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  • Mattsson, Jan-Eric
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Lönn, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching.
    Mutvei, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching.
    To communicate the theory of evolution to all from babies to adults2017In: Conexão Ciencia, ISSN 1980-7058, Vol. 12, no 2, 408-415 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching evolution is a tricky business. Less teaching seems to give better understanding of the theory. Evolutionary processes are dialectic relations between many actors, individuals, groups, abiotic and biotic factors etc., different from mechanistic descriptions of relations between singular objects in other scientific theories. This difference, in combination with religious beliefs confuses efforts to get understanding and acceptance of the theory of evolution. With the new curriculum for Swedish compulsory school, science education has to be linked to students’ own experiences in order to promote critical thinking and skills useable in daily life. Further, biology in science teaching during the first school years is focused on general observations and fundamental concepts, not on scientific methods and evolutionary processes. Thus, students often experience biology as a subject filled with facts about simple relations and teleological explanations, making the theory of evolution superfluous. The objectives here were to design teaching in evolutionary theory adapted to the professional needs of students and to assess the learning outcome. Three different courses in evolutionary theory were included. Two pre-service teacher training programs, for nursery school and for year 4–6 in the compulsory school, and one for students in environmental studies were included. Assessments of learning outcome were made by analyses of texts written by the students. The quality of the science knowledge content and the personal and professional development were assessed by using the 4 R’s of Doll. Associations between concepts and understanding were evaluated using clustering and ordination statistical techniques. The learning outcome was good showing visible progressions in the understanding. Thus, it is important to assess the understanding of concepts rather than estimating their frequency in students texts.

  • Mutvei, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching.
    Lönn, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching.
    Mattsson, Jan-Eric
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Digestion as an example of integrated teaching of chemistry and biology2017In: Conexão Ciencia, ISSN 1980-7058, Vol. 12, no 2, 89-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most people are uncertain about how nutrients enter and are distributed in the body. They may be capable of naming the different parts of the digestive system on a torso but have vague ideas of the relation between these organs and the chemical processes they govern. Reasons for this are poor understanding of gas exchange, the role of the circulatory system, and that most processes are intracellular. In order to create a more holistic view of the biology and chemistry of digestion these subjects may be taught simultaneously and integrated. Here practical exercises and lectures about digestion and nutrients for pre-service primary school teachers are presented. The practical work included food preparation in order to investigate the change of the properties of the macromolecules of nutrients. A simple drawing of a body was used in order to visualize the routes of nutrients and the role of gas exchange in digestion. An evolutionary perspective on digestion was used in order to explain the ancient origin of most chemical processes in the digestive system and in the whole body. The material produced by the students at their final examinations was used for assessing their use and understanding of concepts, the quality based on Doll’s 4R’s and the degree of holistic understanding of the digestive system. The findings show that the pedagogic design used gives a general picture of digestion and energy transfer usable for teaching in primary school.

  • Törnblom, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Människohandel för sexuella ändamål som säkerhetsfråga: En idéanalys av Sveriges regerings och EU:s förhållningssätt och huruvida de antar ett traditionellt eller feministiskt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractIn this thesis, Sex trafficking as a security issue- an idea analysis of the Swedish government’sand the EU’s stance and if they adopt a traditional or feministic approach by me AmandaTörnblom, the aim is to examine the Swedish government’s and the EU’s stance on thematter. The purpose is furthermore to clarify if they adopt a traditional or feminist approach tosex trafficking as a security issue. The main question of issue is therefore “Do the Swedishgovernment and the EU adopt a traditional or feminist approach to sex trafficking as asecurity issue?”. The analysis is made in accordance to Jennifer Lobasz’s theoreticalframework and done trough an idea analysis in order to examine how the Swedishgovernment and EU outline the security referent, security threat and policy focus. Theconclusion of the research is therefore that neither of them assumes a pure traditional orfeminist approach. Their approaches are quite similar: they both express indications of bothapproaches in regards to security threat and policy focus. Regarding the security referent bothof them construct it to the individual although it is unclear the second mentionedsimultaneously construct the state as the referent also.

  • Hellmark, Helena
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    En skola för alla: En kvalitativ studie rörande den skoldebatt som fördes inom arbetarrörelsen i Sverige på 1940-talet angående en enhetlig skola2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur arbetarrörelsen[1] argumenterar för införandet av en ny grundskolereform som trädde i kraft 1962. Reformen innebar införandet av en gemensam grundskola för alla barn oavsett social och ekonomisk bakgrund. Källmaterialet består av artiklar publicerade i tidskrifterna Tiden och Fackföreningsrörelsen. Undersökningen sträcker sig mellan 1940 – 1950. Tidsavgränsningen beror på att diskussionen om skolan främst fördes innan försöksverksamhet med grundskola infördes 1950.

    Uppsatsens frågeställningar är följande:

    • Vilka argument för en ny grundskolereform artikuleras i arbetarrörelsens två grenar, Fackförbunden, genom tidskriften Fackföreningsrörelsen och Socialdemokratiska Arbetarepartier (SAP) genom tidskriften Tiden, under åren 1940 - 1950?
    • Vilka likheter och skillnader i argumentationen finns i de respektive tidskrifterna?

     

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det främsta argumentet för genomförandet av grundskolereformen är det demokratiska och jämlikhets aspekten i reformen. Alla artiklar i undersökningen utgår från ett demokratiskt perspektiv men det finns skillnader i vad som anses vara det mest demokratiska och jämlika sättet att utforma skolan utifrån. Det publicerades fler antal artiklar i Tiden berörande skolfrågan än i Fackföreningsrörelsen. Innehållet i artiklarnas argumentation har analyserats och strukturerats utifrån tre bildningsideal som funnits inom ABF, medborgarbildningsidealet, personlighetsbildningsidealet och det polytekniska idealet. Analysen visar att inom Tidens argumentation finns alla tre ideal representerade och inom Fackföreningsrörelsen endast medborgarbildningsidealet och det polytekniska idealet.

    [1] Jag är medveten om att arbetarrörelsen är en stor organisation och att anse sig kunna representera hela arbetarrörelsen är övermodigt, då det inom denna uppsats ramar inte finns tid eller utrymme för det gedigna arbete som skulle krävas. I denna uppsats är de skribenter som är representerade genom uppsatsens källmaterial de som representerar arbetarrörelsen. Och det är de som avses när det hänvisas till arbetarrörelsen vidare i denna uppsats.

  • Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Propaganda of Hatred and the Great Terror: A Nordic Approach2017In: Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research / [ed] Andrej Kotljarchuk; Olle Sundström, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, 91-121 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Sundström, Olle
    Umeå University.
    Introduction: The Problem of Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union2017In: Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research / [ed] Andrej Kotljarchuk; Olle Sundström, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, 15-30 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Nordström, Peter
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Det interkulturella historiska lärandets ramar: En studie av förutsättningar för interkulturell historieundervisning utifrån styrdokument och nationella prov2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract/Summary

    The study of history has always been a part of educational programmes throughout time. And the reasons behind it have also been shifting according to the needs of the society in a specific time and place. But the legitimacy of the history subject has always been in its said ability to help us understand the present through the past. Today the emergence of a globalized and multicultural society is changing both our way of life as well as our view on the world, and with it the skills and tools we need to make sense of it. And with it the reasons behind and the learning goals of history as an educational subject is shifting. International organizations have implemented guidelines and directives to its members regarding how educational goals can be used to adapt to this ongoing change.

    Research regarding curriculum policymaking has shown that the Swedish curriculum is influenced by the international guidelines, but the didactic specialists, Kenneth Nordgren and Maria Johansson, has found a lack of guidance for teachers to enact these general goals on a more practical day-to-day basis. This has led them formulate a concept especially designed for history education, intercultural historical learning.

    This essay’s aim is to find the conditions to apply the concept of intercultural historical learning through the history subject in the compulsory and upper secondary school in Sweden. By taking its departure in curriculum theory and using intercultural historical learning as an analytical framework, a hermeneutical text analysis is made on the Swedish history curriculum with its supporting documents as well as on the national tests of the subject.

    The results indicate that there are conditions that both encourages and discourages the implementation of intercultural historical learning in history education. The curriculum’s emphasis on the usage of historic source material and use of history examples are a major contributor to the applicably of the concept. In contrast the historical narrative created by the curriculum prevents a diversity of historical experiences and voices to be present in the teaching practice. Instead a Eurocentric and political historic narrative is dominant. However, further research is required to see what other factors than those this essay examine affect the implementation of intercultural historical learning in the Swedish history classroom. This essay’s main contribution is to serve as a starting point for such research.

  • Hämäläinen-Karlström, Paula
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Leda och bli ledd: En essä om moralens tvetydighet och det goda ledarskapet i idéburna organisationer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     In this study I explore everyday leadership in a philosophical and existential perspective, based on a field study with three deep interviews with leaders for non-profit organisations that offers alternative social, school and care activities as a complement to the welfare that society provides. A fourth voice that is contributing to the study material and running throughout the text in reflections, discussions and analyses is mine, and thus my professional experiences are also part of the research material.

    Existentialism and the book of Simone de Beauvoir For the moral of ambiguity, together with Aristotle's thoughts of virtue and practical knowledge, are the basis in my philosophical approach to the field study in which I attempt to explore everyday leadership in the welfare sector. Factual evidence is taken from scientific reports, as well as from scientific literature. These are used for comparisons regarding the actuality of the study and the definition of concepts such as leadership. With the interview questions I seek to encourage conversations and reflections on how it is to be a leader in the encounter between one’s own inner conviction and the external circumstances in which the leader is located. The intention is to seek better understanding of leadership in a social organisation, and how the professional role interacts with the person who takes this role. Through conversations and reflections I investigate in what way the moral approach of leadership and how the interviewee relates to the context in which he or she is active. The leaders' experience, thoughts and reflections on their professional role constitute the basis for discussion and analysis. The conversation reflects the moral values ​​and approaches of the interviewed leaders in the profession and, conversely, the impact of the professional role in the personal sphere.

  • Ringarp, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Forsell, HåkanStockholms universitet.
    Levande campus: Utmaningar och möjligheter för Södertörns högskola i den nya regionala stadskärnan i Flemingsberg2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 21 september 2016 anordnade Samtidshistoriska institutet som en del av Södertörns högskolas 20-års jubileum vittnesseminariet ”Levande campus. Utmaningar och möjligheter för Södertörns högskola i den nya regionala stadskärnan i Flemingsberg”.

    Utgångspunkten för seminariet var att under jubileumsåret inte bara blicka bakåt, utan också lufta idéer kring högskolans framtida utmaningar och utvecklingsmöjligheter. Frågor som diskuterades handlade om hur det sociala landskapet bör gestaltas när det är en kunskapsinstitution som utgör navet för platsen, samt vilken roll Södertörns högskola ska ha i den nya regionala stadskärnan som håller på att växa fram.

  • Jonason, Patricia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Public Law.
    Rosengren, Anna
    The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy: A Democratic Balancing Act2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication gathers presentations from an international and trans-disciplinary workshop held at Södertörn University in December 2016.

    The workshop entitled The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy: A Democratic Balancing Act was one of the many events which celebrated the 250th anniversary of the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act, the first legal instrument in the world laying down the right of access to official documents. A starting point for the workshop was the assumption that the right of access to information and the right to privacy are both necessary pre-conditions for a democratic society. Researchers from a broad range of fields were invited to discuss how these assumptions should be examined, and how the balance between the two interests should be assessed when conflicting with each other. The objective of the workshop was to broaden our understanding of various national and disciplinary approaches to the democratic balance between the right of access and the right to privacy.

    Among the conclusions we may draw from the workshop, and the articles emanating from it, is the confirmation of the need to strike the balance between the right of access and the right to privacy. This is certainly difficult, but since the two interests are both of such importance for democracy, we constantly need to make the effort. The articles in this volume contain information on some of the areas that need our further attention.

  • Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    På väg: Berättelser om Trafikverket2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många har saker att säga om Trafikverket, men vad säger trafikverkarna själva? I denna rapport kommer myndighetens chefer och medarbetare till tals.

    De berättar om stolthet, kompetens och engagemang, men också om en brist på helhetssyn och om upplevelsen av att det inte är tillräckligt högt i tak i organisationen. De resonerar om den balansgång som följer av att vara en myndighet och att samtidigt likna ett företag, och om dragkampen mellan det ”det hårda” och ”det mjuka”.

    Genom en väv av röster, sammanställda och tolkade med hjälp av narratologi och teori om organisationskultur, skapas en övergripande berättelse om Trafikverket i ett tidigt skede i den unga myndighetens historia.

  • Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Sundström, OlleUmeå universitet.
    Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin’s Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This anthology presents studies of Stalinism in the ethnic and religious borderlands of the Soviet Union. The authors not only cover hitherto less researched geographical areas, but have also addressed new questions and added new source material. Most of the contributors to this anthology use a micro-historical approach. With this approach, it is not the entire area of the country, with millions of separate individuals that are in focus but rather particular and cohesive ethnic and religious communities.

    Micro-history does not mean ignoring a macro-historical perspective. What happened on the local level had an all-Union context, and communism was a European-wide phenomenon. This means that the history of minorities in the Soviet Union during Stalin’s rule cannot be grasped outside the national and international context; aspects which are also considered in this volume. The chapters of the book are case studies on various minority groups, both ethnic and religious. In this way, the book gives a more complex picture of the causes and effects of the state-run mass violence during Stalinism.

    The publication is the outcome of a multidisciplinary international research network lead by Andrej Kotljarchuk (Södertörn University, Sweden) and Olle Sundström (Umeå University, Sweden) and consisting of specialists from Estonia, France, Germany, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine and the United States. These scholars represent various disciplines: Anthropology, Cultural Studies, History and the History of Religions.

  • Andersson, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    City destination image- How destination characteristics can be interconnected with visitors' destination image2017In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Ioanna Farsari, PhD, Dalarna, Sweden, 2017, 29-30 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract from the presentation of:

     

    City destination image

    - How destination characteristics can be interconnected with visitors' destination image

     

    Göran Andersson & Saeid Abbasian

    Tourism Studies, Södertörn University, Sweden

    Email: goran.andersson@sh.se

     

    Destination Management Organisations (DMO) package the city image into a clear brand in order to attract foreign visitors (Eringa & Zhou, 2015). Still it is a complex task to analyse visitor segments' image experiences (Stepchenkova & Mills, 2010). Unique characteristics of tourism destinations are exploited by DMO:s and tourism companies, such as their identity (Valls et al., 2012), in planning and marketing products for different visitor segments. Besides, big cities are typically more well-known and organised destinations which opens for new forms of image marketing (Lucarelli & Berg, 2011).

    The purpose of the research project is to investigate the characteristics and interconnected images of a city destinations; and visitor segments' experiences of city images based on image attributes. A multidisciplinary approach with an explorative purpose is used. The theoretical framework consists of city destination characteristics and images, image experiences, and visit motivators.

    Typical characteristics and visitor segments were identified in the case of destination Stockholm in our pilot study. The results have been used in a qualitative investigation about the city image and its attributes, and also visitor's image expectations and experiences. Furthermore, an overall case study of Stockholm city will be conducted.

    The knowledge contribution relates to new city destination characteristics connectivity to images. Furthermore, the image impact on visitor travel motivators before and after visiting the destination. A model will be developed about “visitors' image positions”, based on the visitors' assessment of destination image attributes. This knowledge will support tourism companies and DMO:s to develop image marketing tools.

  • Tykesson, Ingela
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Kahlin, Linda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Romanitan, Mihaela Oana
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Samma arbete, nytt språk: byte av arbetsspråk för läkare med utländsk bakgrund2017In: Språk och norm: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium Uppsala universitet 21–22 april 2016. Language and norms. Papers from the ASLA Symposium at Uppsala University 21–22 April, 2016. / [ed] Bendegard, S, Melander Marttala, U. & Westman, M., Uppsala: ASLA: Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2017, Vol. 26, 139-146 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta svenska landsting rekryterar aktivt läkare, framför allt specialister, i andra länder. Hela 58 procent av de läkare som fick sin svenska läkarlegitimation 2014 var utbildade i ett annat land. Vårt forskningsprojekt berör läkare som rekryterats från Öst-och Sydeuropa och som får intensivutbildning i svenska i Polen, innan de börjar sina anställningar i Sverige. 

    Det övergripande syftet med projektet är att undersöka hur en yrkesrelaterad språkutbildning som äger rum utanför målspråksmiljön förbereder deltagarna för mötet med svenskt arbetsliv. Inledningsvis har vi undersökt utbildningen på plats i Polen vid tre tillfällen för att få svar på frågor som hur språkutbildningen förbereder för arbetet på ett nytt arbetsspråk och vilka kommunikativa färdigheter som tränas. Senare, efter att läkarna påbörjat sina anställningar i Sverige, kommer vi att undersöka hur väl förberedda de är inför de kommunikativa utmaningar de ställs inför i mötet med den svenska sjukvården.  

    I denna delstudie fokuserar vi på läkarnas förväntningar om sitt arbetsliv i Sverige och deras föreställningar om vad bytet av arbetsspråk kan innebära. Vi intresserar oss för hur deras tidigare erfarenheter från arbete som läkare kan överföras till den nya kontexten och hur deras erfarenheter kan tillämpas på ett nytt språk. Materialet består av intervjuer och fokusgruppssamtal som genomförts med läkarna i slutet av deras språkutbildning, där de utbyter tankar om läkarens samtalskompetens (interaktionskompetens) och hur sådan utvecklas. Visst material från intervjuer med läkare som hunnit påbörja sitt arbete i Sverige ingår också.

  • Fredrikson, Oskar
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Biofuel Production: Examining the development of sub-Saharan Africa through the concepts of land grabbing, environmental justice and different views on development theories2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines and problematize the effects of biofuel production by focusing on local communities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The premise lays in a critique of neoliberal thoughts of development and the concept of sustainable development. The establishment of biofuel production in SSA has been depicted to carry with it opportunities of development for the rural population. However, there have been a big interest from foreign actors looking to invest in sub-Saharan biofuel production which have raced concern for land grabbing. A conflict of interest has emerged between Southern and Northern interests. A literature study is used as the method to examine reported outcomes on local communities in the proximity of biofuel production in order to determine if sub-Saharan biofuel production is established for the development need of SSA or the interest of the North. To analyze the results a theoretical framework has been constructed from concepts of large-scale land acquisition (land grabbing), environmental justice and the four worldviews market liberalism, institutionalism, bioenvironmentalism and social greens. The paper concludes that the large-scale production of biofuels is highly problematic due to the risk of land grabbing and Northern mitigation schemes are based on Southern lands raises the question of environmental justice. Depending on which worldview one adopts there can be several explanations to why this occur. 

  • Ingers, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Gribshunden (1495): En jämförande studie av samtida skeppsavbildningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the MA thesis is to discuss and analyse different illustrations, paintings, carvings in wood and stone and woodcuts of ships of the new kind (Carrack, carvels), from the 15th century to the middle of the 16th century, and compare them to the Griffon-hound ship, and to understand how they have evolved. The ships of the time had large stern and end castles, three to four masts, and where built for the war tactic of boarding. The oldest ship of the new kind that have been found, is the Griffon-hound, a ship that belonged to the Danish king Hans, and sunk due to a fire 1495 outside of Ronneby in southern Sweden. Besides being the oldest of its kind, the ship also has a very specific figurehead that resembles a monster with a screaming human head in its gap. By discussing and analysing the artworks it is possible to learn more about the ships. After analysing them, the result is that the artworks do show how the ships have evolved. Some of the different attributes that the artworks display have also been found when investigating the wreck of the Griffon-hound. More attributes might still be on the wreck site, hidden under the sediment. An example is the remains of the anti-boarding nets that a lot of the artworks show, and that have been found on the wreck of the Mary Rose, the English ship that belonged to king Henry VIII. The Mary Rose is younger than the Griffon-hound, but artworks of older ships also show the anti-boarding nets, or the beams on top of the castles. The purpose behind having a large variety of different artwork is to increase the knowledge about the ships of the time, and to make sure that the attributes that is being analysed doesn’t only occur in one or two artworks.

  • Ström, Freja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Zimmermann, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Utveckling av den personliga yrkesidentiteten för individer inom ett etablerat företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The brand, as a phenomenon, has developed over time and has taken different forms. Previously, brands have mainly been associated with companies, but that has now changed. The development of the communications channels, mainly social media, has resulted in that every individual and every company have the opportunity to constantly stay visible. The development has contributed to the brand taking a new form: the personal brand. Many individuals are working in a company with an already established brand, but similar to a self-employed person the individuals need to differentiate themselves from both external and internal competition to get the customers to come to them personally. We mainly find this category in the service sector where hairdressers, personal trainers, masseuses and real estate brokers are included. Individuals need to develop a strong personal brand to attract customers, or it might be a risk that the customers choose the co-workers or an external competitor, and the individual will be left without customers and might even completely be without emolument. This study therefore seeks to examine how individuals in companies, with already established brands, develop their professional identity through branding and through a selection of communications channels. In order to examine the category of individuals described above, we use real estate brokers as an example of this phenomenon. This study is based on a qualitative research approach with a selection from six different real estate brokers in Stockholm who work in three bigger companies with well-known brands. The method used in this study is semi-structured interviews consisting of five main questions with additional sub questions based on the theory chapter. The conclusion shows that real estate brokers develop their professional identity by working with their personal brand and communicate the brand through the right channels. This study also shows that the best suited channels to communicate the personal brand is social media and direct advertising. It is also important to make yourself recognized and create relationships to the customers in the neighborhood where the real estate brokers are working. However, the personal branding for the individual real estate broker need to align with the corporate brand in order not to confuse the customers.

  • Johansson, Elena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Protection of Intellectual Property in the Russian Federation: Institutions and Organizations2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Infringement in fields of Intellectual Property Rights is a global problem causing repeated and sustained attention at national and international levels. A number of different organizations and commissions are constantly control and counteract the growth of these infringements, but despite the taken measures counterfeit and piracy goods continue to be manufactured and sold around the world. The Russian Federation (RF) is a country that has close commercial ties with many foreign states, including Sweden. However the RF is one of the countries, included on the Special 301 Priority Watch List due to the continuing and large - scale of Property Rights and Intellectual Property Rights violations. In this connection, a study was conducted with the participation of collaborating Swedish - Russian enterprises, whose activities could be subjected to counterfeiting and IP piracy. The aim of the study is to determine how collaborating Swedish – Russian enterprises with branches in the Russian Federation perceive the situation in the country and assess the activities of Russian institutions that play an important role in controlling and combating violations against counterfeiting and IP piracy. Moreover the aim includes identifying the most vulnerable class of actors in the general mechanism of counterfeiting and IP piracy. The research based on elements of the New Institutional Economics Theory and conducted by using a combination of a literature review and semi- structured interview with representatives of Swedish - Russian enterprises. The study found that organizations are the most vulnerable class of actors in general mechanism of counterfeiting and IP piracy. International firms and companies are in a more difficult situation because they provide own activities simultaneously in several legal and political systems. Representatives of interviewed companies argue that activities of analyzed Russian institutions are insufficiently effective and the state should take a set of measures so the foreign collaborative organizations could feel confident in territory of the RF and Russian market would become more attractive for foreign business.

  • Willers, Jan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kristendomen i socionomutbildningen på Ersta Sköndal högskola: En studie av utvecklingen, under perioden 1993–20142017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sköndalsinstitutet har bedrivit utbildning sedan 1905, då med kristen diakonal prägel, men genom en lång kamp beviljats statsanslag samt år 1964 fått sin högskolestatus. Med fokus på socialt arbete fick Sköndalsinstitutet år 1993 rätt att examinera socionomer. Idag har utbildning bedrivits i drygt hundra år och numera tillsammans med Ersta och Bräcke som tillsammans utgör Ersta Sköndal högskola

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka om lärosätets kristna prägel och diakonala arv avspeglar sig på utbildningen och hur utbildningen förändrats sedan utbildningen ledde till en socionomexamen år 1993.

    Källmaterialet jag valt att utgå ifrån är kursplaner på socionomutbildningen mellan åren 1996–2014. De innehåller delkurser termin för termin. Genom att använda mig av en kvalitativ textanalys som metod i granskningen av källmaterialet hoppas jag kunna uppnå mitt syfte att förstå om, hur och varför socionomutbildningen på Ersta Sköndal högskola har förändrats. Genom att vidare använda mig, primärt, av en sekularisering teoretiskt perspektiv vid genomgången av den kvalitativa textanalysens undersökningsresultat min ambition att uppnå en större insikt i de faktorer som påverkat utbildningen i olika riktningar.

    Mitt resultat visar hur de kristna inslagen inledningsvis är tydliga men att de sedan försvinner helt ur socionomutbildningen. Undersökningens andra del fokuserar på de skillnader mellan utbildningarna, vad som förändras samt de faktorer som, jag ser, ligger bakom förändringarna av det kristna innehållet.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Bredlind, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Pogulyaylo, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Turismens utveckling i ett instabilt Kiev: En studie om destinationsimage i Ukraina2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to get an idea of how tourism in Ukraine and specifically in the capital, Kiev, changed since the major events in recent years. In 2012 Ukraine and Poland welcomed the big football event Euro 2012 where Kiev was one of the hosting cities. After that the tourist flow increased until the terrible riot that took place at the end of 2013. Among other consequences, it led to Kiev receiving a bad image internationally via mass media, which in turn led to the reduction of the tourist flow. This thesis is a qualitative study, based on interviews with two government officials who had given us an overview of how tourism is today and what government does to improve the city’s image of having poor security and threats to potential tourists in Kiev today. Interviews with both representatives took place on location in Kiev. In addition to that, we conducted an email-survey with 13 Swedish tourists who had not previously visited Kiev to get a picture of their knowledge of Ukraine’s capital. Based on the answers from our respondents, we had worked to obtain the relevant theories and previous research for further analysis. The results of this thesis show that nowadays tourism in Kiev is not a profitable industry and there is too little focus dedicated to this topic as well as the city's marketing, because of the ongoing war in parts of the country. Furthermore, there is no ministry responsible for tourism in Kiev, but only departments that are being constantly moved between different ministries.

  • Söderlundh, Hedda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Lind, Therese
    Södertörn University, Södertörn University Library.
    Nordström, Anders
    Södertörn University, Police Education.
    Hur får man en högskolepedagogisk satsning att leva vidare? Några reflektioner kring ämnesintegrering av akademiskt skrivande på Polisutbildningen2017In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 7, no 2, 35-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här texten handlar om ett högskolepedagogiskt samarbete som syftat till att skapa en ämnesintegrerad introduktion i akademiskt skrivande för polisstudenter vid Södertörns högskola. I texten beskrivs hur samarbetet har sett ut och vad som har fått introduktionen att leva kvar i programmet. Vi diskuterar utmaningar som uppstått och avslutar med några råd till den som vill genomföra liknande satsningar och samarbeten.

  • Paulaityté, Akvile
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Ohlson, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Turism, marknadsföring och hållbar utveckling: En kvalitativ studie om hållbart utvecklings- och marknadsföringsarbete i Visby2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how Leader Gute and the municipality Region Gotland work with sustainable tourism development in Visby on Gotland. This methodological study will shed light on how Gotlands Besöksnäring AB and Destination Gotland markets Visby and if they work with sustainability. This objectivistic and qualitative study consists of four interviews and a text- and pictureanalyzis has been made. Five theories have been used to explain marketing of destinations, sustainable tourism and sustainable development. The result shows that the municipality Region Gotland works with sustainable tourism development in their planning work of Visby but that few resources are used to this work within the tourism industry and that they work with social, ecological and economical areas but have not yet developed tangible goals within these areas. Leader Gute works socially with projects driven by the local population, with small enterprises and to increase employment opportunities on the island. They work economically with contributing to entrepreneurship and ecologically with renewable energy and to increase nature tourism with a low environmental effect. Destination Gotland work with filling boats with travelers and also package trips. They work sustainably with usage of catalytic converters on their boats and market Visby via digital channels. Gotlands Besöksnäring AB arrange meeting days within the tourism industry and members of the association Gotlands förenade besöksnäring and also realise projects. The firm has not developed a sustainable development plan or a marketing strategy for the tourism industry on Gotland. They cooperate with the municipality Region Gotland and the destination company Inspiration Gotland to develop a development plan and a marketing strategy. The firm market at their members via Facebook. 

  • Mowlid Hassan, Abdiqani
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Språkutveckling hos en grupp tvåspråkiga elever i årskurs 9.: En studie om hur en grupp tvåspråkiga elever uppfattar sin språkutveckling och språkliga identitet.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how a group of bilingual 9th grade students perceive their language development and their linguistic identity through Swedish as a second language.

    This study focuses on an interview with students in the 9th grade. The content of the interview is analyzed by two theoretical perspectives, Säljö perspective of socio-cultural learning and Lorentz & Bergstedt perspective of intercultural learning.

    The results from the study show that the students who participated in the interview experience that their language development is influenced by their surroundings, it has also led to the students having multiple linguistic identities.

  • Hjalmarsson, Jan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Södertörn University Library.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Sköldvall, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Eklund Heinonen, Maria
    Uppsala universitet.
    "Fan va grymma vi är" - effekter av ämnesintegrerad undervisning i akademiskt skrivande- effekter av ämnesintegrerad undervisning i akademiskt skrivande2017In: Språk och norm. Language and norms: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium, Uppsala universitet 21-22 april 2016. Papers from the ASLA Symposium at Uppsala University 21-22 April, 2016 / [ed] Saga Bendegard; Ulla Melander Marttala; Maria Westman, Uppsala: ASLA: Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2017, 37-44 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Crisis and journalism culture transformation: The case of Ukraine2017In: Nordmedia conference 2017: 23rd Nordic Conference on Media and Communication Research Tampere, 17–19 August 2017, Abstracts, Division 2, Journalism, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalism culture is described by scholars as “one of the resources journalists draw upon to coordinate their activities as reporters, photographers, and editors” (Zelizer 2005, p. 204). Importantly, journalism cultures should be analyzed not only in connection to the contexts, but also in and as processes (Voronova 2014, p. 221). While most journalism cultures in the world face similar challenges, such as commercialization and digitalization, some of them are challenged by more radical challenges, such as war conflicts. Ukrainian journalism culture since 2013 is undergoing a painful process of continuously adjusting to and counteracting the circumstances of conflict, with external and internal propaganda (e.g. coming from the so-called “people’s republics” of Donetsk and Luhansk), economic pressure being a consequence of the more general crisis, and guidelines coming from the state institutions, such as the Ministry of Information Policy (MIP) (e.g. Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016, Pantti 2016, Nygren & Hök 2016). 

    Nygren et al. (2016), based on content analysis and interviews with journalists, conclude that one of the main challenges for the Ukrainian journalists today is a conflict between the ideal of neutrality in coverage and favoring of “patriotic journalism” in practice. This paper takes this discussion further and suggests to look at how the professional journalism organizations in Ukraine reflect upon this conflict, which journalists themselves define as a split between journalists and “Glory-to-Ukraine-journalists” (Sklyarevskaya 2016, October 20th). How does the participation of Ukrainian journalism organizations in the discussion of objectivity vs. patriotism look like on different levels – international, regional, national and local? Is there a possibility to retain a national culture of journalism in the situation of crisis, or does it inevitably end up in splitting to many journalism cultures that have their own rules, beliefs and ideals? 

    Using Hanitzsch’s model of deconstruction of journalism culture (Hanitzsch 2007, Nygren et al 2016), and focusing specifically on the dimension of epistemological beliefs, this paper analyzes a specific case: project ”Two countries – one profession” initiated and supported by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. The project consists of regular round tables where senior representatives from Ukrainian and Russian professional journalism organizations meet to discuss ways to improve professional standards and safety of journalists, as well as collaborative projects between young journalists from the two countries. The project is perceived as contradictory and provocative by a part of the Ukrainian media community (e.g. Rudenko 2016, December 15th). The paper is based on analysis of observations of meetings between the National Union of 

    Journalists of Ukraine and the Russian Union of Journalists, interviews with representatives of these and other media organizations and experts in Ukraine, focus groups with the young journalists involved in the project, and negative and positive reactions to this project by the Ukrainian media community.

  • Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Local, national, transnational: shifting audiences in Ukraine2017In: IAMCR 2017: Post-Socialist, Post-Authoritarian Working Group, Abstracts of papers presented at the annual conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, IAMCR, Cartagena, Colombia 16-20 July 2017, 2017, 14730Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2013, scholars have been discussing events happening in Ukraine from the perspective of the “war of narratives” (Khaldarova and Pantti 2016). In this war, information has become one of the main weapons (Hoskins and O’Loughlin 2010), and fight for the publics has crossed the borders of the ordinary economic and political struggles. Previous research has mainly focused on the attempts of the Russian mainstream state-controlled media and other actors (e.g. trolls on social media) to influence the Russian-speaking audiences in Ukraine, Russia and elsewhere by spreading pro-Kremlin propaganda (see Pantti 2016). Less attention has been given to the Ukrainian media community and the internal processes in it in the period of crisis (Bolin, Jordan & Ståhlberg 2016). Being a part of the research project ”From nation branding to information war”, this paper focuses on the visions of the publics by the Ukrainian media community today. How do representatives of the media community imagine and perceive their audiences? What are the changes that have occurred along with the territorial changes – loss of Crimea to Russia and establishment of selfproclaimed ”people’s republics” in the East of the country? And which language do media producers choose today to speak to their audiences? Through the prism of “imagined audiences” (e.g. Litt and Hargitai 2016, boyd 2008) and “imagined communities” (Anderson 2006), this paper discusses several aspects of the changes in the visions of the audiences by the Ukrainian media community. First, it focuses on the visions of the audiences by the journalists who due to the crisis had to move geographically and, thus, work for a different audience today. As such, it takes up the cases of journalists who moved from Crimea and the socalled LPR and DPR to Kyiv or other Ukrainian regions. Another case is journalists from Russia who moved to Ukraine for ideological reasons. Second, the paper discusses the reactions of the media community to the need for reaching out to the audiences in Crimea and so-called DPR/LPR, the technological and ideological challenges of this communication. Third, it focuses on a serious challenge and change concerning the language, in which the audiences are addressed. Due to new legislative proposals and, according to some media experts, economic reasons, Ukrainian language is becoming more and more dominant both in broadcast and printed media. Yet, simultaneously Ukraine is one of successful producers of transnational entertainment products in Russian language (e.g. popular travel show “Oryol i Reshka” by TeenSpirit Production which is broadcast in Ukraine, Russia and Kazakhstan).

  • Voronova, Olga
    et al.
    Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Russian-language media space: features, tendencies and typology2017In: IAMCR 2017: Diaspora and Media Working Group, Abstracts of papers presented at the annual conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, IAMCR Cartagena, Colombia 16-20 July 2017, 2017, 15625Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are more than 30 million Russian speakers living outside of the current borders of the Russian Federation. “Russian abroad” can partly be viewed as diaspora (e.g. Cohen 1997, Hoyle 2013, Safran 1991, Sheffer 2003, Vertovec 1999) and partly as a cultural macro-social group. Its specificity is its multilayered (different waves of migration) and multiethnic character (see Pivovar 2008, 2010). “Russian abroad” consists of two groups: Russian migrants who left the country in different periods and their descendants, and Russian-speakers who found themselves abroad after the collapse of the USSR. In eighty countries of the world, there are published around 3.5 thousand media in Russian language. The printed media of the three first waves of the Russian emigration are thoroughly studied (e.g., Bogomolov 1994, 2004; Esin 2003; Mikhalev 2009; Suomela 2014; Zhirkov 2003). There are as well several studies on the online space of the “Russian abroad” (e.g., Morgunova 2014; Reut and Teterevleva 2014). Yet, the currently existing printed Russian-language media, their role, political orientation, functions, professional views of the journalists, diapason of influence, audiences - remain somewhat of a blind spot on the map of the diaspora studies and media studies alike, despite the scale of this media segment. Empirical studies of these media are challenged by the fact that not all of these media have their online versions and absence of a common catalogue (see O. Voronova 2016). The existing studies are either country-based or focus on the linguistic aspects exclusively. This study focuses on the printed media segment and suggests a typology of the Russian-language press abroad. The study is based on a twelve-year long monitoring of Russian-language press that consisted of a basic content analysis of 65 printed media and survey of 64 journalists working for 50 outlets. The materials were collected during the trainings for these journalists organized by the Universal Association of Russian Press (VARP) and Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University. The study maps the space of the Russian-language press abroad, describes the tendencies characteristic for it, and highlights the typological models within this segment. On the one hand, the Russian-language media abroad are influenced by global processes, which lead to their commercialization, standardization, concentration and integration with non-established media online. On the other hand, these media are oriented at specific audiences, united by the Russian language, culture, traditions; for the post-Soviet countries – by the common experience of living in the same state. These media have features of both global and national media, as their audiences are influenced by at least two cultures. Being spread in the world, these media have the same language, similar functions and, often, a common agenda. The current challenges of these media are related to the political events (such as Ukrainian conflict), as well as the broader problem of self-identification of the Russian-language diaspora. The study suggests viewing the Russian-language media abroad as a cultural phenomenon that should be analyzed in dynamics and in the context of the geopolitical changes and challenges.

  • Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Edith Stein’s phenomenology of sensual and emotional empathy2017In: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, 1-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and explicates the theory of empathy found in Edith Stein’s early philosophy, notably in the book On the Problem of Empathy, published in 1917, but also by proceeding from complementary thoughts on bodily intentionality and intersubjectivity found in Philosophy of Psychology and the Humanities published in 1922. In these works Stein puts forward an innovative and detailed theory of empathy, which is developed in the framework of a philosophical anthropology involving questions of psychophysical causality, social ontology and moral philosophy. Empathy, according to Stein, is a feeling-based experience of another person’s feeling that develops throughout three successive steps on two interrelated levels. The key to understanding the empathy process á la Stein is to explicate how the steps of empathy are attuned in nature, since the affective qualities provide the energy and logic by way of which the empathy process is not only inaugurated but also proceeds through the three steps and carries meaning on two different levels corresponding to two different types of empathy: sensual and emotional empathy. Stein’s theory has great potential for better understanding and moving beyond some major disagreements found in the contemporary empathy debate regarding, for instance, the relation between perception and simulation, the distinction between what is called low-level and high-level empathy, and the issue of how and in what sense it may be possible to share feelings in the empathy process. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mediated Europes: Discourse and Power in Ukraine, Russia and Poland During Euromaidan2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on mediated representations of Europe during Euromaidan and the subsequent Ukraine–Russia crisis, analysing empirical material from Ukraine, Poland and Russia. The material includes articles from nine newspapers, diverse in terms of political and journalistic orientation, as well as interviews with journalists, foreign policymakers and experts, drawing also on relevant policy documents as well as online and historical sources.

    The material is examined from the following vantage points: Michel Foucault’s discursive theory of power, postcolonial theory, Jürgen Habermas’s theory of the public sphere, Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory, Jacques Derrida’s hauntology and Ernesto Laclau’s concept of the empty signifier. The methods of analysis include conceptual history (Reinhart Koselleck), critical linguistics and qualitative discourse analysis (a discourse-historical approach inspired by the Vienna school) and quantitative content analysis (in Klaus Krippendorff’s interpretation).

    The national narratives of Europe in Ukraine, Russia and Poland are characterised by a dependence on the West. Historically, these narratives vacillated between idealising admiration, materialist pragmatics and geopolitical demonising. They have been present in each country to some extent, intertwined with their own identification.

    These discourses of Europe were rekindled and developed on during Euromaidan (2013–2014). Nine major Ukrainian, Russian and Polish newspapers with diverse orientations struggled to define Europe as a continent, as the EU or as a set of values. Political orientation defined attitude; liberal publications in all three countries focused on the positives whereas conservative and business newspapers were more critical of Europe. There were, however, divergent national patterns. Coverage in Ukraine was positive mostly, in Russia more negative and the Polish perception significantly polarised.

    During and after Euromaidan, Ukrainian journalists used their powerful Europe-as-values concept to actively intervene in the political field and promote it in official foreign policy. This was enabled by abandoning journalistic neutrality. By comparison, Russian and Polish journalists were more dependent on the foreign policy narratives dispensed by political elites and more constrained in their social practice.

  • Larsson, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Genetic Aspects of Environmental Disturbances in Marine Ecosystems: Studies of the Blue Mussel in the Baltic Sea2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropogenic environmental changes can serve as drivers for evolutionary responses in wild populations. To predict the long-term impact of anthropogenic changes on populations, it is crucial to understand the genetic effects caused by these disturbances. The Baltic Sea is considered to be one of the world’s most contaminated seas, and the increase of anthropogenic chemical pollution is a major threat to its ecosystems. This thesis assesses the impact of harbors and sewage treatment plants on physiological traits and genetic structure of resident populations of blue mussels at replicated sites in the Baltic Sea. The initial evaluation of the overall genetic pattern in blue mussel populations in the Swedish West Coast, the Baltic Proper and the Bothnian Sea found genetic differentiation between the three water basins and a low genetic differentiation within each basin, especially within the Baltic Proper. Despite the low genetic differentiation among blue mussels within the Baltic Proper, a parallel genetic differentiation associated with sewage treatment plant effluents was found in this basin. This included genomic regions with a high degree of differentiation between reference sites and sites affected by sewage plants effluent. This genetic differentiation is suggested to be due to post-dispersal selection acting in each generation. In contrast, no parallel genetic differentiation was associated with harbors. We identified five genomic regions in blue mussels, showing strong signs of selection, shared among three out of four replicated reference sites and sites affected by sewage effluents in the Baltic Proper i.e. Askö, Tvärminne and Karlskrona. An initial characterization of these genomic regions revealed functions related to immune and endocrine responses, oxidative stress and shell formation. Our results indicate that selection caused by sewage effluents involves multiple loci. The same genomic regions are found across different locations in the Baltic Proper but there are also unique genomic regions at each location. No genotoxic or histopathological effects were found among blue mussels from sewage effluent-affected areas but a higher frequency of histological abnormalities in the digestive gland were observed in mussels from harbors.

  • Jonsson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Fångna i begreppen?: Revolution, tid och politik i svensk socialistisk press 1917–19242017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the uses of the concept of revolution in Swedish socialist press from 1917 to 1924. Political revolution and civil wars shook several countries. The Russian February and October Revolutions were soon followed by uprisings in countries such as Germany and Finland.

    While the social and political history of this period, with its mass demonstrations for bread and voting rights, often called the Swedish revolution, has been covered extensively in existing research, we know much less about the theoretical understanding of revolution among Swedish socialists. This thesis examines the concept of revolution from a perspective inspired by the Begriffsgeschichte of German historian Reinhart Koselleck. This foundation in the history of concepts aims at understanding how Swedish socialists, in a wide sense, understood their own time, how they related to the past and what they expected from the future, during the years of the First World War and the immediately following years. By focusing on what might be the most central, but also the most contested and most difficult to define, concept I hope to complement earlier research focusing on the social and political history of the period and its socialist movements.

    The main purpose of the thesis is to analyse how the labour movement understood revolution with particular weight placed upon the theoretical and ideological tensions between revolution and reform, determinism and voluntarism and localized and universal revolution. The starting point is the political and social changes in Sweden and abroad at that time and the place of the political press as opinion leaders capable of negotiating the space of political action. A secondary aim is to discuss how focusing on temporality can inspire new perspectives on the use of conceptual history.

    My research shows that how the concept of revolution was used was shaped both by already established notions regarding the socialist revolution as well as by the political situation at hand. The October Revolution forced a sharpening of its meaning, wherein different factions elaborated their understanding of it in relation to each other, which in turn determined how the concept was used fom that point on. 

  • Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Havsguden från Västervik: om skeppet Neptunus och vasakungarnas nya stora kravlar2015In: Västerviks historia: förhistoria och arkeologi II / [ed] Palm, Veronica, Västervik: Västerviks Museum , 2015, 11-37 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Karlsson, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Environmentally friendly agriculture in Tanzania: A case study of a farm in Himiti village, Babati2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Total agriculture area has during the last decades been reduced because of urbanization, land deterioration, and inputs of chemicals. Today many farmers produce monocultures and the agricultural production system has been reaching far away from a natural system. Attention is now needed to establish and minimize environmental impacts through changes towards a more environmentally friendly agriculture, worldwide. The aim of this thesis has been to examine an agroforestry system in Babati to see if and how this agricultural system is a sustainable agricultural production system. Through the theoretical framework of this thesis the agroforestry system is compared to what current research frontier present as needed for a more environmentally friendly agriculture, with the main importance to obtain fertile soils.The case study were made through semi-structural interviews and observation between February and March 2016 and showed that the agroforestry system examined met many of the needs presented for a sustainable agriculture, through no tillage, low-input of pesticides and no fertilizers, and by having a diverse system with crops and trees supporting healthy soils.

  • Abdullahi, Abdi Isamail
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Does Export Diversification Boosts Economic Growth in Sub SaharanAfrica Countries?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Growth induced export has become a major concern for policy makers to transform and upgrade the export composition to achieve economic growth objectives; in this respect, export diversification become at the heart of growth induced export narrative. Nevertheless, this study attempts to find relationship between export diversification and economic growth. To investigate this relationship, a cross-section method is used with averaged data from the period 1991 to 2009 of 41 sub Saharan Africa countries; moreover, diagnostic tests were conducted to ensure the robustness of the model. The empirical result of this study shows positive correlation between export diversification and economic growth which can be concluded that export diversification promotes economic growth.