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  • Moerman, Paul
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetic Learning Processes.
    Moerman, Paul
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetic Learning Processes.
    Här finns dansen och konstarterna på lärarutbildningen2016In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 31 oktober, 4-4 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    At Södertörn University a purposeful decade long work has been done to integrate the arts in teaching education, following a range of strategic phases and quality criterion. Pre-service teachers meet dance, music, visual art, film, theatre and creative writing, preparing for their mission in a school for the future. Professional dancers, actors, musicians and artists teach aesthetic skills and understanding in curriculum subjects as well as artistic expression in its own right, adding to Södertörn University's interdisciplinary, intercultural and liberal arts ethos, dealing with relational, aesthetic and ethical issues and challenges in eduction, society and the world at large.

  • Akay, Daniella
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Akay, Daniella
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Miko, Ilona
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Valet mellan K2 och K3: En studie om mindre onoterade aktiebolags val av regelverk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: BFN started a project in 2004 in order to simplify for companies in Sweden. The project is called K-project. In the year of 2014 smaller unlisted limited companies was forced to choose between K2 and K3.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine whether differences in the amortization and development costs between K2 and K3 has been crucial for the choice of regulation. The aim is also to examine who has had the biggest influence in the choice and if any problems has occurred in the implementation of the selected regulatory framework.

    Conclusions: Differences in methods of depreciation and development costs has been conclusive in the choice between K2 and K3. Real estate companies wanted to avoid applying the component method and development intensive companies wanted to avoid the expensing model. The ability to be financed and continue to grow in K3 has also affected the choice of regulatory framework. Mainly auditors but also accountants has had the biggest influence in the choice of regulation, but in some cases the board has had the biggest impact. The problems that has occurred has been a consequence of the shortage in the frameworks, which is the possibility in K2 and the simplicity in K3.

  • Sjölin, Carin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Sjölin, Carin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    The impact of governance on inequality: An empirical study2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effect of governance on inequality, specifically if improvements in the World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators affect inequality as measured by two Gini coefficients: Market Gini, before taxes and redistribution, and Net Gini, after taxes and redistribution.

    The data for the Gini measurements was taken from the Standardized World Income Inequality Database (SWIID) and the data for the Worldwide Governance Indicators was taken from the World Bank. Data for fifteen (15) years, from the start of the Worldwide Governance Indicators until 2013, was combined with data from SWIID for the same years. In all, data from one hundred fifty-six (156) countries with a full set of six (6) indicators for the years that had at least one corresponding Gini measurements were used in this study: in total one thousand seven hundred and forty-seven (1747) observations.

    In a pooled OLS regression, controlling for growth with the variable GDP per Capita expressed as a per cent (%) change on an annual basis, the individual indicators gave the following results, where a positive sign indicates increased inequality and vice versa: Control of Corruption and Regulatory Quality showed a positive sign for both Gini measurements. Rule of Law, Government Effectiveness, Political Stability and the Absence of Violence/Terrorism, gave a negative sign for both Gini measurements. Voice and Accountability showed a positive sign for Market Gini and a negative sign for Net Gini.

    The fact that an improvement in Control of Corruption increased inequality both before and after taxes and redistribution was unexpected and should be further researched.

  • Jakobsson, Knut
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jakobsson, Knut
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    ”Allt jag gör är återskapande av makt”: Konfliktytor mellan sexualitet och feminism hos feministiska män2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about conflicts between feminist theory and lived male sexuality. By interviewing four male feminist identified young activists this studie examines how these men solve potential conflicts between sexual desires and feminist ideals and how their identitiesare created with regards to feminist theory. A qualitative poststructuralist approach is used where feminst discourses set outs different ways for the men to interpret themselves as feminist subjects. The study concludes that these men distance themselves from what they find as different kinds of hegemonic masculinities, such as: activity, dominance and heterosexual masculinities. The possibilities of identification for the men in the study are: ”afemale position”, ”a non male position”, ”a refllexive or searching position” or ”a nonheterosexual position”.

  • Bekkin, Renat
    Kazan Federal University, Russia / Moscow State Institute for International Relations, Russia / Russian Academy of Science, Russia.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Kazan Federal University, Russia / Moscow State Institute for International Relations, Russia / Russian Academy of Science, Russia.
    Russian Muslims: A Misguided Sect, Or The Vanguard Of The Russian Umma?2012In: Islamic Authority And the Russian Language: Studies On Texts From European Russia, the North Caucasus And West Siberia / [ed] Alfrid K. Bustanov ; Michael Kemper, Amsterdam: Pegasus , 2012, 1, 361-401 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Huss, Markus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Huss, Markus
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Manns, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Tid, minne, representation: Slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram2016Report (Other academic)
  • Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Бер дуслык тарихы: Г. Баязитов hэм В.С. Соловьев2016In: Фэнни Татарстан, ISSN 2499-9741, no 3, 88-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [ru]

    В настоящей статье мы рассмотрели характер связей петербургского ахуна А. Баязитова в среде петербургских литераторов и ученых. Одной из фигур, с которой некоторые авторы вслед за поэтом и публицистом В.Л. Величко связывают имя Баязитова, был философ В.С. Соловьев. Мы попытались выяснить характер отношений между мусульманским богословом и христианским мыслителем.

  • Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Experience and Challenges of Islamic Insurance in the Post-Soviet Space: Case Studies of Russia and Kazakhstan2015In: Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies, ISSN 1881-8323, no 8, 141-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how an Islamic insurance (takaful) model has been implemented in two CIS-countries (Russia, Kazakhstan) in recent years. The author examines legal regulation of takaful in countries where a special legislation on takaful was not adopted (Russia) or is in draft form (Kazakhstan). The author also notices inconsistent use of Islamic finance and takaful terminology by legislators in Kazakhstan. In the case of Russia the article tells about a number of attempts to set up takaful business in the absence of specific legal regulation for such type of insurance. Special attention is paid to the attempts to launch of takaful products (non-life insurance) by Evro-Polis company in the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation) in 2012.

  • Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Cios, Stanislaw
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Warsaw, Poland.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Uppsala universitet.
    Fishponds in teh Baltic States: Historical Cyprinid Culture in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania2016In: Historical Aquaculture in Northern Europe / [ed] M. Bonow; H. Olsén; I. Svanberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, 139-156 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Uppsala universitet.
    Historical Pond-Breeding of Cyprinids in Sweden and Finland2016In: Historical Aquaculture in Northern Europe / [ed] M. Bonow; H. Olsén; I. Svanberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, 89-119 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Gradskova, Yulia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Gradskova, YuliaSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.Quirico, Monica
    Solidariteten med Chile 1973–19892016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid militärkuppen i Chile den 11 september 1973 störtades Salvador Allendes och Unidad Populars demokratiskt valda regering. Sjutton år av militärdiktatur under general Augusto Pinochet följde, då flera tusen människor dödades, torterades och ”försvann”. Sverige var ett av de länder där solidaritetsrörelsen med Chile var som störst.

    Vad var viktigast med solidaritetsarbete? Vilken roll spelade kulturen? Hur koordinerades arbetet med chilenska politiska partier och ledare i exil och i Chile? Vilken betydelse hade solidaritetsarbetet i Sverige för Chile?

    Denna skrift dokumenterar ett vittnesseminarium om solidaritet med Chile som arrangerades den 9 mars 2016 av Samtidshistoriska institutet vid Södertörns högskola. De medverkande var Göran Sallnäs – f.d. rektor på Runö Folkhögskola, Jan Hammarlund – sångare och aktivist, Carlos Nuñez – f.d. ordförande för Post- och telegrafarbetarförbundet i Chile, Anna Rydmark Venegas – en av grundarna till Chilekommittén och under 1973–1974 dess ordförande samt Stefan de Vylder – nationalekonom.

  • Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Bonow, MadeleineSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.Olsén, HåkanSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.Svanberg, IngvarUppsala universitet.
    Historical Aquaculture in Northern Europe2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How were fishponds introduced, farmed and spread in Scandinavia and the Baltic Region in early modern times? What was their economic, social and religious importance? Which fish species were significant and why?

    This book uncovers a long, now broken, tradition that barely left traces in the written record or physical environment. Its broad and multidisciplinary scope highlights the situation from medieval times until the late nineteenth century. Besides Scandinavia and the Baltic States, insights from England are also introduced.

    Several socio-cultural domains have been identified: late medieval monastic fishponds; late medieval aristocratic fishponds associated with castles and manors; seventeenth and eighteenth century ponds rectory ponds as well as urban ponds from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century.

  • Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Från kontroll till en illusion av interaktivitet: Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 2, 58-61 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod resulterar ofta i att journalistiska vinklar visualiseras i form av mönster eller specifika samband med hjälp av digitala medieformer. Här möts två tidigare åtskilda kulturer då journalistiska arbetsmetoder kombineras med tekniska arbetsmetoder. För att skapa en berättelse får journalister förtroende att fatta beslut åt publiken, i publikens intresse, medan en ingenjör istället kan bli anklagad för att fatta paternalistiska beslut över huvudet på människor. Med utgångspunkt från aktuell nordisk datajournalistik diskuteras i denna artikel därför vad som händer när just dessa två kulturer möts, i termer av beslutsfattande åt publiken, i publikens intresse.

  • Saunders, Fred P.
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Saunders, Fred P.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Gee, Kira
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH.
    Göke, Cordula
    Aarhus University.
    Hassler, Björn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Lenninger, Paula
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Luttmann, Anne
    Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde.
    Morf, Andrea
    Swedish Institute for the Marine Environment.
    Piwowarczyk, Joanna
    Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
    Schiele, Kerstin
    Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde.
    Stalmokaite, Igne
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Strand, Helena
    Swedish Institute for the Marine Environment.
    Tafon, Ralph
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Zaucha, Jacek
    Maritime Institute in Gdansk.
    BALTSPACE Deliverable: D1.2: Final Guidance Document on Analysing Possibilities and Challenges for MSP Integration2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report makes a case for examining the role of integration and its links to how

    sustainable development is variably expressed in different marine spatial planning (MSP)

    contexts. The aim of the report is to refine an analytical approach to examine integration

    in MSP in the Baltic Sea through consideration of preliminary empirical results from a

    broad range of case studies. MSP is conceptualised here as a governance platform for

    improving processes to enable political decision-making with the aim to achieve

    sustainable development of marine space. Integration is universally espoused as a

    means to address a variety of challenges closely related to MSP’s sustainable

    development ambitions, such as supporting inter-sectoral decision-making, stakeholder

    engagement and cross-border interaction, but its role, value and implementation in MSP

    has not been examined in any empirical detail. Although increased integration may well

    have positive effects on MSP processes and outcomes, in some instances, the contrary

    might also be the case. With these thoughts in mind, this report argues that we need to

    analyse integration as a multidimensional concept in MSP processes and outcomes.

    Based on understandings of integration derived from MSP experience and concepts in the

    broader social science literature, an analytical framework is developed to examine MSP

    practice in the Baltic Sea. Integration is conceptualised as including

    transboundary/cross-border, policy/sectoral, stakeholder and knowledge dimensions.

    Despite common requirements under the European Union MSP Directive and policies,

    national jurisdictions are likely to adopt MSP differently, which has implications for the

    role integration is likely to play in national and transnational MSP practice. Drawing on

    empirical data derived from national MSP studies, stakeholder dialogue forums and

    preliminary interviews with stakeholders the analytical framework is applied to examine

    how particular integration challenges play out in both national and transnational marine

    space across the Baltic Sea Region. The analytical framework is then used to structure

    an examination of several case studies from different parts of the Baltic Sea Region.

    Based on consideration of the empirical work and an analyses of previous experiences in

    science and practice we then propose some revisions to the initial analytical framework

    presented earlier. The revised analytical framework, while capturing the integration

    dimensions mentioned earlier, also includes consideration of the following aspects of

    integration: how ‘balance’ between sustainable development dimensions is exercised;

    the character of cross-boundary interactions; and temporal dynamics. Instead of a

    conclusion, short think-pieces are presented to capture the main insights of the report,

    which could be used to aid the examination of integration in MSP in other MSP contexts,

    beyond the Baltic Sea.

  • Änggård, Adele
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies. adeleanggard@gmail.com.
    Änggård, Adele
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies. adeleanggard@gmail.com.
    Figurines as multiple art: Studying the shape and forms of Neolithic Statuettes2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this paper is on Neolithic figurines and the type of plurality found in four statuettes.

    We follow why three dimensional figurines are a part of many museum collections and yet documentation is often comparatively scarce compared to other fields of archaeology. How this is connected to figurine’s uncertain imagery and why their visual ambiguity raises questions about what is deemed ‘cultural and well formulated art’.

    Scandinavian figurine character and plural imagery is compared with multirepresentational statuettes from other parts of the European continent.

    The result of exploring Neolithic figurine’s art is with an aim to broaden insights into what the statuettes depict. This includes studying why ceramic moulded art is easier to understand, when each sculpture is allowed several interpretations.

    Seeing them as pluralistic is a move that invites modernity to examine unexplored areas of what their combinations represented for the cultures that produced them.

    The paper examines an artistic approach to figurines and asks if art can enable archaeologists to see three dimensional images as a definable form of expression that belongs to the Neolithic period’s accomplishments?

  • Norenius, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Norenius, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Att Vandra i Intets Närhet: Wittgenstein, Heidegger och Vägen Bortom Filosofins Slut2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What does it mean to occupy the other side of what is - to “be” the nothing that lies beyond being? Or, in other words: Where yonder the End of Philosophy? Thus reads the first and final line of inquiry that we, the philosophers of this age, are impelled to pursue. Such is the case, I contend, in light of the fact that our time quite simply is that of the eschatological aftermath, the “postmodern” era where the purportedly “greatest” thinkers of our immediate past, Martin Heidegger and Ludwig Wittgenstein, have, each in his own way, already declared philosophical moratorium. Yet it seems to me there is curious and vital affinity to the philosophical legacy these thinkers, whose mark on history is, paradoxically, so wide and so deep as to be at once indelible and invisible. Accordingly, this thesis seeks to render Heidegger and Wittgenstein, each a formidable critic of the philosophical tradition, as mutually complementary voices, speaking not of an end-to-be, but on the way beyond the end-that-is-past. In writing on the disjunctive parallelism evident in their famed non-encounter, I hope to clarify the nature and purpose of contemporary philosophical practice. My principal argument is that, in locating philosophy, conceived as a thematic study of the being of what is, within language, Wittgenstein and Heidegger both came to view language itself as the pre-philosophical nothing, which, in its wordless non-identity or self-difference, presents a way beyond the word and world of traditional philosophical thinking. It is my hope that, in outlying the shared strains of their respective critical disclosures of the relation between language and philosophy, I will be able to say not the same, but something yet unsaid, addressing our time, the time after the end, as a period of continued, self-critical thinking and speaking about that which, as the difference between the spoken word and that which is, prepares the way towards an experience of the hitherto “impossible” meaning of non-being.

  • Public defence: 2016-12-19 13:00 MA624, Huddinge
    Asghar, Naveed
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Asghar, Naveed
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Ticks and Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus: From nature to infection2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vector-borne diseases are an increasing global threat to humans due to climate changes, elevating the risk of infections transmitted by mosquitos, ticks, and other arthropod vectors. Ixodes ricinus, a common tick in Europe, transmits dangerous tick-borne pathogens to humans. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a vector-borne disease caused by TBE virus (TBEV). Climate change has contributed to increased tick abundance and incidence of tick-borne diseases, and between 10,000 and 15,000 human TBE cases are reported annually in Europe and Asia. TBEV shows a patchy geographical distribution pattern where each patch represents a natural focus. In nature, TBEV is maintained within the tick-rodent enzootic cycle. Co-feeding is the main route for TBEV transmission from infected to uninfected ticks and for maintenance within the natural foci. The increasing number of TBE cases in Scandinavia highlights the importance of characterizing additional TBEV sequences and of identifying novel natural foci, and in this work we sequenced and phylogenetically characterized four TBEV strains: Saringe-2009 (from a blood-fed nymph), JP-296 (from a questing adult male), JP-554 (from a questing adult male), and Mandal-2009 (from a pool of questing nymphs, n = 10). Mandal-2009 represents a TBEV genome from a natural focus in southern Norway. Saringe-2009 is from a natural endemic focus in northern Stockholm, Sweden, and JP-296 and JP-554 originate from a natural focus “Torö” in southern Stockholm. In addition, we have studied the effect of different biotic and abiotic factors on population dynamics of I. ricinus in southern Stockholm and observed significant spatiotemporal variations in tick activity patterns. Seasonal synchrony of immature stages and total tick abundance are important factors for the probability of horizontal transmission of TBEV among co-feeding ticks. We found that the probability of co-occurrence of larvae, nymphs, and female adults was highest during early summer whereas increasing vegetation height and increasing amounts of forest and open water around the study sites had a significant negative effect on co-occurrence of larvae, nymphs, and female adults.

    The proximal part of the 3 ́non-coding region (3 ́NCR) of TBEV contains an internal poly(A) tract, and genomic analysis of Saringe-2009 revealed variability in the poly(A) tract indicating the existence of different variants within the TBEV pool of Saringe-2009. Like other RNA viruses, TBEV exists as swarms of unique variants called quasispecies. Because Saringe-2009 came from an engorged nymph that had been feeding on blood for >60 h, we propose that Saringe-2009 represents a putative shift in the TBEV pool when the virus switches from ectothermic/tick to endothermic/mammalian environments. We investigated the role of poly(A) tract variability in replication and virulence of TBEV by generating two infectious clones of the TBEV strain Toro-2003, one with a short/wild-type (A)3C(A)6 poly(A) tract and one with a long (A)3C(A)38 poly(A) tract. The infectious clone with the long poly(A) tract showed poor replication in cell culture but was more virulent in C57BL/6 mice than the wild-type clone. RNA folding predictions of the TBEV genomes suggested that insertion of a long poly(A) tract abolishes a stem loop structure at the beginning of the 3 ́NCR. Next generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of the TBEV genomes after passaging in cell culture and/or mouse brain revealed molecular determinants and quasispecies structure that might contribute to the observed differences in virulence. Our findings suggest that the long poly(A) tract imparts instability to the TBEV genome resulting in higher quasispecies diversity that in turn contributes to TBEV virulence. Phylogenetic analysis of Saringe-2009, JP-296, JP-554, and Mandal-2009 predicted a strong evolutionary relationship among the four strains. They clustered with Toro-2003, the first TBEV strain from Torö, demonstrating a Scandinavian clade. Except for the proximal part of the 3 ́NCR, TBEV is highly conserved in its genomic structure. Genomic analysis revealed that Mandal-2009 contains a truncated 3 ́NCR similar to the highly virulent strain Hypr, whereas JP-296 and JP-554 have a genomic organization identical to Toro-2003, the prototypic TBEV strain from the same natural focus. NGS revealed significantly higher quasispecies diversity for JP-296 and JP-554 compared to Mandal-2009. In addition, single nucleotide polymerphism (SNP) analysis showed that 40% of the SNPs were common between quasispecies populations of JP-296 and JP-554, indicating the persistence and maintenance of TBEV quasispecies within the natural focus.

    Taken together, these findings indicate the importance of environmental factors for the occurrence pattern of the different life-stages of the tick vector, which are important for the persistence of TBEV in nature. Our findings also show that the selection pressure exerted by specific host also affects the population structure of the TBEV quasispecies. In addition, our results further demonstrate that the evolution of quasispecies has effect on TBEV virulence in mice.

  • Berggren, Emelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Berggren, Emelie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Björksten, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nyanser av beroende: En kvantitativ studie om substansbruk och beroende i den svenska vuxna befolkningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition of the study Nyanser av beroende is to analyze and problematize the concept of addiction. A broader aim is to investigate if it in the Swedish population exists different patterns of addiction and how these patterns then look like.

    The empirical material constitutes of Negativa konsekvenser av ANDT-bruk i den svenska vuxna befolkningen 2014. The selection consists of 26 257 individuals with a response rate of 59, 3 percent (N=15 576). The individuals that at some time during the last year used any narcotic substance and fulfilled at least one of the addiction criterias in the diagnose manual DSM-IV are subjects to the analysis (N=560). By the analyze method of Latent klassanalys (LCA), patterns of addiction have been investigated. The theoretical framework consists of medical and social addiction theory. This to see how different patterns of addiction comply with the medical and social perspectives that can be found in DSM-IV.

    In the latent class analysis, four different groups with different patterns of addiction are identified: Kontrollförlust, Försökt minska intag, Hard core gruppen och Tolerans. The group’s patterns have further on been connected with sociodemographic factors and substance use. The result of this study indicate that addiction is not a homogeneous concept but that there are differences concerning patterns of use and sociodemographic factors.

  • Larsson, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Larsson, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Resultatkoncept: En studie om korrelation mellan redovisat resultat och aktiekurs2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the ten most valued groups on the Nasdaq Stockholm exchange and their reported results for the period of 2009-2015. The purpose of the study was to investigate correlation between reported results on different levels and the progress of the share prices. Using Pearson’s correlation coefficient I was able to compare operating profit, net result and other comprehensive income to one another. I found that operating profit and net result came very close to each other, whilst other comprehensive income fell behind.  As it seems, share prices are affected by a numerous of variables, not only by reported results and earnings.

  • Andersson, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Andersson, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tourist Segments' Perceptions Of City Destinations: Balanced marketing by tourism companies and destination organisations2016In: Book of Abstracts: The 25th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research - Balancing Dichotomies 2016 in Turku, Finland / [ed] Juulia Räikkönen, Iva Lahovuo & Antti Honkanen, Åbo, Finland: Åbo turismakademi , 2016, 19-19 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All tourism destinations have unique characteristics that constitute their identity (Valls et al., 2012). Tourism companies, in turn, exploit these when planning and marketing product concepts for different market segments. In recent decades, the cities in the Baltic Sea region (BSR) have undergone a change considering their profiles as more well-known tourism destinations. Meanwhile, even the degree of professionalism in the tourism industry has increased. This opens opportunities for new forms of image marketing (Lucarelli & Berg, 2011). In order to understand city tourism better a comparison between urban and rural tourism will be made. Each destination and the associated companies have to develop their products and marketing campaigns in order to effectively promote themselves to various tourist segments. The purpose of this research project is to investigate the characteristics of city destinations, and how tourist segments translate them into destination images, and further how the image influences motivations for travel choice. Our theoretical framework consists of city destination concepts, destination characteristics and images, tourist segments' motivations and destination branding. In our pilot study, typical characteristics and tourist segments were found in the case of destination Stockholm. This result will be used when investigating how different tourist segments translate characteristics to an image perception. The planned research will take a multidisciplinary approach with an explorative purpose. A case study of two typical BSR-cities will be conducted, using interviews, statistical data, web site analysis and destination document studies. The knowledge contribution relates primarily to new forms of city destination characteristics and their impact on visitor travel motivators. Furthermore, a model for investigating segments' “image positions” will be developed based on a new kind of demand of city tourism and a more professional tourism industry, even though it is a complex task to determine image positions (Stepchenkova & Mills, 2010). Our hypothesis is that tourist segments are more interested in what city destination can offer today, but the supply side needs more knowledge how to influence the segments' travel motivators. We hope that the acquired knowledge will support destination organisations (DMO) and tourism companies to develop their tools for image marketing.

  • Andersson, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Andersson, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tourist experiences of heritage attractions: how can cognitive and affective aspects of experiences be used in attraction development?2016In: Book of Abstracts: 25th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 2016 in Turku, Finland / [ed] Juulia Räikkönen, Ira Lahovuo & Antti Honkanen, Åbo, Finland: Åbo Turismakademi , 2016, 18-18 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a paradigm shift from heritage being only preserved, to also being shown as a tourist attraction. One of two diverse approaches amongst scholars to define heritage tourism is to use a visitor-experience perspective (Apostolakis, 2003). Different segments of tourists have their own unique experiences of the heritage. Specific aspects can be used to explain the experience, such as the “classical” aspects by Pine & Gilmore (1999). In addition, in the last few years other experience aspects have been identified, such as kick, comfort, competence and contact (Kairos Future, 2011). The concept of “the experience room” (Mossberg, 2003) is used to present an experience context. The assumption of this study is that the experience landscape is made up of perceptive signals that cover the human senses. Although one can ask how this approach supports the development of attractions. Cognitive and affective experiences were discussed at conferences on memory tourism in Estonia 2013-14, used in the pilot study to this research. The purpose of the present study is to enhance the knowledge about how tourist's experiences of heritage attraction can be analysed into aspects of experience for different segments of tourists, and secondly, how the human senses influence the tourist's cognitive and affective experiences. An overall case study method will be used to study four maritime tourist attractions. The study consists of unstructured ethnographical interviews, experimental observation of tourists, and tourist's own evaluations during the experience. The research contribution is to shed light to how meaningful aspects of experience can represent the experience of heritage attractions for different target groups. This is based on an analysis on whether tourist experience aspects can emerge from the sensory impressions of tourists' experi­ences (Agapito et. al, 2014). Another contribution is to figure out how the sense perception can be connected to affective and cognitive aspects that result in a joint experience of an attraction. The pilot study showed that enhanced customer investigations of tourist's experiences are needed, which will be further more analysed. In the end this research will hopefully give attraction developers new tools to generate innovative and well-attended heritage attractions.

  • Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Architecture, Critique, Ideology: Writings on Architecture and Theory2016Book (Refereed)
  • Eiron, Pernilla
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Eiron, Pernilla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Stenberg, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhetsredovisningen: Efter uppmärksammade skandaler av “Uppdrag Granskning” eller “Kalla Fakta”2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Berggren, Emmelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Berggren, Emmelie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Björksten, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Carlson, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Sociala bestämningsfaktorer för alkoholvanor och alkoholrelaterade problem bland Stockholms ungdomar2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Axelsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Axelsson, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Sandström, Therese
    Skattefinansierad sjukvård- är marknad och konkurrens svaret?: En analys av kostnaderna i upphandlad sjukvårdsverksamhet.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades, the structural reforms of the public sector has created incentives for legislation that is meant to stimulate competition between operators acting in the health care market. A raised attention to this type of market which is characterized by increased privatization has led to the study's purpose which is to investigate the correlation between the proportion of the net cost (the tax-funded health care) performed by private firms and net costs per medical visit (tax-funded activities / visits) in the two health care branches primary care and "specialized somatic care”. Further on, this study describes the impact of the increased market orientation in the public sector the past ten years. The theoretical framework deals with areas around quasi-markets, cost-benefit, the system of choice and the New Public Management. The study is based on a quantitative bivariate analysis where the variables “percentage of private providers of net cost” (independent variable) and the “net cost divided by the number of visits” (dependent variable) is investigated between 2005 and 2014. The statistics has been collected from the Municipality and county database Kolada for the total sample which consists of the 21 regions and counties in Sweden. A regression and correlation analysis was conducted in both the “specialized somatic care” and primary care to ascertain whether there is a linear numerical relationship between the two variables and to what extent the independant varible affects the dependent one. A negative correlation was found in both of the study groups for the whole period, where a strong correlaton can be proved for some of the years where net costs per visit in health care generally drops for each percentage county council purchases of private activity increases. The result also shows that there are regional differences where the share of private providers in large extent can be reflected in the population density.

  • Roos, Jeanette
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Roos, Jeanette
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Berättelsen om estetiska processer utanför konstens rum: Estetiska lärprocesser innom högre utbildning2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract - The story of aesthetic processes outside the room of art. Aesthetic learning processes in higher education.

    This scientific essay explores aesthetic processes of learning with focus on theatre and drama within higher education from a phenomenological perspective. This paper is primary studying how artistic and pedagogical processes can meet in an academic context. I try to see the shaping and creative language of theatre as a possibility to reflection from different perspectives. I create and explore the concept practical-aesthetic- acting analysis with examples from my own practical experience as a university teacher of aesthetic processes of learning, which I call PEG-analysis. It appears in the PEG- analysis that physical expressions and concepts connote different to different people, this gives potential to a deeper understanding of communication in the situations we act out. I reach the conclusion that five components in interaction are needed for satisfying work with aesthetic processes of learning within the academic sphere. The essay also emphasizes the difference between working with aesthetic processes of learning within an artistic sphere and an academic sphere.

  • Asghar, Naveed
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology. Örebro universitet.
    Asghar, Naveed
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology. Örebro universitet.
    Petersson, Mona
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Geography.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology. Örebro univarsitet.
    Dinnétz, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Local land-scape effects on population dynamics of Ixodes ricinus2016In: Geospatial Health, ISSN 1827-1987, Vol. 11, 283-289 p., 487Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Roos, Jeanette
    Roos, Jeanette
    Where stage and audience meet: Keys to theatre - with drama as method2009In: Theatre for development: Experiences from an international theatre project in Asia "Children's Voice" / [ed] Christina Nygren, Svensk Teaterunion/The Swedish Centre of the ITI , 2009, 108-116 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)