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  • Amtén Skage, Astrid
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Att peka med hela handen eller inte?: En kandidatuppsats om gruppchefers syn på och upplevelser av ledarskap i Försvarsmakten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On July 1, 2010, the Swedish Armed Forces made the biggest organizational change in over 100 years when the mandatory military service (conscription) was deactivated and replaced with an all-volunteer force. With this, a whole new profession was introduced in Sweden, the employed soldier. It has now been a decade since the soldiers and their squad leaders were introduced as a professional category and since 2016 the group leader is also officially a part of the Armed Forces leadership hierarchy together with the officers. The purpose of the study has been to study how the squad leaders, in terms of their new professional role, view leadership and how they experience the leadership of their closest officers and how it affects their leadership and job satisfaction.

    The study was conducted with an interview method with six squad leaders that work in the same military unit in the Armed Forces. Their experiences and views on leadership have been compared with the leadership model of Gerry Larsson (2006) (which is the same as the officers are educated in) and the theory of destructive leadership by Maria Fors-Brandebo, Sofia Nilsson and Gerry Larsson (2018).

    The results of this study show that the squad leader, for the most part, have the same view of leadership and desire the same qualities and competencies as in Larsson's leadership model but with the exception that they rated the trait humbleness highly in good leadership. Humbleness is a new trait not found in any of the theories. The study also shows that the squad leaders have to adapt their own leadership both consciously and unconsciously to their officer’s leadership in order to keep the job satisfaction and motivation high for their soldiers. The study also shows that squad leader’s trust in the officer and their work motivation is highly influenced by the officer’s leadership.

  • Bayazit, Fatih
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kasim, Hakki
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Branschspecifika finansiella likheter mellan tillväxtbolag: En kvantitativ studie baserad på svenska börsnoterade företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Wu and Yeung have studied growth type with US companies to analyze capital structure and various financial behaviors of growth companies. The author believes that these companies have distinct capital structure and tend to follow this structure in the long run. Given the differences in financial systems between Sweden and the United States, a study with Swedish companies may be interesting with the industry variable added to the equation.

    Purpose: The purpose of the dissertation is to identify economic similarities between growth companies and then compare the results at industry level.

    Method: This study is based on a deductive approach and quantitative method where annual reports have been studied for 87 companies that were introduced on the spotlight stock market and Nasdaq Stockholm between 2008–2013, and still listed today. The annual reports were examined for a 5-year period from the initial public offering.

    Conclusions: For growth companies in the pharmaceutical industry, the results showed that growth type is persistent, and these companies choose to finance themselves primarily by issuing equity. Their debt is below 10% and no dividend is paid to shareholders. The absence of a dividend is not seen as a deficiency by its shareholders, they see the possibilities of the company for the future. In the first two years, profitability is negative, and the majority of their assets are in intangible form. Cash holdings are also high for these companies and, in contrast, the information asymmetry is low between the shareholders and the management.

  • Reza, Simon
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Dauti, Fjola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Risk arbitrage & Effektiva markander: En studie kring lönsamheten av risk arbitrage stradegin på den skandinaviska markanden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the profitability of risk arbitrage strategy in the Scandinavian market and to give an indication of market efficiency of the Scandinavian market.

    The theoretical frame of reference applies relevant theories and previous studies. The theories used deals with risk arbitrage and efficient markets.

    The study is based on a quantitative approach by conducting an event study in which 47 takeover bids were observed. The event study is applied to measure the abnormal return for 30 days after an announcement of a merger or acquisition. The portfolios studied consist of cash takeover offers within the period 2000–2018. Data collected for takeover bids were obtained from the Zephyr van Dijk database and share price performance was obtained from Nasdaq OMX.

    Risk arbitrage achieves a cumulative average daily abnormal return of 0.059%. The result was not statistically reliable. The second conclusion gives an indication that the Scandinavian stock market is efficient but shows signs of both efficiency and inefficiency.  

  • Norén Wallin, Christopher
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Katsanos, Alexandros
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Konkurrensen i den svenska banksektorn: En tillämpning av Panzar-Rosse modellen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the market competition in the Swedish banking industry and which factors that affects it. The main purpose is to examine which market structure is characterizing the banking industry. This is done by applying a regression analysis based on the Panzar-Rosse model for 2011-2018. The results of the analysis indicate that the Swedish banking industry operates under monopolistic competition and that the market operates in a long run equilibrium. The results also show that perfect competition can be excluded, but not that the market would not be in a monopoly state. The four major banks SEB, Handelsbanken, Nordea and Swedbank, have so far had the majority of market shares, but in recent times new operators have started taking over in different banking areas. Despite that, the level of competition in Sweden has decreased since the start of the 21st century, which shows that there is a lack of competition in the Swedish banking industry.

  • Lidberg, Jack
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Said, Bashar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kan man låna sig till lönsamhet?: En sambandsanalys mellan kapitalstruktur och lönsamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to examine the conjunction between leverage and profitability within Swedish small- and medium sized enterprises. Parallel, the study also aimed to examine whether any industry-specific differences could be noted.

    Theory:The current study is based on six theories which covers the subject regarding a company’s capital structure. The theories where then used to analyze the results which was retrieved from the current study.

    Method:The current study uses a quantitative method with a deductive approach, Secondary data have been used as the foundation of the study. The data was retrieved from the database Retriever Business.

    Empirics:The current study is based on 1 562 observations of Swedish small- and medium sized enterprises within the IT-industry and production-industry. The used data is observed between the years 2010 – 2018.

    Conclusion:The results from the current study indicates on a noticeable negative correlation between capital structure and profitability measured in return on total assets (ROA). When profitability was measured as the return on equity (ROE) however, the result where more ambiguous. To answer the question “Can you borrow profitability” more precisely thus requires a more refined answer which isn´t covered in this study. 

    The result of the study also unveiled an industry-specific difference regarding how the companies within the two industries choose to split their leverage between short and long-term debt.

     

     

     

  • Henriksson, John
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Tystnad, ljud och buller: Ekot från Moderna Museet i två kontexter, nu och då2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis proposes the use of listening as a method of unfolding material relationships between time and space. Partly as sound as a powerful stimulus, but also an ephemeral phenomenon. By analysing and describing sound recordings from Moderna Museet in two contexts, now and then, the study outlines the tension between history and memory, remembering and forgetting. The first part approaches this juxtaposition in the echo of the museum by listening to the past through archive studies. The second part analyses the sound of the present through soundwalks. The empirical material of the study strained through theories about the memory and an ambiguous subject defined by a community brings the museum’s now and then together. Through time and space and a sonic subject that can be discerned by defining a narrative of post-silence, which produces and manipulates spaces through sound. Finally, by identifying socio-cultural signs and sonic power the study proposes the act of listening towards multisensory perception.

  • Schmiedtova, Claudia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nima, Raufi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Den visuella berättelsen: En kvantitativ studie om samband mellan färg och association inom marknadsföring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Marknadsföring är ett brett ämne som berör olika perspektiv beroende på hur företag villkommunicera mot sina kunder. En ny era av marknadsföring har utvecklats som kallas förSensory Marketing. Nya idéer och strategier har utvecklats för hur man når ut till konsumenteroch påverkar de enskilda sinnena. Synen är den mest dominerande sinnet inommarknadsföring, de mänskliga ögonen kan hämta information snabbare än andra sinnen. Olikafärger kan påverka på olika sätt och därför påverkar det hur konsumenter associerar sig tillvarumärket och deras produkter. Denna studie fokuserar på generella associationer inomfärgerna Röd, Grön, Blå och Svart. Avviker konsumenternas associationer mot varumärketom logotypen ändrar färger från en till en annan eller kommer den att förbli densamma?Sensory marketing användes för att utveckla studiens syfte med hjälp av enkätundersökningar.Syftet har testades med hjälp av ett icke-parametriskt ANOVA-test som kallas Kruskal-Wallisgenom SPSS. Slutsatsen av denna studie är att färgassociationer tenderar att luta sig mot degenerella associationerna trots att de tillämpas i kontext, i denna studie är kontext, välkändavarumärken. Korrelationen är inte stark men ett tydligt mönster kan ses när det gäller färgeroch de generella associationerna. Förslag till ytterligare forskning och begränsningar av dennastudie presenteras.

  • Wallberg, Evelina
    et al.
    Södertörn University.
    Holm, Ingegerd
    Södertörn University.
    Är digitaliseringen i fritidshemmet likvärdig?: - En enkätstudie om lärandet och användandet av digitala verktyg i fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a digitalized world where digital tools such as computers, tablets and mobiles are used extensively by today´s children. Digital skills are increasingly important in the leisure time activities which was emphasized in the revised curriculum 2018. In the leisure time teachers work with digital tools very differently and the task is to make it meaningful for students with their needs and interest at the center. The purpose of this study has been to investigate whether digital teaching in leisure time is equivalent. 

    The method used in this study is quantitative. We collected data through a web survey and the respondents were anonymous. We chose a curriculum theoretical perspective with an in-depth understanding of the concept of equality, opportunity and the framework factor theory, as there are several factors that work together to make teaching equitable. Research in the use of digital tools in leisure time is limited. Klerfelt (2012), and Parnes (2015) highlight that Sweden is lagging behind in the education of IT and ICT, which is alarming as much of our society today revolves around computers and digital tools.

    The study´s results are contradictory, on the one hand, it shows that a large part of the leisure homes work with digital tools according to the central content of the curriculum. On the other hand, it also shows that a large proportion of leisure time teachers feel that they do not have the opportunity to work with digital tools. This is because they encounter problems with current access to digital tools, staff shortages, lack of skills but also large student groups. Teachers are often left out for collegiate skills development, which limits the use of digital tools in the leisure time. This results in the digital teaching at the leisure time not being equivalent.

  • Mathiasson, Jakob
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bhatiasson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Vem skapar mest värde?: En studie om finansiell prestation vid börsnoteringar inom den svenska riskkapitalmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to compare financial performance during and after an IPO on the Swedish stock exchange and how ownership and financial backing effects First-day Returns and Aftermarket performance.

    Theory: The study is based on five theories but focuses on First-day Returns and Aftermarket Performance.

    Method: This study will be based on a deductive approach and the sequential method mix Explanatory Sequential Mixed Method. The strategy means that the main quantitative method is supplemented by a qualitative element.

    Empirics: This study has analyzed 184 publicly listed companies between the years 2000-2018. The sample can be divided into 21 BO-backed companies, 34 VC-backed companies and 129 NS-backed companies.

    Conclusion: BO-backed companies are the subgroup that performs best and only to generate a positive return on the first day of trading. In the longer term, VC-backed companies are performing the best on the stock exchange despite the poor performance on the first day of trading. Signaling, syndication and networks are affected and judged on what is measured and when it is measured in financial performance after the IPO.

  • Erlandsson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Problematisk skolfrånvaro: En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens upplevelser kring barn och unga som inte går till skolan2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a qualitative study that will examine the social workers experiences of children and young people in grades 7–9 with long-term school absence. With the help of von Wright's relational perspective, Antonovsky's salutogenic theory and SOC, the results have been analyzed. Previous research has focused on the problems from a school perspective and considered that, among other things, inadequate school environment and teacher support were the causes of school absenteeism. But also learning problems and that students saw the school as irrelevant to their future.

    The study was conducted through four different qualitative interviews on persons active in the social services children's and youth unit. Using a hermeneutic method, the interviews have been interpreted to create an understanding of the interviewees' experiences. The result is presented in three main sections where, among other reasons, the reasons showed that diagnoses and lacking support from parents were the pervasive pattern everyone experienced. All interviewed hold similar perspectives on the reasons why children do not to go to school. These are different from previous research reported. Social workers' perspectives on how to meet and treat children in their work differ between each other emotionally, but also the commitment and relational thought to the child.

  • Doktár, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Magnusson, Alida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    En gång mobbad, alltid missnöjd?: En studie om det socio-emotionella stödets inverkan på livstillfredssställelsen bland skolungdomar som är utsatta för mobbning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is a serious social problem that has increased among Swedish adolescents. Bullying victimization has a negative impact on adolescents life satisfaction and it’s therefore important to gain knowledge about factors that can have a positive impact on this relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent socio-emotional support from family, teachers and friends have a positive impact on experienced life satisfaction among adolescents who are victims of bullying in Sweden. A logistic regression analysis was used based on data from “Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2013/14” where 365 adolescents who are victims of bullying were analyzed. The result showed that socio-emotional support from family had a positive impact on the experienced life satisfaction among Swedish adolescents who are victims of bullying. The socio-emotional support from teachers and friends did not have a significant impact. These findings highlight how family is a resource that helps adolescents who are victims of bullying to cope with the negative effects that bullying has on life satisfaction. The present study therefore contributes knowledge on how socio-emotional support from the family could be used as a concrete strategy in the school social work to support adolescents who are victims of bullying. 

  • Wheeler, Nicole
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Trauma, Travel, Truth: An analysis of the New Age female’s self-expression of trauma in Elizabeth Gilbert’s Eat Pray Love2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores female self-expression of trauma in Elizabeth Gilbert’s Eat, Pray, Love. By using affect theory by Lauren Berlant and Kathryn Robson, it explores how female self-expression of trauma in New age autobiographies is culturally influenceable and ultimately consist of specific testimonial rhetoric. This analysis explores different narration techniques and rhetoric common in testimonial literature, specifically, discussing how utopian conventions, self-evidence, fictionalisation and healing through writing are present in Eat, Pray, Love  Moreover, the essay discusses how similar conventions and rhetoric are employed within New Age milieus and play a part in Liz's choice of self-expressivity.  Thus, the findings from the analysis are discussed in a broader context by showing how self-expression of trauma in New Age literature ultimately says something about creating female subjectivity.  The discussion suggests that New Age milieus contribute to reinforcing generic conventions and tropes of self-expression of trauma through literature. By suggesting that EPL is in fact, bound to cultural expectations of womanhood and authoring; this essay sheds light on how the female subject is created in literature.  

  • Stening, Caroline
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    "Vi som gjorde det tuffaste jobbet för magraste kosan": En studie av hur tjänstemän berättar om genussegregering och -hierarkisering i statens tjänst under 1900-talet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine in which ways employees of the civil services experienced that gender affected their working life during the mid-20th century, how they recount this several years later and how their stories can be interpreted. The source material is a collection called “Civil servants’ memories”, which can be found in the archives of Nordiska Museet and to which civil servants have contributed written stories of their lives for research purposes. In order to analyse these stories, theories of narrative analysis, presented by gender historian Emma Strollo in her 2013 doctoral thesis, and research on women's work are used. By reading the stories, a few common themes could be distinguished whereupon those that in some way pointed at differences between women and men's opportunities and social existences were singled out for further analysis. The study shows that gender to a large extent affected civil servants’ working life, for example, because women practically always had subordinate occupational positions in relation to men and thus more often suffered both poorer working conditions and lower pay. In addition, the fact that women were expected to be the ones to care for their children and households meant that their working life was negatively affected. The study also shows major differences in the way women and men tell the stories of their working lives. Among other things, the women of the collection tend to focus on the hierarchical relationship between the sexes to a greater extent than men. Furthermore, the fact that the stories were written a relatively long time afterwards may have affected the narrative of the texts because the stories are based on memories and could have been influenced by more recent reflections.

  • Roumeliotis, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Sjöberg, Evelyn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Leder ökad ekonomisk tillväxt till minskade koldioxidutsläpp?: En undersökning utifrån teorin om the Environmental Kuznets Curve2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning of the industrialization in the mid-1850s, economic growth in Sweden increased. The fast growing production and increased population did no longer manage to cope with the energy available, which led to an increased demand for new and better energy sources. This led to high carbon dioxide emissions and environmental degradation.

    The purpose of this thesis is to study the relationship between economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in Sweden between the years 1850-2016 and to test the application of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). The applied theory of EKC, is a hypothetical link between environmental quality and economic growth. Various indicators of environmental degradation seem to get worse when modern economic growth occurs, until average income reaches a certain level during the development.

    An Ordinary Least Squares-regression (OLS-regression) is used to analyze macroeconomic time series. Furthermore, a time series analysis has been used to study whether the time series are stationary.

    The results showed support for the EKC curve for Sweden with a clear positive rise in the form of positive β-values from the OLS-regression and a negative trend at high income levels.

  • Pettersson, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Litar de på min kompetens?: En bra dialog och lagom mycket föräldrainflytande2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is based on three self-experienced stories that shares the problem of parents showing a lack of trust in my experience and competence (as a teacher). The first story highlights how the parents have opinions regarding what outdoor clothes a child is wearing just by seeing a photo in the preschools blog. My next story describes a child ́s parents demanding to reduce the nap time sleep at preschool, despite that the child being negatively affected by it. In my third story I share a different view then the parents regarding a child’s language development and the method (supporting signs) the preschool uses. At the same time I am supposed to follow the preschool curriculum that highlights the parents right to have influence in the preschool.

    My main question is based on the challenges and opportunities that we as staff at preschool face, when parents gain a greater insight into preschool with digitised platforms. As well as the need for a collaboration based on trust, there also needs to be a balance between the parents right to influence and my pedagogical knowledge.

    The scientific essay writing as a method has meant that I have had the opportunity to distance myself in these events and therefore been able to reflect both on my own, and in group together with my fellow students. A different part of this has been to challenge my own thoughts against the litterateur, which has meant I have discovered new ways of thinking and reasoning, which has given me the opportunity to change my attitude.

    The theoretical perspective I have used in this essay, is based on the Greek philosopher Aristotle’s forms on knowledge, focusing on fronesis - practical wisdom. To examine the concepts; relationship, communication and cooperation I have primarily used literature that investigates cooperation with parents, relationships competence and leadership.

    One important conclusion I have reached is the importance of a functioning communication at the same time as a good communication is affected by the relationship as well as cooperation where trust is the foundation.

  • Malki, George
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Granström, Ludwig
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Leder en lyckad finansiering till en lyckad investering?: En studie om hur svenska equity crowdfundingföretag utvecklas efter en kampanj2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Small and medium-sized enterprises account for the majority of the companiesin Sweden. After the financial crisis, external financing has become increasingly difficult and anew phenomenon has emerged called crowdfunding. Equity crowdfunding in particular is theform that has had the strongest development rate in Sweden since 2012 and is a financialmethod exchanging capital for company shares. In Sweden, the largest platform for equitycrowdfunding is FundedByMe and has been responsible for financing over 100 companieswith a total amount of more than SEK 300 million.

    Problem: It has become more difficult for companies to obtain corporate finance and amodern form of equity crowdfunding has emerged in recent years. This has been studied inother countries to see how many companies that managed to put together a fully fundedcampaign. Subsequently, through financial data and statistics, a result has emerged. This hasbeen studied in the US and other countries in Europe, but there are very few studies on equitycrowdfunding done in Sweden.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the Swedish companies that have beenfully financed through the equity crowdfunding platform FundedByMe and take into accounttheir financial development based on relevant key figures.

    Method: A quantitative study which includes all 106 companies financed between the years2013-2018 have been examined by a survey. A less but more concentrated group ofcompanies between the years 2013-2016 have been studied through their crowdfundingcampaigns and all their annual reports have been analyzed until the end of 2018.

    Conclusion: The majority of companies that seek funding through FundedByMe arecompanies providing services, companies that have a negative net income and a higherleverage ratio than the median in their own industry.

  • Lundström, Jennifer
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Små barns lek och samspel: En fältstudie från sandlådan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an empirical field study of focusing on the play and interplay between the youngest children in preschool. The purpose of the study is to highlight what happens between the young children in preschool when they interact with each other. How do young children seek contact with each other and what do they play with each other? How do young children seek support from adults? These are questions I will try to answer here.

    I have chosen to do a qualitative field study from a socio-cultural perspective. The gathering of information has been made by participatory observations, filming and field notes. I have chosen to limit the environment to the sandbox in order to focus on the youngest children.

    My results show that imitation is a big part of children’s play and interplay. They imitate each other to make contact and the imitation follows into the play. Playing outdoors in the sandbox had proven to be a good way for the younger children to have good interplay. Conflicts rarely arise unlike indoors where both material and space are limited. My results are consistent with previous research.

  • Löfveberg, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Yeong-hye - beslutsam kvinna eller galen mentalpatient?: En läsning av Vegetarianen av Han Kang och Yeong-hye som aktör i sin egen sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is investigating the main character Yeong-hye in The vegetarian (2016) by Han Kang. The starting point will be the non-fiction book Den sårade divan written by Karin Johannisson. Johannisson writes about how mentally ill women are portrayed. Up until now there have been two stories when talking about women’s mental illness. The first one is the medical story, medikaliseringsberättelsen, where the woman is sick, and that’s that. The second one, the victim story, offerberättelsen, explains the sickness as a consequence of oppression or abuse. Johannisson introduces a third story, the actor story, aktörsberättelsen. She argues that the woman may have some influence on her own sickness. By using these three stories this essay analyzes Yeong-hye and how she can be placed in these three categories.

  • Cetinkaya, Sirvan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Koljenovic, Anela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Att leva med två kulturer: En kvalitativ studie om identitetskonstruktionen bland ungdomar som ingår i två kulturella världar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today´s swedish society consists of an ethnic and cultural variety which can also lead to a lot of challenges surrounding social integration. These challenges can express themselves in various of ways, but often resulting in an inclusion or exclusion of ethnic minorities. The immigration politics around year 1979 was to a great extent distinguished by equality, freedom and cooperation which enabled immigrants the right to keep their cultural identity and language. The children to the immigrants grow up in two cultures- their original culture and the swedish culture. The aim with this study is to investigate the different social roles immigrant youths construct in relation to the categories “swede” and “immigrant”, as well as in relation to the different cultural environments in which they are included. Theories like segregation, discrimination and Goffman´s dramaturgical role theory are used in this paper together with previous research about “third cultural individuals” and youths living in two different cultural worlds. We used a thematic analysis of the gathered empirical data consisting of four interviews. The result indicate that youths with at least two foreign born parents identify themselves both as “swedes” and as “immigrants”. They also identify themselves both as “swedes” and as an albanian, kurd, syrian respective a montenegrin. The result that emerged is that they felt like they need to play a role in order to be accepted in environments where they are among swedes and at work. They feel like they have to talk and behave like a “swede”.

  • Jahangiri, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Arnflo Nordin, Joel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i en bransch präglat av bristande förtroende: Samhällets roll i hållbarhetsredovisning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development and responsible entrepreneurship have attracted increasing attention in the recent decades, especially after the financial crisis in 2008, which was caused by mismanagement and irresponsible business practice by the banking and financial industry. As a result of this the industry’s credibility has diminished which has resulted in a higher demand for sustainability and transparency from the banks as they are strongly linked to the financial stability. The study aims to create a deeper understanding of Sweden's four largest banks sustainability reports, focusing on how the banks work with sustainability in relation to what society demands. The focal point will be on the banks' sustainability reports between the years of 2014-2018. The study has adopted a qualitative research strategy to decode the data a content analysis has been used. It has also been based on an abductive research design where theory and the collected data has formed the basis for the conclusion. Based on the coding scheme that was developed together with the bank’s own classification of their own sustainability development and Schwartz and Carroll’s (2003) three-domain model of CSR, data was collected from the bank’s sustainability report. This was then analysed together with the help of legitimacy theory, institutional theory and the critic directed towards the sustainability report. The study results indicate that the bank’s presentation of their sustainability report shaped of external expectations and pressure, under a time of diminished trust for the bank and finance sector. Furthermore, the sustainability report’s effect on the bank’s legitimacy is estimated to be low and the conflicts brought forward by the bank’s is due to the bank’s trying to satisfy many different needs.

  • Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Some Reflections2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 257-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Introduction2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 7-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Vilander, Ingrid
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. Ingrid Vilander.
    Integritet i förskolors fysiska transparenta rum: En vetenskaplig essä om miljöns öppenhet på torg medtambur, i en Reggio Emilia inspirerad förskola2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My aim with this scientific essay is to gain new perspectives on the transparent physical environment found in many new preschools. Through my stories from the preschool's everyday life, I recount situations where I feel that children and guardians end up in exposure where their integrity is violated in the open environment. I mean in this essay that they are observed open and overheard in sensitive situations in the open physically transparent environment where I find it difficult to secrecy to the preschool privacy regulations. Therefore, I examine these situations from different ethical perspectives.

    Furthermore, I try to understand how the piazza in Reggio Emilia inspired preschools, in Sweden called squares can be understood in the Swedish context and what happens to the reception when departments are set aside from the environment from the hall and entrance? Through my essay, I have gained new perspectives on how structure in the preschool can lead to families being grouped, unconsciously by educators, after what times children are at preschool. This means that families receive different services when they arrive at the preschool and that depending on the time of day, they are either received in the square, or may themsels have to seek out educators in the environment for a welcome, which leads to unequal treatment.

     

  • Karaca, Mekke
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    "De är inte mindre värda bara för att de böver stöd": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om förskollärarens och specialpedagogens arbetssätt med inkludering och tillgänglighet för barn med funktionsnedsättningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how preschool teachers and special education teachers work with the inclusion of children with disabilities. The purpose of the study was also to find out how educators work to make preschool accessible to these children. The study uses a qualitative method in the form of six semi-structured interviews with preschool teachers and special educators working at different preschools in Stockholm County. The interview questions were based on my research questions and I wanted to share the interviewees' personal opinions. Based on the interviewees' statements, the study's results showed that it is important to get to know the child's needs and conditions and thus adapt the teaching based on these aspects. The result also showed that there are obstacles in the inclusion work such as special classes and the educators' lack of knowledge about various disabilities. In addition, it is important to make preschool activities accessible to all children. The interviewees' statements showed that material and local shortages are an obstacle that makes work with accessibility more difficult. And it is important that there are sufficient educators who can be available to the children where they can receive more support and develop their continued learning.

  • Eriksson, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    "Ska sökmotorn verkligen vara den viktigaste besökaren?": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om företags syn på samspelet mellan sökmotoroptimering och användbarhet på webbsidor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The wide range of websites on the internet has resulted in an increased use of search engines to find information. Search engines allow internet users to quickly search, select and find answers to their questions. The digital development has also made website usability more important than ever for users to choose to interact with a certain website. As a corporate, actively working with search engine optimization of its website and at the same time maintaining a good website usability is crucial today to participate in the battle for users' attention. This study therefore delves into the interplay between search engine optimization and website usability from a business perspective. This study aims to seek answers on how corporate views the interplay between the two as well as what challenges they experience working with website usability in relation to search engine optimization. The survey is based on seven qualitative indepth interviews with corporates that deal with these aspects on their websites on a daily basis. The result shows that companies see the interplay between search engine optimization and website usability as a continuous balance between two perspectives, where they feel that they have to balance the user's needs and at the same time work to meet the crawlers' indexing strategies and algorithms. The central challenge is mainly linked to textual content and keywords and to make choices that benefit both their users and indexing at high positions in the search engines' result list.

  • Olsson, Sakarias
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Journalistiken, kriget och demokratin: En kritisk diskursanalys av svenska dagstidningars rapportering om Turkiets invasion av norra Syrien under “Operation Olive Branch”2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relation between democracy and conflict journalism through a Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of eight Swedish journalistic articles about Turkey ́s incursion into the Autonomous Administration of Northern Syria (NES) in 2018 called “Operation Olive Branch”. The theoretical framework includes journalism ́s role in democracy through a ​social contract​, ​framing theory​ and ​critique of ideology,​ which can be seen as the foundation of the CDA method.

    It is the author's view that the social and political implications of “Operation Olive Branch” were not salient in the Swedish reporting. Two research questions were formulated from this notion: How is the conflict construed in Swedish daily press? ​and ​What are the possible factors that enables this reporting?.

    The results shows three themes in the analysed articles: the conflict was construed 1) as a strategic game​ that gave agency first and foremost to ​states​, 2) through a ​terrorist narrative which constructs the Turkish action as a counter-terrorism operation and 3) as essentially an ethnic​ conflict. These themes are traced back to four theoretical factors: ​methodological nationalism, the clean war, the state of exception a​ nd ​ethnification​.

    In analogy with framing theory these factors are seen to obscure certain aspects of the conflict and have implications for journalisms democratic function. The reporting is seen to be lacking in information ​depth ​and ​width​ and alienates the conflict and its actors from a Swedish context.

    Lastly alternative ways of reporting, which would better honour journalism's role in the ​social contract​, are discussed through the concept of ​Peace Journalism​ and a possible ​global​ outlook as opposed to journalism’s current ​national​ outlook.

  • Spegel, Moa
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Europaidentitet och flyktingkris: Om EU:s identitetskonstruktion i ord och agerande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I look at the historical development of the European identity constructed by the EU through official EU-documents. My main focus is on the contents of the identity and on the values assigned to it, and I argue for the need to question these. In reacent years the European identity has been the subject to many studies, and consequences and contradictions of the EU´s constructed identity have been pointed out. What has not been shown is, however, the relation between the European identity expressed by the EU and the identity that can be said to present itself in action. I mean that this relation highlights the necessity to deconstruct the European identity constructed by the EU. With the deconstructivistic approach I do not intend to dismiss the European identity but instead to show displacements in it and question its status, in order to think otherwise about the European identity. Through the EU´s handling of the refugee crises and by using Hannah Arendt´s political theory I show tensions and dislocations in the identity’s attributed values. I argue that the European identity shown in the refugee crises turns freedom into freedom from otherness and equality into equality only within the identity. This, in turn, eventuate in a division of humanity and conflicts with the enforcement of human rights. To live up to its values the European identity has to emancipate from its essentialism and devolve into a rootless identity which is in a never ending becoming.

  • Varnavas, Miriam
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Missbrukares motivation till förändring: En kunskapsöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to investigate people’s motivations for making the decision to stop doing drugs or drinking alcohol and seek treatment for their substance abuse and/or alcohol abuse. The purpose was also to investigate how they manage to maintain the changes after they’ve received treatment. This was done through a literature review of previous research from the last fifteen years. A total of nine articles was chosen and the results of these articles has been analyzed through the theory called self-determination theory by Richard Ryan and Edward L. Deci. The results show complex processes where many factors are contributing to people’s motivation to change and maintain the change. Themes created in the analysis are named external regulation (sub-themes: legal system, had enough), internalized regulation (sub-themes: identity, health, occupation/accommodation), relatedness and autonomy. The main conclusions of this study are that it is an internalization of external motivations that enable people to make a change. There are some general factors found in all the studies that affect their motivations. However, common factors at an overall level can have different meanings at an individual level. The different factors weigh differently for different people and the meaning can also change during different parts of the process.

  • Malmborg, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Sjöberg, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    “Var du inte starkare än din fru?”: En jämförande kvalitativ studie om medias porträttering av manliga och kvinnliga offer för partnervåld2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inte sällan blir våld i nära relation synonymt med mäns våld mot kvinnor. I den privata, politiska och mediala sfären debatteras mäns våld mot kvinnor flitigt, men sällan synliggörs kvinnors våld mot män. Enligt statistik från Brottsförebyggande rådet är klyftorna mellan kvinnor och mäns utsatthet för våld i nära relation små. Kvinnor utsätts för grövre fysiskt våld, men i övrigt är våldet, fysiskt som psykiskt, relativt jämnt fördelat mellan könen. Ändå osynliggörs de utsatta männen, både i debatten men också vad gäller hjälpinsatser och stöd från samhället.

    Vår studie har kvalitativt jämfört och analyserat reportage om våldsutsatta män och kvinnor, med syfte att undersöka om det finns skillnader i medias porträttering av partnervåld efter kön. Vi har också analyserat huruvida media reproducerar föreställningar om genus samt vilka strukturer och värderingar som eventuellt finns implicit i medieinnehållet. Studien har haft särskilt fokus på den våldsutsatta mannen. Genom kvalitativ textanalys med ett frågeschema har tio reportage mellan tidsperioden 2009 – 2019 om män respektive kvinnor analyserats. Teoretiskt ramverk har varit genusteorin, maskulinitetsteorin samt teorin om det ideala brottsoffret. Resultatet av analysen visar på tydliga skillnader efter genus i medierapporteringen om partnervåld med anspelningar på könsstereotyper. Männens berättelser ifrågasätts ofta och de ses inte som lika legitima offer som de våldsutsatta kvinnorna. Slutsatsen för studien är att media reproducerar vedertagna föreställningar om genus genom att porträttera männen och kvinnorna olika. Männen blir i första hand män och inte offer, med fokus på deras kön istället för deras upplevelser.

  • Olsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Wallgren, Angelica
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Querelle des anciens et des modernes - striden mellan det gamla och det moderna: En vetenskaplig essä om hur vi fritidhemslärare bemöter elevers konflikter över nätet2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Querelle des anciens et des modernes - the battle between the old and the modern, is a scientific essay about the clashes that can occur in daily activities when understanding is lacking regarding student rela-tionship creation and identity creation online. When the horizons of understanding varies between guardians, students and educators it affects the opportunities to solve conflicts that occur online because of the lack of consensus. All conflicts can’t be solved, however, we can work to prevent similar situa-tions from occurring again through an intercultural and empathetic approach, even inviting students in learning processes based on their interest, which is approaching horizons of understanding each other.Relationship creation and identity creation take place both in online games and in chat functions in the digital environments.In our two dilemmas you can follow along into two different conflict situations that have been started between students online. In the scenario of Angelicas W:s a conflict emerges in the online game Mine-craft where a student gets it world destroyed by his classmate. The event leads up to that the student strikes down his classmate. In the scenario of Angelica O, conflict has been escalating during a longer period between students in the chatting-app WhatsApp and offline. The story is focused around a conflict where one classmate excludes another and sends demeaning messages.

    We’ve chosen essay writing as an exploration method and where the study and the hermeneutical analysis of our actions is based on a difficult to assess action situation. The scientific essay aims to test and think loudly in written form. Trying to explore and reflect on our actions in the various situations that we have encountered in our professional practice. The essay is based on Hans-Georg Gadamer theo-ries on understanding-horizons and prejudices. We have for the most part also used Jonna Hjertström Lappalainen and her texts which have a clear foundation in the value of reflection and Elza Dunkel who is a teacher in educational work and her work on kids and young people’s habits and understanding of the online world.

  • Anturi, Nathalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kozma, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Förhållandet mellan CSR och förtroende: En studie över hur Sveriges banksektor kan skapa förtroende genom kommunikation av CSR2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Modern-day society demands a high-level of responsibility from all of its participants when it comes to the sustainable development. The civic duty is an important part of corporate culture which is why many corporations today are positioning their priorities towards CSR, Corporate Social Responsibility. CSR is a concept which depicts how companies are supporting the sustainable development. The increased level of consumer awareness relating to this concept is the reason why more companies are applying CSR in order to achieve the competitive advantages, such as good reputation, trust, and a positive company image. A paradox manifests from the use of CSR, however, since it contributes to a greater scrutiny and skepticism towards how companies are utilizing CSR as a public relations tool, which people generally feel is neither genuine nor based on public interest.

     

    Therefore, while communicating their CSR strategies, companies must be careful since it can either strengthen or weaken the consumer trust, depending how the communication is perceived by the general public. The consumer trust is extremely important during high risk- and involvement decisions. This concept is particularly important within the bank industry. When it comes to applying CSR, studies indicate that the different banks in Sweden are not performing as well compared to international banks. Another study suggests that one out of four consumers is unaware of whether their bank is utilizing sustainable efforts or not.

     

    This study aims to map and identify what strategies of CSR communication that the Swedish bank sector use, and which of these that can build consumer trust. The research methodology is based on a triangulation which conducts both a qualitative and quantitative method. Three semi structured interviews with three different banks have been applied to identify and acquire a deeper understanding of the communication by the Swedish bank sector and their CSR efforts. Afterwards, data from consumers has been collected throughout a survey to understand how the consumers perceive the communication of the CSR effort by the Swedish bank sector.

     

    Based on collected empirical data and analysis, the study has been able to identify two CSR communication strategies that the Swedish bank sector employs which build consumer trust.

    • The swedish bank sector communicates their CSR effort by interacting and engaging in an open discourse which increases the consumer trust.
    • The swedish bank sector communicates their CSR effort by a high degree of communication, which indirectly increases the consumer trust.

    ○      A high degree of communication of CSR effort reduce the consumer skepticism, which increases the consumer trust.

  • Dinh Lindgren, Tove
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Familjer utan blodsband: En studie om identitetsarbetet hos adoptivföräldrar och adoptivbarn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about adoptive parents and adoptive children. The purpose of the essay is to study how the feeling of inclusion and exclusion affects the adoptive parents and the adoptive children’s identity process in relation to the adoption discourse and the adoption community. My empirical material consists of interviews with thirteen informants: seven adoptive parents and six adoptive children. Their stories testify that they feel like they’re part of something which in the public eye is perceived as an abnormal family constellation. My results show that their experiences have had a vastly big impact on their lives, how they present themselves as individuals and how they view their belonging to the Swedish society.

  • Mokdad, Malek
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Saidykhan, Kaddy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilka faktorer tar framgångsrika miljöorganisationer hänsyn till vid kommunikation på sociala medier?: Hur ideella miljöorganisationer använder sociala medier för att sprida sitt budskap på ett framgångsrikt sätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    To protect the environment has become a relevant goal today, this due to threats against the environment and global warming which has led to collapsing ecosystems, hurricanes, exceptional heat and more natural disasters. Therefore it is of utmost importance to inform the public about the critical situation and how it can be tackled. Through the help of spreading awareness and increased understanding of the threats, actors are trying to solve the problem. This is where environmental organizations come into the picture, who yearn to make the public aware of the current situation that the planet is in. They are also trying to contribute with solutions for existing difficulties which in itself is difficult. In the light of this, communication channels becomes relevant, specifically social platforms, since they are some of the leading communication channels because of the channels’ characteristics. However there are numerous studies pointing out environmental organizations’ failure to use social media in an effective way.

    The purpose of this study is to map how successful environmental organizations use social media platforms such as Twitter, Instagram and Facebook to put forth their message to the public and to raise awareness around environmental threats. The mapping will be grounded on the theories Green marketing, Framing, The Dragonfly Effect and CoverageUnderstanding-Action. Based on the background and purpose, the question being asked is: which factors do successful environmental organisations consider to succeed in their communication with the public through social media?

    The qualitative empirical research shows that all the participating environmental organizations except for one work with creating personal relevance for people when communicating environmental issues through social media. These organisations also have a relationship to their audience. Three of the organisations also have an understanding for their audience.

  • Bratell, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Dahlbacka, Tim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Följderna av en skilsmässa: En innehållsanalys över fyra svenska tidningars rapportering av brexits konsekvenser under åren 2016–20192019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen är en undersökning av svenska mediers utrikesrapportering kring brexit. Undersökningen har genomförts genom att studera och jämföra hur fyra tidningars rapportering kring ämnet sett ut mellan åren 2016–2019 med hjälp av en kvantitativ innehållsanalys, kompletterad av en kvalitativ språklig analys. Tidningarna vars rapportering undersöks är Borås Tidning, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen och Svenska Dagbladet.

    Uppsatsen ställer frågor kring hur svenska mediers utrikesrapportering kring brexit sett ut och om det skiljer sig mellan åren, om brexits konsekvenser i svensk media främst varit en fråga för Storbritannien, EU eller någon annan aktör och hur vanligt det varit att båda sidor har fått komma till tals. Teoretiska ramverk som uppsatsen lutar sig mot är teorier kring mediernas dagordningar och gestaltningar och om objektivitet som ideal.

    Resultatet visar att svenska medier i högre utsträckning rapporterar om konsekvenserna av brexit som något negativt, att rapporteringen efter 2016 generellt blivit mer negativ, brexit främst varit en fråga för Storbritannien i svenska medier och att det oftast enbart är en sida som får komma till tals.

  • Hesselstrand, Cathrin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Juhlin, Åsa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Har du lärt dig något på fritids idag?: En vetenskaplig essä om lärandet på  fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What did you learn at leisure-time center today? 

    This essay is about the learning of children at leisure-time centers. Our questions are: Can the leisure-time center supplement the school´s teaching? How can we clarify what we teach the children? What room is there for the kind of knowledge that is not easily measured? The starting point is two different situations from our workdays. One is about the question from a school principal who was looking for documentation on what the children are learning at the leisure-time center. The other one emenates from a child who is in need of extra support, where we belive that the leisure-time centers can be a good complement to the formal education in school. 

    We have used different kinds of theories, quite a bit of literature and also our long-time experience from working at leisure-time centers, to deepen our questioning. To present our investigation, we chose to write an essay because the configuration is suitable to use when the questionings are of a dilemma character and does not have a clear answer. 

    Keywords: knowledge, assessment, social relationships, informal learning, leisure-time center. 

  • Nahi, Ilana
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Gammal religion på ny mark: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om mandaism och integration i det svenska samhället2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Integration är ett brett och omdiskuterat ämne i det mångkulturella och mångreligiösa Sverige då landet har fått uppleva en stor invandring till landet genom åren. Denna studies ändamål var att analysera hur integrationen har sett ut för mandaerna som sökt sig till Sverige och få en djupare förståelse hur mandaernas upplevelse och erfarenheter har sett ut. Studien baseras på en kvalitativ intervjustudie där upplevelsen av integration undersöktes i två grupper, den första bestående av ungdomar som kommit till Sverige i ung ålder, och den andra bestående av vuxna som kommit till Sverige i vuxen ålder. Efter intervjuerna så framgick det att informanterna strävar efter en god integrationsprocess där språk, utbildning och arbete utgör en central roll. 

  • Vetterlein, Nathalie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Norling, Victor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    “Behövde inte gå utanför dörren”: En studie kring vilka faktorer som bidrar till ungas användande av videosamtal via digitala vårdappar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate different aspects that encourage the usage of videotelephony within healthcare applications amongst the youth. This study is based on quantitative data combined with qualitative data collected through a digital survey. The results from this study showed that the accessibility was the main cause expressed by youth as to why they use video telephony within healthcare applications. Accessibility was expressed in different forms such as geographic barriers, time saving, a perceived sense of convenience and adaptability as well as economic advantages.

  • Pautkina, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    “När anden svävar högt”: En pedagogisk filosofisk studie om det sublimas innebörd och möjlighetsrum i ett litet barns tillvaro2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study intends to examine the phenomenon of the sublime in relation to early childhood. The aim is to explicate what meaning the sublime can take in the existence of a little child, the various aspects of the sublime children are able to experience and where the possibilities of such experiences dwell. The study sets out in understanding the sublime as something transcendent, enormous and powerful that has potential for transforming the one who experiences it. The transforming potential of the sublime is what makes the phenomenon interesting from a pedagogical point of view. The discussion of the questions raised in the study takes its origin in classic texts on sublimity, written by Edmund Burke (1757) and Immanuel Kant (1790) in the 17th century. The analysis these philosophers made contributes to the examination of the meaning sublimity may acquire for a little child, as well as how and where in everyday life small children have opportunities for sublime experiences. The study shows that the sublime can be experienced by small children in two ways. Firstly, by means of senses as delightful horror, a thrill tingled with fear. Secondly, it can be experienced spiritually as a will to defend the good and the just, to measure one’s strengths against what overwhelms one.

  • Söndergaard, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Avtryck från förr: storhögar i Mälardalen under järnåldern2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Imprints from the past: great mounds in Mälardalen during the Iron Age.

    Within the archaeological field large mounds has been a topic of interest since the 17th century. The thought of large mounds as monuments of power during the Iron Age has long been the established way of understanding them. They are believed to contain mighty and wealthy lords, or at least they are preferred to contain men. The purpose of this paper is to look into the mounds content and examine if these contents justify the established theories within the archeological field or if they are cause for dispute.

  • Bergsén, Sakarias
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    "Skaldernas sång är folkets röst!": En studie av Fosterländska Förbundet i Norrköping som borgerligt tankekollektiv 1887–19072019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I research a senior high school association called The Patriotic Society, and the records that they produced between 1887–1907. The title, which roughly translates to “The song of the bards is the voice of the people!”, is a quote from a poem, published in the paper of the association.  I seek to determine what their “thought style” – as defined by Ludwik Fleck – consists of through these records, and also how the inherent characteristics corresponded to two contemporary, educational ideals described by Hans Wennås: the classic-humanistic represented by the conservative aristocracy, and the utilitarian which the bourgeoisie sympathized with. There has earlier been research done about bourgeois and aristocratic ideas, and their settings in the swedish senior high schools – although there has not been any research done about this specific association. Moreover, to fulfill my specific purpose, I raise two questions in the beginning of the thesis: what was the characteristic features of The Patriotic Societies’ thought style, and how did they relate to Wennås educational ideals? By analyzing the associations paper Saga, protocols from their meetings and lectures that they held, I came to distinguish three primary characteristics in the thought style: a liberal patriotism with a strong idea of nordic community, a literary orientation that emphazised the patriotic and the idealistic, and lastly bourgeoisie ideas mainly consisting of a co-occuring liberal standpoint combined with a pronounced class consciousness. In conclusion, The Patriotic Society corresponded by these means the most to the utilitarian ideal, than the classic-humanist.

  • Skagersten, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Doing away with safety: A study on mourning and metafiction in How to Live Safely in a Science Fictional Universe2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay works with Freud’s theory of melancholia, and Hutcheon’s theories of parody and metafictional writing to explore Charles Yu’s novel How to Live Safely in a Science Fictional Universe. By looking at how both theories handle the subject of identity and unconscious formations, this study argues that the relationship between the main character and his father visualizes the process of creating, as well as evolving a dialectic discourse regarding the function of literature. It also showcases the opportunity afforded by parody and self-aware writing, to create a narrative gap that allows for objective criticism that places the reader in an active role in the construction of the text.

  • Skoglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den lärda kvinnans onaturlighet: En undersökning av mönster i porträtteringen av den lärda kvinnan i teaterhistorien2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is called The unnatural learned woman: an examination of patterns in the portraying of the learned woman in theatre history and it examines what patterns in the portraying of learned women that can be found in theatre history, by looking at a few selected dramatic plays, with a time span that goes from ancient Greece to the 1980s. The term "learned woman" includes women with knowledge that is comparable with educated knowledge, such as philosophy, science and mathematics, law, politics and so on, and knowledge that gives the woman social power, like wit or strategic thinking. I also discuss how the concept of knowledge is looked upon, and how eligible knowledge is a social construction, by using Foucault’s Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings 1972–1977. The plays I have read are the following: Antigone (442 BCE) by Sophocles, Medea (431 BCE) by Euripides, The Learned Ladies (1672) by Molière, True women (1883) by Anne Charlotte Leffler, Hedda Gabler (1890) by Henrik Ibsen and Top Girls (1982) by Caryl Churchill. Given the macro-historic perspective that I am using, it follows that I am not doing an in-depth survey that covers every part of the history, but rather a search for long-term trends or patterns that are used when establishing the learned woman in relation to prevailing gender structures. My theoretical question is the following: What patterns can be found in the portraying of "the learned woman" in the history of Western theatre, and what do they say about the connection between gender and knowledge and power and knowledge? I discuss the results of my analyzes in three aspects: the contrast of the "learned woman" and the "natural woman", the rise and fall of the learned woman and whether the learned woman is forced to start acting like a natural woman in the end of the plays.

  • Mårsell, Maria
    Mot expressionism – en kontextualisering av August Strindbergs Ett drömspel och AnneCharlotte Lefflers Sanningens vägar.2014In: Arvet efter Strindberg – The Strindberg Legacy: Elva bidrag från den artonde internationella Strindbergskonferensen / [ed] Gedin, David; Lysell, Roland; Sauter, Willmar; Stam, Per, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2014, p. 75-81Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Stadin, Kekke
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    The Performance of a Naval Hero Admirals in the Nordic Seven years' War 1563-15702019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 19-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What were the human experiences on board warships in the early modern period? Here, specific examples connected to battlefield situations and the practices on and below deck present clearer insights. Primarily, however, this anthology details the human organization of, and attitudes towards, systematic violence and warfare. How should we better explain and understand an addiction to war during this period and elsewhere in history?

    On War on Board is the result of a collaboration between archaeologists and historians using both material sources and written documents. The contributing authors explore subjects connected to warfare based on their expertise and research interests.

  • Aleksic, Sonja
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "De kommer alltid för sent!": En vetenskaplig essä om kommunikationsproblem mellan föräldrar och förskola2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My science- and experience based essay depicts the communicative difficulties I perceive with a special parent couple at my preschool. My questions are: What kind of relationship can I have with the parents based on my duty ethics, utility ethics and virtue ethics? How can the power between me and the parents be described from a power perspective? How can my practical knowledge help me deal with parents who are late? In the essay I present my interpretation of two self-experienced situations that I illustrate in two different stories. The problems are also from a more general perspective regarding the communication between home and preschool. The study will help me learn more about what communication is and what new challenges that may arise when home and preschool meet. Furthermore, my reflection will help me to get an overview from a power-related perspective and what is in the preschool curriculum about cooperation between parents and preschool. How can I see the problem from the parents´ perspective and take their position? What makes me react the way I do? What makes parents act the way they do? The purpose of this study is to analyze the importance of communication between parents and educators in preschool and then see what the consequences will be for the child when the communication fails. I intend to also shed the light on the power relationship that exists between educators and parents. To get further, I need to reflect on my actions based on several different perceptions and with this create a deeper insight into the whole dilemma. From different ethical  perspectives, I will help to see my dilemma. I will also highlight the significance and influence of Aristotle´s three forms of knowledge for my practice. I believe that education, learning and care are important components that we preschool educators should relate to.

    The conclusion I see is that the steering documents are important to me as an educator and just as important is the cooperation with all parents at the preschool. Relationship competence is important to have when we educators at preschool have to work with it every day, through all our “meetings” with educators, children and parents. That relational competence requires that I as an educator have intuition and am extremely responsive to how I should act there and then.

  • Allinger, Natalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Bergström, Venus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Barnets bästa - en subjektiv bedömning utifrån olika tolkningsramar.: En kritisk diskursanalys av vårdnadstvister där barnets pappa antas ha utövat våld mot barnets mamma2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how the accusations of domestic violence is taken into account in the court's decision and the social services' assessment in custody disputes. The method used in the study is a critical discourse analysis of six district court judgements as well as corresponding custody investigations compiled by social services in cases where information that the child's father has committed violence against the child's mother has been brought forward. The thesis's theoretical starting points is Fairclough's critical discourse analysis as well as a gender perspective based on norms about gender and parenting. The analysis also takes into account the aspect of power by studying how discretion is used. 

    The main conclusion of the study is that the district court motivates its judgement based on one of two possible discourses. In the “family discourse”, the court emphasizes the importance of a good and close relationship with both parents and domestic violence becomes side lined, whereas violence and the absence of safety is a central issue in the “women's abuse discourse”. Regardless of the discourses, the district court has the right to choose whether or not to follow the assessment supplied by social services. 

  • Gharam, Jean
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sundstrand, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Baselregelverket: hjälper eller stjälper det Europas banker?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the third Basel regulation has affected the profitability of European banks. The method used in this study has been a fixed effect paneldata regression with a dummy variable for year 2014 when the third Basel regulation was established. The study is limited to the years 2011 until 2018 due to data availability. Results show that there is a significant positive relationship between capital and profitability. In addition, results show that there is a negative relationship between credit risk and profitability. The Basel regulation and increased capital requirements have had a significant positive impact on the profitability of European banks.

  • Klovemark, Yasmina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stylistic Refusal: A Case of Language Crossing?: Consequences of Stylistic Choices in a Social Media Discourse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to social media’s vast reach, platforms are created where participants of different speech communities interact. In these interactions, the role of language in conveying a credible identity is brought to light. This study investigates stylistic choices and consequences thereof in the YouTube video Bella Hadid goes Sneaker Shopping with Complex. Entering an established hip-hop speech community, Hadid is viewed as an out-group infiltrator. Through a qualitative approach, 150 of the most popular comments were collected, categorized and analysed to investigate how language, style and appropriation are addressed or made salient through explicit discussion. Applying Rampton’s theory of language crossing (1995), the data suggest that the participant’s stylistic choices led her to be perceived as a crosser with an illegitimate claim, causing commenters to voice a refusal. This study aims to bring attention to the often concealed negative effects of crossing, as well as discussing it in the context of power, privilege and legitimacy.

  • Opacic, Anita
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Vi vill leka själva faktiskt!: En essä om barns kamratkultur i förskolan, när det inte riktigt fungerar och pedagogens roll i sammanhanget2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on my reflections on children’s peer culture and their interactions in preschool when it comes to conflicts and their ways of treating each other in such situations. I start by telling a story where I describe a situation between four children and their way of handling a conflict between them. Based on my story I want to investigate and understand how peer culture works and why it sometimes doesn´t work in children’s relationships. Why it sometimes comes to children excluding each other or using power over one another in different ways, good and bad. This makes me think about my own ways of handling things and why I sometimes hesitate when it comes to knowing what the right thing to do is. The purpose of writing an essay as a method is to reflect and deepen my own understanding of these matters, like peer culture, conflicts between children and their relationships, but also of my own actions and how I can better understand them. This way of writing, reflecting and relating to theoretical literature deepens my own reflections and understanding of the questions I have been hesitant about, which are: What strategies are children using in conflicts and what norms govern children’s peer culture in preschool? How do I as a teacher work with conflict management? Why do I hesitate in my own knowledge of what is right or wrong? The theoretical perspectives I have been using to better understand my story are by William Corsaro, Fanny Jonsdottir and Pia Williams and their studies about peer culture and social interactions as well as Annica Löfdahl who also writes about norms and attitudes in children's play. To reflect on the social competence and self-esteem of children I explore Margareta Öhman and Kari Pape, who also studied children excluding each other and power structures. I have also reflected on Cecilia Ländins research on master suppression techniques and Maria Johansson, the actress, who writes about: having courage, fairness and kindness.