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  • Aronsson, Signe
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Rakic, Ivan
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Den politiska instabilitetens påverkan på turismen med Turkiet i fokus: En kvalitativ studie om vilka effekter den politiska oron i Turkiet har på den inkommande turismen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the spring of 2017 the authors of this paper have studied the political instability in Turkey, and its effect on the incoming tourism. The study is done from two perspectives, Swedish tour operators and potential tourists. In 2015 and 2016 Turkey suffered from several attacks and political demonstrations. In addition, the refugee crisis affected the country noticeably. This became the start of reduced interest for traveling to Turkey. 

    The aim of this paper is to examine how the political instability in Turkey has effected the tourism industry from a perspective of three Swedish tour operators and potential tourists. To explore this aim the authors have used three research questions. 

    Based on methodological approaches empirical data has been collected. The collected data has been analysed by using selected theoretical starting points; political instability, crisis, marketing during and after a crisis. 

    The results of this study shows that Turkey has been strongly affected by political instability and that decreasing tourism plays a significant role in the country’s economy. Swedish tour operators notices significant differences in the number of sold trips now, comparing to before the crisis. Exanimated tour operators all agree that the way back to where it was is a long process. Results also show that tourists attitudes regarding traveling to Turkey is based on personal experiences and emotional feelings.

  • Lundberg, Carl-Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Om den dolda grunden i Hannah Arendts politiska tänkande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis of this essay is to show that there is a complex and deep ground in Hannah Arendt ́s political thinking. A ground that, thru Immanuel Kant ́s first and third critiques, is going back to the thinking of the ancient Greek ideas of insight, nous, a concept used especially by Aristotle, but also by Parmenides. My idea is that Arendt ́s attempt to establish her political thinking in the idea of common sense, or in Latin:sensus communis, needs a deeper understanding, thou the use and interpretation of common sense as a concept today is deeply under influence of a liberal ideological preunderstanding; meaning the (moral) things everyone knows without any special efforts. In my view there is no chance that Arendt joins, or supports that kind of shallow interpretation of the idea of common sense, thou that would make her political thinking as banal as she accuses most of the modern politics to be, which of course is very contradictive. In other words must her understanding of the concept of common sense, sensus communis, be founded on a much deeper level, a level which we can find in her essays if we look real hard, and read as open as a real reading must be based on. Her language and her recurring references to time, gives us the leads to where to dig; to where, and through which thinking, we can find her deeper ground, a ground that hopefully will make all her political thinking clearer.

  • Hultqvist, Martina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Carlsson, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Strategier för digital klagomålshantering: En kvalitativ studie av fem utvalda hotell med höga kundbetyg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As more hotels are established and that competition in turn increases, it becomes increasingly important to offer a good service to attract customers. If the hotels do not satisfy the guest they may complain. With the Internet's advancement, new approaches were established for dissatisfied guests to raise their complaints and, in other words, the criticism does no longer reach only family and friends. The study aims to create an understanding of how the hotel's complaint management works on the internet. This has been examined by answering the following research questions:

    • What strategies are used in digital complaint management in social networks?

    • How does complaint management affect Word of Mouth?

    To answer the research questions a qualitative approach with five semi-structured interviews and a non-participation observation has been conducted.

    The study indicates that communication has become more digital, but that personal contact is still more important. The conclusions that can be drawn are that the strategies used in digital complaint management are to respond quickly, to be understanding, to apologize to some extent, use a clear and well-formulated language, consider every word, take a direct dialogue from public to private and compensate the guest if necessary. If the strategies are taken into account in digital complaint management the work towards a satisfied guest will be simplified.

    A general conclusion drawn in the study is that the formulated strategies are important to work with to increase customer satisfaction and to successfully reverse the guest before spreading negative WOM or e-WOM. It has also been found in the present study that traditional WOM still has a greater impact than e-WOM, despite the fact that e-WOM reaches a larger audience.

  • Tamaddon, Leila
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Den sjuka vårdcentralen: Om läkekonst som motstånd och möjlighet i en marknadsstyrd sjukvård2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to highlight and problematize current economic and management-based forms of governance and its effects in the healthcare system by exploring how the art of medicine and general practitioners' practical knowledge are influenced in market-based health care. The starting point is a narrative of a general practitioner's working day at a healthcare centre in Stockholm. The theoretical framework is mainly within the fields of philosophical hermeneutics and political philosophy. The essay explores questions about the patient's narrative, physician burnout, conscience and empathy, reflection and resistance, work and alienation, and the conflict between different rationalities and knowledge paradigms. The essay shows how neoliberal rationality and current paradigms of natural sciences and biotechnology reinforce each other and a reductionist and economic view of human being. The essay advocates change through a more balanced understanding of knowledge and medical practice with a mobilization of collective and individual fronesis in physicians in order to elevate the value of the interpersonal meeting, the practical knowledge and the art of medicine. 

  • Hermansson, Susanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Üre, Claudia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Större skillnad än vad man tror: En kvalitativ studie om utmaningar på närliggande marknader2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalization has become one of the largest and most important trends for retail trade today. Usually, companies start expanding to countries that are both geographically and culturally close. However, it may become problematic to enter a nearby market if the company is not prepared for the differences that exist and if the company underestimates the market.     

    The aim of this essay was to investigate the challenges that may occur for Swedish retail companies when establishing to nearby markets and how these challenges can be handled.      

    In order to respond to the aim of this study, six semi-structured interviews have been held. Two of these were held with respondents from Stadium and Jula. The remaining interviews were held with experts from Business Sweden who, among other things, works to help Swedish companies with their internationalization.     

    The challenges that were found in the nearby markets of the companies interviewed were for example cultural, political and economic differences affecting the fashion image, consumer pattern, price range, assortment, leadership, competition, marketing, rental levels and the establishment in the markets.     

    The different markets and assortment contributed to different challenges, in addition, some challenges were experienced to be greater than others for the companies. The interviewed companies handled the challenges in different ways especially through consultants, competitors, market research, knowledge, learning by time and through adaptation in the nearby markets.

  • Asry, Imane
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Azad Khan, Kamran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Normbrytande reklam idag: Ett branschperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att identifiera hur normbrytande reklam används som verktyg i företags marknadskommunikation. Som en del i syftet undersöks även vilka konsekvenser detta får för företag och dess kunder.

    Metod: För att uppfylla syftet genomfördes studien med en kvalitativ forskningsstrategi där fenomenologi tillämpades. Sju yrkesverksamma intervjupersoner inom reklambranschen valdes ut och intervjuades för att få en förståelse kring fenomenet normbrytning. Adaptiv metod och följande teorier: Konvergent marknadsföring, Linear model of communication , relationsmarknadsföring, multikulturell marknadsföring, marketing communication mix och kundbaserat varumärkesvärde.

    Slutsatser: Studiens slutsatser mynnade ut i att företag ser lönsamhet i form av försäljning, innovativa konkurrensfördelar och en förändring av normer i reklamvärlden och samhället. Företag når även en bredare målgrupp genom syftesdriven kommunikation som får mottagare att sprida kampanjer som berör de vidare. Vi kan också konstatera att normbrytande reklam idag används som ett verktyg för att komma närmare kunden och det som kommuniceras ut mot kunden ligger i grund i ett relationsskapande.

  • Roos, EwaMaria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Skammen och de ickeverbala signalerna vid inlärningssituationer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shame and nonverbal communication in learning processes

    Shame, dishonour, disgrace. However described, it is often paralysing and diminishing. It is

    crippling and destructive. But is it possible to develop through shame? This research paper

    takes an interdisciplinary look at this subject. As an aesthetic voice and speech pedagogue I

    have observed how shame has affected communication between my students and myself in

    situations where shame could and/or has occurred. One particular vocational event invoked a

    powerful sense of shame within me and launched a process which led to the investigation of

    two pedagogical situations where I detected and prevented shame in the learning process. These

    situations revealed that communication beyond words were crucial for the learning process

    to continue in a constructive manner.

    The purpose of this study is to explore the importance of nonverbal communication, the wordless

    cues of paralanguage, in body language and voice in the learning process, increasing the

    awareness of the students and pedagogues to this type of communication.

    In this quest for a shame free workspace, I found that changes in my pedagogy had the ability

    to prevent shame for both my students and myself, whilst doing so shaping an improved learning

    environment. A phenomenological approach by way of Nathanson, Cullberg Weston,

    Dreyfus & Dreyfus along with an understanding of the different mechanisms of shame and its

    influence on nonverbal interaction has led to the realisation of the preventive measures that can

    be taken to avoid shame and guilt in learning situations.

    It is possible to develop through shame, it enabled a change within myself as a pedagogue.

  • Eriksson, Jonatan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Design- ett svårdefinierat begrepp: En kvalitativ studie om hur design designat sig själv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    “Ordet design förekommer idag i så många sammanhang att det är snart omöjligt att ringa inoch förstå vad det innebär”...Så uttalade sig Lisbeth Svengren Holm, ansvarig för forskning och utbildning på SVID. Att inte ens en forskande designer kan definiera, förstå eller ringa in sitt ämnesområde vittnar på att förändringen av design och dess innebörd har skiftat. Ordet design har gått från att vara ett begrepp vars betydelse tidigare stått för estetisk utformning av produkter, till att idag göra anspråk på att organisera tjänster. Med en kvalitativ ansats undersöker denna studie skiftningen i begreppet design och dess aktuella betydelse samt hur design används i praktiken, detta genom en kvalitativ textanalys. Empirin består av fyra Svenska designbyråer som med deras 16 olika case, från både produktdesign och tjänstedesignsektorn, ska visa hur design idag fungerar i praktiken. Undersökningen består av en kvalitativ textanalys där studiens empiri består utav konceptlitteratur inom design, boken This is service design thinking av Stickdorn & Schneider (2011). Denna har visat sig ha en betydande roll och influerat designbyråerna i deras sätt att arbeta, med hjälp av ett flertal designmetoder, oavsett om det var produktdesign eller tjänstedesign. Utifrån ett institutionellt perspektiv har studien valt att granska samhället och organisationer med hjälp utav Kjell Rövik (1998) och de teorier han presenterar i boken Moderna Organisationer. Genom att tolka design som ett organisationsrecept och utifrån Röviks (1998) symbolperspektiv att se på administrativa reformer (organisationsrecept), använder studien således även institutionell teori som grund och ståndpunkt. Resultaten visar att det främsta skälet till varför en designer deltog och kopplades in, i de undersökta casen, var för att arbeta utifrån ett användarcentreratperspektiv, där designern fungerade som en länk mellan organisationen och användaren. Detta framkom i produktdesign såväl som i tjänstedesign casen. Skiftningen i begreppet design har visat sig påverka utvecklingen och hur design även i praktiken används samt formats till vad det betyder och består av idag. Sammanfattningsvis belyser studien hur begreppet design har genomgått ett dynamiskt skifte i tid, där design idag inte endast är produktrelaterad utan även tjänstebaserad i olika former och uttryck.

  • Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Straight Línea: A phenomenological approach to women's response to piropos in contemporary Havana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates women's feelings on being subjected to piropos (catcalling) in their everyday lives. Through interviews with four Cuban women living in Havana, I analyse women's experiences of piropos through a phenomenological lens and through speech theory, investigating how norms surrounding sexualities and gender are materialised in and between language, bodies and spaces. I also investigate which acts of resistance and defence mechanisms my interviewees employ in order to cope with piropos. The first part of the analysis investigates the gendered dimensions of piropos, discussing how it constitutes gendered subject positions while enforcing gender inequality. My interviewees describe how being subjected to piropos makes them feel more feminine and links the occurrence of piropos directly to their self-esteem. They also describe how the occurrence of piropos conditions their possibility to move freely around the city. In the second part of the analysis I look at piropos as a heterosexual game in which different rules apply depending on gender. Lastly, this thesis focuses on my interviewees' accounts of resistance by analysing silence as well as verbal responses to piropos as a way of breaking the rules of the heterosexual game.

  • Hermansson, Urban
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den andre förpliktigar mig: Om betingelser för lärande2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna essä avser att reflektera det mellanmänskliga mötet som förutsättning för att skapa ett rum för lärande i ett organisatoriskt sammanhang. Essän utgår från ett dilemma där jag låter mötet mellan mig som pedagogisk processledare och deltagare bilda utgångspunkt för en reflektion om betingelser som avgör hur ett läranderum blir till. Jag ser min essä som ett komplement till andra studier om lärande i organisationer, studier som har sin hemhörighet i pedagogisk, psykologisk, sociologisk och i viss mån ekonomisk teoribildning. Metoden för denna essä är fenomenologisk i det att jag låter dilemmat som berättelse få träda fram på sina egna premisser. Jag låter dilemmat möta ett antal teorier om praktisk kunskap med hjälp av i första hand Aristoteles, om mötet mellan ett Jag och ett Du med hjälp av Martin Buber, mötet med den andres annanhet som en förpliktelse med hjälp av Emanuel Lévinas samt som avslutning hur frågan om mötet med den andre relaterar till kunnande-i-handling, reflektion-i-handling och att ha en skicklighet att bemästra en situation. Essän avser inte att förklara med pedagogiska eller didaktiska termer utan rör sig i ett existentiellt och filosofiskt landskap. Jag avslutar med några egna prövande slutsatser om vad som är premisser för att ett läranderum ska uppstå. Det handlar om ett genuint möte mellan ett Jag och ett Du och med varandras annanheter, vilket innebär att den praktiska kunskap som utövas inte kan ses som bara individbaserad. Den praktiska kunskapen formas i det gemensamma skeendet genom de möten som äger rum.

  • Eliasson, Nathalie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Forsberg, Lova
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    ”Arbetar man inte med innovationer kan man gå hem, för då kommer man ingenstans”: En kvalitativ studie om innovationsarbete inom delningsekonomin2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationer är idag ett uppmärksammat och aktuellt fenomen och forskare menar att innovationer är en bidragande faktor för såväl företags överlevnad som en nationell tillväxt. Delningsekonomin är ett resultat av digitaliseringen och möjliggör för privatpersoner att hyra, låna samt byta produkter med varandra. Kombinationen mellan innovationer och delningsekonomin är en tämligen outforskad kombination och syftet med studien är därmed att undersöka om företag inom delningsekonomin i Sverige arbetar med innovationer. Studien syftar vidare till att redogöra för om företagens eventuella innovationsarbete kan uttryckas inom ramen för att vara av en radikal eller inkrementell karaktär. För att lyckas undersöka detta relativt komplexa fenomen bygger studien på en kvalitativ forskningsmetod. Insamling av det empiriska materialet har skett via semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem respondenter från fem olika slags företag. Resultatet visar på att fyra av företagen var de första i sitt slag på marknaden varpå ett av företagen istället är ett resultat av en redan etablerad affärsmodell. Samtliga företag arbetar med en ständig förbättring av sin tjänst samtidigt som tre av företagen visar tendenser på att även söka efter nya möjligheter. Utifrån en analys av det empiriska materialet tillsammans med den teoretiska referensramen har vissa slutsatser kunnat genereras. Fyra av företagen kan anses vara en radikal innovation i sig medan det femte företaget istället kan ses som en imitatör. Samtliga företag kämpar för överlevnad genom ett ständigt inkrementellt innovationsarbete varpå tre av företagen även visar på tendenser att arbeta med ett radikalt innovationsarbete.

  • Rikard, Abrahamsson
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Skjäl, Henric
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Utländsk direktinvestering i Sydafrika: En kvalitativ studie om risker och kulturella skillnader ur svenska företags perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den snabba utvecklingen i kombination med den goda ekonomiska möjligheten är en bidragande orsak till att allt fler företag söker sig till tillväxtmarknader och specifikt att genomföra en utländsk direktinvestering i. Sydafrika är ett exempel på en tillväxtmarknad som blivit ett populärt mål för utländska direktinvesteringar. Att direktinvestera i ett nytt land innebär att både hinder och risker kommer dyka upp. Syftet med denna studie är att skapa förståelse för de risker och kulturella skillnader som kan uppståhossvenska företag vid en direktinvestering i Sydafrika. För att skapa förståelse kring fenomenet har fyra intervjuer genomförts med svenska företag med kontor i Sydafrika. Utifrån dessa intervjuer dras slutsatsen att politiska och ekonomiska risker är de risker som påverkat mest vid företagens direktinvestering i Sydafrika. Vidare har företagen påverkas av kulturella skillnader som varierar beroende på företagets storlek och placering i landet.

  • Öhrming, Jan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Allt görs liksom baklänges: Verksamheten vid Nya Karolinska Solna2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Byggandet av Nya Karolinska Solna (NKS) är förknippat med en dröm från slutet av 1990-talet om ett sjukhus som ett nav i ett internationellt konkurrenskraftigt universitetssjukvårdssystem. Det skulle vara ett specialsjukhus för regionen och inta en central roll för utvecklingen av Stockholmsregionen till ett biomedicinskt kraftcentrum. 2008 fattades beslutet om att bygga det nya sjukhuset och fylla det med ett nytt verksamhetsinnehåll. Beslutsprocessen rörande verksamhetsinnehållet vid NKS har präglats av interimistiska beslut och utvecklats till en process som förändrat villkoren för andra beslutsprocesser med stora ekonomiska och praktiska återverkningar för hälso- och sjukvården i Stockholmsregionen.

    Här redovisas hur det gick till när besluten om vård, forskning och utbildning vid NKS fattades. Och framför allt diskuteras NKS-projektets otillräckliga beslutsunderlag och de utdragna beslutsprocessernas konsekvenser för det regionala vårdsystemet.

    Jan Öhrming är Senior professor i företagsekonomi vid Södertörns högskola.

  • Hållsten, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörns högskola.
    Stöttning av skrivande i ett digitalt diskussionsforum: Kan den digitala lärplattformens kursdesign utvecklas genrepedagogiskt?2017In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 7, no 1, 13-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Lindström, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Changing the perception of pain: An interactive experience using heat and guided meditation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic pain is a common condition that people struggle with on daily basis and many strive to find ways to relive their pain. With the development of wearables and smart garments we are now moving from designing an object to be used, to an object to be worn. Technology is an extension of the body and the interaction in itself also becomes part of our body. This development enables different kind of treatments to be implemented in a wearable. Accordingly, this study have investigated if an interactive experience using heat and guided meditation with a wearable can support individuals living with chronic pain, and to what extent the experience can change the perception of pain. The results indicate that an interactive experience including these modalities can have the ability to change perception of pain. The study also suggests implications for design by presenting design qualities that become important in such a design, which resulted in; distraction and immersion, familiarity and practice, personalization and flexibility. 

  • Varela, Daniela Renee
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Netflix Experience: Reshaping the Creative Process: Cultural Co-Production of Content: A user-focus approach to recommendation algorithms2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project proposes a user-focused approach to study the algorithm logic of on-demand apps, using Netflix as a case study. The main research interest is the perception that the user has about the suggestion and recommendation logic of Netflix. In order to gather the information, a walkthrough method on Netflix was applied as well as personal, in-depth think aloud interviews were carried out. The sample consisted on a selection of heavy users, millennials ex-pats living in Singapore and working in the creative industry to get specific insights on their relationship with the algorithm. 

    To analyze the gathered material, qualitative content analysis was carried out. This kind of study is important within today’s contemporary media environment to have integral approach to users perceptions instead of just analytical figures and numbers. The theoretical context used to enlight some of the conclusions discussed on this research were based on the study of media in everyday life, global cultural industry studies, as well as algorithm culture and the science and technology studies. How algorithms are perceived have major repercussions not only on on-demand apps, technology business models or entertainment industry but also an intense influence on the way people consume content.

    Re-thinking the user as a co-producer of information and knowledge, considering some of the implications this phenomenon might have on the creative industry and how that affects on our daily life are some of the issues this research elaborated on.

    It can be said that the selected sample appreciates the suggestion logics and it has multiple functionalities: recommendation, curation, entertainment, companionship and leisure. Netflix Originals are very well validated; being one of the main attractions of the app. Interface, functionality and features are also items that the sample positively highlights. The accuracy perception of the algorithm is good, although low when compared to other countries where the sample used the app. The same applies to the amount of content and titles available, being these last two, issues that Netflix could improve.  

    This research was conducted for 8 months, from October 2016 to May 2017, for Sodertorn University – Stockholm, Sweden, with the guidance and support of Associate Professor Anne Kaun. 

  • Marquez, Dayhana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Larsson, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Investeringsprocessen i småföretag: En studie om investeringsbeslutfattande i restaurangbranschen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Investeringar är grunden i ett företag och därmed är investeringsprocessen ett intressant fenomen att titta närmare på. Efter att ha studerat litteratur och tidigare forskning, som tar upp problematiken i investeringsprocessen, framkom att beslutsfattarens roll är en väsentlig del vid investeringsprocessen.

    Studien behandlar både beslutfattarens bakgrund och val som påverkar

    investeringsbeslutfattande i restaurangsbranschen, beslutfattarens bakgrund och val behandlas som påverkande respektive förklarande faktorer. Studien syftar på att ta reda på om och i vilken omfattning belutfattarens bakgrund påverkar sina val i investeringsprocessen. Genom att tillämpa en kvantitativ metod i form av en enkätundersökning lyftes beslutsfattarens bakgrund och investeringsprocess fram. Utifrån enkätundersökningen gjordes en statistisk analys för att hitta eventuella samband mellan de påverkande samt förklarande faktorerna.

    Resultatet av enkätundersökningen och statistiska analysen visade att det fanns starka samband mellan faktorer såsom kön, ålder, investeringsrutin, kalkylanvändning, utbildningstyp och utbildningsnivå. Detta bekräftar tidigare forskning och teorier om beteendeinriktad investeringsbeslutfattande.

  • Munkert, Joel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Åman, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Evig tillväxt?: En longitudinell studie av svenska gasellföretag över en tolvårsperiod2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Firm growth has been carefully studied in the field of business administration & economics. The area is very heterogeneous and the cause of firm growth seem to differ substantially. This paper aims to investigate the growth of longtime gazelle firms. Earlier studies in the research area has mainly focused on the time up towards firms gain their reputation as gazelles.

    Purpose: This study therefore aims to investigate the further growth of 652 gazelle firms in Sweden, during the time of 2005 – 2015, and what variables which seem to influence their growth.

    Theory: The study is mainly based on a widespread sample of research in the field of firm growth, reaching from the early 20th century and towards. The selection of investigated firm variables, which is thought to correlate with firm growth, has been carefully selected on this basis.

    Method: A longitudinal panel has been conducted where a few firm specific variables has been collected and used in a series of multivariate analysis, where growth has acted a dependent variable. Earlier studies regarding gazelles and firm growth has acted as a fundament and guideline and the population is based on a list of gazelle firms conducted by the Swedish magazine Dagens Industri from year 2005.

    Conclusion: Factors such as the gazelle firms age and governance is thought to have an impact on their relative and absolute growth. Also factors such as initial size, industry and geographical market/origin seem to some degree have an impact on gazelle firms’ growth.

  • Heinonen, Tobias
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Clavijo-Retamales, Isaak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Svenska bolagsstyrelsers jämställdhet och Corporate Social Responsibility: Ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to investigate whether the number and proportion of women on the board affect company CSR performance and diversification. The study also has an exploratory purpose in that the authors describe and explore an own created methodology that can contribute to an alternative operationalization of CSR diversification.

    Method: The study is based on a positivist and deductive approach. A quantitative strategy is applied for data collection. The study´s population consists of Swedish large cap corporates on the Stockholm Stock Exchange market. A total of 69 corporates are observed. The board's composition with respect to gender is the primary data and obtained from the corporates annual reports of the year 2015. Secondary data consists of the companies CSR-performance and -diversification for the year of 2016 and retrieved from CSRHub's database. Furthermore, a multiple regression analysis is applied to investigate the relationship between the gender and CSR variables, in relation to different control variables.

    Result: The regression result shows no significant evidence that the CSR-performance/ -diversification and the number and/or proportion of female representation on the boards have a relationship. Furthermore, the result shows that the size of the board has importance with respect to CSR-performance, but not to the diversification, and that there are differences between industries. The result shows that Swedish large cap corporations have greater points on their CSR-score, than the average company on CSRHub. Women represent 33% of the board members. All boards have at least one women director and consist of an average of three women. 43 of the observed corporates have three or more women on their boards.

    Conclusion: It is difficult to prove a causal and significant relationship between the number and / or proportion of women in the board and the company's CSR-performance and the degree of diversification. The size of the board seems to be more decisive (for the CSR-performance). It is assumed that factors other than those used in the study may have greater impact than the number and proportion of women. The method used to measure CSR-diversification is not complete and needs further development.

  • Eriksson, Angelica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Östman, Nathalie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Redovisningskvalitet genom Modifierad Jonesmodell: En studie av skillnader i mindre bolag som omfattas av frivillig revision2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ursprungliga idén till studien återfinns i Tobias Svanströms avhandling från 2008. Svanström la fram ett förslag att undersöka redovisningskvalitén efter avskaffandet av revisionsplikten 2010. Förslaget väckte intresse hos författarna och studien tog form. Ambitionen var från början att replikera och genomföra en komparativ studie med Svanströms avhandling, men detta var inte genomförbart då bland annat lagändringar gjort det omöjligt att få tillgång till viss information som han använt. Studien har därför i största möjliga utsträckning genomförts i enlighet med Svanströms avhandling med en del justeringar för att göra studien genomförbar.

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur avskaffandet av revisionsplikten har påverkat redovisningskvalitén hos svenska aktiebolag som omfattas av frivillig revision. Frågan var därmed huruvida det föreligger samband mellan oväntade periodiseringar och användande av Revisor eller ytterligare oberoende variabler. För att uppnå syftet och besvara frågan användes tre huvudsakliga teorier: Modifierad Jonesmodell, Designad redovisning och Revisorns nytta.

    Den Modifierade Jonesmodellen är en modell som upptäcker vinstmanipulering via uppkomsten av oväntade periodiseringar. Modellen har av flera forskare använts för att mäta redovisningskvalitet då uppkomsten av vinstmanipulering eller annan form av manipulering generellt indikerar en lägre redovisningskvalitet. Designad redovisning beskriver olika typer av manipulering. Hypotesen och antagandet att revisorn medför en högre redovisningskvalitet grundes i de teorier som presenterats om dess nytta.

    Studien avgränsades till att undersöka 1 363 bolag inom två branscher och två regioner under 2014 och 2015: "Detaljhandel", "Tillverkning och industri", "Stockholms län" samt "Västra Götalands län". Undersökningen av problemet genomfördes med hjälp av sekundärdata. Data som samlades in var information om resultat- och balansräkningstal från bolagens årsredovisningar. Data har sammanställts och analyserats med hjälp av t-test och regressionsanalyser.

    Slutsatsen är att studien inte kan påvisa om redovisningskvalitén har påverkats sedan revisionspliktens avskaffande. Bolag som använder Revisor visar ingen skillnad i redovisningskvalitet jämfört med bolag som inte använder Revisor. Av de studerade oberoende variablerna kunde enbart Soliditet uppvisa ett positivt signifikant samband med redovisningskvalitet. Studien kan inte påvisa några signifikanta invändningar mot att den frivilliga revisionen utökas ytterligare. 

  • Dackeby, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Att Påbörja Något Nytt: En Begreppsanalys av Hannah Arendts Framträdelserum2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To Begin Something New

    A Conceptual Analysis of Hannah Arendt’s Space of Appearance

    This essay is about Hannah Arendt’s political philosophy and uses her book, The Human Condition, as its main point of reference. Specifically it’s Arendt’s theory of political action and how it manifests in the world that is going to be explored. The method of the essay is a conceptual analysis and the aim is to answer the following question: “What is ‘the space of appearance?’” The purpose of this essay is twofold. Firstly, to expand on Arendt’s political philosophy. Secondly, it is an attempt to map Arendt's insights into the political turmoil of her time on to ours. To - through Arendt’s writing - find the tools to make clear what often seems cryptic.

    One of the core ideas that this essay depends on is a reading of The Human Condition through the lens of Arendt’s doctoral thesis, Love and Saint Augustine. Here she describes the concept of love in the work of the Christian philosopher, Saint Augustine of Hippo, as desire of something good. In this essay I then use this understanding of “love as desire” to describe why humans act politically.

    The essay revolves around Arendt’s notion that political action depends on the plurality of man and that a multitude of people acting together within “the space of appearance” creates the processes of unfolding events which constitute human history. The ability to create and reshape history is seen by Arendt as one of the core abilities that make up the human condition. But to create history, a desire for change is needed. By following this argument I come to the conclusion that those with the real potential to use this ability are the ones most oppressed and marginalized by tyrannical regimes or power structures.

    At the end of the essay I conclude with presenting two paramount crises that humanity is currently facing: The crisis of climate change and the large scale obsolescence of labor through automation. Instead of making an attempt to propose a solution to these crises, I argue that a lack of ability or willingness to act politically is what blocks potential possibilities for these challenges to be overcome.

  • Brdar, Minela
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Eken, Sibel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Skivbolagens roll i musikbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om skivbolagens roll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the digital revolution, the scope of record labels’ activities have been reduced. Today, individuals can do a lot on their own, that record labels have traditionally done for their artists. The role they played is not considered as important in the career of an artist today, due to digitization.

         The aim of this essay is to examine and create insight on how record labels’ role looks like in a digitalized and serice-dominated music industry. To do this, three interviews have been carried out, whereof one interview included two respondents. The interviews were held with the record labels Universal Music, Amuse and an independent label in Stockholm.

         The results show that the activities that record labels perform are adjusted according to digital media. The results also show that all of the respondents claim that even though artists today can do everything on their own, it is easier to succeed with the help of a record label.

         The conclusion is that the record labels’ role is that they are partners with their artists, which means that they are with them, and not for them. The role record labels have in a digitalized and service-dominated music industry is that they offer knowledge, connections and capital to their artists. The record labels’ role has been weakened within the traditional activities marketing and distribution. Instead, they are regarded as existing as a support and complement within these activities. The record labels’ role has therefore become more important in finding, building and operating artists’ careers.