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  • Häggblom, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Wallin, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Marknadens reaktion på omvända vinstvarningar: En eventstudie om hur tillkännagivandet omvända vinstvarningar påverkar aktiekursen hos svenska börsnoterade bolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En vinstvarning är när ett företag går ut med information till allmänheten om att resultatet kommer att bli väsentligt lägre än förväntat. Denna studie undersöker marknadens reaktion vid omvända vinstvarningar, som är precis vad namnet antyder, när företag går ut med information om att resultatet kommer bli väsentligt högre än förväntat. Marknadens reaktion vid vinstvarningar tenderar att vara mer negativ då företag väljer att inte dela med sig av detaljerad information och mindre negativ då företaget väljer att vara mer transparenta och dela med sig av detaljerad information (Bulkley & Herrerias, 2005; Church & Donker, 2010). Tidigare studier har också visat att reaktionen vid vinstvarningar är mer negativa hos små företag än stora (Jackson & Madura, 2003; Bulkley & Herrerias, 2005; Church & Donker, 2010). Om resultat från tidigare studier som har studerat negativa vinstvarningar skulle stämma överens även vid omvända vinstvarningar betyder det att aktiekursen stiger mer hos små företag än hos stora företag vid tidpunkten för tillkännagivandet och att minskad transparens har en positiv effekt. Studien försöker därför svara på frågeställningen; Hur reagerar den svenska marknaden när företag tillkännager omvända vinstvarningar?

    Undersökningen genomförs med hjälp av en eventstudie med kvantitativ ansats. Urvalet av omvända vinstvarningar är de som har hittats med hjälp av databasen Retriever Media Archive under åren 2004 – 2019. Resultaten visar att företagens storlek och vilken typ av information som finns i de omvända vinstvarningarna har betydelse för hur stark marknadsreaktionen blir. Studien undersöker även om det förekommer abnormal avkastning redan tiden innan dagen för tillkännagivandet, vilket kan tyda på informationsläckage, men detta kan inte påvisas med statistisk signifikans. Då regelverken kring huruvida företag måste vinstvarna är diffusa och öppna för tolkning kan det också diskuteras kring vilka konsekvenser det får för företagen att vara så transparenta som möjligt.

    Resultaten tyder på att den positiva kumulativa abnormala avkastningen är signifikant avvikande vid tillkännagivandet av omvända vinstvarningar från svenska börsnoterade bolag. Även fast så hög transparens som möjligt bör eftersträvas ur ett moraliskt perspektiv, så kan resultaten från denna studie användas till att förstå hur marknaden tar emot informationen vid tillkännagivandet av omvända vinstvarningar och därmed ge inblick i hur olika utformningar av denna information kan leda till olika marknadsreaktioner. Om en stark positiv reaktion eftersträvas så visar studiens resultat att det ger en starkare marknadsreaktion att inkludera mer detaljerad information. Små företag har också större chans att få aktiekursen att stiga vid en omvänd vinstvarning än vad stora företag har (Jackson & Madura, 2003; Bulkley & Herrerias, 2005; Church & Donker, 2010).

  • Klinga, Therese
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Öhnedal, Alexander
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Fritidshemmets samsyn och samverkan med vårdnadshavare: - Partnerskapsprincipen2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the relationship between the after-school recreation center and the pupil’s guardians focusing on the nature of their cooperation. The study employed a survey method to elicit opinions and thoughts from both recreational teachers and the guardians.The results from the survey indicate that their agreement between the recreational teachers and the guardians when it comes to the concepts of consensus and collaboration, and the major benefits that the co-operation between the parties brings. Furthermore, the research results indicate that there is a will and an interest from both parties to develop the existing relationship based on the partnership principle despite the challenges and difficulties experienced by the parties.

  • Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Encouraging student independence: Perspectives on scaffolding in higher education supervision2019In: Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, ISSN 2050-7003, E-ISSN 1758-1184, article id JARHE-01-2019-0012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this article is to examine if and how supervisors’ use of two kinds of potential scaffolding means - asking questions and giving instructions - could contribute to fulfilling the scaffolding intention of student independence, in the context of supervision of degree projects within higher education.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The article is based on qualitative content analysis of two series of supervision meetings between a supervisor and a student in Swedish higher education, comprising a total of eight recorded sessions. The theoretical framework of the article is centered on scaffolding and independent learning, and central concepts are contingency, fading, transfer of responsibility and student independence.

    Findings

    The analysis shows how the supervisors’ use of questions, and in some respect instructions, could contribute to fulfilling the scaffolding intention of student independence through enabling active participation of both student and supervisor and that the supervision was based on contingency. The analysis further shows that the supervisors tended to become more directive as the work came along, especially when students appeared to be running out of time. The supervision processes did thus not appear to be characterized by fading and transfer of responsibility.

    Originality/value

    This article contributes to the research field of higher education through discussing student independence as a potential scaffolding intention within supervision of degree projects, based on recorded supervision meetings. Supervision of degree projects is a highly relevant context for discussing scaffolding, since it combines increased student independence with close interaction between student and supervisor for an extended period.

  • Forsberg, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Saxenbrink, Nina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    #maskulinitet: - En kvalitativ analys om maskulinitet, maskulinitetsnormer och dess konsekvenser till sociala problem2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how authors on Instagram describe masculinity norms. We aimed to further analyse how the authors illustrate the consequences of masculinity norms in relation to social problems. The study is based on 25 posts from authors on Instagram which were analysed by a content analysis method. The theoretical framework in this study consists of Connells (1995, 2008) theory of masculinity. A conception of socialization is also included (Connell 1995, 2009). The results indicated that masculinity norms have a negative impact on men by how they are expected to be, what they are expected to feel, what is allowed for them to talk about, how they should act and what sexual desires they should have. Furthermore, the study showed how masculinity norms lead up to social problems such as reluctance to seek help and using violence against others. The main conclusion of this study was that social problems often are based on the fact that men, due to present masculinity norms, are in need of proving, defending or maintaining their masculinities in different contexts. The man himself along with everyone around him are the one who pays for the consequences of masculinity norms.

  • Matatko, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Piotrowska, Liza
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Karläggning av olika intressenters erfarenheter och åsikter av delningsekonomi: - En studie om Airbnb´s påverkan på samhällsaktörer- och befolkning i Stockholm2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of renting out your own home is a trend that has been spread worldwide. From a spatial behavior, human territory has opened in society by making the power over its geographical area accessible to people which the landlord does not need to have any relation to. A business site, based on the sharing economy, which has gained ground today, is Airbnb. This study aims to map out experiences and opinions of the sharing economy and Airbnb from two perspectives, central social actors and the population. A mix of qualitative and quantitative research is made. The study shows that there are differences in experiences and opinions, which have consequences for the population, such as precarious regulations and income declaration. Our research also shows that there is a change in social behavior through the sharing economy, which at best can become a creative development for the population who want to be part of the sharing economy. 

  • Framvik Malik, Arianna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    ”Jag har fortfarande ont”: Förkroppsligade erfarenheter av smärta och vård vid förlossningsskador2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores embodied experiences of (physical and social) pain when seeking healthcare for birth injuries. This includes seeking to understand how gender, sexuality and normality can be constructed through health care for birth injuries, as well as how people with birth injuries are oriented by their pain towards getting health care. The theoretical framework is feminist phenomenological, while also incorporating the perspective of phenomenology and medicine, in order to analyze how the embodied experience of pain is conditioned by normative and cultural dimensions that structure different bodies in different ways. Different ways of understanding the emotional and sensory orientations of pain, both social and physical, are also theoretically informing the analysis. Through qualitative interviews with ten people who have been injured while giving birth within the last ten years, results show that the informants become disoriented when hearing from doctors and midwifes that their perineum, despite their experience of pain, is well. They are also disoriented when their injuries are acknowledged, but deemed untreatable. They can find their pain hard to describe, and experiences of feeling diminished difficult to react against. The embodied experience of seeking health care for birth pain can include feeling both confirmed as well as ignored in one’s injury, depending on what health care professional they happen to meet. I conclude that the frustration of seeking but not feeling like they are receiving health care for their birth injuries results in a breaking point where the patients go against feelings of shame, and (re)orient themselves towards health care by transforming into strong-willed, stubborn and un-ashamed subjects that in one way or another demand treatment and respect.

  • Solhäll, Eva
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Platsens betydelse för praktisk klokhet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through my own professional experience, the essay explores how place may have significance for exercising practical knowledge. It also sheds light on the conditions and qualities surrounding my, as therapist, presence in interpersonal meetings, as well as perspectives in relation to meetings around life issues. Of special notice is place as nature and garden. With support in stories as representations and in dialogue with philosophers, several different perspectives and analyses are shown about the place's importance for the pursuit of practical knowledge. The drive of the research is supported by three themes, place, body, meeting. They lead the survey forward in dialogue with Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Martin Buber preferably together with geography professor, Edward Relph and researchers and writers within the fields of practical knowledge and naturebased interventions. The essay uncovers a complex area of understanding. It puts emphasis on the relationship between us as humans and our environment. In this relationship, place is of importance to practical knowledge. Interplay and movement between different approaches emerges as a common denominator.

  • Ahlzén, Rolf
    Rapport av den empiriska delen av projektet The Phenomenology of Suffering in Medicine: Explorations in the Baltic Sea Region vid Södertörns högskola2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkten för det treåriga projektet The Phenomenology of Suffering in Medicine: Explorations in the Baltic Sea Region är den centrala roll lidan­de intar i medicinsk praxis, och därmed också i den medicinska etiken. Den teoretiska grunden för projektet är den breda tradition inom huma­nistisk reflektion och forskning under 1900-talet som innefattar fenome­no­logi, hermeneutik och narrativitet.

    I projektets empiriska del har fem medicinska fakulteter runt Östersjön valts ut, delvis beroende på etablerade kontakter, delvis för att på dessa orter pågår intressant undervisning och forskning inom ovan beskrivna fält. Med hjälp av kontaktpersoner på respektive orter har sedan studiebesök genomförts, med informella samtal och formella inter­vjuer. Intervjuerna har analyserats för teman som belyser forsknings­projektets grundläggande fråga om hur fenomenet lidande upp­märk­sam­mas, tolkas och hanteras inom dels medicinsk undervisning och i någon mån även i forskning inom medicinsk humaniora på respektive orter.

  • Samar, Katia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mahmoudpoor, Parang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Intäktsredovisning i ett pågående arbete: En kvalitativ studie om tillämpningen av IFRS 15 inom sektorn bostadsutveckling 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The new revenue standard IFRS 15 came as a replacement for all previous revenue standards. The application of the standard has meant that certain industries have had a greater impact, where the real estate industry's sector of residential development is one of them. There are differences in the companies' revenue recognition in this sector after the implementation of IFRS 15 in 2018. The study aims to clarify the differences that exist between residentialdevelopers' revenue recognition. This is because it has been a topic that has been recognized and discussed by many after the implementation. Several residential developers have been criticized for the application of the new standard. The result of the study shows that there are differences in revenue recognition for residential developers after the implementation of IFRS 15. There are differences in the timing of the revenue recognition, the number of performance obligations that have been identified and differences in accounting principles

  • Holm, Natalie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Östberg, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En komparativ studie om frivillig information i årsredovisningar i kontrollägda respektive ledningsstyrda bolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Discussion: Among investors, annual reports are used as a decision-making document to value a company. Many companies therefore use voluntary disclosure as a complement to statutory information in annual reports. Previous studies have examined what the underlying factors for voluntary disclosure are. These have among other things, resulted in factors such as size, country of origin and owner concentration, which has a significant impact on the amount of voluntary disclosure. Therefore, it is interesting to examine if there is a significant difference between the amount of voluntary disclosure in companies with controlled ownership versus management ownership. The selection is based on companies listed on the Swedish stock market Nasdaq Strockholm, Large Cap and Small Cap.

    Purpose: This comparative study is aiming to investigate differences in the amount of voluntary disclosure between companies with controlled ownership and management ownership. The purpose is to create a deeper understanding and increase awareness of the ownership structure's impact on voluntary information.

    Method: A quantitative method has been used for the study and empirical data has been collected through observations of annual reports. The collected data has then been assessed according to a valuation index designed for the study. The index has been adapted to both swedish and international regulations. The study has then used scatterplots and a t-test to measure whether or not there is a significant difference in the amount of voluntary disclosure between the two owner concentrations.

    Result: Based on the study's sample, there is no significant difference in the amount of voluntary disclosure between control-owned and management-controlled companies. Control-owned companies tend to report more information about accidents than managementcontrolled companies. The management-controlled companies in the study tend to report more information on marketing than control-owned companies

  • Määttä, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nylén Danielsson, Emil
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tredje statsmakten i djupa vatten: En studie av nyhetsrapporteringen kring ubåtsjakten i Stockholms skärgård hösten 20142019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hösten 2014 pågick en ubåtsjakt i Stockholms skärgård som väckte stor medial uppmärksamhet. Med utgångspunkt i reglerna för god journalistik utreder vi tre nyhetsmediers bevakning av händelsen och hur den potentiella ryska närvaron gestaltades. Genom en kvalitativ analys av artiklar skrivna vid tidpunkten synliggörs en rapportering som förmedlar ett narrativ utan stöd i verifierade uppgifter. Med antagandet att journalistikens första skyldighet är till sanningen utreder vi varför icke verifierade uppgifter tas upp i nyhetsflödet och om orsaken gömmer sig i ett pressetiskt system som ännu inte anpassats till en digitaliserad värld.

  • Henning Bruce, Hedvig
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Varning! Liberal, närodlad politik: En sociosemiotisk studie av valaffischer från Centerpartiet och Liberalerna under valrörelsen 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker valaffischer från Centerpartiet och Liberalerna 2018. Utgångspunkt i studien är den politiska kommunikationen som visar att politiska samarbeten mellan partier kan försvåra möjligheterna för partierna att profilera sig som enskilda partier. Således är syftet med undersökningen att undersöka hur Centerpartiet och Liberalerna profilerar sig genom kommunikationen i valaffischer, detta med hänsyn till det borgerliga samarbetet "Alliansen” som pågick fram till år 2018. Ytterligare ett syfte är att ta reda på hur partierna kommunicerar ideologi i valaffischerna, detta med hänsyn till att båda partier är liberala. Detta har undersökts med utgångspunkt i sociosemiotiken och hur semiotiska resurser kan skapa betydelsepotentialer. Konkret har de semiotiska resurserna undersökts utifrån vilken design som dokumenten har, vilka färger som använts och hur affischerna kommunicerat miljö genom verbalspråk och fotografi. Resultatet visar att partiernas affischer liknar varandra i vissa val av semiotiska resurser. Partierna använder en liknande uppställning av olika textelement, framhäver partiledaren i vissa affischer medan i andra affischer framhävs verbalspråk som centrala. Ytterligare en likhet är användning av en slogan kopplad till partiernas respektive logotyp. Genom att på andra plan variera valet av semiotiska resurser skapar partierna dock skiljande betydelsepotentialer, vilket påverkar profileringen. Centerpartiet profilerar sig som ett optimistiskt parti med framtiden i sikte, medan Liberalerna profilerar sig som ett motståndskraftigt parti med ett tydligt fokus på liberalism. Båda partier kommunicerar ideologisk ståndpunkt genom slogans. Liberalerna kommunicerar ett fokus på liberalismen, detta medan Centerpartiet kommunicerar fokus på bakgrunden som agrart parti.

  • Malmstedt, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Den koloniala erfarenheten i svenska och danska läroböcker: Tysthet eller imperium, rasism eller vänner: En kvalitativ läromedelsanalys med utgångspunkt i hermeneutiken och den komparativa metoden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose ofthis study is to examine how Sweden and Denmark explain their colonial experience in textbooks. A comparison will be made between Sweden’s colonization of Sápmi and treatment of Samer, and Denmark’s colonization of Greenland and treatment of Innuits. To conduct this study a comparative method was utilized, as well as hermeneutic theory which was used to try to understand how the countries explain their colonial experience. The theory applied for this topic was selective traditions in a textbook perspective. The results show that Sweden tones down their colonial experience, and the textbooks differ a lot in (if) and (how) they mention Sweden’s experience. The colonization of Sápmi is toned down as well as the treatment of Samer in books written before the new curriculum. The textbooks written after the new curriculum present a less toned down version of Sweden ́s treatment of Samer. This change is due to changes in society, as Samer have gained a lot more rights in Swedish society, which can be seen in Swedish textbooks. Denmark does not hide their colonial experiences, and the books also have more consensus in their description of Denmark’s colonial experience. The books before the new curriculum describe Denmark’s colonial experience as proof of the greatness of Denmark’s past. The books after the new curriculum describe Denmark’s colonial experience in the perspective of slave trade. Slave trade was one of the 29 canon points that entered the Danish curriculum, which could have influenced the Danish textbooks. Denmark’s textbooks often describe Denmark as a “good” colonial country, and the textbooks do not describe the treatment of Innuits, which could be explained by that, Denmark’s treatment of Innuits does not match with Denmark’s national image.

  • Lockner, Adam
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Nutidens Kina i Sverige: En läromedelsanalys av Kinas nutidshistoria i svenska läroböcker för ämnet historia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka vilka bilder av det nutida Kina, och vilket historiebruk som förmedlas i sju svenska läroböcker för gymnasieskolans historieämne. Detta görs genom en kvalitativ text- och bildanalys som delas in i två delar; en orientalistisk diskursanalys om skapandet av “den andre” utifrån Hägerdals två teoretiska begrepp Exotism, i denna undersökning kallad “Den andre”, och Positionell överlägsenhet, samt Klas-Göran Karlssons historiebrukstypologi. Urvalet av böcker sker genom att de sju vanligast förekommande läroböckerna i kursen historia 1b valts ut. Resultatet visar att traditionella bilder av Kina lever kvar i form av synen på Kina som ett hot, ett land med starka kontraster, tudelad fascination och fruktan, att man bedöms efter den västerländska världens utveckling, och som beroende av stimulans från västvärlden för att kunna utvecklas som land. Undersökningen visar att det moraliska och ideologiska, tillsammans med det existentiella, historiebruket dominerar i läroböckerna.

  • Segerfalk, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Juhlin, Paula
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ett givande och tagande: En kvalitativ studie om idrottsföreningars och företags samarbeten kring sponsring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sports in Sweden has become increasingly commercialized in order to compete with other associations and are thereby in need of capital. Companies often have the capital that the sport clubs are in need of and can through using the sports as a platform reach out to new or broader target groups. The purpose of this study is to see what the companies main interests are in sponsorship cooperation and whether there are tensions that lead to conflicts of interest.

    Our empirical material was collected using semi-structured interviews with six different respondents. We interviewed three different sports clubs and three corporations that are sponsoring these sports clubs. We have also used two descriptive theories, new institutional theory and the actor perspectivethat will help us understand what interest and tensions may possibly arise in a sponsorship collaboration between a company and sports clubs. The result we found showed that the sport clubs youth section was a major motivational factor for companies to sponsor sport clubs. Through them, they can reach a large target group of people and in this way strengthened their brand. The level of commitment regarding the sport clubs societal involvement are crucial for companies when considering sponsorship, it creates legitimacy for the companies and a better platform to strengthen their brand. The greatest interest of the sport clubs is to increase the quality of youth activities.

    The conclusions drawn are that the sport clubs must develop their knowledge about how they can communicate with the companies in order to strengthen their position in negotiations. If they can connect their business to the sustainability goals many companies need to achieve, they have come a long way. Those tensions that exist in contractnegotiations, managing of where the capital is being placed and how negative publicity amongst the companies or the sport club are handled to avoid leading to conflict, they should communicate and follow the agreement that has been written. However, the position of power can easily shift during critical times, which in turn affects the actors position in negotiations.

  • Homanen, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karlsson, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kunskapsskillnaderna mellan IT och Redovisning och dess påverkan på redovisningsdatakvalitet: en kvalitativ studie på ett av de största bemanningsföretagen i Sverige och i världen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inevitable dependence on digitization and IT systems in today's operations and organizations demands the current workforce to increase their IT skills in order to be able to integrate and communicate with new computer systems for a more efficient business. It is equally important for financial accountants who’s responsible for the business’s financial reporting, since they must be able to ensure that the accounting data produced and delivered using IT is correct and of high quality. The lack of IT skills can increase the risk of errors in accounting data not detected and thus further affect the accounting data quality. This in turn risks affecting the accounting quality in the final financial reporting. The communication between the departments could also suffer due to the knowledge gaps between them that could make it difficult to understand each other.The aim of the study is to contribute with knowledge about how the differences in knowledge can affect the work in ensuring accounting data quality and give insight into how this work can be realized in practice. With the help of previous research, an analysis model was developed that illustrates identified factors and their influence on accounting data quality; knowledge gaps → internal control → accounting data quality.The study applies an instrumental case study with a qualitative research approach. Two focus group interviews were conducted on two different occasions with respondents from the accounting department and the IT department, both from the same company. Data was transcribed and coded using color coding to clarify the factors that form the basis of the analysis model. A survey was conducted with the other employees to complement and confirm the results found from the interviews.The result of the study showed that the differences in knowledge have little or no direct impact on accounting data quality, but rather affect the internal control, based on external factors that came into light during the analysis of the result. A revised analysis model was developed based on the result and replaced the initial hypothetical model.

  • Stamos, Elefteria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mogos, Sweet
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The Road to Japan: En studie om etableringsstrategier för svenska företag2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Japan is one of Sweden’s largest export markets with 127 million consumers and an interesting market for Swedish companies. The Japanese market has many obstacles and challenges and has previously been restrictive to foreign companies. Swedish SMEs usually have less capital and resources than large companies which can affect their choice of establishment strategies as well as the obstacles and challenges they encounter.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the entry strategies that Swedish companies can use to do business in Japan. Methodology: In this study, a qualitative method was used in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with a total of six informants. The interviews were conducted with three companies operating in Japan. The other three interviews were with a university lecturer and state / semi-governmental organizations.

    Conclusions: Obstacles that emerged in this study are non-tariff barriers such as complicated administrative procedures and laws and regulations, understanding of the Japanese business environment and high consumer demands. Challenges that have emerged are the Japanese language, high operational costs, the intensity of competition (mainly in the B2B-market), as well as long-term relationships and trust that take a long time to build. Origin and networks are something that should be taken into account as they can facilitate the entry in the Japanese market. Swedish origin is something that is appreciated in Japan and networks can help to utilize local knowledge and experience. Entry strategies that Swedish companies can use in Japan are direct or cooperative exports and intermediate modes such as joint venture. These entry strategies respect values such as trust and long-term relationships, which are essential for doing business in Japan.

  • Lundell, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Den olydiga kroppens politik: en feministisk studie av förkroppsligat motstånd i utomparlamentariska vänsterrörelser2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the body as an agent of political change as well as embodied aspects of political resistance. It analyses the experience of activists of the extraparliamentary left through the lens of feminist theories on resistance and embodiment. The empirical material draws upon ethnographic field work carried out through a combination of five in-depth interviews and two focus group interviews. The material is analyzed through Barbara Sutton’s conceptualization of embodied resistance and Sara Ahmed’s queer phenomenology. This perspective is advanced by the collective dimension of resistance offered by Judith Butler’s performative theory of assembly and Mona Lilja’s combination this theory and Sara Ahmed’s affective economy. Except from developing phenomenology of resistance, the thesis offers a reading of extraparliamentary action as “queer politics” or an embodied way of questioning “politics as usual”. The motivation behind the respondents’ activism is construed in terms of longing for another potential future than the one offered by parliamentary politics. The study shows that the practice of showing up and appearing in the wrong place can be a powerful form of resistance. The experience of appearing together and of dealing with repression is reported to be a cohesive force uniting individual activists into a social movement or a “body of bodies”. This collective body needs continuous care in order to be resilient and in order to be able to embody the kind equality the activists wish to see in the future.

  • Lissborg, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Demokrati och Demagogi: En studie om demagogisk retorik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since the dawn of democracy, its very existence has been threatened by people whose intention has been to exploit the system to gain all power for themselves. These antagonists are called demagogues. By 2018 accusations about demagoguery and demagogic rhetoric are directed at many world leaders, not least US President Donald Trump. But what does such an allegation really mean? The existing research on demagogic rhetoric lacks a distinct framework for what is included in the concept, which undermines the meaning of these statements. This essay aims at investigating which rhetorical topics characterize demagoguery and, by doing this, expand the theory of demagogic rhetoric. A new methodology consisting of six topics is introduced, and its analytical potential is tested by an analysis of Donald Trump. The result of the analysis both shows that the president’s rhetoric repeatedly reflects the six topics, and that the new methodology works well to analyse demagogic rhetoric. This essay shows how social and political circumstances, for example political instability, can favour demagogues, and furthermore, it shines a light on the crucial consequences that demagoguery potentially can have on democratic society. Finally, the essay highlights the importance of increased understanding of demagoguery to protect and strengthen the democratic society, and suggests that this understanding can increase partly through research on demagogic rhetoric.

  • Rönnholm, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lindström, Jesper
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Konsumentinsikt på ölmarknaden: En kvalitativ studie om köpbeslut och uppfattning av autenticitet bland konsumenter av hantverksöl2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade microbreweries have been steadily gaining market share from the large national and international beer breweries. However, despite a growing market the current state is not ideal for most brands seeking to expand their operation. For instance, the market is characterized by fragmentation and there is a widespread agreement that consumers are enchanted by novelty. Still, little is know about the craft beer consumer. As previous research conclude that consumption of craft products is closely associated with the search for authenticity two critical questions emerge in terms customer insight. Why do consumers choose a specific craft beer brand? What influences a consumer to ascribe authenticity to a craft beer brand? A qualitative study was conducted to address these questions. Based on the analysis of the results the consumption is catalysed by an interworking process of taste, socio-cultural and psycho-transformative needs. The choice of brand is strongly influenced by quality, social stimuli and exogenous variables such as taste and self-congruity. A sense of local identity tends to evoke strong self-congruity effects. Variables underpinning authenticity includes a mixture of properties such as quality, values, brand heritage. While respondents draw on both indexical and icon cues to base judgements, iconic cues tends to generate strong effects in first encounter with brands. Finally, credibility in all forms is shown to be crucial in order to sustain an authentic impression as a Swedish craft beer brand.

  • Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    To die well: the phenomenology of suffering and end of life ethics2019In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents an account of suffering as a multi-level phenomenon based on concepts such as mood, being-in-the-world and core life value. This phenomenological account will better allow us to evaluate the hardships associated with dying and thereby assist health care professionals in helping persons to die in the best possible manner. Suffering consists not only in physical pain but in being unable to do basic things that are considered to bestow meaning on one's life. The suffering can also be related to no longer being able to be the person one wants to be in the eyes of others, to losing one's dignity and identity. These three types of suffering become articulated by a narrative that holds together and bestows meaning on the whole life and identity of the dying person. In the encounter with the patient, the health-care professional attempts to understand the suffering-experience of the patient in an empathic and dialogic manner, in addition to exploring what has gone wrong in the patient's body. Matters of physician assisted suicide and/or euthanasia-if it should be legalized and if so under which conditions-need to be addressed by understanding the different levels of human suffering and its positive counterpart, human flourishing, rather than stressing the respect for patient autonomy and no-harm principles, only. In this phenomenological analysis the notions of vulnerability and togetherness, ultimately connecting to the political-philosophical issues of how we live together and take care of each other in a community, need to be scrutinized.

  • Ryberg, Carina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Utan tvivel är man inte klok: En vetenskaplig essä där jag uppmärksammar och undersöker tvivlet som jag uppleveri min profession som förskollärare2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working at preschool is not always easy. Meetings between different people, the ability to weigh and assess situations, analyze documentation, have scientific knowledge and, not least, be able to lead a careful and educational teaching that gives all children the conditions to meet curriculum goals are some of the demands placed on us working in preschool. The method I have used is to write a scientific essay. But I have also performed participatory observations of two different teams during their pedagogical reflection time. The observations have taken place at two different preschools. My own story is presented together with other educators' stories that I take part of through participatory observation. I examine our thoughts about preschool teaching through conversations, reflection and literature. My essy investigates the doubt that I experience in my profession as a preschool teacher. In this essay, doubt for me means a sense of uncertainty how to interpret and perform my assignment as a preschool teacher. I start from my own perceived contradiction between the administrative documentation responsibility for individual children as the preschool teacher profession entails and my practical knowledge. The essay investigates four main questions: How can I understand, and interpret the doubt as I experience in my role as a preschool teacher? How can deal with to the perceived contradiction between the documentation obligation that I have as a preschool teacher and the practical knowledge? What difference makes documentation for an individual child? How can an individual child´s changed knowledge be made visible in the documentation tool for systematic quality work without it being personal or knowledge assessments? The study's conclusion is, in a way, two-dimensional because it shows my personal journey in new knowledge add new perspectives that awaken new thoughts to me. The survey also shows a fundamental crash between Reggio Emilia's thoughts on pedagogical documentation and the Swedish curriculum where individual children's changed knowledge should be made visible in documentation. The investigation also points out that we live in a documentation culture where continuous registration of what we do is important, otherwise there is no.

  • Runeson, Dag
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    "Afgudabilder eller "Guds son"?: Om egyptomani och exotisering av fornegyptisk kultur i svensk press 1830-18702019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ghebresus, Semhar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Luzze, Sauda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The quality of institutions and economic growth in Africa?: An empirical analysis of the relationship between quality of institutions and economic growth in Africa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Africa is one of the richest continents on the planet in terms of natural resources, but has the highest poverty rate, fastest growing population and includes many of the world ́s most corrupt countries.

    There is an ongoing discussion if the quality of institutions affects economic growth, and the applicability of economic institutional theory to the African continent. North and Thomas (1973) argues that indicators such as education innovation, capital accumulation, etc. are not causes of growth itself but rather the growth itself. Instead they suggest that economic institutions are the fundamental reason behind economic growth, since they allow new ideas, and firms and stakeholders to exist in the market. Our research question therefore examines if the quality of institutions can explain the rate of economic growth in Africa?

    In this study we used a panel data analysis based on 12 variables including, GDP per capita growth, Rule of Law, Control of corruption, Voice and Accountability, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Education, Population, Foreign Direct Investment, Gross Capital Formation as well as initial GDP, between year 2003-2017, to examine the relationship between economic performance and institutional quality in 50 African countries. Our results showed that six out of our six institutional variables had a positive significant effect on economic growth. This supports the theory that institutional quality impacts economic growth.

  • Kalhitmrawe, Malek
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Battlefield 1 i historieundervisningen: Att spela spel med dina elever2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This examination will analyze the possibility of using the game Battlefield 1 while teaching history. Throughout the analysis, Battlefield 1s campaign which is called War Stories will be analyzed together with the introduction of the game which is called Prologue. The analysis of the campaign will be to check how the campaign uses history and what potential historical consciousness can a player of the game obtain. After these two are analyzed, there will be ananalysis on the possibility of using the Prologue and the War Stories while teaching history. In order to analyze the Prologue and the War Stories use of history and historical consciousness, Peter Aronsson and Klas-Göran Karlsson’s theories on how history can be used and their ideas on historical consciousness will be present. A reason for analyzing the Prologue and War Storiesis to see if there is a possibility to use a game that is about World War 1 in the classroom. There are five different War Stories and each one will be analyzed to see how it uses history and if it raises a potential historical consciousness for the player who plays the game. The method for this examination is that the Prologue and the five War Stories will be analyzed through the framework of professor Martin A. Wainwright’s seven thematic units. The Prologue and the War Stories use history in different ways such as an existential way of using history and they raise potential historical awareness on how World War 1 potentially looked like. They also raise knowledge on historical places, figures and weapons such as Lawrence of Arabia and the iconic British tank Mark V. There is a possibility of using the Prologue and War Stories during history lessons, but the main thing for that regards to time and knowledge by the teacher. You have to have time to teach pupils on the game and its mechanics and also the knowledge for how the game is played. This research field regarding videogames and education is not a developed field, and therefore there is a lack of an analysis model for using videogames while teaching. Hopefully, this examination will contribute the research field, so it gets more developed regarding videogames and education.

  • Ledin, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Nyström Höög, Catharina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Uppsala universitet.
    Tønnesson, Johan
    Universitetet i Oslo, Norge.
    Westberg, Gustav
    Örebro universitet.
    Den  multimodala sakprosan2019In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 1-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla sakprosatexter är multimodala, och denna artikel diskuterar relationen mellan sakprosaforskning och multimodalitetsforskning. Artikeln adresserar två frågor: Hur kan forskning om multimodalitet och sakprosa stimulera varandra? och Hur förhåller sig nordisk sakprosaforskning till en vidare multimodal forskningstradition? För att besvara dessa frågor tecknar artikeln multimodalitetstraditionens utveckling samt härleder sakprosabegreppets ursprung. I ljuset av såväl äldre som nutida sakprosaforskning argumenterar artikeln för att sakprosabegreppets multimodala potential huvudsakligen ligger i förledet sak eftersom det riktar ljuset mot textens roll som ett yttrande om verkligheten inom en institution. Således argumenterar artikeln att samspelet mellan verbalspråket och andra semiotiska resurser bör stå i centrum vid studiet av sakprosa, oberoende av om det handlar om ett samspel mellan verbalspråk och t.ex. visuella, rumsliga eller auditiva resurser. Detta pekar slutligen på nödvändigheten i att uppmärksamma hur olika affordanser – dvs. möjligheter och begränsningar – i olika semiotiska material används i olika kontexter. Därmed blir också efterledet prosa relevant, eftersom de riktar uppmärksamheten mot kvaliteter i uttrycket.

  • Nazar, Sandro
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Rohyo, Efrat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Crowdfunding: Ett innovativt finansieringsalternativ: Möjligheter och begränsningar som förekommer i samband med crowdfunding2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small businesses account for most of all Swedish companies on the market. Difficulties for small businesses to seek capital come from the financial crisis 2008. The global crisis resulted in banks not granting loans to small business as often as before, mainly due to the banks asserting small business as high risks. Small businesses sought therefore alternative financing. The purpose of this study is to obtain a deeper understanding of what the opportunities and limitations that the small companies experience with the usage of crowdfunding as a form of financing and why they choose it over traditional financing options such as bank loans. A case study has been implemented in this paper to study small businesses seeking crowdfunding on the Swedish platform Fundedbyme. The research questions have been studied through a qualitative research with semi-structured interviews. Essential theories that were chosen to analyze this subject was information asymmetry, signaling theory, pecking order theory and previous research. In conclusion the study shows that bank loan was considered as an attractive financing alternative for small businesses because they could get larger sums of capital. Further conclusions were that small businesses chose crowdfunding because they received capital and representatives. However, crowdfunding was regarded as restrictive with unclear legislations and regulations in the crowdfunding market. A combination of crowdfunding and traditional financing form was preferred by most of the companies that was interviewed.

  • Frän, Ingela
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Ingela Katarina Frän.
    Att dela helhetssyn: en vetenskaplig essä på jakt efter ett svårfångat begrepp i sjukvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this scientific essay, I examine the concept of the holistic view — as a notion, its historical development in health and medical care, how it is perceived within current research, and from a philosophical perspective. Phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism constitute the philosophical framework and I let these theories go into dialogue with depicted stories from my professional practice as a physiotherapist, and also with my own reflections and past experiences. Health is another concept that I investigate because of its close relationship with wholeness, and also because it is something that man strives towards throughout his life. Since my work is mainly done in meetings with elderly patients, I give extra space to aging and chronic illness as phenomena. The practical wisdom, phronesis, as a form of knowledge, emerges as a basic prerequisite for being able to strive towards a holistic view of an ethically founded quality. Although I will argue that a holistic view is a utopic vision, I conclude that it is still important to strive towards it. The essential part of the holistic approach that emerged, alongside phronesis, I've chosen to call situasyn. The challenge is called NPM.

  • Andersson, Elfrida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Stormaktskonflikt i svenska medier: En kritisk diskursanalys av nyhetsrapporteringen om Irakkriget och Krimkrisen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how two Swedish newspapers, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet, described the US occupation of Iraq (2003) and the Russian annexation of Crimea (2014). The questions examined are: How did DN and SvD form their news report regarding the US occupation of Iraq and the Russian annexation of Crimea? How were the involved countries (The US, Russia, Iraq and Crimea (Ukraine) etc.) portrayed? What kind of ideological messages can be told from the articles? 

    Using the analysis method of Berglez (2019), as well as the method of critical discourse analysis (CDA) by Norman Fairclough (1995), ten news articles from each newspaper were analyzed. Theories used are the Gramscian theory of hegemony, the Bourdieu field theory and framing theory. The study shows that there are differences in how the two interventions were portrayed. The newspapers correspondents appeared to picture the conflicts in a way that may reflect the reporters own view of the conflict. Especially the SvD reporters appeared to be critical of the US war in Iraq. Both newspapers were prone to portraying Russia in a negative way as well as the US as a legitimate power. DN, to a greater extent than SvD, reproduced Russian stereotypes.

  • Neander, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    Måleri och erfarenhet hos Foucault2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the philosopher Michel Foucault’s view of painting as an experience. I study Foucault’s essay on Velázquez’s painting Las Meninas and his lecture on Manet in light of his view that the relation between images and texts, as well as between what can be uttered and what can be seen, are to be understood as symptoms of a variable structure of experience. I explore Foucault’s claim that concepts shape our experience by comparing his descriptions of the beholder’s experience of light and space in these paintings with his theory of representation in The Order of Things. Further, I analyze the specific role of painting in Foucault’s philosophy, as amediator of historical experiences. This study shows that, according to Foucault, the structure dominating both experience and knowledge in the early modern period was predominantly visual. Towards the end of this period images came closer to text, corresponding to a shift in the human sciences towards methods of interpretation rather than visual observation. This can be understood in terms of a new form of sensibility. This thesis challenges the interpretation that Foucault holds there to be a sharp discontinuity in experience by showing how painting, as an experience, transgresses epistemological boundaries. I claim that this experience appears through Foucault’s way of carefully examining and describing a visual experience of an image.

  • Habtu, Besrat
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ahmed, Intisar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The effect of Mercosur on trade: How have Mercosur effected trade between member countries?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines whether there is an effect of the Mercosur free trade agreement on export and import between member countries. The study uses an extended gravity model framework on a panel data between the years 1975 to 2017 for 34 countries, including the member countries. Two different regressions were run using OLS and country fixed effect. A Linder effect was also added to the regressions to further understand the impact on trade. The results show a significantly positive effect of the FTA on imports. The FTA yielded insignificant and significantly negative result for OLS and FEM respectively on exports.       

  • Ljungström, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Nej. Visste inte att det finns hjälp att få därifrån?!: En kvalitativ uppsats angående hur personer som utsatts för sexuellt våld upplever den vård som samhället tillhandahåller2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how people who have been subjected to sexual violence experience the help, support and care that society provides. The purpose is to look at this from a gender perspective to examine how conceptions of sexuality and gender affect the possibility of help, support and care. The essay's empirical material consists of two qualitative sub-studies. The first sub-study was conducted using a survey via Google form that was distributed on social media, in which 89 people responded. The second sub-study aims to provide a deeper understanding of the chosen topic and the empirical data is collected through e-mail contact with the people who in the previous sub-study agreed to in-depth interviews. To analyze this empiricism the following theories and concepts are used: Pierre Bourdieu's (2004) theory of symbolic violence, Simone de Beauvoir's (2017) theory of the second sex and Erving Goffman's (2011) concept of stigma. The result highlights how conceptions of sexuality and gender result in patriarchal structures, which affect the vulnerable at several levels when it comes to seeking and accessing help, support and care. The result also shows that Social Services, in this context, are perceived as invisible and that the majority of the respondents choose not to request support from them. In addition to this, the result shows that good skills and good care are the key to the victim being assisted by support and care.

  • Sohl, Alexander
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bergholm, Tim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Finansiering av startup - Den traditionella eller nya vägen?: En jämförelse mellan crowdfunding och traditionella finansieringsmetoder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding as it looks today has had rapid growth in popularity as a financing alternative for start-ups. By seeking capital from a large number of private investors who will invest a smaller amount of money, the financing market has changed and access to capital has increased. This study has made a comparison between the different funding options.

    The aim of this study is to compare the development of companies financed by crowdfunding against companies traditionally financed to evaluate which approach is the strongest. Furthermore, the authors intend to identify risks with crowdfunding and to observe trends.

    The study has been conducted through a quantitative method with a deductive approach where the data is collected mostly from the companies annual reports.

    The result of the study shows that the companies that are traditionally financed have a higher level of sales and sales growth. One trend that the study has shown is that after the company's first two years, sales, sales growth and operating profit from companies financed through crowdfunding begin to decline.

  • Masembe, Melissa
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    The effectiveness of the Stockholm needle exchange programme: Does the Stockholm needle exchange programme control HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C in intravenous drug users?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    The needle exchange programme (NEP) started in Sweden in 1986 in Lund and shortly after in Malmo. The first NEP in Stockholm opened in spring 2013. The NEP is a service aimed at intravenous drug users (IDU) from 18 years old, with a goal of preventing the blood borne diseases, such as HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV), and Hepatitis C (HCV). With the on going HIV and Hepatitis epidemics, numerous countries around the world have adopted control strategies, such as the NEP to halt the spread of HIV, HBV, and HCV. The objective of this study was to examine if the needle exchange programme has decreased the incidence of HIV, HBV, and HCV in Sweden over a six-year period. 

    METHODS:

    Data for incidence and prevalence was extracted from the yearly reports of the Stockholm’s needle exchange programme from 2013 to 2018 and the yearly reports of the public health agency in Sweden from 2013 to 2018. The data was collected for Stockholm, and compared to Västra Götaland, and the whole of Sweden.

    RESULTS:

    The incidence of HIV was zero in 2013 and 2015 in the NEP. The incidence of HBV decreased to zero in 2013 in the NEP. There is an increased incidence of HCV in the NEP.

    CONCLUSION:

    The NEP has a protective effect through its combination of needle exchange, opiate substitute therapy, counselling, and vaccinations in reducing and stabilising incidences of the infections, in some instances to zero, as well as providing surveillance and treating infections.

  • Wener, Louise
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mardini, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    För mycket transparens?: En kvalitativ studie gällande införandet av Markets in Financial Instruments II och bankaktörers upplevda påverkan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was carried out with the aim of investigating the impact on Swedish banks during and after the introduction of the directive Market in financial instruments (MiFID) II transparency requirements. After regular shortcomings in the financial market, the new directive was designed to strengthen the transparency for all actors. The problem is the possible risks arising from increased transparency requirements and how banks act and how the asymmetric information is affected on the market between consumers and companies.

    The study is of qualitative art and the primary source consists of interviews with selected actors in the Swedish banking market. The result showed that respondents felt that a limit of transparency does not exist and that transparency can not be too much. With the new transparency directive, a positive effect on market quality was seen as increased demands led to higher discipline and thereby reduced asymmetric information.However, the theory confirms that the public can be flooded with too much information, which in turn creates uncertainty for the consumer. Studies showed that the majority of respondents felt positive about the increased transparency requirements and saw great opportunities even though risks were found.

  • Nordström, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Åström, Konstantin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Har kultur en inverkan på investeringsbeteende?: En kvantitativ jämförandestudie mellan svenska och spanska investerare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural Finance is a relatively new research area that highlights that culture can be a critical factor in explaining the investment behavior of individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether culture can be an explanatory factor for individuals' investment behavior.

    A comparative study was conducted in which Swedish (n = 124) and Spanish (n = 109) investors were surveyed. The study was based on quantitative questionnaires published in forums focusing on investments. The results were analyzed using a Mann Whitney U test in SPSS version 1.0.0.1275 to test whether differences in investment behavior between Sweden and Spain can be discerned. The results showed that it was possible to discern differences in investment behavior in risk-taking and individuals' reluctance to lose money and that these differences may be due to culture.

  • Hegardt, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Better Red than Dead – Remembering Cold War Sweden2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 31-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Turunen, Jaakko
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Brandell, Inga
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Politics and Talk: the Final Debate in the 2018 Swedish Elections2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 415-427Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Lane, Tora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Totalitarianism and the Experience of Experience2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 323-330Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Bydler, Charlotte
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Postsocialist Bakhtin Burlesque: Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries performing 'Cunnilingus in North Korea'2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 213-229Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Edvinsson, Charlotta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Where the hell is global warming when you need it?": En idéanalys av Donald Trumps klimatskeptiscim2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have shown that skepticism about human-caused climate change has increased among people in Europe and the United States. Researchers have tried to examine the causes behind this trend. What some of the studies have found is that there could be connectivity between populistic and nationalistic ideologies and climate skepticism. The purpose of this study has been to, through an idea analysis, examine the American president Donald Trump to see what type of climate sceptic he is according to the typology created by Rahmstorf. Furthermore, the study seeks to understand if the scepticism could be linked to the theories of populism and nationalism. The study is based on interviews done by newspapers and tv-shows but also tweets written by Trump. The study found that Trump’s climate scepticism could be classified into all of Rhamstorf’s different levels of skepticism. It also found that Trump’s argumentation in the interviews and in his tweets could, in accordance with earlier research, be linked to populism and nationalism.

  • Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    The Rhythm of Time2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 153-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Kleberg, Lars
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Chance Encounter in Bad Nauheim2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 67-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Habib, Amad
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Larsson, Emil
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Januarieffekten ineffektivt, vinstmöjlighet eller skröna?: En empirisk studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digitization of the economy of the last 30 years have incited big social and economic changes, but also fundamentally changed the way the global stock trade is conducted. Now ordinary people have the ability to trade in stocks and try to beat the market. This increase in the activity on the stock market has given way to new investments strategies that challenge the theories of old, such as the effective market hypothesis (EMH) and the theory of random walk. These theories state that the way the stock market index moves cannot be predicted with any meaningful degree of success. That is investors should not be able to beat the average rate of return of the average portfolio or in other words accumulate excess return. According to EMH the way the market moves cannot be predicted because the market consists of perfectly rational individuals and perfect information. In extension this would mean that trends or patterns should not reoccur or be identified in the stock market. Despite this it has been shown that this is not the case and that anomalies and calendar effects are present on the stock market. Of all the different anomalies, it is the January effect that is arguably the strongest and most reoccurring phenomenon. The January effect is mainly identified through a dip in the month of December and a strong resurgence in January. This thesis aims to investigate the January effect and if it still exists in the Swedish stock market.

    The empirical analysis showed that the effect can be observed between the years 1949-2019, but that this relationship does not hold for some subperiods, namely between 1985-2019. These results are not in accordance with previous studies since our results indicate that the January effect cannot be observed since the 1980s. However, we hold that our results are inconclusive and further investigation is needed to be able to confirm or reject the January effect as an economic phenomenon in a modern Swedish context

  • Lindgren, Lydia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nilsson, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Motivationsfaktorer i privatrådgivarens dagliga arbete: En kvalitativ fallstudie inom bankbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet motivation är ett omdiskuterat och intressant ämne med tanke på att det finns många olika motivationsmodeller och teorier. Arbetsmotivation anses centralt för att förstå individuellt samt organisatoriskt beteende och på så vis viktigt för ett företags verksamhet.

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka motivation hos privatrådgivare i bankbranschen genom inreyttre- och interaktiva motivationsteorier. Studien syftar även till att undersöka om de finns en målkonflikt mellan de olika teorierna av motivation. Empirin har i huvudsak samlats in genom en kvalitativ forskningsmetod, med fem stycken intervjuer som alla har ägt rum på Nordeas kontor i Solna. Det har också utförts en kompletterande kvantitativ forskningsmetod för att förbättra tolkningen av resultatet.

    Den teoretiska referensramen innehåller Herzbergs tvåfaktorteori med hygien- och motivationsfaktorer, Self Determination Theory (SDT), de inre- yttre och interaktiva motivationsteorierna, en tidigare studie om arbetsmotivation inom bankbranschen samt en sammankoppling mellan de olika teorierna.

    Studiens resultat visar att den inre motivationsteorin är den mest centrala. Om den anställda inte upplever sig utföra ett meningsfullt arbete så spelar de övriga motivationsfaktorerna mindre eller ingen roll. Gällande målkonflikter visar studien att det inte finns någon målkonflikt mellan den inre- och interaktiva motivationen eller mellan den yttre- och interaktiva motivationen. I motsats till tidigare forskning visar studiens resultat att den yttre motivationen kan påverka den inre motivationen på ett positivt sätt.

  • Schuback, Marcia Sá Cavalcante
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Nelly Sach's Chorus Poetics2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 125-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Holmquist, Isabelle
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Sjöberg, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Wirz, Janina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    It’s so popular, in the middle of nowhere: En studie om säsongsberoende turism i Stockholms skärgård.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze actions which businesses in archipelago environments may use to successfully extend the season.

    Method: A qualitative research method approach has been applied through seven interviews. Completion has been made using secondary data.

    Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework is based on Conceptual approaches to seasonality causation from Goulding (2006) and Influences on patterns of tourism seasonalityby Butler (2001).

    Empericism: The empericism consists of four open interviews and three semistructured interviews conducted with representatives from different lodging businesses in the archipelago. Charts consisting information about the referred islands complete the interviews. 

    Conclusions: Businesses in Stockholm archipelago are dependent on natural and institutional factors such as weather, bank holidays and travel habits. Stockholm archipelago is especially attractive to visitors during the summer. Lodging businesses therefore experience a dramatic reduction in the number of visitors during the off-season. The available range is limited to the summer season when several activities are dependant on weather conditions, but some businesses show that they try to find other attractions during the low season to keep up with the declining number of visitors. The actions that the businesses take is mainly focused on increasing growth during the summer season and they are  generally not actively working to extend the seasons. Results show that the greatest limitations that the businesses face in Stockholm archipelago are staff shortages, natural causes and public transport limitations. That is, the extension of seasons being limited as the businesses mainly invest in the summer season, which in turn may lead to sustainability issues.

  • Landqvist, Mats
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Drawing the Line between Sick and Healthy: Normality Constructions in Health Communication Contexts.2019In: Health Communication, ISSN 1041-0236, E-ISSN 1532-7027, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine how traditional views of normality are negotiated, indorsed and resisted when talking about children with heart defects. Having as a starting point an ethnographic project that aimed to study knowledge construction when being pregnant or having a child with a heart defect, we focus on argumentation put forward by clinicians and parents in order to understand the forms that normality takes in relation to children's health and illness and the way that it is constructed argumentatively and linguistically. More specifically, we draw data from recorded doctor-patient consultations, ethnographic interviews and entries from family blogs and forums and focus on those instances where normality is negotiated as a means of providing a medical consultation or of taking and motivating decisions about the child's health and everyday life. The analysis is conducted by identifying content and logical topics in the data and showing how constructions of normality and alternative conceptions are constructed in discourse. Discourses are additionally related to discursive, semiotic framing and the realization of norms. Our results highlight a duality that is being painted both in the clinicians and in the parents' discourse when negotiating the illness and the accompanying risks in the child's everyday life. Some of the traditional norms being re-constructed and re-negotiated in the data are those of stigmatization, diversity, responsibility and freedom of choice.