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  • Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Ristiniemi, Jari
    University of Gävle.
    Linblad, Inger
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Schiller, Lina
    University of Gävle.
    Perceptions of death among children in Sweden2019In: International Journal of Children's Spirituality, ISSN 1364-436X, E-ISSN 1469-8455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses children?s thoughts about death. Research was carried out in two elementary schools in Sweden among 40 children between 6 and 9 years of age, data were collected through text reading, movie viewing and dialogues with children. The main results reveal child-specific thoughts about the end of life, i.e., ideas children construe on their own. The findings also show society- and time-specific thoughts that children take from their societal and cultural context. The article proposes an integrative approach between these two: it is only when the categories of child-specific and society- and time-specific thoughts are combined that we get a fair picture of children?s perceptions of death. The main finding is that children form ideas of their own; they are not completely under the influence of their societal and cultural context. Children take over ideas from their surrounding society but they also express ideas produced by themselves.

  • Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    The claim of the past?: historical consciousness as memory, haunting, and responsibility in Nietzsche and beyond2019In: Journal of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 0022-0272, E-ISSN 1366-5839, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 798-813Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article provides a new interpretation of the most widely cited essay on historical consciousness, Friedrich Nietzsche?s ?On the use and abuse of history for life? from 1874, reconnecting it to current debates in educational science and the role of the historian and educator in a post-colonial situation. It reminds us how historical consciousness is an always contested and critical space, where our existential commitment to justice is also tested. The interpretation moves beyond the standard understanding of Nietzsche as only favouring a life-affirming use of history. It displays how his argument opens the door toward understanding historical consciousness as a transcultural ethical space of an encounter between the dead and the living. It addresses the contemporary debate in education science concerning the relation and preference between a broader and more limited notion of historical consciousness, questioning the possibility of a conclusive theory of historical consciousness for practical-pedagogical purposes. It exemplifies its conclusions in regard to the legacies of the Holocaust and to Apartheid, as also pedagogical challenges.

  • Åker, Patrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rogatchevski, Andrei
    UiT Arctic University Norway, Tromsö, Norway.
    The Journalist as a Detective: The Media Insights and Critique in Post-1991 American, Russian and Swedish Crime Novels2019In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today it often happens that the protagonist in crime fiction is a journalist-for instance, in the globally spread sub-genre of Nordic noir. This article examines what readers can learn about journalism by comparing crime fiction (a widely popular genre fostering society critique) from Russia, Sweden, and USA. These countries with significantly different press traditions have in the post-1991 era been involved in transformations of the media landscapes which have led to a public distrust in traditional media. We approach these novels as a form of adult media education and thereby as a resource for the reader to develop a critical thinking about journalism. The novels under consideration are permeated with transnational understandings and provide a rich ground for reflections around challenges for finding the truth, such as news-making as a male-dominated activity, journalism as a publicity arena, and an accelerating news environment (i.e., information overload paired with a competition for immediate reporting) as a threat to investigative journalism. The struggling, truth-seeking protagonists can be understood as an answer to a widespread cultural anxiety about journalism's questioned authority as a truth-telling occupation.

  • Mackenbach, Johan P.
    et al.
    University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Valverde, Jose Rubio
    University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Bopp, Matthias
    University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Bronnum-Hansen, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Deboosere, Patrick
    rije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    Kalediene, Ramune
    Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Kovacs, Katalin
    Hungarian Demographic Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). ational Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Martikainen, Pekka
    University of Helsinki, Helsnki, Finland.
    Menvielle, Gwenn
    INSERM, Sorbonne Universités, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Paris, France.
    Regidor, Enrique
    niversidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain / CIBER Epidemiologí y Salud Püblica, Madrid, Spain.
    Nusselder, Wilma J.
    University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Determinants of inequalities in life expectancy: an international comparative study of eight risk factors2019In: The Lancet Public Health, ISSN 2468-2667, Vol. 4, no 10, p. E529-E537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Socioeconomic inequalities in longevity have been found in all European countries. We aimed to assess which determinants make the largest contribution to these inequalities. Methods We did an international comparative study of inequalities in risk factors for shorter life expectancy in Europe. We collected register-based mortality data and survey-based risk factor data from 15 European countries. We calculated partial life expectancies between the ages of 35 years and 80 years by education and gender and determined the effect on mortality of changing the prevalence of eight risk factors-father with a manual occupation, low income, few social contacts, smoking, high alcohol consumption, high bodyweight, low physical exercise, and low fruit and vegetable consumption-among people with a low level of education to that among people with a high level of education (upward levelling scenario), using population attributable fractions. Findings In all countries, a substantial gap existed in partial life expectancy between people with low and high levels of education, of 2.3-8.2 years among men and 0.6-4.5 years among women. The risk factors contributing most to the gap in life expectancy were smoking (19.8% among men and 18.9% among women), low income (9.7% and 13.4%), and high bodyweight (7.7% and 11.7%), but large differences existed between countries in the contribution of risk factors. Sensitivity analyses using the prevalence of risk factors in the most favourable country (best practice scenario) showed that the potential for reducing the gap might be considerably smaller. The results were also sensitive to varying assumptions about the mortality risks associated with each risk factor. Interpretation Smoking, low income, and high bodyweight are quantitatively important entry points for policies to reduce educational inequalities in life expectancy in most European countries, but priorities differ between countries. A substantial reduction of inequalities in life expectancy requires policy actions on a broad range of health determinants.

  • Bergman, Christoffer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Olander Bergström, Siri
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Pappapotential: en diskursanalytisk studie om konstruktionen av faderskap i vårdnad-, boende- och umgängesutredningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how paternity was constructed in investigations of legal/physical custody and rights of access to children, performed by the swedish social services. The study also aimed to study how the fathers' suitability was portrayed and what characteristics of the fathers that were emphasized. The empirical data is based on nine investigations in which the father is considered most appropriate to handle the child's care. As a methodological basis, the study is based on discourse analysis. The theoretical framework consists of gender theory, hegemonic masculinity and discourse analytical theory. 

    The results expressed images of paternity as something men gradually internalize. Furthermore, the study demonstrated a mother presumption in parenting whereas the mothers were portrayed as the most essential for the child. The mother presumption is discernible in the statements about the fathers 'suitability as parents, which was repeatedly portrayed from a centering on the mothers' inability. The results can be interpreted to show that the hegemonic masculinity is changing. The study's conclusion is that maternity is still regarded as the norm in parenting and that paternity is thus valued in the light of motherhood.

  • Träff, Oliver
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    A proposed technique for ideation through artifact shape deviations2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a new ideation technique for how to ideate using sketching and a generative design system based prototype tool. The technique is aimed to support ideation through the exploration of design shape deviations. The tool generates 3D model artifacts with variations in their shapes. The overall shape and deviations are based on a design concept specified by the user of the tool. These design artifacts are then used as a means to rediscover one's own design concepts through the theory of estrangement. A study was conducted where university-level design students tested the technique in a scenario where they were tasked with ideating product design solutions. The performed study (along with post-study interviews) revealed promising results where participants of the study described their experiences as fun and interesting. The design outcomes of the study display how participants worked and iterated on their conceptual artifacts. They explored different and new angles of the design space relative to their concepts by using the generated design artifacts. This may suggest that this technique, using computer-generated concept deviations can be a successful way of supporting ideation by expanding on one's design concepts, rediscovering concepts, moving beyond obvious solutions and iterating design concepts. 

  • Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Understanding the geography of Belarus2019In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 73-74Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    State, Experts, And Roma: Historian Allan Etzlerand pseudo-scientific racism in Sweden2019In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Like other Nordic countries, Sweden has its dark chapter of ignominious history involving discrimination targeting Roma. However, less is known about the role of historians in the process of bringing so-called ‘scientific grounds’ to solving the ‘Gypsy problem’. In this article, I focus on this topic, using the case of the historian Allan Etzler, in order to analyse the role that Etzler played as a scholar and expert in the development of pseudo-scientific racism in Sweden.

  • Public defence: 2019-11-20 10:00 MA624, Huddinge
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Röster från ingenmansland: En identitetsarkeologi i ett maritimt mellanrum2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeological investigations into late iron age and medieval coastal soci­eties in Sweden have been focusing on a maritime culture, a traditional coastal and island-dwelling fisher-farmer and activities centered on fishing in a long maritime tradition as well as a specific maritime identity and ha­bi­tus. By deconstructing commonly used concepts and by using primarily written sources, it is here shown that there is a need for putting this culture and its agents into perspective by opening up the history of the maritime interspace and let in previously overlooked or disregarded historical actors in the narrative field dominated by men and landed farmers, such as landless, powerless, strangers, foreig­ners and women.

    The coast is shown to have been an arena for opportunism, societal expansion under landed gentry, nodes for pro­cure­ment and social oppression and focal points for inter-cultural contacts, trade, networking and self-realization and that the role of the islands and the “fisheries” was constantly remolded to fit different power strategies.

    Through a series of case studies, seldom discussed social relations, social groups and social predicaments are unmasked and discussed; the relation between norse and proto-Saami cultures, the role of women in fishing, em­ploy­ment of the poor or serfs, of incentives by strangers and foreig­ners. Many localities speak of con­flict, struggle and self-sought or forced marginal­ization; the emer­­gence of taxa­tion and the control of fishing, piracy and insurgency but also of exile, reclusion and asceticism. Running through history there has been a dicho­tomy and tension between the workforce and the benefactor, between small-scale and large-scale maritime procurement, between cooper­ation and con­flict and between the meeting place and the hidden refuge.

    To conclude, the study sketches the ethno genesis of the hitherto “fisher-farmer” and exposes a wider set of actors and their strategies in the maritime space and ends with advocating a series of potentially fruitful research frameworks of study; cultural niches in the maritime environment, actor geographies in the out­back, the use of maritime produce in societal transformations, and to further investigate the harsh, hidden or exposed, islands as places for sociocultural and economical strategies with profound social, psychological and spiritual impact.

  • Bjarkö, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Fichte i Heliopolis: En undersökning av det intersubjektiva jaget i vetenskapsläran2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the role of intersubjectivity in the philosophy of Johann Gottlieb Fichte. For Fichte, the ultimate ground of philosophy is the infinite self-positing activity of the I. However, this self-positing activity must have as its product a determined I, and therefore it must establish a limit to the I’s original infinity. Further, such a limit is only thinkable as a relation to that which lies beyond it: the negation of the I, or the not-I.

    By this characterization of the nature of the I, Fichte establishes it as a paradoxical concept that is at once infinite and finite. To solve this paradox, he introduces the concept of a “check” (Anstoβ) that puts a halt to the outward-striving activity of the I. In experiencing this check, the I is not limited by something outside of itself, which would negate its position as the ultimate ground of its own being, but rather is given the task of positing its own limit.

    In Grundlage des Naturrechts, Fichte develops this idea through another concept: that of a “summons” (Aufforderung) given to the I by another subject. Since the I is characterized by containing the ground of its own being, the intersubjective relation to the other is conditioned by the I limiting itself, so that the self-grounding character of the other can be recognized. In experiencing the summons of the other, though, the I does not only posit a limit for itself, but also becomes conscious of its own nature as a free, self-positing subject. Intersubjectivity, therefore, must be considered a fundamental element of the I as such. In Fichte’s own words: “No I, no Thou; no Thou, no I.”

  • Milic, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Pettersson, Rebecka
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    IFRS 15 Intäkter från avtal med kunder: En undersökning om hur företagens affärsmodeller påverkar intäktsredovisningen under IFRS 152019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 1990s and early 2000s several revenue recognition scandals arose, which led to a discussion about the need for a new principle-based standard with a balance sheet-based approach for revenue recognition. On 1st of January 2018 IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers became effective and replaced all previous revenue recognition standards and interpretations. All companies are expected to be affected regarding when and how much the company reports its revenue, though the scope may vary from one company to another.

    This study aims to investigate how the application of IFRS 15 has impacted companies based on the business models they apply in their customer agreements.

    To operationalize the purpose of the study a quantitative method was adopted to gather the empirical data, which have been obtained from the companies’ annual reports. An enumeration was implemented, why all listed companies on Nasdaq Stockholm which are required to implement IFRS 15 have been studied.

    The results indicate that a minority of the companies have showed an impact and most of the companies have not been impacted after an implementation of the new revenue recognition standard. The study has identified that the reason why companies are affected by IFRS 15 depends on the business models’ companies apply in their customer agreements. The minority of companies that have been affected by IFRS 15 are the ones which have developed business models that includes complex customer contracts, i.e. customer contracts consisting of complex commitments and promises of goods and services to customers. Accordingly, the majority of the studied companies uses business models with non-complex customer contracts in their customer agreements, e.g. simple sale of only one good, hence their revenue recognition under IFRS 15 does not differ from previous accounting standards.

  • Nuay, Christian
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Wilsgaard Hansen, John
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Investmentbolagens substansrabatt: Få mer än vad du betalar för2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nav discount is a current topic in the financial world. The researchers in the American market have done a lot of research into the origin of nav, unfortunately the researchers are not united of what causes the discount. However, the researchers believe that the nav discount in the US market are affected by a numerous of variables. These variables form the basis of our study. The purpose of the study is to test four of the variables that have affected the nav discount in the US market. management fee, unlisted holdings, investor sentiment, power and ownership structure and apply these variables on the Swedish market to see its impact on Swedish closed end funds discount. The study's results showed a positive correlation between management fee and nav discount  for all closed end funds. The result also showed a positive correlation between nav discount and unlisted holdings for most closed end funds except Kinnevik and Creades, which showed a weak correlation. A negative correlation was shown between investor sentiment and the substantive discount for the survey's selected investment company. Significant correlation was shown between management fees and nav discount despite low management fees. Weaker significant relationship in unlisted holdings. No significant investor sentiment was shown.

  • Jansson Öhlén, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Fear of influenza vaccination in the event of an epidemic: Perceptions of threat and trust in two socioeconomically different areas of Stockholm2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent history, four influenza pandemics have occurred causing worldwide suffering. It is only a matter of time when a fifth pandemic will emerge. The willingness of the public to perform recommended precautionary actions is central for successful outbreak management, where the most important measure is vaccination. Trust in the health care system as well as personal perceptions of the threat of a pandemic can influence the publics willingness to perform precautionary actions. Aims: This study seeks to analyze how the public in two socioeconomically different areas of Stockholm perceive the threat of a possible future epidemic, their level of trust in the health system and what precautionary actions they are willing to perform. Methods: questioners with respondents from two socioeconomically different areas in Stockholm (Tensta and Danderyd) were gathered and have been statistically analyzed and interpreted using the health belief model and theories about trust. Results: The study showed that a higher level of perceived benefits of precautionary actions and a higher level of worriedness to get seriously ill if infected during an influenza epidemic were correlated with a higher level of willingness to follow precautionary actions. A significant association between unwillingness to vaccinate and perceived barriers to vaccination (that it can be harmful to the health) was also found. Trust in the health system was significantly lower in Tensta compared to Danderyd and higher trust in the health system was found to lead to higher perceived benefits of precautionary actions. Additionally, respondents with higher trust in information from the health care were generally more willing to vaccinate. Finally, no demographic determinants except age was shown to influence perceptions about precautionary actions and threat. Conclutions: Willingness to perform precautionary actions were influenced by worriedness, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, age and trust in the health care. Efforts might thus be needed to increase the trust in the health system in socioeconomically weak areas, as well as to increase the trust in influenza vaccination in general.

  • Skjäl, Henric
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Yaman, Erim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Innovationer och dess inverkan av Humankapital, Handel och FoU: Till vilken grad påverkas innovationer i EU av Humankapital, Handel med IKT och FoU?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes what effects human capital, R&D and ICT-goods trade have on innovation. Positive outcomes from innovation are an increased level of productivity, which increases incentives for greater innovative activity. Throughout this thesis patent-applications will be used as a proxy for innovation, which is in accordance with previous literature. The main scope of this paper will focus on econometric panel-data to determine which indicators have a significant effect on national-wide patent-applications and basic policy making in accordance with the findings. The scope of the study will include 27 European Union countries. The methodology used concerning panel-data is fixed effects. However, due to the amount of missing data the econometric estimation, we will focus on imputation of the missing values. According to various tests that determine what kind of model fits the underlying dataset, we can conclude that this study requires the use of a Multiple Imputation technique. Our result shows that investments towards R&D have the biggest impact on innovations.

  • Liebig, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Vetenskap i svensk dagspress: Legitimitet och modalitet i den vetenskapliga expertisens olika funktioner2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a time where 'fake news' and 'alternative facts' are easily spread in an ever-expanding media landscape, confidence in science and the image of the independent researcher is decreasing. Printed newspapers, as a traditionally slow and accurate medium, can counteract this development and maintain confidence in evidence-based science.

    To illustrate how journalism uses science, one week's articles containing a reference to science are examined in Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter. The chosen methodological tools include a content analysis for mapping trends in the material as well as a two-part text analysis in which selected parts of the material are examined more closely. The first step of the text analysis is an analysis of legitimations that illustrates which credentials are used to assure the reader of the credibility and relevance of the scientific expertise. The second step is a modality analysis focusing mainly on modality metaphors to determine if the assessments made are subjective or objective.

    The content analysis shows that scientific expertise is used in three functions: 1) to communicate research; 2) to comment on a non-research-related event; 3) to justify an opinion. The analysis of legitimations indicates that the selection and number of credentials vary within the three functions. The largest number of credentials is mentioned in the commentary function, including most often the name and research area of the scientific expert. For the communication function, the institute is the only legitimizing credential next to the description ‘forskare’. The catchwords 'forskare' or 'forskning' are even considered sufficient for using research as an argument in the justification function. The modality analysis shows that researchers who act as commentators use most modality, usually in the form of subjective modality metaphors. When scientific experts act as science communicators, they appear to be most objective.

    The steady use of scientific expertise in all three functions indicates strong confidence in science, both in the newspaper editors and in the individual writers. However, the lack of relevant, clear credentials is striking for the communication function, though especially for the justification function. Writers with different backgrounds using 'forskning visar' as an empty argument exploit the existing trust in science, possibly damaging it in doing so.

  • Johansson, Håkan
    et al.
    Lund universitet.
    Scaramuzzino, Roberto
    Lund universitet.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Social Movements and Interest Groups Compared: How organisational type matters for explaining Swedish organisations’ advocacy strategies2019In: Partecipazione e conflitto, ISSN 1972-7623, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 353-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The divide between interest groups and social movement studies runs deep, but present developments call for a renewed focus on the relevance of these analytical categories. Both of these two forms of collective action relate to organisations that are assumed to follow distinctive logics and strategies for political influence. This article aims to contribute to the debates on the analytical difference between interest groups and social movements by comparing their political strategies and addressing the relevance of the typology for explaining organisations’ use of political strat-egies. The paper draws on a dataset resulting from a large survey among Swedish civil society organisations among which clear cases of interest group organisations and “old” and “new” social movement organisations (SMOs) were identified. The results show that the distinction between interest groups and social movement organisations has some analytical value when it comes to explaining the use of different types of strategies: e.g. direct lobbying and media-based and protest-based strategies. Also, the distinction between old and new SMOs is shown to be relevant because old SMOs seem to be in a way “in between” interest groups and new SMOs suggesting that social movements tend to develop over time and to become more similar to interest groups.

  • Ljung, Peter
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lucifer och den performativa filmkonsten: En studie kring sataniska visioner i den kaliforniska filmvärlden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study regards the influence of ’modern’ satanism on performative art in the nineteen sixties- and seventies. The methodological framework consists of performativity theory, religious visual culture and aesthetics of experimental film. The material consists mainly of cinematic work by Kenneth Anger and Alejandro Jodorowsky, as well as musical performances by the likes of Mick Jagger, the Rolling Stones and David Bowie. In addition to this material I also use academic texts, dissertations and books written about the subjects themselves as a foundation for my own further analysis and discussions. By looking closely at a selection of cinnematic work of foremost Kenneth Anger, I try to show how his own esoteric and occult interests are present as a fundamental part of his creative process and the following filmworks/artworks themselves. This is also put into relationship with Anton Szandor Lavey, founder of the Church of Satan, and their common thoughts concerning ritually performed magic. By using performativity theory I trie to emphasise the interlocking structures of these two worlds in the artwork of Kenneth Anger and other artists active in the culturual ’milieu’ of the sixties- and seventies. The results indicate that the religious sphere of satanism, occultism and esotericism (and alternative modes of religion in general) was closeley inflicted with counterculture-infused film and music (as represented by the selection of material).

  • Valenzuela Morales, Rodrigo
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Kamara, Rosevelt
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    How does Foreign direct investment affect economic growth in the OECD countries?: A panel data analysis for the period 1996 and 2010 on FDI and economic growth2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) has since Dunning in the academic literature, by international organisations and countries been viewed as an important precursor to determine the level of economic growth. FDI is suggested to have a positive effect on long-run economic growth in the host country. Previous studies show evidence that the positive effect of FDI on economic growth should not be taken for granted. The extent to which FDI promotes economic growth is largely based on complementary factors which include among others human capital, education, infrastructure, health, population and a technology gap. This essay investigates and estimates the effect of FDI and human capital on economic growth in 28 OECD countries over the period of 1996 to 2010. Three regression were conducted. Our results show over the period studied a positive effect of FDI on economic growth, the result are not statistically significant in all regressions. Population is significant in all regressions but has a mixed effect on economic growth. Human capital proxied as secondary education attainment shows a mixed effect on economic growth and is not significant in all regressions. For the remaining independent variables (see table 7), the results show that Life expectancy and Government expenditure have a significant effect on economic growth. However, Trade is not statistically significant in the regressions. 

  • Kilic, Niyazi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Economics of suicide in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Suicide is social tragedy that devastates families and is very costly for society. Even though suicide have been a known social problem for over a century society have yet to solve it. The purpose of this essay is to examine whether the socio-economic theory can explain the variance of suicide rate in Sweden. From previous studies and socioeconomic theories, the variables unemployment, divorce rate, fertility was picked because of their ability to explain the variance of suicides rates. Population density was also picked because of its close relation with social isolation. A two-way fixed- effect model controlling for region and time was employed on a panel of 21 counties over the years 2005-2017. The results of the regression were that all independent variables, but population density were insignificant. The study concludes that the panel employed are not enough to determine whether the socio-economic factors can explain the variance of suicide rates in Sweden.