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  • Andersson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Vem, hur, vad och varför?: En narratologisk analys av Stephen Kings skräckroman Dimman2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essays content is about a narratological analysis of “The Mist”, written by Stephen King, with a focus on who, how, and what in relationship with the story. It also contains a deeper analysis on chosen characters and the meaning behind them. The analysis also takes a look on why King has chosen to use them and their specific details.

    By mainly using Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan and Jimmy Vulovic I manage to find the voice of the story, how it’s told and what it contains. There is a deeper meaning behind the details that King has selected for his story, for example the colors is not randomly chosen but have a point and a deeper sense behind them. The characters all have a meaning, big and small. The three main characters becomes pillars of the story where they give it and eachother balance with the ir significant roles as hero, villain and helper. It also turns out that the extraterrestrial beings are not the biggest threat of the story, the humans are.

  • Gustafsson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    ”You have been deafened": En analys av skildringen av funktionalitet och dövhet i superhjälteserien Hawkeye2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis looks at the contemporary superhero comic Hawkeye and its depiction of able-bodiedness and non-able-bodiedness, in general and more specifically the portrayal of deafness that takes place in the last story arc.

    Issues and depictions of various levels of functionality in comics, as a visual media, and superhero comics in particular, have been and are frequently present. They, however, rely heavily on old stereotypes, both in the visual and the textual elements. The small intersection of disability studies, crip theory and the study of superhero comics have mostly focused on the comics published between 1960 and 1980. The superhero genre is a genre known for idealized depictions of healthy and strong bodies, which is why it is such an interesting and complex theme to analyse.

    Matt Fraction and  David Aja’s Hawkeye comic utilizes the tools and elements inherent in the comic book style to portray disability and deafness in new enriching ways both in narrative terms and in the reader’s response to the text. Looking at both the visual and textual elements of the comic this thesis finds that the comic medium and the Hawkeye comic in particular manages to depict disability in an engaging and thought provoking way.

  • Järverot, Eira
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Järverot, Eira
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Writing for your mother is more important than writing for the queen of England": En undersökning av samtida ugandisk litteratur och desssamhälleliga roll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate the role of literature in the Ugandan society. It uses Bourdieus field theory and the book The Rules of Art to analyze a handful of interviewes with people on different positions on the literary field in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The interviews were collected by the author of this thesis in the beginning of 2015. The thesis examines the overall conditions on the literature market, the hierarchies and the character of the literature. In addition to field theory, it uses post-colonial theory, and Ngûgî Wa Thiong'os' Decolonising the mind to investigate the languages and styles of the literature. 

    To investigate the literature outside of the educated circles and intellectual spheres, the concept of the literature as merely printed and publicated needs to be questioned, since there is also an existing body of oral literature in the country. Amongst the actors on the literature field there is an ambition for the literature to be a progressive force in the society. However the study shows that hierarchies on the literature field pushes the written and publicated literature further away from the general person. This also due to the limitations of the written literature, since the possibilities to access the literature is highly dependant on the income, literacy and educational level of the receiver.

  • Skoog, Denize
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Skoog, Denize
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Erazo Cabrera, Paulina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Här behandlar vi alla lika: Pedagogernas förhållningsätt till genus på förskolegården2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate teachers' approach to gender in the preschool playground. The study is based on a gender theory perspective, which concerns how preschool teachers create invisible rules, norms and expectations about what is masculine and feminine in society. The study deals with the concept of gender and how it is perceived and expressed from the teacher's' point of view and how the teachers treat the children in the playground.

    Question at issue:

    • What are the educators´ ideas regarding pupils in preschool playgrounds in relation to gender?
    • How visible are norms and notions of gender in the preschool outdoor area?
    • In what way is the preschool outdoor area important for educators pedagogical approach?

    Method: These questions are answered using a qualitative observations and interviews with three teachers at a preschool in Stockholm.

    Main theoretical connections: Constructivist interpretative and gender theory.

    Conclusion: The result of the interviews reveals that teachers treat pupils as individuals rather than based on their gender. This is the teacher's main goal and ambition. The observations showed a passive approach that involves teachers allowing the children to play freely in the preschool playground. They care about the children's free play and care because they believe that it is important. The teachers do not participate in children's play in the outdoor area, but they observe and assist the children when needed. Although the preschool yard plays a vital role in the everyday educational activities, our results suggest children to learn from each other without interaction and teaching from the teachers. The teachers did not view the playground as an extension of learning that occurs indoors but as an area where children can play and learn from each other.

  • Brunell, Ann-Margreth
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Brunell, Ann-Margreth
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Gåredfelt, Anette
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "karékla betyder stol på svenska...": En studie om pedagogers arbete med språkutveckling hos tvåspråkiga barn i mångkulturella förskolor.2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate teachers’ experiences of children’s language development in multicultural preschools. The study included the following research questions: 1.How do teachers work  in multicultural preschools to help children with their language development; 2. What do teachers in multicultural preschools think about the possible influence of native language on learning the Swedish language?; 3 What is the significance of educators skills for working with childrens language development? .4 What are the obstacles for helping preschool children in multicultural preschools with their development of the Swedish language?

    A qualitative approach was used that included semi-structured interviews with four teachers in two separate multi-cultural preschools. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed with relevant theories and concepts (the sociocultural perspective of Leo Vygotskij).

    The informants were positive to working with bilingual children. There were differences in opinions related to level of competence and training, but they all agreed that the teaching approach used and the degree of involvement was of great importance. They had experiences of how the child’s native language influenced the development of their skills in the Swedish language.

    Children’s’ learning of the Swedish language was dependent both on knowledge of their native language, but also on  teachers’ skills and knowledge in how to create learning opportunities.

    Keywords: Multicultural, language development, monolingualism, bilingualism, native language

  • Göransson, Jonatan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Göransson, Jonatan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    du Puy, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kvinna i byggbranschen: En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors upplevelser av krav och förväntningar i en mansdominerad bransch2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’slabor market there’s a distinct sectioning between the sexes where some of the labors are seen as more manly, while other labors are seen as typically female. But if you were to compare todays situation with how it once was there a clear pattern showing that more women and men are working in a labor dominated by the opposite sex. The aim of this study was to investigate the wat women experience the demands and expectations placed on them in the construction industry. Our study will shed light on how women in the construction industry feelthey are treated by their male colleagues, the demands placed on them and which expectations their colleagues andmanagers have on them.The theoretical framework for the study consisted ofYvonne Hirdmann’s gender system (1998), Lena Abrahamsson’s theory of restoration (2000), Mia Hultin’s the glass ceiling (2003) and Charlotte Holgersson’s theory of homosociality(2003). The study was conducted with a hermeneutic approach where six women working in the construction sector were interviewed.The main interpretation of the study show that the majority of womenbelieve that they are treated well, but that there is a kinshipamong their male colleagues, which is difficult to penetrate.

  • Utterborn, Ylva
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Utterborn, Ylva
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Leguisamo, Pilar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Konsten att gilla sin kropp: En studie om kvinnors förmåga att utveckla en positiv kroppsuppfattning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As women's perception of their own body focuses on devaluing it rather than responding

    positively to it, current research on positive body image among women today is scarce.

    Previous research on the topic has mostly examined a negative body image and the

    relationship between media and the body. Considerable research for this study has been done

    by Frisén (2014) and Christina Holmqvist Gattario (2013), their studies have discussed the

    motives behind a positive body image, which has proven to be a focus on the body's function

    rather than appearance. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out how young women

    develop a positive body image. This study is qualitative in nature and consists of eight

    interviews conducted among young women aged 20 to 26 years. The theoretical framework

    selected for this essay is Roland Paulsens’ (2010) development of Pierre Bourdieus’

    (1979/2010) theory of Physical capital and Fanny Ambjörnsons’ (2003) theory of Making of

    femininity. The results of this study show that relationships with a boyfriend or family, have

    played a crucial role for the perception of a positive body image.

  • Wanngård, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Wanngård, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    "En klients önkemål kan vara ett hinder i arbetet": en studie om individuella bedömningar inom socialtjänstens enhet för ekonomiskt bistånd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This paper is a peer-review about social workers´ experiences and descriptions of making individual assessments of their unemployed clients when working toward self-sufficiency and eventual obstacle for making them. The paper also deals with how social workers prioritize their work tasks. The study was conducted through interviews with five social workers at the same workplace. The results have been analyzed using theories of discretion, street-level bureaucrats and client dimensions within a street-level bureaucracy. The result shows that lack of time and limitation of discretion have negative influences in the social workers’ ability to make individual assessments. The result also shows that individual assessments are foremost made when the clients mismanage their planning and are risking not getting their application for financial assistance approved. Further the results show that the processing of applications and payment of financial assistance is a priority task since it is considered to be most important to clients and result in the greatest consequences for both social workers and clients if not performed. The discussion that follows is about the possible consequences of prioritizing work tasks this way.

  • Duvdahl, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Duvdahl, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Willebrand Vinnberg, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Konsten att motiveras: En kvalitativ studie om vad säljare anser vara viktigt för deras motivation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to obtain a better understanding of what motivates salespeople, the study aims to investigate how the motivation of salespeople is influenced by reward systems and social interaction in the form of; competitions, interaction with colleagues and development opportunities.

    Methodology: To collect material for the study semi-structured interviews has been used. Eight salespersons were interviewed.

    Conclusions: The study has shown that for our study’s respondents colleagues and feedback is the most important source of motivation in the workplace. The will to go to work is influenced by relationships with colleagues while the feedback is important for the motivation to work. Colleagues' feedback is warming while the manager's feedback acts more as an incentive to work harder. Commissions, competitions and development is something that motivates the majority of our respondents. The commission is a carrot for the majority and competitions make it more fun for employees. Development opportunities are important for the majority of the study respondents.

  • Frostner, Simon
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Frostner, Simon
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Är man lärare även på fritiden?: En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning om hur lärare upplever förhållandet mellan deras yrkesroll och privata roll samt hur dessa påverkar varandra2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur lärare resonerar kring förhållandet mellan deras yrkesroll och privata roll samt om de ansåg att yrkesrollen påverkar privatlivet gällande, vad de bör och inte borde göra. Mitt syfte har också varit att undersöka vilka underliggande föreställningar och förväntningar som existerar om lärares beteende. Anledningen till mitt val av undersökning är på grund av att lärare bör vara bra förebilder för sina elever och därför också intressant och se hur de hanterar förhållandet mellan yrkesrollen och det privata på fritiden. Mina frågeställningar har varit följande:

    1. Hur upplever lärarna förhållandet mellan yrkesrollen och den privata rollen?

    2. Vilka förväntningar och normer existerar kring lärares beteende gällande fritiden och hur förmedlas dessa?

    3. Påverkar yrkesrollen lärarnas privatliv och hur? Exempelvis finns det saker som lärarna inte tillåter sig att göra på fritiden just på grund av att de arbetar som lärare?

    Teori

    För att kunna analysera lärarnas uttalanden och resultat använder jag mig av en teori som behandlar problematiken. Teorin handlar om olika synpunkter som påverkar förhållandet mellan yrkesrollen och den privata rollen såsom förväntningar, normer, gränsdragningar osv.

    Metod

    Detta är en kvalitativ undersökning där jag har använt mig av semistrukturerade intervjuer för insamling av data. Jag har intervjuat fyra stycken gymnasielärare inom Stockholms län. Intervjumallen bestod av båda öppna och mer direkta frågor gällande deras upplevelser av det studerade ämnet. Jag transkriberade och kodade deltagarnas uttalanden för att sedan placera in dessa i del- och huvudkategorier. Sedan med hjälp av teorin om roller analyserade och diskuterade jag dessa i den avslutade diskussionsdelen.

    Resultat

    Studiens resultat visar att det finns en oklarhet i förhållandet mellan yrkesrollen och privata rollen. Lärarna anser att det är viktigt att dra en gräns mellan rollerna men också att vara sig själv, då det tycks vara en outtalad norm där det är negativt att spela upp en roll. Dessutom tycker lärarna att det existerar både inre och yttre förväntningar på deras yrkesroll och som påverkar deras beteende. Slutligen anser de att de inte begränsar sig själva på fritiden men att det ändå existerar någon sorts extra spärr just på grund av att de arbetar som lärare. 

  • Elmersjö, Magdalena
    Stockholms universitet / Linnéuniversitetet.
    Elmersjö, Magdalena
    Stockholms universitet / Linnéuniversitetet.
    Hjälp till självhjälp inom äldreomsorgen2015In: Ä : en tidning för Riksföreningen sjuksköterskan inom äldrevård, ISSN 2001-1164, , 5 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Börjesson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Börjesson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Miljömärkning av logianläggningar: En studie av effekterna på Green Key-märkta hotell och vandrarhems miljöprestanda2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The accommodation sector accounts for a significant proportion of resource consumption and environmental impact of the tourism industry. Today, there are a growing number of ecolabels in the accommodation sector to help establishments become more sustainable. One of them is the international eco-label Green Key. Lodging establishments have different motives for joining an eco-label in addition to an internal commitment to the environment; cost savings, competitive advantages, more guests and increased profitability.

    This study investigated if there is any difference when it comes to the effects of Green Key depending on the type of facility, and if the number of ‘scoring criteria’ affect environmental performance. The purpose was mainly to find out whether Green Key reduces the environmental impact over time, and if the label leads to an increased number of guests, depending on the type of guests.

    A quantitative method was chosen and longitudinal data over Green Key hotel and hostel's annual water, electricity and energy consumption was collected. Data on the number of guest nights per year, type of guests and total indoor area was also collected. Statistical tests were conducted and they showed that there was no correlation between the number of ‘scoring criteria’ and environmental impact. Only hotel and hostel's electricity consumption differed - hotels had a significantly higher electricity consumption/m2 than hostels. The results showed that there was an effect of Green Key on the establishments' resource consumption over time, although the effect differed. However, the majority of the establishments had reduced their resource consumption over time. The results also showed that there was a significant difference in water consumption per guest night from the starting year with Green Key in comparison with 2015. There was no difference in the increase of guest nights, depending on the type of guests. Although, the number of guest nights in total had significantly increased after the establishments had been rewarded with Green Key. However, it is difficult to demonstrate that the effect depends on Green Key.

  • Afework, Alexander
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Afework, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ormeno, Maximiliano
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Val av K-regelverk, hur kan detta förklaras?: En kvantitativ studie som ämnar undersöka huruvida fastighetsbolags val av K-regelverk kan förklaras utifrån Institutionell Teori och Positive Accounting Theory.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: K-regelverkets införande 2014 innebar för de flesta mindre svenska bolag en förvirring kring vilka val av redovisningsmetoder som skulle tillämpas för räkenskapsår 2014. Från detta år var det nämligen tvunget att utgå från ett K-regelverk med sina specifika regler. För fastighetsbolag som räknas som mindre bolag enligt ÅRL (SFS 1995:1554) fanns det härefter tre regelverk som de kunde utföra sin redovisning efter. I denna undersökning undersöker vi K2 och K3 regelverket. I det ena regelverket, K3, behöver en komponentindelning av byggnaden göras medan det i det andra regelverket, K2, inte är nödvändigt. Detta nya sätt att redovisa med en komponentindelning som ett val av K3 leder till skulle enligt vissa branschorganisationer leda till att K2 väljs i större utsträckning då tillämpning av K3 kräver mer administrativt arbete och därför blir mer kostsamt. Dock menar vissa forskare att en sådan förklaring inte är tillräcklig för att förklara redovisningsregelverk, speciellt inte i större organisationer. I större organisationer tenderar snarare det regelverk väljas som leder organisationen åt ett visst håll. Inom den vetenskapliga litteraturen finns det främst två teorier som behandlar val av redovisningsregelverk. I denna undersökning vänder vi oss till dessa två teorier: Institutionell Teori och Positiv Accounting Theory, och frågar oss om de också kan förklara svenska fastighetsbolags val av regelverk.

    Forskningsfråga: Kan fastighetsbolags val av K-regelverk förklaras genom någon av teorierna Institutionell Teori eller Positive Accounting Theory?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om fastighetsbolags val mellan redovisningsregelverken K2 och K3 kan förklaras med hjälp av IT och PAT.

    Resultat: I studiens resultat påvisas ett samband mellan kategorivariabeln Revisionsbyråer och valet av K3 samt för kategorivariabeln Storstad och valet av K3.

  • Larsson, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Larsson, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Hellström, Jennifer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Den onde, den gode och ett presidentval: En undersökning om hur Donald Trump och Hillary Clinton gestaltades i två svenska dagstidningar under det amerikanska presidentvalet 2016.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to examine how two Swedish newspapers, Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter, have framed Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton during the US presidential election in 2016. The goal with this essay is to contribute to research on how politicians are described in the news media and how politicians’ gender affect this description. The research questions are as follows:

     1. How did the Swedish newspapers Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter frame Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton during US presidential election in 2016?

    2. What similarities and differences can be seen between the two candidates, in how they were framed?

    3. Were there any similarities and differences between the two newspapers, in how they framed the candidates? 

     

    In order to answer the research questions, we conducted a quantitative content analysis, in which we analyzed 160 news articles. The articles were published between February first and November eighth in 2016. Through, first, a strategic, and then, a systematic selection 80 articles for each candidate were selected. For the survey three theoretical fields were chosen; framing theory, media logic (focusing on personalization) and gender theory. The quantitative content analysis coding scheme is based on these theories.

     

    The results show that game and strategy framing was the most prevalent form of framing in both newspapers, about half of all the articles were framed as game and strategy. The most common topic of the articles was “the election, opinion polls and media”. The result also showed that Trump often was termed as evil, as a loser, and the articles were often negatively angled towards him. Clinton was more often termed as good, as a winner and the articles were more positive towards her. However, Trump got the most attention in both papers. The survey also shows a higher degree of personalization against Clinton and she weren’t quoted in the articles as much as Trump. No major differences were seen between the newspapers in their use of frames and the degree of personalization.

  • Andersson, My
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Andersson, My
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Pettersson, Olivia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "När pengarna rullar in är man motiverad": En fallstudie av hur prestationsbaserad lön upplevs av konsultchefer på ett bemanningsföretag.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "När pengarna rullar in är man motiverad" is a bachelorthesis in Sociology written by Olivia Pettersson and My Andersson. The purpose of the study is to investigate a performance-based reward system and its effects on motivation and perceived job quality, this by doing a case study of a staffing and recruitment company in Stockholm. The study is qualitative and was carried out with the help of thematically open interviews with five employees of a company we have chosen to call LevereraMera. Previous research by Eriksson et al. (2002) and by Schou (1991) show that the salary is of importance for work motivation, but that other factors are more important and that no factor can work in isolation from others. None of these studies choose to include the phenomenon of labor quality and they are of a quantitative nature, which are two motives for this study.

     

    The collected empirical data was analyzed using the theoretical framework, Herzberg’s two-factor theory and Skinner’s reinforcement theory. The results show that the performance-based reward system used at LevereraMera has some positive effect on employee motivation, but it does not function isolated from other, also decisive, factors. It is not possible to discern that the reward system has a direct negative impact on employees' perceived job quality, what is however clear from the study is that the perception of fairness and willingness to cooperate is adversely affected by the current reward system, which can lead to an indirect negative impact on the company's general labor quality.

  • Engelstoft, Elinor
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Engelstoft, Elinor
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Condori, Therese
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lustfyllda vägar till skriftspråket: En kvalitativ studie om arbetet med skriftspråk utifrån barnens intresse i förskolan: En jämförelse mellan sex förskollärares erfarenheter av arbete med skriftspråk baserad på tre olika pedagogiska inriktningar.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how teachers in Waldorf, Reggio Emilia and traditional pedagogy work with literacy in preschools in Sweden. We also wanted to see the similarities and differences between the pedagogical approaches in the work regarding literacy and what the teachers think about the age of children when they learn to read and write. To get answers to our questions, we used a qualitative method where we interviewed six preschool teachers in six different preschools in Stockholm County with the 3 different pedagogies. Our theory is connected to Vygotski´s four processes that are important for children in learning, which is the socio-cultural, the mediated, the situated and the creative. We have also used John Dewey´s theory, who also speaks of children's learning with respect to social relations and artistic processes. The result of the interviews showed that it is very individual when children begin to learn literacy and the teachers say that we should not stop them if they have the interest but it must come from the children's own initiative and be based on their own interests. The environment was also something that was important to the child's learning of literacy and that the teachers used activities where the children could use all their senses in various esthetics expressions.

  • Eriksson, Angelica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Angelica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ekedahl, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Är filtrering vägen till den perfekta partnern?: En kvalitativ studie om hur relationssökande personer resonerar kring filtreringsmöjligheterna på nätdejtingsidor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how individuals reason about and look into their demands when talking about finding a partner on the internet. By studying if the use of filters in online dating purposes is desirable and why. The focus of the study is individuals that searches on the internet for a partner and their perceptions of online dating. We use qualitative methods where we conducted semi-structured interviews with six informants. The informants were between 20-35 years old, currently active on an online dating site and energetically sought a partner. Previous research shows that internet dating is a fast-growing phenomenon and creates feelings such as expectations and disappointment for members. Theoretical approach used is Bauman's theories about consumption and marketing, Bourdieu's theory about physical capital and Foucault's theories about normality and discourses. The results show that the filter tools existence does not affect the setting to find the perfect partner, but it is a useful tool. The filtering ability does not require informants to initiate a relationship with someone just because they are a theoretical match. The large online dating network creates a sense of endless possibilities in order to find a perfect partner and relationship.

  • Söderlind, Tove
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Söderlind, Tove
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Franzell, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Men det blir det där att alltid synas, det är så jävla jobbigt att synas hela jävla tiden!": En sociologisk studie om betydelsen av hudfärg i ett vitt samhälle2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is interested in the non-white Swedes who, despite their Swedish citizenship feel that they are not always able or allowed to feel like Swedes. The starting point is that in Sweden there is a whiteness standard witch for non-white Swedes have consequences in form of racism, exclusion and alienation. To get an understanding of the mechanisms behind these effects the writers instead of a general theory use several key concepts and theoretical points all seen from a postcolonial perspective. Seven interviews were held with non-white Swedes who was interviewed on how they perceive and interpret racism. Furthermore, the paper sought answers on whether respondents have been unconscious or conscious strategies to manage or respond to racism. It has since been made a comparison to see if it differs depending on whether respondents grew up in Sweden or not.

    The result shows that all respondents, regardless of group, experience racism and get their Swedishness questioned. The biggest differences between the two groups lies in how respondents choose to deal with the racism they encounter. The group of respondents who grew up in Sweden chooses to confront the racism they face while the group of respondents who didn’t grow up in Sweden are more inclined to deal with or escape it.

  • Elming, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Elming, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hedin, Linnéa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    “Utan min tro hade jag inte fixat mitt liv, den håller mig hel”: En kvalitativ studie om sambandet mellan religiositet och utbrändhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of the relationship between religiosity and burnout and to investigate whether the resources religiosity offers can counteract burnout. The study is of a qualitative nature as the empirical material has been gathered through six interviews. The analysis of the empirical material includes the theories KASAM by Aaron Antonovsky, social capital by Pierre Bourdieu and the theory of anomie by Emilé Durkheim. The results show that religiosity has health benefits for individuals and can act as a resource that counteracts burnout.

  • Johansson, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Johansson, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Den endimensionella etnicitetens reproduktion i en kommunal strategi2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate if Botkyrka municipalitys policy Strategi för ett interkulturellt Botkyrka (Strategy for an intercultural Botkyrka), reproduce a previously discovered discourse about swedishness, etnicity and culture as something static and one-dimensional. How they tackle the challenge to n’either homogenise nor culturaly essentialise their citizens. This is examined with the use of a social constructivist approach on the strategy. By using this approach and with the frameworks from discourse analysis and governmentality, this study shows that despite rethinking in goals and course of action, the examined material follows the previously demonstrated discourse, through their use and articulation of the investigated concepts.  

     

  • Archer, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Archer, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Krokstedt, Alma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att arbeta under högsäsong i Åre som lokalbefolkning och säsongsarbetare: En kvalitativ studie om hur olika livsstilar skapar grupperingar inom hotell- och restaurangbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to gain a deeper understanding of the social relations that take place at work between locals and seasonal workers in Åre, and to find out whether there exists a division between those who work and live seasonal in Åre and those who permanently live and work in Åre. The method used is a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews consisting of four seasonal workers and three locals in Åre from a storytelling perspective.

    The general results show that there is a strong division between these two groups because of their completely separate lifestyles, but still it does not exist any overall conflict between them. Their working relationship overall was decent but they were not socialized beyond work or even had a thought for that either. The strong division between these groups created a feeling of exclusion, the one group felt that it did not belong to the other and vice versa. Opinions about seasonal workers different habits and behavior in Åre compared to their habits at home arose, which both groups were aware of solidified the grouping.

  • Stenskog, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Stenskog, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Nygård Sundman, Pernilla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Anmälningsplikten, ett sätt att se barn som far illa: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskolepersonal ser på sin anmälningsplikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how kindergarten teachers look at their obligation to report and the possibilities and obstacles they see in reporting a child they think might be a victim of maltreatment. This study has a qualitative approach and six interviews were conducted with the help of both managers of kindergartens and kindergarten teachers. To analyse the empirical data that revealed itself during the interviews we used Johanssons (2007) and Svensson, Johnsson och Laanemets (2008) definition of discretion and the concept of “street level-bureaucrats”. The result showed that our informants experienced the meeting with children who they suspect is being maltreated is important and emotional and they thought that they had a moral responsibility towards these children. It also showed that the relationship the teachers had with the children's parents made a difference in how to act about reporting or not. Its also showed that the workplace itself and the knowledge and experience you have could interfere with reporting. In conclusion we think that more studies should be done in this area and that more knowledge about this should be included in education, which our informants also agreed on.

  • Rasping, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Rasping, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Nyckel till framgång?: En fallstudie om organisationskulturens betydelse i en resultatorienterad verksamhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to examine how an organizational culture can affect the daily work at a workplace. More specifically, the aim has been to identify the specific parts of a given culture that has a direct and experienced impact on an individual's work satisfaction and performance. This has been done by interviewing four persons working on a company in the staffing industry where they continuously work towards establishing a strong and good culture. To examine the importance of this specific culture both organization- and sociological theories has been used and thus served as guidance for how a culture can be expressed, understood and to find out how it can have a significant function on a daily basis. The culture is often expressed and described as something positive, and therefore a more critical perspective has been added in this study to show situations where the culture and its effect not should be taken for granted.

    The result shows that the importance of a culture mainly is experienced through the social relations that exist in the workplace and how employees talk to each other and celebrate each other's successes. The culture helps employees to work dedicated and targeted due to the sense of belonging, community, pride and responsibility. The result shows that the culture can serve as support at more difficult times and that it is important that an individual identifies with the culture to be long-lasting in the organization. A culture can be expressed both through physical symbols and non-material behavior and the result therefore shows that the importance mainly lies in the non-material elements and that these have a direct impact on the daily work rather than physical symbols such as key words on the wall or a dresscode. The results also show that the company in this study is characterized by a strong and successfull culture in their daily work, which means that the results of this study show a culture of a very optimistic character.

  • Frammin, Cornelia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Frammin, Cornelia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Paasila, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Från virtuell till verklig trygghet: En undersökning om hur människor själva skapar trygghet när online-dating blir offline-dating2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to give a detailed description to provide a better understanding of what strategies women use when online dating and in real life. The purpose of the paper is to identify how women create a sense of security for themselves, to make the leap from online communication to meeting an unknown male in the real world. For those two unknown people to take the step to meet each other face to face, there should be a kind of trust between them, how it is created, and what factors it is that determines that a meeting in real life will take place. In this essay, it has applied a qualitative method along with six thematically open interviews in which the informants have been women aged 20-30 years. In order to analyze the empirical approach, Sztompkas and Giddens's theory of trust and security have been used together along side Goffmans concept of front and backstage and other concepts are included as well. An analysis of the empirical material was found, the results showing that women often use fairly common strategies to create security in itself. These were as such, selecting a meeting place that is public and collecting information about the person they are meeting in advance using other channels of social media such as Facebook,Tinder, etc. This indicates that there is a general underlying concern about who the person really is on the other side of the computer screen/mobile screen. It also shows that the women are consciously or subconsciously using strategies to build up a sense of security among themselves before meeting with an unknown male.

    Keywords: Back stage, front stage, online dating, offline, online, role, security, social interaction, Tinder och trust.

  • Strömbäck, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Strömbäck, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Våldsbejakande extremism i Stockholms söderort: En kvalitativ studie om kommunalt preventionsarbete i anknytning till våldsbejakande extremism.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper aims to examine how local boroughs in the South suburbs of Stockholm work with matters relating to radicalism and violent extremism with roots in white power environments and Islam. The paper will look at the different challenges faced by the local Boroughs in tackling the problems in the future.

    The empirical material that forms the basis of this paper have been collected through semi structured interviews with local coordinators employed by three different boroughs within the South suburbs of Stockholm.

    The theoretical framework of the study is formed by a typological model that comprises different kinds of crime prevention exercises with backgrounds in superordinate values. The empirical material has been analyzed in relation to crime prevention as a societal phenomenon depending on what preventive method has been given the timely aspect related to primary, secondary or tertiary prevention.

    Results show that radicalism and violent extremism are phenomenon with substantial complexity, according to all participating coordinators, white power environments tend to be significantly more violent in their behaviour and serves as the primary local threat whereas activities relating to radical Islam is more limited. The coordinators speak about the necessity to work for an inclusive society rather than controlling which risks stigmatizing the individuals who could be considered in an already weak and resource scarce situations.

    The study show that the boroughs dominant prevention mechanisms are formed of structural and socialization prevention methods rather than effective reduction and/or controlling prevention. 

  • Algemo Bergfeldt, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Algemo Bergfeldt, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Sundling Ahlin, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Livsplanering i en kortsiktig värld: En kvalitativ studie om tidsbegränsat anställdas möjligheter att planera.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the subject of temporary employments and how the employment status affects the personal life of the employee. The aspects of the personal life which are being investigated is the employees possibilities to plan their long term future as well as their short term future. Furthermore, the employees social relations and spare time are being investigated. The paper is qualitative and is based on semi-structured interviews with four people between the age of 25 and 35 who are experienced with temporary employment. The results of the interviews are analyzed in light of Richard Sennetts theory about ”The corrosion of character”, which shows upon a contradiction between the character-building and today's job market. The conclusions are that the employees possibilities concerning long term planning, as well as short term planning, is aggravated by their temporary employment status. Their spare time seems to become less extensive and the time devoted to the social relationships decreases. However, we can not draw any conclusions on the social relations patterns affected at a deeper level. 

  • Zetterberg, Kristoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Zetterberg, Kristoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    “Us gamers want exactly what we have always wanted”: den avpolitiserade spelaren och dess ideologiska andra2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the sharp criticism directed at video games that embrace different types of what I call progressive elements, primarily those that include diversity, representation, or deviate from traditional video gaming mechanics and norms. The study is a discourse analysis of YouTube videos, where the starting point has been how the arguments construct a problem in relation to these progressive elements, with specific causes and solutions. By deconstructing these statements and then reconstructing a chain of equivalence, i.e. relations between subject positions, this shows how a binary logic carries the discourse where a specific ‘we’, The Gamer, are up against a specific ‘them’, the Social Justice Warriors (SJWs). By ways of binary discursive exclusions, the groups are constructed as opposites. In the discourse, The Gamer becomes depoliticized by relating it to concepts of rationality, game culture and the free market, whilst SJWs are associated with censorship, ideology, and non-games. In this way, The Gamer makes invisible its association with masculinity and an often pseudo-meritocratic and Social Darwinist ideology, and claims an interpretative prerogative and oppose any kind of change, on basis of truth and facts.

  • Andersson, Malin
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Andersson, Malin
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Läsloppet: om läsmiljö och läsmotivation vid deltagande i en lästävling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We cannot say for sure that competitions in theoretical subjects has increased in Swedish schools. However, Swedish educators testify that the number of competitions in school has increased in recent years. Läsloppet is a reading competition aimed at third-graders, and is carried out in cooperation between the municipal library and the schools in a municipality in the southern parts of Stockholm. This case study examined how a third grade teacher reason about participation in this reading competition and how her class work with literature reading during the competition. Through a survey it also examined her students’ thoughts on reading in general and on participating in Läsloppet.

    Within the theoretical frame of Aidan Chambers theories of reading environment and “the reading circle”, combined with various aspects on motivation, the purpose of this paper was to examine how Läsloppet could serve as a reading promotion tool, and what participating in a reading contest could mean for students’ motivation to read.

    The questions used to answer this was:

    • How can participating in Läsloppet be described based on the concept reading environment and various aspects of reading motivation?
    • How does the teacher describe the participation in Läsloppet from an educational perspective?
    • How do the students experience reading in school and the participating in Läsloppet?

    Results showed that students with motivation in reading benefits the most by participating in the reading competition. Students with low or no interest in reading seems to show low interest in reading even after participating in the contest. From an educational perspective the competition had some positive effects in creating a good reading environment for the class participating in this study.

  • Ariz, Susin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ariz, Susin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Jag ville bara försvinna men jag hade barnen att tänka på": En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors utsatthet för våld2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how five women have been affected by intimate partner violence and what consequences it has brought upon them. It also clarifies why women stay in violent relationships and what it takes to leave it at the end. The study also explores the effects on women’s self-esteem after leaving a violent relationship. 

     

    The methodology used for this study has a qualitative approach and is processed through semi-structured interviews with five women who have experienced intimate partner violence. The theoretical theories that have been used and applied to this study are, “Becoming an example: the process of rotating the exit”, “The dynamics of violence and normalization” and “Social capital”.

     

    The results of the study show that the normalization of intimate partner violence is a major (contributing) factor to why women stay in violent relationships. The contributing factor to why women choose to leave violent relationships is finding of a purpose and a symbolic meaning to not participate in these types of relationships. Examples of these purposes and meanings are the potential harm to children, if children are involved in the situation, or realization of that there are no signs of behavioral change. All five women who participated in this study show a significant change in regards of identity.

     

    Keywords: Woman, interviews, intimate partner violence, victim of violence, separation, normalization. 

  • Bergström, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Bergström, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Andersen, Margreta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Människohandel för sexuella ändamål: Mellan raderna: En textanalys av myndighetsdokument om stöd och skydd för personer utsatta för människohandel för sexuella ändamål.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate the support and protection the Swedish government can offer victims of human trafficking for sexual purposes (HTSP). This has been accomplished through a textual analysis of selected governmental documents, which describe support and protection for victims of HTSP. A focal point of this study has been to analyse whether the procedures described in the documents, and also the intentions therein, bears resemblance to the empowerment-theory. This includes whether it adds to a process where the persons are empowered and receives more control over their own lives. The result of the study shows that the texts express intentions of long-term support. We view these intentions as bearing resemblance to the empowerment-theory. Also, the texts show intentions of offering support and protection unconditionally and based upon human rights. The support and protection described in the texts envelop both emergent and long-term support. All victims of HTSP, though, do not have access to the same support and protection since this is based on what sort of visa the person holds. It is demanded to be part of a court-process to receive a short-term visa in Sweden. Because of this, it might be discussed whether support and protection is given first and foremost to meet the needs of victims of HTSP, or with the goal of fighting crime.

  • Bjur, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Bjur, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Forsell, Josephine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Frisknärvaro i en kommunal hemtjänst2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to highlight the attending elements in a working environment that is marked by high absenteeism. Our aim is to gain a deeper understanding of the main factors that may have an affect on the attendance in a working environment that is characterized by high levels of sick leave. Therefore, we conducted a qualitative study through interviews on a communal home care center. In order to answer the study questions, we turned to the sociological theories of KASAM, thedemand control model and the process model for help during our investigation. Our results mainly suggest that the feeling of having social support is a contributing factor and also having a high sense of KASAM when it comes to maintain a high level of attendance in a working environment. These factors has been proven to be of great importance in order to handle situations that can easily lead to stress. We also concluded that by being able to maintain a boundary between your work and private life, you have a good chance of recovering properly between shifts.

  • Josefine, Ekenstein
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Josefine, Ekenstein
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mogel, Erica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Varför engagera sig?: En kvalitativ studie om vilka faktorer som kan vara till grund för ideellt engagemang i organisationen Missing People2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This qualitative study, "Why get involved?” by Josefine Ekenstein and Erica Mogel examines what motivates the individual to engage in the voluntary organization Missing People and examine what the individual gets in reward. Based on two research questions we gathered our empirical material through semi-structured interviews and were then analyzed through the theoretical frameworks. The theories used are Gagné & Decis Self-determination theory, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and Bourdieu’s theory of disinterested actions. The study concludes that there are both internal and external factors that primarily motivate the respondents for their involvement in Missing People. It also concludes that the respondents felt good to help others which could be seen as a form of reward.

  • Halef, Birsen
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Halef, Birsen
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Individanpassad läsundervisning ur tre lärares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society it is necessary to have good literacy to even manage in life. When it comes to school, reading is important for success in all subjects and to acquire new knowledge. It is therefore of great importance that reading education works well in school and that student’s literacy development stimulates. The purpose of this study is to examine individualized reading education based on how three teachers in grade 2 describe their activity. The study also aims to examine the importance of formative assessment of students' reading skills before individualized reading education.

     

    Through qualitative studies consisting interviews and observations with the teachers have three research questions been answered. The questions of the study are; how do the teachers say that they individualize reading education? How do teachers relate to individualized education? Which formative assessments are made by teachers before individualizing reading education and how do they reflect on them?

     

    Based on, among other things, Vintereks individualization types and Sandler's theory of formative assessment, the results have shown that the teachers adapt their individual students' reading education based on their needs and circumstances. The result also shows that teachers are positive to individualize education for the students, but they believe it may be difficult when students have different needs appearing on different times as well as the time spent on the administration of the work instead of on the students. This means that circumstances in the classroom and the school's structural conditions put obstacles for teachers to individualize the education for the students completely. The teachers believe that it is important to do formative assessments of students to know where they are in their reading development and how to move forward to achieve their goals.

  • Holmström, Elsa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Holmström, Elsa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kejsaren har inga kläder: En studie om matematisk förmåga genom subtraktionsbegreppet och dess aspekter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching mathematics towards mathematical proficiency cannot easily be described since mathematical proficiency is complex and no term alone capture all aspects.

    The purpose of the study was to examine how mathematical proficiency in conceptual understanding can be discriminated through the concept of subtraction in grade 1 and 3 primary school. Question raised by the study was

    1. What different levels in quality can be discriminated in the ways students subtracts?  

    2. Can progression be discriminated within subtraction operations between grade 1 and 3?

    Concepts like mathematical artefacts, capability and ability have been useful tools when analyzing the material. Developing mathematical thinking in students is about developing conceptual understanding anchored in the process rather than focus on procedures and outcome. When subtracting with comprehension one knows that subtraction undoes addition since subtraction is the inverse operation of addition.

         The methods used are qualitative studies using observations and interviews. The material consists of notes from observations, recordings of interviews and written solutions. The study developed an analysis tool in order to compare the different ways of thinking when doing subtraction activities. Developing the tool was critical in order to compare and discriminate different levels of mathematical thinking. The results indicate that the Swedish curricula in mathematics do not support mathematical teaching towards mathematical proficiencies because it’s lack of concrete measurable goals.

  • El Hajoui, Siham
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    El Hajoui, Siham
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Issa, Nahrin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    “Jag tror att många där ute förväntar sig att psykologer ska vara som superhjältar” : En socialpsykologisk studie om psykologers tankar kring sitt arbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study based on interviews and the essay is composed by Siham El Hajoui and Nahrin Issa, students of Södertörns Högskola. The title of the study starts with a quote, taken from one of the respondents that reflects the expectations that people have of psychologist today. The purpose of this study is to investigate on how psychologist’s gets affected by their profession, how they draw a line between work and the remaining life and if they empathize with their clients. The study does also discuss the expectations that exists on psychologists, by their clients or in general. The study is based on six interviews with psychologists, who have been working at least 3 years as legitimized psychologists.

    The result of the study shows that the respondents experience that the psychologist occupation is difficult, and that one is required to have work experiences to be able to handle it in a good way. It was shown that it exists expectations on the respondents that affects them in a way that makes them use different strategies to be able to draw a line between work and the private life. The result was analyzed with the help of previous research about how to draw the line between work and remaining the life, doctors’ sympathy with patients, job burnout and with the help of theories about roles and empathy.

  • Jakobsson, Liza
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Jakobsson, Liza
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Den expanderande expertisen: En idéhistorisk studie av nationalekonomers legitimeringsstrategier under 1900-talet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the role and perceived legitimacy of the economic expert and how the positons of economic experts has evolved during the 20th century, as seen through the lens of two debates.

     

    Both of the debates take place around a great economic crisis in Sweden. The first, in the early 1930’s is held while the big economic upheaval of that time still rages. The second, in 1995, is held just after the so called 90’s-crisis has subdued. The aim of the theis is to see how the economic experts at the time defends and expands their authority.

     

    The results of the theisis finds that in both cases the economic expert links the economic policies of the time before the most recent crisis will be presented as inherently linked to the problem. The new policy, which is easy to establish in the light of the old one, works as a way for the economic expert to defend the authority of the profession.

     

    The study also finds that while the legatimacy of the economic expert during the 1930s is based on an intergration with politics, while the legatimicy for the economic expert during the 1990s stems instead from a distancing from politicans and the political sphere in general.

  • Lewin, Christina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lewin, Christina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "En traditionsfråga mer än en högtidsfråga": om religion och högtider på fem kristna förskolor2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about how five different Christian preschools handle various issues related to religion: how they work with religion on a daily basis and how they celebrate Christian holidays. My research material includes interviews made at two of the schools and an observation at another one.The one I have observed at is situated in a small town and the ones I have interviewed are situated in a suburb of Stockholm. The other three I have sent questionnaires by email which they have answered. Of these five Christian preschools one is connected to the Swedish church, one to the Salvation Army, two to the Mission Church and one did not have a clear connection. The three questions that I have tried to answer are:

    •How do educators/staff describe the integration of religion on the Christian preschools on a daily basis?

    •How do the educators/staff in the preschools in the study work with holidays?

    They pray before the meals, they use the Bible as part of their gatherings and they let the Bible’s Golden rule inform every activity to teach the children to treat each other well. One of the five preschools has decided not to celebrate holidays at all as part of their operation and let the children celebrate with their families. The other preschools use holidays as a starting-point to connect to the related stories of the Bible and as a basis for further talks with the children about the messages of these stories.

  • Vasquez, Alexandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vasquez, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Khalaf, Nessim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Jag är svensk men...": En kvalitativ studie om inre konflikter hos svenskfödda ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study in sociology, where the study is based on interviews with seven swedish born adolescent who feel a belonging with three different cultural backgrounds. The aim of this study is to inquiry the underlying factors that can compose a possible inner identity conflict for adolescents with multiple cultural identities and how they handleit.The main focus of this study will be on adolescents who havehad their socialization in Sweden, however they grew up differently in comparison to the Swedish conditions. During this study it will be discussed how adolescent perceive themselves in relation to the Swedish society and what cultural background they identify the most with.The results show that the selected respondents feel that they do not suffer fromidentity problems. However, respondents express that there are a number of factors that affect how these young people who associates with multiple cultural backgrounds, perceive their position in Swedish society. This eventually leads to inner conflicts within themselves. The results show that the potential conflicts are based on the primary socialization colliding with societal norms. This has led to thatthe different upbringings has influenced the view of themselves as well as the ethnic Swedes perception of these young people. The results were analyzed using selected theories that included identity, socialization and role theory.

  • Holmgren, Helga
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Holmgren, Helga
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Meidanipour, Parisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    En studie av interaktionen vid livsmedelskontroll: Ett intersektionellt perspektiv på mötet mellan livsmedelsinspektörer och restaurangägare och -personal2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Food inspection is a part of the Environment Department in Stockholms stad. Their work, among other things, involves inspections of restaurants in different areas of Stockholm. An important part of the working process is the importance of inspectors managing to work professional and impartial. The intention of the study En studie av interaktionen vid livsmedelskontroll – ett intersektionellt perspektiv på mötet mellan livsmedelsinspektörer och restaurangägare och -personal”, written by Helga Holmgren and Parisa Meidanipour, is to find out how the inspector and the owner of the restaurant and the personnel interact. The study has a qualitative approach where observations and interviews have been made. The theoretical framework involves intersectional perspectives as well as Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective and the power perspective of Foucault. The results of the study primarily show that cooperation between inspectors and owners of restaurants and personnel is a qualification for the work to be able to progress. It also shows that owner of restaurants and personnel as well as inspectors use strategies during the meeting to maintain their face. The power is constantly present in the interaction between inspectors and the owner of the restaurant and personnel, while who possesses the power in the interaction shift. 

  • Paulaityté, Akvile
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Paulaityté, Akvile
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ohlson, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Måste jag köpa det jag ser?: En kvalitativ studie om Instagrams påverkan på skönhets- och modekonsumtion.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The qualitative study “Måste jag köpa det jag ser?” by Madeleine Ohlson and Akvile Paulaityté is made to investigate the effects of Instagram on fashion- and beautyconsumption and the ego image of individuals. In the Swedish society the government sees consumption as a problem, and that it should decrease because of the high consumptionlevel. According to Dag Kättström social media affects everydaylife of individuals and their relations because of the frequent use. The research of Instagram by Mendelsons and Papacharissis (2011) reveals the possibility for individuals to display their identity and create an image. During this study seven semistructured interviews were made with students from Södertörn University and the material was analyzed through Goffman’s dramaturgic perspective and the consumptiontheory of Bauman. The outcome of the study shows that students that frequently use Instagram gets a need to see frequent newsfeed updates and the students with a beauty- and fashioninterest follow beauty- and fashioninspired users to find new trends and create productposts. The effects of Instagram on the ego image is low according to the students because of their high self-esteem. They though feel they are affected by their feel of insufficiency from Instagramposts regarding beauty- and fashionproducts and appearance standards.

  • Persson, Elinor
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Persson, Elinor
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    ”Lapparna i Sverige”: En studie om hur dagstidningarna Norrbotten-Kuriren och Norrländska socialdemokraten, gestaltade samer under 1920-talet.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syfte är att se hur samer gestaltades i två norrbottniska tidningar under 1920-talet. Hur beskrevs samerna, användes några värdeladdade ord eller anlades några stereotyper? De två tidningarna som valts till undersökningen är Norrbotten-Kuriren en konservativ tidning och Norrländska Socialdemokraten, NSD en socialdemokratisk tidning. Dessa tidningar har valts för att de har samma upptagningsområde men har olika politisk inriktning. En fråga i denna uppsats är således om gestaltningen av samer skiljer sig åt mellan tidningarna beroende på deras politiska hemvist. Teorin som används i denna uppsats är Saids postkoloniala teori om utmålningen av ”den andra”. Med komplettering av Ania Loombas perspektiv på postkolonial teori, hon menar att det kan finnas lokala skillnader i hur ”Den andre” gestaltades. Det är detta, denna uppsats ska belysa hur samer gestaltades lokalt i Norrbottens län. Uppsatsens metod är kvalitativ innehållsanalys med nyanser av diskursteori, samernas subjektsposition under 1920-talet ska beläggas. Materialet som används till studien är 59 texter det är alla texter som publicerades om samer under den tid jag valt att undersöka, 22 artiklar analyseras på ett djupare plan och notiserna, texter under 15 rader, analyseras tematiskt. Studien är uppdelad i tre nedslag 1920, 1925 och 1930, där artiklarna från månaderna maj-juni har analyserats eftersom det var under maj-juni renflyttningen skedde. Studien visar att tidningarnas gestaltning av samer skiljer sig åt, Norrländska Socialdemokraten hade ett myndighetsperspektiv, de lade stor vikt vid statens utredningar om samerna i sina artiklar, och de hade en nedlåtande ton mot samerna, de sågs som svagare än andra, i många av sina artiklar. Medan Norrbotten-Kuriren anlägger en mer vi känsla i en del av sina artiklar, samerna fick vara med och vara en del av viet, de fick ibland komma till tals vilket de inte fick göra i Norrländska Socialdemokraten. Norrbotten-Kuriren har också samekritiska artiklar men denna tidning var mer närvarande, de såg samerna mer som en grupp än som några svagare personer som det ska stiftas lagar kring. Ämnena som präglade de olika nedslagen var tämligen lika i de båda tidningarna. 1920 var det nomadskolorna och kolonisationen av ”lappmarkerna”, 1925 var det renbeteslagstiftning och renskötseln och 1930 kritik mest mot renarna och den skadegörelse som de lämnade efter sig i jordbrukslandskapet. Alla artiklar rör renägande samer och inga kvinnor fick komma till tals.

  • Wenzer, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Wenzer, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Olovsson, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Utvärdering av ett volontärprojekt i Kenya2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Kenyan development project and NGO Nikumbuke, which aims to empower the participating women due to patriarchal structures in the country. We have participated in the project as volunteers and studied the methods that Nikumbuke uses to achieve their goal and examined the experienced effects for the participants and possible difficulties that the project may face. To fulfill the purpose of this study a qualitative method was used. Additionally an evaluation method in combination with an analysis that focuses on the effects of the project has guided us throughout the work. The material was collected using semi-structured interviews, group interviews and participating observation. Relevant earlier research and theories consisting of Tillys theory about resistant inequality, empowerment and Bourdieus theory on the capital forms, habitus and field were used to analyze the empirical material.

    The result shows that the methods Nikumbuke use provides the women with tools to improve their abilities and capital volume that leads to empowerment, however the social norms, traditions and structural obstacles in Kenya are still problems that are difficult to change. Furthermore the fact that Nikumbuke is a NGO with limited economic resources makes the project dependent of others and risks extending the process of long term development effects.

  • Kizilkaya, Zin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kizilkaya, Zin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Öztürk, Dilan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Relationer som går i arv?: En kvalitativ studie om vuxna skilsmässobarns syn på relationer.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftetmed denna studie äratt studerade subjektiva tankarna kring äktenskap,skilsmässasamt påverkningsgraden av föräldrarnas skilsmässa hos vuxna skilsmässobarn. Det utfördes sex kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra kvinnor och tremän,i åldrarna 18-26 somallavar bosatta i Stockholm. Studien visadeatt vuxna skilsmässobarn har en relativ positiv inställningtill äktenskap men att de har en rädsla för att deras framtida äktenskap skall resulterasmedskilsmässa likföräldrarnasäktenskap.Den främsta orsaken till föräldrarnas skilsmässa berodde på att pappanantigenvar otrogen eller ansvarslös, dettahar påverkat skilsmässobarnens relation till pappan. Efter skilsmässan har relationen mellan vuxna skilsmässobarnenoch den ena föräldern blivit allt starkare då skilsmässobarnet skapar en nära relation till föräldern för att ersätta och fylla den lucka som saknas i form av avsaknad av den andra föräldern. Föräldrarnas skilsmässa har påverkat vuxna skilsmässobarnen genom att de själva sätter krav på sina egna framtida relationer och partners.En summering av studien påvisar att majoriteten av respondenterna upplever att de har fått en starkare relation till ena förälderns och inte den andra. Vilket beror på den andra förälderninte längre har en viktig roll i familjen så som tidigare och kan därmed inte påverka relationerna som innan.

  • Bjarkö, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Bjarkö, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Husserl och subjektets självständighet: En undersökning av medvetandets relation till världen i Ideer I och Fenomenologins grundproblem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a famous passage in Ideas I, Husserl claims that the pure consciousness is to be understood as independent of anything apart from itself in order to constitute itself, and that it therefore is able exist without a world at all. This notion seems to be contradicted in many of Husserl’s other works as well as stand in conflict with the core of phenomenology itself as a descriptive science of intentional consciousness. Three years before the publication of Ideas I, Husserl held a series of lectures that were later published with the title The Basic Problems of Phenomenology. Here, in stark contrast to Ideas I, the inquiry culminates in stepping beyond the subject as self-given and immanent by instead focusing on intersbjectivity and phenomenological time-consciousness. This essay sets out to examine the relation between the transcendental subject in these two works. It is argued that, while the phenomenological epoché indeed establishes a subject that is prior to the world in the sense that it does not need to suppose the world to guarantee its own existence, Husserl’s philosophical project in The Basic Problems of Phenomenology shows the importance of going beyond such an immanent subject to uncover the full phenomenological field. 

  • Karaca, Ebru
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Karaca, Ebru
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att inta ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt i undervisningen: En studie av fyra lärares beskrivningar och praktiskt tillämpande av ett interkulturellt arbetssätt i undervisningssituationer.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, a study was made of four teachers’ perception and application of an intercultural perspective in their teaching practice. The purpose was to investigate how the teachers describe to use an intercultural approach in teaching situations and how they achieve it in social studies. The study aimed to answer the questions below:

    - How do the teachers perceive the concepts of multicultural, multicultural education and intercultural approach and what do they assume is the purpose of an intercultural approach?

    - How do the teachers adapt teaching from an intercultural perspective? *

    - Which advantages and difficulties/hindrance do the teachers consider occur in the enabling of an intercultural approach?

    - In which way do the teachers make an intercultural approach possible in their teaching practice in social studies?

    The methods used to answer these questions where qualitative one-on-one interviews and observations of the teachers during class in social studies. The theories used to analyse the material was based on theories on different intercultural approaches and strategies in teaching and the frame factor theory. As a conclusion, this study finds that the teachers in the study are aware of the possibilities and benefits of an intercultural approach. Furthermore, the results show that the way the intercultural approach is utilized in the teaching practice differs from teacher to teacher and that the teachers focus on similar and different aspect of the intercultural approach. However, this study also shows that they teachers feel various difficulties working with an intercultural approach such as the schools’ resources and teaching in different matters and contexts. Which is consistent with previous research?

  • Nordin, Annika
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Nordin, Annika
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Förskollärare i förskoleklass uppfattning och undervisning om grundläggande taluppfattning: En kvalitativ studie baserad på semistrukturerade intervjuer.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Altuntas, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Altuntas, Ann-Sofie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kayalioglu, Josefine
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    En jämförande fallstudie av en svensk och en turkisk lärares läs- och skrivundervisning i årskurs 1 i Sverige och Turkiet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Linde, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Linde, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Hellqvist, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    “Alla följer och alla ‘likear’”: En kvalitativ studie om hur Instagramanvändning hos företag påverkar dess anställda2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This study aims to examine how a businesses' use of the social media platform Instagram can affect the way their employees perceive their own ability to contribute within the business and interact with colleagues, which may affect the companies organizational culture. This study has been conducted through empirical research collected from interviews held with employees of a travel agency which actively uses Instagram. The results show that the company's use of Instagram has an effect upon their employees and, if one places this in relation with the theories utilized in this study, one can say that Instagram is perceived as an artifact that can function as a channel for expressing the organizational culture of the company.

  • Österberg, Bodil
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Österberg, Bodil
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Bilden, texten och läsförståelsen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Against the background of previous research regarding the interplay between pictures and text in teaching materials and picturebooks which shown an ambivalent approach to the use of pictures in narrative texts (Carney & Levin 2002) (Jonsson 2006) I set off to investigate the interplay between pictures and text in childrens litterature with the aim to illuminate how different interplays could be used in teaching. The study proceeded from the following questions:

    • In which ways do pictures and texts interplay in some newly published reading textbooks?

    • In which ways do pictures and texts interplay in some commonly read picturebooks for 8 year-old children?

    • Which didactic consequenses could derive from this?

    Through a multimodal literacy-theory I analyzed three commonly read picturebooks for eight year-olds and three newly published reading textbooks in which I labeled the pictures using an analyzing-tool created by Joel R Levin, professor of Educational Psychology vid Department of Educational Psychology, University of Arizona where the relation between text and picture can be representative, decorative, organizing or informative, or interpretive as Levin puts it (Levin 1981).

    The total result showed that most text-picture-interplays are representative och informative, two interplays in which the reader is invited to interpret, make predictions, and make connections to own experiences or other stories. The organizing interplays create preconceptions and invites the reader to summarize the content and retell sequences or the whole story. The decorative interplays could through a multmodal literacy-theory rise questions about genres and social codes. The interplays between pictures and text are found being a great resource rather than an obstacle.

  • Cederlöf, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Cederlöf, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att resa är att behöva kapital: En kvalitativ studie om att göra en klassresa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By using Bourdieu's theory on capitals, the essay examines whether, and if so, in what ways, upward class mobility can affect one’s lifestyle. To examine this, I work with qualitative semi-structured interviews. Five upwardly mobile men and women were interviewed about their experience of being upwardly mobile. The interviews covered themes such as being born into a working-class family and being upwardly mobile, the perception of the middle class and the working class, and how they live today in the new class belonging. Previous researches used are three dissertation studies by the sociologists Mats Trondman, Lena Sohl and Ulla-Britt Wennerström. My result shows that life in a small extent has been affected by the class mobility and that the upwardly class mobile often became limit to be who they are.