the procedure to reach an executive position. We have the motive to clear obstacles that eventually come up for female managers in male-dominated professions due to their gender. By testing through our selected ideal point of view and term, to see if it counsels the inequality that exists between the two genders and homosociality, also when it comes to the glass ceiling. When evaluating numbers of interviews that were set up with four different people, their responses guided answers to questions regarding female managers in a male-dominated industry. 

    The results indicate that the majority of our numbers still experience more privileges and barriers than opportunities in the male-dominated industry that they occupy themselves in, because of their gender as females. However, feelings are felt that it is more equated nowadays compared to previous decades. We are able to conclude from our interviewers that the issue in our ideal point of view still exists in today's world, even in Sweden's civilized society, Through different obstacles, special treatments, and injustice between different sexes, women end up being subordinate to men.

    Key Words: Gender roles, gender system, glassceiling, glass elevator, glass cliff, female manager, man dominated, special treatment, segregated labor market, experience.

  • Karlén, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Skrattets makt: En filosofisk undersökning av komiken som meningsskapande existentiell nödvändighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this paper is the philosophy of comedy. It is an orientation through history of laughter and its connection to the essence of comedy. This investigation tries to pinpoint some characteristics of the comedian and the task of the comedian today, focusing primarily on comedy in the public sphere. This paper concludes that comedy could be something physical and biological, but also something political. Humor is general and something very common but also culturally unique. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate comedy as something highly spiritual, absolute human and animalistic. It also aims to connect comedy to the philosophical discipline and strengthen its bond to the academic field. This paper includes some theories of humor, from both an evolutionary, scientific perspective to a more philosophical and theological view. It also includes a political discussion of how one can joke about everything and why comedy is important today.

  • Landér, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Vita riddare i höglandsrustning: En närläsning av Walter Scotts Waverley2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Waverley; or ’Tis Sixty Years Since is an historical novel written by the Scottish author Sir Walter Scott which follows the adventures of Edward Waverley through the Scottish Highlands during the 1745–1746 Jacobite rebellion. It is, as has been suggested by previous research, a novel with a clear imperialistic bias and this essay adds to that discourse by applying the modern concept of the white savior complex. The white savior complex argues that white characters, in certain works, act as and are described as intelligent and moral saviors of non-white characters, who in turn are portrayed as unintelligent and immoral. Only by the actions of the white savior can they be saved. The complex is present mainly in the novel’s protagonist who drags the seemingly backwards society of the Scottish Highlands into a modern future as part of Great Brittan. This essay argues that the move from a backwards and archaic society to a modern and prosperous one would have been possible even without using the framework the white savior.

  • Mauno, Elin
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Inkludering av elever med funktionsvariation i fritidshemmet: Om de sociala fördelarna med inkludering2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “Inclusion of students with functional variation in the leisure home - about the social benefits of inclusion" is a scientific essay on inclusion in the leisure home with a focus on the positive aspects but also a reflection on the more critical voices. The thesis is based on a story which is a compilation of different parts of my professional practice that spans several years. The different parts of the story deal with different situations that were experienced during leisure time and the main characters are Veronica and Benjamin, two students with Downs Syndrome who have been included in the various leisure home departments in different ways. The method chosen is essay writing, where on the one hand I can elucidate and scientifically substantiate what I see as positive aspects of inclusion and on the other critically test my attitude. With the help of relevant literature, I can turn and reverse my dilemma to get different perspectives. My questions are based on the factors that are important for successful integration as well as the gain in including students with functional variations. In my scientific reflection, I have chosen to start by illustrating the concepts of inclusion, integration, normality and deviation, this so that you as a reader will gain an understanding of the rest of the text. Then I continue to highlight the dilemma and problems of inclusion, and I also look at what tools I think are relevant to success in inclusion.

  • Stolt, Isabell
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Det är så den mörka sidan av manligheten fungerar, tyvärr": En kritisk diskursanalys av incels syn på den egna maskuliniteten inom svensk mediekontext2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna C-uppsats skrevs under höstterminen 2019 på Södertörns högskola. Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka hur synen på den egna maskuliniteten uttrycks av män som kallar sig incels i en anonym svensk intervjukontext. Min studie belyser en extrem och homogen grupp och hur deras syn på maskulinitet uttrycks språkligt utanför deras digitala gruppsammanhang där en egen särpräglad diskurs utesluter allmänheten. Det empiriska materialet har varit sex mäns svar i två artiklar (Expressen och Dagens ETC) där vardera artikel presenterar intervjuer med olika tre män. De intervjuas om sin bakgrund, sin ensamhet och den digitala mansaktivismen med likasinnade i internetforum. Alla förutom en av männen berättar under alias. Mina frågeställningar var:

    1. Hur uttrycker sig incels om sin syn på den egna maskuliniteten i en svensk intervjukontext i media? 

    2. Är denna syn på maskulinitet representativ för Connells teori om fyra maskuliniteter?

    Genom en kritisk diskursanalys med textuellt fokus på nominalfraser framkommer personbeteckningar och diskursiva perspektiv som skulle kunna beskriva incels egna maskulinitet. 

  • Granath, Charlotta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Yonadam, Nimo
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Personalvetares och arbetsgivares uppfattningar om vilka kompetenser som behövs för att inträda på arbetsmarknaden: En kvantitativ studie om personalvetares kännedom beträffande arbetsgivares förväntningar på dem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to identify potential discrepancy between employers’ and Human Resource (HR) students’ perceptions of what qualities that are critical for securing an entry-level position in the HR profession after finishing their studies. The purpose has also been to examine whether the potential discrepancy differs between universities in the Stockholm metropolitan area. This has been examined by a survey that has been forwarded to employers and HR-students. The survey data has been analysed by means of t-tests, correlations and regression analyses.The main results of this study are that a discrepancy between employers and HR-students prevails, regarding their perceptions of which qualities that are critical in the labour market.

    The discrepancy is, however, not affected by school affiliation. The most distinct difference was that of personal qualities, where the employers rated these qualities significantly higher than the HR-students. The study thereby contributes to the research area by identifying HR-students' knowledge gap and consequently, which measures that would benefit the HR-educations.

  • Vergoossen, H. P.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Renström, E. A.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lindqvist, A.
    Stockholm University / Lund University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Four Dimensions of Criticism Against Gender-Fair Language2020In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The gender-neutral third-person pronoun singular hen was recently introduced in Swedish as a complement to she (hon) and he (han). The initiative to add hen initially received strong criticism. In the present study, we analyzed 208 arguments from 168 participants with critical attitudes toward hen. We used Blaubergs’ (1980) and Parks and Roberton’s (1998) taxonomies of critical arguments against past gender-fair language reforms in English in the 1970s and 1990s as a basis for coding the arguments. A majority of arguments (80.7%) could be coded into existing categories, indicating that criticisms of gender-fair language initiatives are similar across different times and cultural contexts. Two categories of arguments did not fit existing categories (19.3%): gender-neutral pronouns are distracting in communication and gender information is important in communication. Furthermore, we established four overarching dimensions that capture assumptions and beliefs underlying gender-fair language criticism: (a) Defending the Linguistic Status Quo (39.4%), (b) Sexism and Cisgenderism (27.4%), (c) Diminishing the Issue and Its Proponents (26.9%), and (d) Distractor In Communication (6.3%). These dimensions of criticisms should be considered and addressed in different ways when implementing gender-fair language.

  • Dayan, Saeid
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Ejal, Hakim
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Man känner sig liksom klar i hjärnan”: En kvalitativ studie om sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet och studiero2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is often emphasized that children and young people around the world are too inactive, that the schools only focus on theoretical learning and that children in school lack concentration or wander too much in the classroom. The connection between the aforementioned observations was something we wanted to interpret and was something that we found interesting. In order to answer our questions we approached them from a child’s point of view. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between physical activity and quietude for studying. This survey was conducted at two schools that participate in a project where they add more scheduled physical activity. Applying qualitative research methods such as interviews and observations, we obtained results that were then analyzed from different perspectives on learning and physiological processes, including theories about learning. The results showed that both the students and educators in the study considered that physical activity had positive effects. Furthermore, the results showed that the students perceived that physical activity leads to increased quietude for studying. Educators were also positive about the effects of physical activities had on studies, but they considered that structure and clarity were also important. From our research we can conclude that the students agree that having physical activity in school is advantageous.

  • Nydahl, Michaela
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Svedjehammar, Linda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Du spelar ett högt spel om du sätter ifrån eller ryter ifrån till elever": Gymnasielärares syn på deras möjligheter att bemöta extrema åsikter utifrån sin yrkesroll2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers in Sweden have an obligation by law to prevent violent extremism. This study aims to examine how teachers experience their work in violent extremism prevention. Our study serves as a window to an understanding of how teachers’ work situation affects their ability to prevent students’ expressing extreme opinions. The empirical data from six interviews with sixth form teachers has been analysed through the lens of Lipsky’s theory on street-level bureaucrats (2010). Street-level bureaucrats are workers such as nurses, police officers and teachers - teachers being the focus of this study. Their work is characterised by a degree of discretion in their power to exercise control over the services they provide to recipients such as students (ibid). The study has mainly shown that teachers experience difficulties managing students’ extreme opinions due to inadequate resources and vague organisational expectations. In order to retake control teachers tend to develop patterns of simplifications in their work duties and referring responsibilities to others. Despite the teachers’ ambition to tackle extreme opinions through respectful conversation, they sometimes fail due to a lack of resources such as time and support, resorting to reprimands. Thus, the teachers role as a street-level bureaucrat has a high impact on their ability to work with violent extremism prevention.

  • Heldring, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vestlin, Ida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Digitala verktyg inom Human Resources: En kvalitativ undersökning om HR-anställdas inställningar till digitalisering inom HR2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study, written by Emma Heldring and Ida Vestlin with the title Digital tools within Human Resources investigates HR-employees attitudes towards digital tools within HR-work. Personal attitudes towards digital tools within HR are intended to be identified with eight semi-structured qualitative interviews. Earlier studies in the field has a management perspective with a focus on increased efficiency and productivity, less research has been done on how the employees working with the tools feel about them. Robert Blauner’s (1964) theoretical concept powerlessness and parts from Bosse Angelöws (2010) reorganizational model, together with previous research about digital tools, constitutes the theoretical framework.

     

    The study's results are in accordance with previous research about digital tools impact on efficiency and show that the use and need of them are comprehensive. The results suggest that new digital tools such as recruitment robots and chatbots entail risks, but their benefits tend to outweigh the disadvantages, which has resulted in a generally positive attitude to digital tools in HR-work. A thorough analysis shows the reoccurring reflection on the advantages and disadvantages of digital tools, which has created the ambivalent attitude that characterizes the result. The study contributes with knowledge of HR-employees attitudes for digital tools.

  • Wallin, Elisabet
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. Elisabet Wallin.
    Rädda lilla H eller hjälpa båda två?: En vetenskaplig essä om att hjälpa barn i lek och försöka vara en fritidshemslärare som räcker till2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate how I as a leisure-time teacher can help children who have difficulty playing and how it is possible to do enough as a teacher in a large group of children. As a starting point, I have used events from my professional life which I have shaped in the form of a scientific essay.

    My questions have been the following: How should I, as a leisure-time teacher, respond to the children who find it difficult to play with their classmates? How is it possible to pay attention and suffice for all children when there are so many in a group?

    In my reflective research, I have used established theories of play and practical knowledge. My conclusions have been that leisure-time teachers have a great responsibility to create the conditions for play and to help children with difficulties. At the same time, the leisure-time teachers find it difficult to suffice as they work in large groups of children. Quiet children are at risk to become invisible and forgotten. One solution to this could be that the leisure-time teachers work more actively in creating the conditions for play. Such work, in return, requires that the leisure-time teachers are given more planning time.

  • Bravo, Evelina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Självsvältsskolan: En feministisk diskursanalys av ett pro-anaforum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how digital discourses about eating disorders can be understood from a perspective of gender. Through a qualitative method the study was based of an online forum dedicated to the internet based pro-anorexia community. The study was divided into three categories: beauty ideals, self-fulfilment and the body. How was opposition and conformity exerted? How was femininity created and re-created? The results showed that the members of the community were engaged in discursive work that was mainly oppositional to general societal norms, and ideals and conventions surrounding the female body. The community created alternative meanings to practices such as starving oneself and maintaining a low body weight.

    Keywords: pro-ana, eating disorders, online communities, feminist media theory, critical discourse analysis

  • Ignatius, Henni
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den (o)synliga Briseis: En komparativ litteraturanalys av relationen mellan Akilles, Patroklos och Briseis i Homeros Iliaden och Pat Barkers The Silence of the Girls2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The (in)visible Briseis. A comparative literary analysis of the relationship between Achilles, Patroclus and Briseis in Homer’s Iliad and Pat Barker’s The Silence of the Girls

    The purpose of this essay is to compare the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus in Homer’s Iliad (700s BC) and Pat Barker’s The Silence of the Girls (2019), while also looking into the role of Briseis and how the story differs when it is told from her point of view. Through the analysis I find that the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus have always been intense. I argue, however, that the intensity is given more depth and meaning when described from different perspectives, such as that of Briseis and Achilles himself, as is done in The Silence of the Girls. With the help of Kevin Goddard’s theory of the male gaze, the perspective of both Briseis and Achilles become invaluable for interpreting the relationship between the characters, as well as the characters themselves. For Achilles, the gaze of his mother influences him in a negative way in his relationship with Briseis, while the gaze of Patroclus causes changes in his mentality. I argue that this has to do with the Oedipus complex. For once, Briseis is not invisible and even though she continues to be the slave everyone expects her to be, she is, through the gaze, able to create her own story once that of Achilles ends. It is still the story of the great Achilles, but one in which he is also human.