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  • Pettersson, Robert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Disayabuttra, Pavinee
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Komponentavskrivning enligt K3: En kvalitativ studie om tillämpning av komponentavskrivning i svenska fjärrvärmeföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purposes: The main purpose of the study is to gain understanding of how district heating companies divide their tangible assets into components. The second purpose is to explain how the district heating companies qualitatively processed the new component depreciation method and also be able to reflect what challenges the companies faced during implementation.

    Method: This study was based on qualitative telephone interviews and a document review of the companies' financial statements.

    Theory: The study is based on institutional theory, relevant scientific articles as well as laws and standards that companies are subject to.

    Empirics: Empirical part consists of document review from financial statementsand interviews with eleven different district heating companies.

    Conclusions: The study shows that the implicating the component method requires extensive cooperation between the economic and technical function.Problem areas that is rendered are older assets as well as collaborationswith turnkeys. Most companies have divided the components based on its function.

  • Forsman, Evelina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Gulbrandsen, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vi måste prata om samverkan: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas uppfattningar av hinder och förutsättningar för samverkan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to contribute to increased knowledge of how collaboration between social services, schools and health centers works and can be improved in the work with children and youths with mental illness. This study focuses on the obstacles and opportunities that according to professionals often arises when different areas of the field collaborate. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, six qualitative interviews were conducted with professionals who are currently employed within each organization. The empirical data was analyzed using a theoretical framework that consists of the followingtheoretical concepts:collaboration, knowledge and explanation factors, formal and informal rules, organizational situation, external and internal conditions, opportunities for collaboraton and multidiciplinary teams. The results of this study indicates that the professionals interpret that obstacles and opportunities for collaboration occurs on both a structural and individual level. There is an awareness of how and why obstacles are created, but according to the professionals there is a lack of personal contact and communication between the organisations, which is needed to get a better understanding of each other's work and responsibilities. Having a discussion about collaboration is, according to the professionals, central for them to be able to provide children and youths with mental illness the optimal support and assistance that they may require

  • Andraos, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mohammadi Pouri, Reza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Financial Fair Play: Regleringens påverkan på konkurrensbalansen i engelsk fotboll2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 2012 har UEFA implementerat ett nytt regelverk vid namn Financial Fair Play, där klubblag måste följa denna reglering för att kunna delta i UEFA:s två största turneringar (Champions League och UEFA Europa League). Den större vikten av regleringen har lagts på en regel vid namn break-even rule som innebär att de relevanta kostnaderna inte får överstiga de relevanta intäkterna. Syftet med denna reglering är att förbättra den ekonomiska ställningen inom Europeisk fotboll, samt förbättra konkurrensbalansen i de olika ligorna.   

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka vilken ekonomisk effekt regleringen haft på fotbollsklubbar i den engelska högstaligan. Vidare är syftet att granska hur klubbarna förhållt sig till Financial fair play och hur klubbarna klarat implementeringen, detta för att se om klubbarna har stärkt deras position i hierarkin och hur konkurrensbalansen i ligan har påverkats.

    En analys av ekonomiska rapporter har genomförts för de klubblag som deltagit i den Engelska Premier League säsongerna 2005/2006-2014/2015. Den totala populationen för studien blev 36 lag. En totalundersökning har gjorts där studien använt sig av beräkningar som Herfindahl-Hirschman Index, C5 Ratio och Pearsons korrelationskoefficient.

    Studien har utgått ifrån regleringsteorin public interest theory, den nyinstitutionella teorin med fokus på den tvingande isomorfismen samt contest theory model för att kunna ge svar på studiens frågeställning.

    Det kan konstateras att lagen i Premier League förbättrat deras ekonomiska ställning efter att regleringen sattes i kraft. Break-even kravet har tvingat lag att ta mer hänsyn till ekonomin, detta kan ha i kombination med andra faktorer resulterat i en bättre ekonomisk utveckling. Vidare kan det konstateras att konkurrensbalansen har förbättrats överlag mellan lagen men samtidigt har den försämrats mellan topp fem och resterande, det vill säga konkurrensbalansen mellan lagen under topp fem har förbättrats. Det går dock inte att fastställa om den ekonomiska utvecklingen samt konkurrensbalansen förändring beror just på FFP.

  • Lavonius, Jakob
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Utopi och fetisch: Modets repressiva och utopiska dimensioner hos den sene Walter Benjamin med utgångspunkt i hans historiefilosofi2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Fashion is the eternal recurrence of the new. Are there nevertheless motifs of redemption precisely in fashion?” This question, left unanswered in Walter Benjamin’s late text “Central Park”, is the point of departure for this thesis. Benjamin is both adamant and explicit in his critique of fashion’s alienating influence on the collective, but despite this he seems at times to ascribe to it some kind of revolutionary potential. The most well-known instance of this is the 14th thesis of “Theses on the Concept of History”. There, Benjamin compares the ”tiger’s leap” of sartorial citation to the historical leap of the Marxist revolution. Employing Benjamin’s philosophy of history as a theoretical framework, this thesis examines the roles ascribed to fashion in The Arcades Project, in order to elaborate on its political potential in Benjamin’s late thinking, as well as to understand this potential in light of Benjamin’s critique of fashion as fetishism and phantasmagoria. 

  • Zlatkos, Isabella
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barnet, pedagogen och den fria leken.: En intervjustudie om pedagogers syn på den fria leken i förskoleverksamheten och dess betydelse för barnet2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following is a study into the importance of "free play". Through interviews- and study into research in child psychology and different theories of interaction I aim to reach a conclusion as to whether the occurrence of "free play" has a fundamental importance in the development of the preschool child. Interviews have been formed to address the adult reflections in relation to play, and addresses the views and opinions as to what extent the adult should merely supervise or partake and thus steer the outcome of play. A question is also formed to determine the omni-importance of play. The interviews have been conducted with 6 adults responsible for children in pre-school institutions. The interviewees are employed at three separate locations. The study looks into several theoretical perspectives and thus also draws its conclusions from these. The perspectives and research are studied under method, and comparison of answers are noted in results and analysis. The most important outcome of the study is that all are in agreeance that play has a huge importance to the children's both physical and social development, thus enabling the child for future engagements in adulthood.

  • Bergman, Oskar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Viktor
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ser inte skogen för alla träd: En studie om skogsbolags regelefterlevnad2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: 1990 the work begun to create a common framework for forestry and agriculture. 2001 the work resulted in IAS 41 made by IASB. The major change from going from national rules to IAS 41 was that assets and liabilities needed to be calculated to fair value instead of historical cost. The rules to compute fair value is complicated and therefore 2010 IASB released IFRS 13 to harmonize the how companies computed fair value. It is through the company’s annual report that they show compliance with IAS 41 and IFRS 13.By doing a comparative study of several countries that report according to IFRS, the purpose of the study is to extend the field of research for forestry companies that reports according to IAS 41 and the new standard IFRS 13. To answer the purpose, we examine if there are any differences in compliance between forestry companies in different countries and what any differences can be caused by. We designed two questions to answer the goal of this study.

    • How are the compliance with the disclosure requirements in IAS 41 and IFRS 13.
    • Have company-specific factors any correlation with compliance.

    Theory: There are a multitude of possibly explanations on why a company choose to comply or not comply with disclosure requirements. This study examines the intensity of supervisory body. A measurement made designed by Jackson and Roe (2009). Jackson and Roe (2009) argue that with a higher budget and a greater amount of staff the organization can investigate more accusations, prevent and punish non-compliance. In theory an authority that is more active will provided higher quality of the financial reports. Carvajaland Elliot (2009) also argue that non-compliance is an important issue because the credibility of financial markets relies on effective discipline and real consequences on non-compliance. If a supervisory body is passive and non-compliance does not lead to any consequences it can erode the credibility in financial markets.

    Method: The study is a comparative investigation on compliance of IAS 41 and IFRS 13. The study selection are 17 forestry companies from four different nations. We have developed two interpretations guides to help us determine if a company comply with IAS 41 and IFRS 13. This data is then computed to a disclosure index there every fulfilled disclosure is divided by all possibly disclosures. Then we tested if there were a difference in mean compliance between the four nations with an Anova-test. Lastly we tested if there were a correlation between our hypothesis and compliance with a t-test.

    Results: The study could not find a statistical significant difference between compliance and the four nations nor could we find a correlation between our hypothesis and compliance.

  • Jibro, Pierre
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Masso, Jennifer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    K-regelverken: En kvalitativ studie om vilka faktorer som påverkat mindre fastighetsföretag vid valet mellan K2 och K32015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund & problem: Det senaste årtiondet har medfört stora förändringar i redovisningen. Nya regelverk har trätt fram. K2 och K3 är regelverk som många fastighetsföretag har fått välja mellan inför räkenskapsåret 2014. Eftersom K-regelverken har olika regler och principer måste företag välja det regelverk som passar dem bäst. K2 framhålls som ett mer regelbaserat regelverk, medan K3 framhålls som ett principbaserat regelverk. Det har pratats mycket om att komponentredovisning har spelat en stor faktor i valet mellan K-regelverken. Då olika faktorer påverkar beslutsförfattarna undersöker denna studie vilka faktorer som haft betydelse.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att skapa en ökad förståelse för vilka aspekter som påverkat mindre fastighetsföretag vid val av redovisningsregler vid upprättandet av finansiella rapporter.

    Urval: Tre fastighetsföretag, tre redovisningskonsulter och två revisorer har använts som studieobjekt i denna studie.

    Metod: En kvalitativ metod har tillämpats, där både primär- och sekundär data har använts i form av intervjuer samt böcker och artiklar.

    Slutsatser: Vi har kommit fram till att storleken på företaget, externa intressenter, kostnadsfrågan, revisorn/redovisningsekonomerna, effektivitet och framför allt komponentmetoden haft störst påverkan vid valet mellan K2 och K3.

  • Mohdar, Anna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Systematiskt kvalitetsarbete i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares erfarenheter av systematiskt kvalitetsarbete i praktiken2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens övergripande syfte var att undersöka hur systematiskt kvalitetsarbete i förskolan genomförs och få en djupare förståelse för förskollärares upplevelser och erfarenhet av systematiskt kvalitetsarbete i förskolan. Fem förskollärare från fem olika förskolor deltog i studien. I studien har en kvalitativ metod använts där semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts. Det teoretiska perspektivet är baserat på socialkonstruktionism. Resultatet visar att enligt förskollärarnas uppfattning är idén och intentionen med systematiskt kvalitetsarbete god men de upplever det svårt att genomföra i praktiken. Svårigheterna beskrivs bestå i avsaknad av riktlinjer för systematiskt kvalitetsarbete samt brist på tid och kompetens. Studien visar även att förskollärarna använder olika arbetssätt och verktyg i det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet. Utifrån förskollärarnas erfarenhet och upplevelse av hur systematiskt kvalitetsarbete bedrivs har de svårt att se hur detta arbete kan leda till verksamhetens utveckling.

  • Majling, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Epiktetos om den cyniska filosofen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines Epictetus' view on Cynic philosophy, as it is being expressed in chapter 22 of the third book of Diatribai ("The Discourses"). The chapter has traditionally been seen as an idealized and deceitful portrait of the Cynic, and has been questioned as an intended justification of stoics and Cynics in the overall view on the history of philosophy. This thesis, however, attempts a different approach on the matter, based upon a thorough discussion regarding the field of research, as well as on different ways to read and understand the text at hand, in order to seek out a view that goes beyond the traditional distinction between practice and theory. The thesis thus challenges the view where the philosophy of Epictetus is seen as an instrumental practice of stoic theory, isolated to the field of ethics.

     

    The reading of the chapter focuses mainly on the philosophical purpose of the text and its intended practice, and finds that much of the stoic ascetic practice is not only taught through instructions, but also performed in the lecture and Epictetus' way of speaking. Epictetus' portrait of the philosophical Cynic is thus understood, not only as an extreme end that serves as an ascetic role-model, but also as a basic archetype of what it actually means to practice a philosophical way of thinking, that is of central importance to Epictetus philosophy. This sheds a new light on both the traditional distinction between stoic theory and practice, and on much of the research performed on the field of stoicism this far, as well as on that of Cynicism.

  • Palo, Lovisa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rustom, Hermona
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    IFRS 16 - Kapitalisering av operationell leasing: Hur påverkas de svenska företagen inom konsumenttjänster?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Österberg, Susanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Den qvinnliga konstnären:: representationer i tidskriften Palettskrap 1877 –19042016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have dedicated this essay in researching the journal Palettskrap founded by students at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in 1877. Palettskrap consists of notes, protocols and a variety of images such as portraits, illustrations and satirical cartoons. My purpose has specifically been to see how the conflict of the woman artist is articulated during the late 1800's in a student journal such as Palettskrap, and also more generally, how the woman's role in society is articulated. I have primarily analyzed images but I have also exposed text from Palettskrap which has been relevant to my subject matter. By using Roland Barthes' semiotics, I have analyzed the images' expression and message. For a gender-sensitive and critical eye on the art historical context, I have applied feminist theory which has been useful in deconstructing the masculine myth on modernism and ”the artist”. My research shows that there are two established stereotypes/categories of the woman artist: the ”unwomanly” artist and the ”amateur”. These two stereotypes reflect the bourgeois notions of womanhood/femininity as incompatible with the role of the artist.

  • Afram, Viktorija
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Srdic, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Faktorer som påverkar goodwillnedskrivningen i svenska börsnoterade bolag: En kvantitativ studie inom IT- och telekombranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve harmonization and create a conformity of accounting standards in the European countries, the European Parliament in 2002 applied IASB standards and IFRS became mandatory regulations for listed companies in the EU from January 2005. Preparation of financial statements in accordance with a common and internationally accepted regulations would facilitate investors to evaluate companies in different countries. The introduction of IFRS in 2005 has meant that goodwill and other intangible assets are no longer amortized, but instead are tested annually for impairment, in line with IAS 36. Previous research has shown that there are difficulties with the implementation of IAS 36 since IFRS has been adopted as regulations for listed companies within the EU. There are no specific rules on how companies should do when they test goodwill for impairment which provides the management greater opportunities to influence the impairment of goodwill. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting goodwill impairment in Swedish listed companies in the IT- and the telecommunications industry. A quantitative method and deductive approach has been used in this study. Data collection was based on the annual reports of listed companies in the IT- and the telecommunications industry on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, NASDAQ OMX during the period 2009–2015. Studies results have shown that there is a significant positive correlation between the change of CEO and goodwill impairment. This result has shown that there is an incentive for management to act in their own interest at the accounting choices and this can give a misleading picture of the company´s financial position.

  • Rosenberg, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hand Hygiene Barriers faced byHealth Care Workers in The Gambia:: A Health Belief Model Approach2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health care associated infections cause major challenges to the provision of health care. This isdue to the burden placed on individuals, their families, and health services. Hand hygiene actions are cost effective measures towards reducing the spread of health care associated infections and have proven very effective in preventing microbial transmission during patient care. It has beenproven that health care workers hands are the main routes of transmission of health care associated infections. Despite this, hand hygiene is still frequently overlooked by health careworkers especially in settings with limited resources. This paper therefore explores hand hygieneknowledge and behaviours of public and private health care workers in The Gambia with focuson the health belief model. The required information has been gathered from 4 public and 2 private health care facilities through the use of a questionnaire based on the WHO evaluation toolkit. Hand hygiene knowledge of health care workers corresponded with their hand hygiene behaviour. Inadequate hand hygiene performance was noted in many health care workers as wellas limited availability of hand hygiene resources from health care facilities. Private health care facilities provided better hand hygiene opportunities for their health care workers yet neither private nor public health care facilities offered adequate hand hygiene training and feedback on hand hygiene performances to their health care workers.

  • Akhmedov, Samir
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Orbring, Gustav
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Medierna och Syrien: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av tre globala mediers rapportering av Syrienkonflikten.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I september 2015 anslöt sig Ryssland som en militär part till kriget i Syrien genom att börja bomba oppositionella styrkor. I samband med detta hamnade Ryssland och USA ännu en gång på motsatta sidor av en militär konflikt, Ryssland stödjer den syriska regimen, samtidigt som USA tillsammans med flera andra länder, däribland Qatar, stödjer oppositionen.

    Vi har valt att avgränsa oss till fem specifika händelser under den pågående Syrienkonflikten och tre mediers rapportering av dessa. Medierna som kommer att undersökas är USA- baserade CNN, Ryssland-baserade RT (f.d. Russia Today) och Qatar-baserade Al-Jazeera. Att undersöka dessa tre konkurrenter är intressant då dessa är bland de största medierna i världen och når därmed miljontals människor med sin information. Dessutom står länderna där medierna är baserade i på olika sidor av den väpnade konflikten. Syftet är att undersöka om rapporteringen har varit allsidig eller tendentiös. Dessutom ska uppsatsen undersöka om rapporteringen är opartisk eller propagandistisk. Artiklarna analyseras med hjälp av en av oss konstruerad undersökningsmodell, som tar avstamp i Lundgren, Ney & Thuréns massmedieretoriska analysmodell, och som kompletterats med kritiska frågor hämtade från Hermans och Chomskys teorier om kritik av internationell krigsrapportering samt kriterier hämtade från den svenske statsvetaren Jörgen Westerståhls forskning om objektivitet och opartiskhet i medierapporteringen.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att RTs och CNNs rapportering till stor del var tendentiös, och innehöll det som Herman & Chomsky kallar för propaganda på nästan alla punkter, samtidigt som de uppfyllde väldigt få av Westerståhls punkter för opartiskhet. Vanligast var att båda medierna hade en stor obalans i användningen av vilken part som får komma till tals. Den tendentiösa rapporteringen kan förklaras genom bristen på förstahandskällor, en stor mängd tendentiösa källor - men även hur CNN och RT finansieras. CNNs kommersiella syften, samt det faktum att RT finansieras av den ryska staten, kan vara faktorer som påverkar rapporteringen. Men Al-Jazeeras rapportering såg dock annorlunda ut. I undersökningen hittades inte en enda artikel där någon propagandapunkt uppnåddes, samtidigt som punkterna för opartisk rapportering till största del uppfylldes. Dessutom visades en helt annan allsidighet i rapporteringen från kanalen.

  • Trygg Monvall, Carin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Vem har rätt till personlig assisans?: En diskursanalys av en proposition och nio domar rörande personlig assistans enligt LSS2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författaren uppmärksammande under hösten 2016 att personer med funktionsnedsättningars

    personliga assistanstimmar minskade helt eller delvis. Studien ämnar därför undersöka hur det

    har skett en diskursiv förskjutning av begreppet personer med funktionsnedsättningar sedan

    LSS blev lag tills idag. Detta görs genom en diskursanalys av LSS propositionen och domar

    från varje årtionde, det vill säga 90-tal, 00-tal och 10-tal som förflutit sedan lagen togs i kraft.

    Resultaten av analysen visar att det skett två diskursiva förskjutningar under de år som LSS

    har funnits, den första angående de grundläggande behoven redan ett par år efter att LSS hade

    trätt i kraft. Den andra stod att hitta i regeringsrättens dom från 2009 där de grundläggande

    behoven drogs till sin spets för att endast gälla krävande och privata behov för personer med

    funktionsnedsättning.

  • Rosenberg, Anna Charlotta
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Overlooking Girls’ Wellbeing: The opportunity cost of education encountered by menstruating schoolgirls in Sub Saharan Africa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Educating girls is advantageous for future livelihood security and socio economic development. Menstruating schoolgirls especially need to experience improved menstrual hygiene management (MHM) within schools in order to obtain quality education towards securing future as well as present wellbeing. This paper explores how menstruating schoolgirls’ opportunities are affected by insufficient water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools within Sub-Saharan Africa. The required information has been gathered through a qualitative research method using scientifically based material on the situation of MHM in Sub-Saharan African schools as well as semi-structured questionnaires alongside my personal recollection of MHM. Focus has been given to the capabilities of menstruating schoolgirls under existing WASH facilities in schools analysed through the Capability Approach. Effects of poor MHM in schools are known to cause discomfort and poor constructive participation during lessons as well as decreased school attendance. A gender-based approach has also been examined which presents most schools as non-conducive towards girl’s education promotion.

  • Danhard, Margareta
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Regel eller undantag?: Skamattributering av kvinnor i 1700-talets Hälsingland.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om hur kvinnor attributerades och med vad, vid okyskhet kontra kyskhet, i 1700-talets Hälsingland. Min geografiska utgångspunkt är Delsbo och Färila socken i Hälsingland. Hälsingland generellt är ett område som det är lite forskat om jämfört med andra delar av Sverige. Delsbo är valt utifrån att det finns två uppteckningar om skamattributering därifrån, och dessa är min utgångspunkt i undersökningen. De handlar om två brudar som fick bära skamliga huvudbonader vid sin vigsel eftersom de var gravida. Det var förbjudet att bli gravid utanför äktenskapet och en gravid brud straffades genom att de inte fick bära kyrkans förgyllda brudkrona. En av brudarna, Karin, har jag kunnat identifiera och hon, och hennes straff otidigt sängelag, är underlaget till min undersökning. För att förstå situationen har jag undersökt de sedlighetsbrott som hänger ihop med otidigt sängelag som lönskaläge och barnamord, och hur kvinnorna i samband med brotten får skämmas. De får ta skammen för graviditeten, skammen vid kyrktagningen och skammen efter då de anses som farliga och kan vålla både sjukdom och missväxt.

     

    Det som undersöks är hur genus skapades under denna tid. Under 1700-talet var sedlighetslagarna i förändring, men de nya lagarna som stiftades i syfte att förbättra för kvinnorna blev i stället i praktiken att kvinnorna fick ta ansvar för sedligheten. De blev ensamma med sina oäkta barn och de tog ihjäl sina nyfödda barn i rädsla för skammen. De formella lagarna inom kyrkan och rättsväsendet styrde skapandet av genus. Även de informella lagarna, med folktron om att ogifta mödrar var farliga, var viktigt i detta genusskapande. Här spelade skamattributeringen stor roll som en kulturell symbol som uttryckte normen om att vara kysk, där de hedersamma ansågs än mer hedersam i sin brudkrona och de okyska skämdes desto mer i sina fula huvudbonader. 

  • Adam, Hiba
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Björklund, Jonatan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Stopp! Nu får vi bryta!: en vetenskaplig essä om pedagogers förhållningssätt kring ”opassande” lekar2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Isaksson Boström, Erika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Tuvesson, Katja
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    När språket hoppar och far: En kvalitativ studie om stöttning i barns språkliga utveckling i förskolan med hjälp av Bornholmsmodellen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to research how pedagogues work with communication and technique within language development for children with special needs. It covers children with language disorder and language delay as well as children having a different language than Swedish as their native language.

    The main questions used are:

    • What means of communication methods are the pedagogues using on their daily work with children with special needs and what methods are used in the preschool to support the children with the language development?
    • What obstacles and possibilities do the pedagogues identify when it comes to use of technical tools and what holdbacks are identified in the preschools when it comes to use of technical tools?

    The identified conclusions were that the sociocultural perspective became the focus of argument throughout the study as it can be used to connect communication and language development. The method to get answers to the questions was to perform four interviews in different preschools. The preschools were located within different counties close to a major city. The aim was initially to see how preschools work with technical tools and language development with children. This purpose was revisited as several preschools do not use technical tools as portable reading devices as we initially thought.

    The performed interviews were influenced by the model of Bornholm and knowledge of how this model can be used in the preschool support to support the language development for the children.

    Keywords: communication in preschool, language development, children with special needs, first language, learning tablet and social context. 

  • Edberg, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Fransson, Anna-Lisa
    Örebro University.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University.
    Island and the Pipeline: Gotland Facing the Geopolitical Power of Nord Stream2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2005, the Nord Stream Consortium launched a pipeline project with the intention to bring Russian natural gas to Germany across the Baltic Sea. Although this raised crucial issues of Russia-EU-Sweden relations on security, energy and the environment the focus of this report is on the Gotland local government response to the Nord Stream approach, thus illustrating the need for a transversal human geography-political studies perspective. Situated in the heart of the Baltic Sea, and in line with the established Swedish governmental "remiss" procedure of commission and referral for consideration the Gotland authority was requested by the Swedish Government to make a statement about the pipeline. How-ever, before the government was even asked for permission the Nord Stream Consortium with Russian Gazprom as the major shareholder turned to the Gotland authority with an offer they after some conflict-ridden twists and turns, manifested in three policy lines as described in the report, decided not to refuse. A narrative inspired analytical ap-proach is applied to dissect the more or less contradictory standpoints and legitimating arguments posed by the actors in the political process preceding the local authority decision to accept the Nord Stream offer, i.e. the local scale actors were provoked to take a stand on a big issue raised by a huge multinational company. By in detail examining the local political repercussions of the energy project the case study contributes to a trans-disciplinary understanding of multi-scalar/multi-level govern-ance. In an epilogue the report also highlights the sudden turnaround of the local narrative in autumn 2016 when Gotland Regional Authority was on the brink of making a deal with Nord Stream II. The turnaround flashlights the geopolitical position of the island in the crossfire of inter-ests concerning the Baltic Sea Region.

  • Johansson, Maria
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    En studie om Bishops sex matematiska aktiviteter.: - Hur förskollärare använder sig av Bishops matematiska aktiviteter i praktiken.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Arnbom, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Googleannonser, komprimerad reklam?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har i syfte att språkvetenskapligt undersöka hur reklamgenren förädras i ett komprimerat format, formatet googleannonser. För att få fram de språkliga dragen analyseras 30 st googleannonser ur ett genreperspektiv med innehålls-, strukturell och interpersonell analys som metod. Resultatet visar på ett flertal gemensamma drag med traditionell reklamgenre men uppvisar också skillnader. En strukturell skillnad är att googleannonsens rubrikdel tenderar att vara hybrid, de innehåller ofta både information om tjänster och produkter tillsammans med företagsnamn. Andra språkliga drag från materialet är bortprioriteringen av innehållsliga och interpersonella drag annars vanligt återkommande i traditionell reklamgenre. De gemensamma dragen för googleannonserna skulle kunna ingå i en ny modifierad subgenre till traditionell reklam, där nya konventioner för utformingen utvecklats. 

    The purpose of this study is to explore how the advertising genre adapts to a compressed format, from a linguistic perspective. The format being Google ads. 30 Google ads are analyzed with a content, structural and interpersonal method to distinguish linguistic features. The result shows multiple linguistic features related to traditional advertising genre. The study also finds diffrences. One divergent structural feature is the Google ads headline, who tends to have a hybrid function that includes both information about the product and information about the company. The material differ in comparison to traditional advertinsing genre in content and structure features, where some parts have been prioritized due to the limiting format. The new features for the Google advertising genre could be a part of a new modified subgenre, where new conventions has developed.  

  • Wiklund, Malin
    LoveNepal: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur en hjälporganisation skapar engagemang i sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to analyse how LoveNepal, a non-governmental organization, communicates to create engagement among their audience on Facebook. The theoretical framework is obtained from multimodal and sociosemiotics theory, with focus on different semiotic resources that LoveNepal communicate to engage their receivers.

    The results show that LoveNepal use different semiotics resources in images and texts to create proximity and relationship to their receivers. LoveNepal use visual and linguistic resources that can arouse deeper feelings like compassion and empathy, but also a feeling of credibility and trust in the organization. The study also shows that LoveNepal often combine different semiotics resources, that balances and reinforce each other – this is also a way for the organization to engage their audience and make feel that they want to join LoveNepal and save more lives. 

  • Özmen, Shamiran
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Individanpassad engelskundervisning: En studie om lärares arbete med anpassning av undervisning i förhållande till elevers olika behov och förutsättningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s schools students enter classrooms with different experiences and knowledge level. In order to promote the development and learning of all pupils, teaching should be adapted to each pupil’s circumstances and needs. According to the Swedish school curriculum (Lgr 11) and the Education Act (2010:800) there is an emphasis to have all students reach the same academic goals and standards. However past research indicates that individual adaption tailored for the individual needs of students in English teaching is considered somewhat average.

    Based on Vinterek’s (2006) individualization types the aim of this study has been to examine whether and if so, in what way teachers individualize English teaching based on the varying circumstances and needs of pupils. This study also aims to identify what factors teachers’ claim affect their work with individual adaption in teaching, based on Lundgren’s (1972) and Stensmo’s (2008) frame factor theory. Based on a qualitative method with both observations and interviews, two questions have been answered: 1. In what way do three teachers work with individualize English teaching, based on the varying circumstances and needs of each pupil? 2. What factors do teachers consider affects their work with individualization in English teaching?

    From the outcomes of the observations and interviews the results show that the teachers do work with an individual based education tailored for the individual needs of the pupil’s. The result from this study also shows that the teachers face several difficulties with individualization in English teaching. All of the teachers claim that time and the size of the class are factors that most affect the teaching process with individualization in the classroom. 

  • Ramovic, Alma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Ylikangas, Sofia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Sex pedagogers syn på barngruppers storlek inom förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nilsson, Elinor
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Nordin, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    100 år av miljöförändringar som de registrerats i Hallsfjärden, västra Östersjön: En biostratigrafisk studie om vad bevarade kiselalger i sediment kan berätta om tidigare miljöförhållande i Hallsfjärden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diatoms are microscopic, photosynthetic, single-celled organisms that are useful in studies of water qualities (eg pH, nutrients, salinity). By analyzing changes in the species composition of diatoms back in time, gives an opportunity to interpret the marine environment affected by various factors (Andren et al, 1999). The aim of the study was to study changes in diatom abundance and composition in Hallsfjärden, a bay in the Baltic Sea located north of Himmerfjärden in Södertälje. The site was chosen because it is a bay that is assumed to have a large environmental impact due to external factors such as increased population growth, water treatment plants, industrial areas, dredging and a link to Lake Mälaren. The purpose of the study therefore to investigate whether there was an environmental impact in Hallsfjärden, in order to draw conclusions about what happened in the area and what has affected the water the last 100 years.

         The survey is conducted by sampling sediment cores, studied by biostratigraphy of fossil diatoms to reconstruct past environmental conditions. The results of the analysis showed that oxygen deficiency was a particular problem, which is related to the eutrophication that are threatening some diatoms and thereby changes the species composition of ecosystems in Hallsfjärden. A plausible interpretation of the analyze results is that Hallsfjärden was adversely affected by the Södertalje area's population growth and Himmerfjärdsverkets startup by high emissions of nutrients. It has on the other hand appeared a positive impact for Himmerfjärdsverkets gradually improved purification with clearer water conditions. Hallsfjärden have proved to be a particularly sensitive ecosystem in this study, with low salinity and strong thermocline, which means that it is more affected by eutrophication and pollution in its drainage area. This causes a problem of eutrophication in Hallsfjärden due to the bay showing the influence of the surrounding areas and its emissions, which later exports further to the Baltic Sea via Himmerfjärden with the southbound flow.

  • Esso, Sleyman
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kemendi, Behram
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Problemlösning i matematik i en- och flerspråkiga klassrum2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    English title: Problem-solving in mathematics in unilingual and multi-lingual classrooms Term: Autumn, 2016 Author: Sleyman Esso & Behram Kelmendi Supervisor: Natalia Karlsson

    Several studies have shown that students’ difficulties with problem solving in math mostly depend on their lack of language skills and not their numeracy (mathematical abilities). It is very important that educators have a didactic perspective on education where they take into account which kind of students they have, what and why they should learn this and how to organize the work so that all students have the same opportunities to develop.

    The overall aim of this study is to evaluate which conditions students in unilingual and multi-lingual classrooms get to develop their understanding of problem solving in mathematics in grade 3. The aim is to examine how teachers teach problem solving in grade 3 in unilingual and multi-lingual classrooms, and to investigate how students perceive and understand this teaching.

    The aim is concretized in the following questions: How problem-solving introduces and how does the teaching look like? What problem-solving tasks are used and how are they solved? How do students reason and discuss about the lessons and the problem solving tasks?

    We have chosen to do a qualitative study and the methods we use are 8 student group interviews and 4 observations. The theories this study is based on are Pólyas four phases in problem-solving, zone of proximal development and scaffolding.

    On the basis of our results we came to the conclusion that three out of four teachers don’t work with problem-solving in mathematics often enough and that the tasks their students were given were not at their potential level of development, since they were not accustomed to encountering too much of a challenge. We have furthermore come to the conclusion that teachers who have a majority of pupils with Swedish as a second language seem to avoid the work with problem solving in mathematics.

  • Zareezade Palaric, Janet
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta utifrån elevers intressen och erfarenheter i engelskundervisning: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare inkluderar elevers intressen och erfarenheter i engelska för att skapa en meningsfull undervisnin2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a qualitative study based on interviews. This essay focuses on studying six primary schools teachers and twelve primary school students  experiences and descriptions of English teaching design in relation to students interests and experiences. The purpose is to investigate what motivates student learning and how students extramural meetings, english activities outside school, incorporate in English teaching to create a meaningful teaching for the students.  

     

    The results has been analyzed through theoretical perspectives about intrinsic motivation, the theory of a third area and design for learning. The results show that the teachers in this study are aware of the students extramural activities and uses them as a resource in the English teaching. Previous research has shown that there is a gap between the English used in school and the English used outside of school.  The results show that to be able to bridge the gap between the two cultures of english teachers have designed their English lessons by the theory of a third area and a design for learning to motivate their students.  

     

  • Vichnevskaia, Larissa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Wikner, Monika
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "En tiger kan inte vara lila!": Bildskapande i förskolan som ett möte med det okända2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay concerns free and controlled image creation in preschool. Two separate situations that we have personally experienced make up the practical base of our reflections. The aim of this scientific essay is to explore and study our personal views of work with children’s image creation in preschool. In what ways do our work experiences and personal life experiences affect our understanding of - and ability to interpret- the image creation of children in preschool? We claim that our experiences have given us knowledge: knowledge that affects our notion of- and our ways of acting concerning image creation. We believe that there are different attitudes among pedagogues when it comes to free image creation versus image creation controlled by teachers in preschool, which leads to conflicts. With the guidance of the selected literature and our own experiences of specific situations we reflect on our dilemmas in the experienced situations from different points of view. The essay attempts to answer the following questions: How can one define ideas of free image creation versus teacher controlled image creation in preschool? What role does the pre-understandings that we carry with us have in relation to our ideas and opinions of image creation in preschool? What role does the practical knowledge of the pedagogue have in navigating between free and controller creation?

  • Sundbäck, Sandra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    I begränsningslandet mellan skydd och förenkling: Om vuxnas syn på barn inom So-ämnets diskursiva praktiker2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish primary school, the subjects geography, history, social studies or citizenship education and religion are integrated and known as one school subject called civic orientation. Through history, the civic orientation is characterized as a subject with a strong role to bring up a specific form of citizen. In civic orientation, there is mandatory content which the teacher must relate to. The mandatory content is based on certain views of children’s abilities and needs and thus sets the framework which either enables or limits the children. But the teacher also has the freedom to add content based on his/her own personal view of children’s needs and interests, and at the same time the curriculum also leaves room for interpretations. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the child in primary school is described, or what representations of the child are dominating in the civic orientation curricula. Furthermore, the aim of this study is to compare these representations to what three different teachers express when they motivate their didactic choices in civic orientation. The purpose of the comparison is to see whether the teachers are maintaining or questioning these representations of the child when they relate to the content expressed in the civic orientation curricula. The result shows that the content of the curricula is based on ideas that the child is socially and cognitively immature and therefore in need of simplification and protection. The teachers contribute to both questioning and maintaining these ideas, but their statements also reflect structural conditions of the school.

  • Olsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Nakamura, Richard
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Building the Baltic Sea Region through investment and trade, 1989-20092017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Some twenty years after the fall of the communist dictatorships that divided the European continent the European Union in late 2009 adopted its first ever macroregional strategy – the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. The strategy was a symbolic second milestone with regard to the political endeavours to reintegrate the continent; the first being the 2004 enlargement. Having transformed the Baltic Sea from a Mare Dividum to a European Mare Nostrum is indeed also a sign of the success of such integrative political processes. However, at the same time the perceived need for a specific strategy in order to further and deepen the integration and reduce the economic gaps within the European Union gives an indication that there is more to be wished for with regard to this region.

    It has been suggested that regionalism is defined “as an economic process whereby economic flows grow more rapidly among a given group of states [in the same region] than between these states and those located elsewhere”. In this paper we thus approach the economic underpinnings for the Baltic Sea Region by analysing the developments with regard to investment and trade flows during the last twenty years.

    We ask ourselves whether these developments are in congruence with the notion of the building of one integrated region and whether it makes economic sense to talk about a Baltic Sea Region? For example, to what extent have the developments with regard to foreign direct investments proved sustainable? What sectors are leading the way and which are lagging? What divisions remain to be tackled? These are some of the questions that this paper attempts to address based upon a thorough analysis of the existing sources with regard to trade and investment flows.

  • Gylner, Frida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mourad, Nicole
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Vad motiverar medarbetare inom detaljhandeln?: Kan CSR ha en inverkan på arbetsmotivationen?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the motivation to work in retail. The purpose of the study is to identify factors that may have a perceived impact in the employees' work motivation. Furthermore, the study investigates if the selected companies' CSR activities may have an impact on employee motivation. The study is of a qualitative character and assumes a hermeneutic perspective. The study was carried out by semi-structured interviews with six employees in the retail sector, three of them work in H&M and three in The Body Shop.

    The theory section highlights Herzbergs’ dual factor theory, and Ryan & Decis’ Self-Determination Theory. These theories work as basis for collecting the empirical data and for interpretation of the results and subsequent analysis. The results of the study show that employees are largely motivated by the same factors such as recognition, personal and career development, feedback and relatedness. Despite this, it was concluded that factors such as salary and working environment is also important for the employees but there is doubt as to whether these can be considered as motivation creation in the long term or satisfactory for a short period.

    The conclusion to be drawn from the study's findings is that what motivates employees in the retail industry largely correspond to Herzberg two factor theory and Ryan & Decis’ Self-Determination Theory. Although there is some degree of questioning regarding Herzberg's division of hygiene and motivation factors an overall conclusion can be drawn that it is valid that the internal factors are what essentially operate as motivating for all employees. Another interesting conclusion that the study has generated is that a company's CSR activities to a small extent seems as motivating for employees.

  • Barton, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Flygare, Sandra
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    När informationssystemen leder till dubbelarbete: En fallstudie av ärendehanteringen inom Huddinge kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today organizational management work is largely done with the help of computer technology. However, there are inefficiencies in how these management efforts are performed in various computer systems which has led to higher costs for less-generated benefits for customers. In the public sector, these customers are the residents. This study examines how the municipality of Huddinge works with case management in various forms of media, what influences the case management in and between these media forms and the problems that arise in the case process as a result of these. The study addresses how sociotechnology and human-computer interaction cooperate within the field of information systems and data management in relation to users and case management. Observations and interviews were conducted at three municipal administration units and the Service center in Huddinge. The results show that case management within the municipality is dependent on various forms of media, where the information systems usability and functionality affects how safe, consistent and reliable case handling takes place. Recurring problems regarding duplication of work, unfinished cases and inconsistent data collection and registration of data linked to case work can be identified. The results can be used by the municipality of Huddinge when defining requirements and purchasing information systems intended for case management. Limitations have been made regarding the number of represented administration units within the municipality. Other units within the municipality can use other forms of media, and therefore have other experiences regarding the use of these when working with case management.

  • Bojackly, Rosalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Attityder till annonser på Instagram: En kvalitativ studie om hur konsumenter uppfattar innehållet i annonser på Instagram2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is increasing constantly, which led to new communication and marketing channels have evolved, it has helped businesses and consumers to integrate and communicate with each other. One of the fastest growing communication and marketing channels is Instagram. The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of consumer attitudes to the content of the ads on Instagram. The study was based on a qualitative research approach with a selection of ten people, aged 18-28 years, who use Instagram. Previous research has shown that most people who use Instagram are between 12-35 years, therefore this study chose to combine the people who were available and were in the age frame. Semi-structured interviews were used as a method of study and consisted of eleven questions, which were in two distinct themes.

    The study's empirical data were analyzed using theories of social media as a communication- and marketing channel and attitudes to advertising. The study results showed that all respondents perceive the content of the ads on Instagram as both positive and negative, depending on how the company shapes the content of the ads on Instagram.         

  • Scott, Carl-Gustaf
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Swedish Social Democracy and the Vietnam War2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    West European leaders had good reasons to oppose US Vietnam war policy. It threatened to alter the global balance of power while igniting unrest at home. Such turbulence led to a radicalized political atmosphere domestically. In this new environment, the “New Left” established a powerful foothold among the “68-generation”. In many West European countries the new radical left rejected the older Socialist and Communist parties in favor of more radical political alternatives.

    In Sweden the Social Democratic government struggled to maintain a workable relationship with Washington while at the same time placating domestic anti-war opinion – thus preventing this issue from being hijacked by the far left. How did the Swedish Social Democrats resolve this dilemma?

    Although this is the most written-about episode in Swedish postwar diplomacy, this is the first book to scrutinize the impact of Sweden's Vietnam War policy on its domestic politics.

  • Okur, Emine
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kan du relatera till grammatiken?: Analys av grammatiska strukturer i två olika läromedel i engelska med fokus på svårigheter som vissa svenska som andraspråkselever kan ha2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze if the grammatical features in two different teaching materials correlates to the grammatical difficulties that pupils with other native languages beside Swedish might have. A subsidiary purpose of the study is to examine how these grammatical features are covered.

    The aim of the study is to answer following questions:• What grammatical features are covered in two different teaching materials? -To what extend are the grammatical features covered?• Do the grammatical features in the teaching materials correlate to the difficulties that pupils with other native languages beside Swedish might have?

    Earlier studies have showed that a lot of the grammatical difficulties and errors that are made by learners occur in grammatical features that differ from the learner’s native language. To overcome and to prevent this learners must be made aware of these grammatical features that differs. This study shows that there was no clear correlation between grammatical features in the teaching materials and the grammatical difficulties that might be of problem for learners with different native language besides Swedish.

  • Bergström, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Den mobilanpassade jobbrekryteringsprocessen: En kvalitativ undersökning om två intressentgruppers användarupplevelse av tjänsten Uptrail2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine two user groups experience and usage of the mobile job advertising service Uptrail. The two groups that are the focus of this work are the companies that use the service for job recruitment and job-seekers that have applied for work through Uptrail. In which context job-seekers apply for work through the service and why is also examined in this study. This is to give an understanding of how the mobile interface might influence users behaviour during the job recruitment process. The study is based on a qualitative research method where individual in-depth interviews with representatives from the different groups are used for gathering data. Also a shorter observation has been applied during the interviews with the job seekers. Collected data were then analyzed through an inductive interpretation method and combined with previous research and theories regarding mobile usage, context, digital recruitment (e-recruitment) and user experience (UX).

    The result of the study implies that Uptrail has impacted the motives behind job advertising by affecting the user experience of the recruitment process. Job applicants experienced that the mobile format and the process of the service changed their habits on applying for work through digital application. In line with previous research results from this study also suggest that the usage of mobile services largely takes place in “home like” environments. This is explained as a consequence of existing attitudes and thoughts regarding the job search process. 

  • Urthaler, Stephanie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Abbo, Maryam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hur uppfattar eleverna två olika faktatexter?: En textanalys av två olika faktatexter samt hur eleverna förstår och diskuterar textinnehållet.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how students understood the two selected textbooks and which text students perceived as clearly and what it could depends on. We analyzed two textbooks of the same genre and theme in the subjects” Swedish and History”. Our first purpose was to examined the students' reading comprehension based on our chosen two textbooks, ie how students understand, create meaning and talk about the content of the text with other students. Our second purpose was to examined how the students may be affected of the pictures to the two textbooks that we have chosen. This study was made in two different schools with two focus groups, every group had 5 students in every school. Our study answered the following questions:

    • How the two chosen textbooks are formed in regards to text structure, organization, conjunctions and the interplay between pictures and text?
    • How students are going to reason and discuss the text content and pictures with other students from given situation-based and text-based questions?

    The study was based on a qualitative method text analysis, we used this method to find out how two textbooks in two different subjects were formed. This was to examine if students understood one text better than the other.  The other qualitative method we have used was focus groups, where the students met to discuss different aspects in groups. The results showed that the two textbooks had visible structure and had the theme and rheme which made it easier to keep up with both textbooks. Conjunctions between sentences showed us that Text A used the conjunctions to bind together the main clauses and sub-clauses, while in text B the conjunctions were mostly used to start a new sentence instead of binding together a sentence with a previous one. Focus group’s discussions showed that text A was more fun and more rewarding than text B. Students thought that most of the pictures in Text A interacted with the text and were more helpful. While in Text B were the students more confused and they did not think that most of the pictures helped them to understand the text better. During the analysis of the two selected textbooks we came to the conclusion that both of textbooks are useful in the classroom. When we examined the two textbooks from the subjective of focus group’s interviews with the students, we came to the conclusion that students appreciated Text A more than Text B.

  • Askvall, Cornelia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Westerberg, Catrin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    “Utan onlinevänner hade jag antagligen varit död”: En studie om via vilka plattformar och aktiviteter nya vänner möts på nätet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Friends no longer meet only in physical places; they can also meet on various different online platforms. This paper aims to explore where online friends meet, in which activities they socialise, how frequent they socialise and how many online friends also meet each other offline. The purpose of this paper is to get a better understanding of where and how people meet friends online. The paper was realised through a survey with 1000 participants, distributed both on social networking sites and offline. An analysis of already existing related research papers was also made. The result of the survey showed that there are various different platforms where online friends can be made. The most common platforms were Facebook and World of Warcraft. Most online friends socialised via text chat, voice chat and through playing games together. The majority of the online friends kept in touch with each other on a daily basis and met 2-5 online friends offline. The survey was given big attention at social networking sites and hopes to complement already existing research as well as contribute with inspiration to further studies.

  • Lindström, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Nilsson, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Från att drömma till att minnas i digitala kanaler: En kvalitativ fallstudie om digitala strategier, informationsbehov och värdeskapande vid internationell turism i Stockholms skärgård2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines international tourists information needs before, during and after a visit in the Stockholm archipelago, where the case of analys is based on the collaborative project Stockholm Archipelago. The purpose is to gain a better understanding for the information needs in relation to Stockholm Archipelagos strategies towards digital information that creates value-in-use for the tourist experience in the Stockholm archipelago. The study is based on interviews with international tourists and people within the project Stockholm Archipelago. The study takes a service management-perspective; outside-in to understand customers' needs for information before, during and after a visit to the archipelago. The survey shows that tourists' information needs are the same and that Stockholm Archipelagos digital services supports the needs, but how the tourists want to receive information differs. This is because value-in-use is primarily created through digital channels with user-generated content that is more individualized. 

  • Shamoun, Ranja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Ciliz, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Nyanlända elever i förberedelseklass och ordinarie klass: Nyanlända elevers deltagande i klassrumsundervisningen och lärarens stöttning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to study the newly arrived pupils'participation in the preparatory class (FBK) and regular class and how teachers support the newly arrived pupilsin the classroom for three daysat each school. The study is based on a qualitative method with three observations at each school. Observations in two different schools, one in a preparation class and the other one in a regular class. Our study showed that the newly arrived pupils in the preparation class had more chance to participate, learn and develop with the help of the teachers. On the other hand,the newly arrived pupils had less participation in the regular class and did not get as much help from the teachers as the other newly arrived pupils got in the preparation class.

  • West, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    The Exhibitionary Complex: Exhibition, Apparatus, and Media from Kulturhuset to the Centre Pompidou, 1963–19772017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation traces the history of a diagram. The diagram shows four circles of gradually diminishing sizes, lodged one inside the other, like the layers of a circular or spherical body. For a group of artists, curators, architects, and activists centered around Moderna Museet in Stockholm between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s, the diagram represented a new type of museum: a museological Information Center modeled on the computer, operating as a site for radically democratic social experiments. The four layers stood for different functions: information capture, processing, interface, storage; or, put differently: social spaces and media resources, workshop floors, exhibition facilities, collection.

    Through close readings of a series of exhibitions and institutional projects in Sweden, the US, and France, this dissertation follows the development of this diagram: its prehistory and formulation, its different implementations, and its direct and indirect effects. It studies Moderna Museet’s original, unrealized project for Kulturhuset in Stockholm, according to which the museum should project its dynamic energies across the city center, serving as a “catalyst for the active forces in society”. It discusses the museum’s confrontation with digital technologies in the late 1960s, through pioneering museological organizations such as the Museum Computer Network in New York. It analyzes the exhibition formats developed in correspondence with the notion of the museum as a “vast experimental laboratory” and a “broadcasting station”: the exhibition as critical information pattern, as tele-commune. And it studies the diagram’s afterlife as one of the models informing the Centre Pompidou in Paris, during that project’s early phases.

    The Exhibitionary Complex reads these endeavors and visions as attempts to devise a critical understanding of the exhibitionary apparatus in relation to new information environments and media systems. It sheds light on a largely forgotten aspect of the exhibitionary, museological, and cultural history of the late twentieth century, in Sweden and internationally. But it also seeks to establish new models for grasping the exhibition’s singularity and potentials as a cultural and media technological form, in relation to the emergence of new information networks, as they exert increasing control over social, cultural, and political existence.

  • Dokakis, David
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Walker, Oskar
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    En generationsfråga: Beteende och attityder kring säkerhetskopiering av personlig data.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A generational issue: Behavior and attitudes regarding personal data backup.

    This report presents a comparison of the attitudes and behaviour towards backup of private data existing between millennials and the older generations. This is a quantitative study which used online surveys to gather data from the two different groups. The study aims to establish if there is any difference between the groups when it comes to the actual action of backing up private data. Further on it compares what attitudes and earlier experiences affects the decision to backup. The conclusion will be based on the analysis of the gathered data. The Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) will also be used to analyse parts of the data. The results show that there are differences between generations in the behavior regarding whether they perform backups. 

  • Svensson, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ögren Koutra, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Minimering av informationsasymmetri mellan investerare och entreprenör: En fallstudie av tre svenska Venture Kapitalister2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine how the Swedish venture capital operators minimize the asymmetric information that may occur during an investment process.

    Method: This study has a case study design using a qualitative approach in which semi- structured interviews and a questionnaire with closed-end questions were used to collect data.

    Research: The empirical data shows how Swedish Venture Capital operators accurately and efficiently selects investment targets and then actively work for the companies they invest in.

    Conclusion: The main result of this investigation is that Swedish venture capital operators use a combination of different tools and trust to minimize the risk of asymmetric information. 

  • Gül, Nurgül
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barns tidiga skriftspråksutveckling: Förskollärarnas beskrivning av sitt arbete med barns tidiga skriftspråksutveckling på förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With my study I wish to highlight the importance of encouraging and developing the children's written language in kindergarten. I have through a qualitative study investigated how preschool teachers perceive their role and mission, what skills they have to respond to children's needs for language stimulation and written language development. I have interviewed six preschool teachers in two different kindergartens. The purpose of the study is to see how the interviewees preschool teachers perceive their role in the work of the written language in kindergarten and how their perceptions can be interpreted on the basis of Michel Foucault's theory of power and control. Research shows that children before school starts to develop an interest in texts and symbols, and that the environment is very important for children to have sight of written texts and images already in preschool. The curriculum 98/2016 also highlights the importance of bringing children's interest into the linguistic world they have around them and to give an understanding of their communicative functions. The preschool teacher with his education, profession and clear responsibility of the curriculum has big role for children to develop in written language.

    The study shows that preschool teachers are aware of their important role but lack the necessary approach. The interviewed preschool teachers say that they do not use any methods consciously working to stimulate and challenge the child in his written language development. They meet a child´s interest in writing only when the child shows an interest. Half of the preschool teachers expressed that they do not make any links to the preschool curriculum.

    My study highlights the teachers' important role in children's written language stimulation and development in preschool for others interested in kindergarten and school.

  • Hautala, Susanna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att veta vägen till mål: Formativ bedömning i religionsundervisning på mellanstadiet2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what kindof formative assessments is used in the religious education at middle-schoolin Sweden. A further aim of the study is to examine whether any problems can be observed with formative assessment.

    Questions that will try to be answered are: What kindof formative assessment occurs in religious education at the middle school in a Swedish school? What problems can be observed with formative assessment in religious education at the middle school in a Swedish school? To answer these questions, six lessons in religious education were observedin total; three teachers held two lessons each which were observed.

    Earlier studies have showed that formative assessment was used by teachers to give feedback to improve pupils’ learning. In some cases, feedback was also givenwhich did not contribute to the improvement of pupils’learning. Earlier studies also conclude that formative assessment helped teachers to designfuture lessonsbased on pupils’ prior knowledge. Another conclusion highlights that teachers who made the goals of the lesson visible for pupils, resulted in an increased motivation and understanding of the purpose of the lesson.

    This study concludes that formative assessment has been usedby all three teachers, but in different ways. One conclusion is that when the goals of the lesson was not visible for the pupils, it affected the motivation of some pupils. Another conclusion is that teachers used formative assessment to modify lesson plans to meet the pupils’ current knowledge. Formative assessment was also used to encourage pupils to help each other by using peer-assessment. To improve pupils learning, teachers also used feedback as a strategy

  • Wåland, Isabel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    I Sverige tar man i hand: En poststrukturell diskursanalys av integrationspolitikens "vi" och "de"2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper has two objectives: on the one hand, it intends to examine the rhetorical process that constituted the displacement of the contents of "integration" in Swedish politics between the years 1997-2015 - the years that the Swedish government had an integration ministerial post - and on the other hand, it will from this find out how this affected the perception of integration policy "us" and "them". The mainly empirical material is government explanations and yearbooks. To analyze empirical data, a post structural discourse approach by Laclau and Mouffe is used. The paper concludes that there has been a shift in the concept of "integration" from being a metaphor for diversity, “mångfald” to a metaphor for a white normativity, “vithetsnorm”. The Swedish "us" has thus gone from diversity to a more ideological "norm criticism".

  • Gustafsson, Ebba
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Robersdottir, Rosanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalist och idealist: En jämförande kvalitativ studie om hur nyhets- respektive kulturjournalister ser på sitt demokratiska uppdrag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur kulturjournalister och nyhetsjournalister från Sveriges Radio ser på sitt demokratiska uppdrag och sin yrkesroll samt hur de upplever förutsättningarna för att uppfylla uppdraget och om dessa har förändrats. Vi är intresserade om nyhetsjournalisters och kulturjournalisters uppfattning i dessa frågor skiljer sig åt. Då vi har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie står de intervjuade journalisternas svar i centrum. I analysen kopplas resultatet till demokratimodeller, digitalisering, fältteori samt journalistikens logiker. 

    Resultatet av studien visar att gemensamt för båda gruppers syn på det demokratiska uppdraget är viljan att förmedla information och kunskap, vara tillgänglig och pedagogisk, verka självständigt samt att ge plats åt lyssnarnas åsikter eller fungera som spegel. Vad som skiljer grupperna åt är att nyhetsjournalisterna betonar uppgiften att vara opartisk och saklig, kritiskt granska makten samt ge människor verktyg att påverka. Kulturjournalisterna betonar i högre grad vikten av att bredda världsbilden, delge nya perspektiv, reflektera och analysera samt ge lyssnarna verktyg för att väcka nya tankegångar. Journalister anser att de i stort kan uppfylla uppdraget, men att möjligheterna och förutsättningarna har förändrats. Tempot har ökat, det råder en ökad konkurrens och några av kulturjournalisterna belyser personalnedskärningar och besparingar inom bolaget. Vår undersökning visar att definitionen av det demokratiska uppdraget i hög mån är kopplat till synen på yrkesrollen. Den största divergensen mellan grupperna är förhållningssättet till subjektivitet. 

  • Kongo, Alma
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”En livsfråga? Det var en svår fråga”: En studie om ungdomars tankar om livsfrågor i religionskunskapsundervisningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to study young people's thoughts on religious education in high school with a focus on life questions (livsfrågor).

    In order to achieve the purpose of the thesis the issue was divided into two primary issues: how do young people describe religious education in high school? And how do they reflect on the concept of life questions? And two secondary issues: do young people consider that life questions were a part of religious teaching? And do the young people consider that their life questions were a part of religious teaching?

    In order to answer the issues five young people were interviewed on questions related to teaching of religion and life questions. The five youths had studied at least one religious course at secondary level.

    The results showed that the five youths regarded religious education as studies about "the others" because the major focus was on facts but they nevertheless perceived religious education as interesting. All the young people reflected differently about the concept of life questions. Whether or not life questions were brought up in the classrooms varied between the participants. Only one of the participants expressed with certainty that life questions that she also viewed as her own were brought up in the classroom.

  • Lindberg, Magnus
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Didaktikern från Mårbacka: Selma Lagerlöf och läseboken som kom att förändra den svenska skolan 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis