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  • Hellman, Sona
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Så som bara den som bedragits kan älska: En narratologisk och semiosfärisk undersökning av Per Anders Fogelströms Mina Drömmars Stad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay, As only the deceived one can love, is to investigate the city character in the book Mina drömmars stad (City of dreams) by swedish author Per Anders Fogelström. I will do this by using narratology and making a narrative analysis of the city as a protagonist, with help from Jimmy Vulovic’s Narrativanalys (”narrative analysis”) and Claes Göran Holmberg’s & Anders Ohlssons Epikanalys – En introduktion (”epic analysis – an introduction”). All of these three theorists use the narratological tool-box of Gérard Genette, and I will use his tools in this essay as well. By doing this I will try to point out what this kind of personification of the city does to the story, and how it affects the readers point of view. One of the steps of the narrative analysis is to seek for information about the protagonist in its own environment, to see if there are any hidden clues about the identity of their character. In his book A universe of the mind – A semiotic theory of culture, Jurij M. Lotman writes about the semiosphere of the home, and how the ultimate place to seek for details about someone’s character is in someone’s home environment or surroundings. He demonstrates his thesis by analyzing the meaning of different homes in Michail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita. Even if I try to read the city as a main character in City of dreams, it is inevitable that the city is also a stage, a scene and the environment where the story takes place. In the end of my analysis I will look to the environment of the city to try to draw conclusions about who this city of dreams really is.

  • Häggbom, My
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalistik är att formge berättelser2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 61-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Göteborgs universitet / Helsingfors universitet, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Journalistikens heta känslor2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 77-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Åker, Patrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Framtidens bildjournalist blickarbortom journalistiken2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 111-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Picha Edwardsson, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Al-saqaf, Walid
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalistiken i framtiden – trender och spaningar2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 125-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Larssen, Urban
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalistik över nationsgränser – om crossborder collaborative journalism2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 101-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Boldt, Jolin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Till hygglighetens lov – hur skapar vi god journalistik?2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 53-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Stockholms universitet.
    Långsamhetens journalistik – reportaget vittnar om sin samtid2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 67-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Forskning om journalistik – med en demokratisk utgångspunkt2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 41-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Grafström, Maria
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm / Stockholms universitet.
    Uppluckrade gränser – kommunikatören som journalist?2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 27-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Vad är en journalist?2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 17-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Zuiderveld, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalistik som passion – eller omvikten av ett par kängor i ryggsäcken2020In: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 9-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Jamshedi, Mariam
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Insynshandel: Hur resonerar marknaden?: En studie om verkställande direktörers förvärv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt Famas teori om den effektiva marknaden ska det inte vara möjligt att använda sig av offentlig information för att generera överavkastning. Tidigare studier har dock kommit fram till att investerare kan genom att följa verkställande direktörens aktieköp i det anställa bolaget generera överavkastning. Med denna kontrast byggdes frågeställningen till denna studie vilket lyder; Är överavkastning möjligt genom att imitera verkställande direktörers köp av aktier i det egna bolaget? För att besvara detta har en eventstudie tillämpats där händelsen är köptransaktionerna. En multipel regressionsanalys har gjorts, där den beroende variabeln är CAR. Data har hämtats från Finansinspektionens hemsida samt Nasdaq. Beräkningar har gjorts med hjälp av den justerade marknadsmodellen där bland annat den genomsnittliga överavkastningen samt den kumulativa överavkastningen har räknats ut. Med stöd från tidigare forskning samt studiens empiri kunde slutsatsen dras att investerare kan till viss mån generera överavkastning genom att imitera verkställande direktörers förvärv.

  • Semmanda, Faith
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Factors affecting economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa: A panel data analysis of the factors that affect economic growth and the development of sub-Saharan African countries2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Economic growth rate differs largely between different countries. There are many opinions on which factors really affect the rate of growth in different economies and this causes debates. The factors that affect economic growth include political systems, social settings, economic freedom, human capital and institutional organization. These factors affect not only productivity, but also efficiency.

    This thesis’ purpose is to investigate and explain the factors that affect economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. Through use of a fixed effects regression model, a panel data investigation will be conducted, and an analysis will be presented in this thesis. By using secondary data for sub-Saharan African countries from reliable sources, the factors that affect economic growth on an annual basis from year 2006 to 2017 are examined. Growth in gross domestic product per individual (GDP per capita growth) is the dependent variable and represents economic growth. The independent variables which are believed to affect this growth are also given, and these include: population growth, foreign direct investment, level of corruption, democracy, life expectancy at birth, expected years of schooling and economic freedom.

    The findings estimate that some of the chosen variables, for example population growth and life expectancy at birth significantly affect economic growth and development in these countries. The rest of the independent variables have an impact on economic growth but are not statistically significant according to this study.

  • Gardeström, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Rehnberg, Hanna SofiaSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är journalistik?

    När medielandskapet dominerades av tidningar, nationell tv och radio var de flesta överens om svaret på den frågan. Idag finns inte längre något självklart svar. I denna antologi försöker vi ringa in vad journalistik är i dagens förändrade medielandskap. Vi tittar såväl bakåt mot yrkets historia som framåt mot den okända framtiden. Vissa grundelement är konstanta: Journalistik är ett praktiskt hantverk och samtidigt en verksamhet som kräver reflektion. Journalistik är berättelser om verkligheten i ord, ljud och bild. Journalistik är etik och research – och dessutom ett forskningsområde. Journalistik är också passion. På andra punkter råder större osäkerhet: Vad händer när gränserna luckras upp mellan journalistik och andra former av kommunikation? Vad kommer att krävas av framtidens journalister? Även dessa frågor tar vi oss an i boken.

    De flesta av oss skribenter är verksamma som journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola, där vi ständigt diskuterar och funderar över hur vi ska utbilda morgondagens journalister. Antologin är riktad till dig som vill bli journalist eller till dig som har intresse för journalistik och dess förändringar.

  • Nylin, Therese
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Nu vill jag att du börjar läsa!”: En kvalitativ studie om lärares agerande under momentet tyst läsning under svensklektioner för att stötta och motivera elever i årskurs 4-62019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Silent reading is and has been, for a long period of time, a common activity in Swedish schools during the Swedish lessons. The question, however, is whether most people know or have reflected on why they have read silently in school and if their theachers have motivated and schaffolded them during the silent reading. This is a qualitative study to examine how some teachers scaffold and motivate pupils in their silent reading. The questions the study will answer are: 

     

    • How do these teachers describe that they scaffold and motivate their pupils in the silent reading? 
    • How do teachers act during silent reading in the classroom to scaffold and motivate pupils in silent reading? 

     

    The study used the methods observation and interview of teachers in grades 4-6. The material has then been analyzed using sociocultural theory and the concept of motivation. The result shows that teachers primarily want to increase pupils' joy in reading through silent reading, but that silent reading is also used to support the development of pupils' language. To support pupils in the silent reading, teachers use schafolded activities such as individual reading with pupils, modeling and clarifying ambiguities. Theachers also use external motivation to create inner motivation in pupils'. 

  • Lötbom, Isabella
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Kom som du är till Försvarsmakten?: En sociosemiotisk undersökning av Försvarsmaktens kampanj KOM SOM DU ÄR2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilka budskap och eventuella ideologier som Försvarsmakten förmedlar i sin KOM SOM DU ÄR kampanj. Det analyserade materialet från kampanjen är 4 affischer, varav 3 avbildas av kvinnor, samt en tillhörande kampanjfilm. Denna uppsats grundas på föreställningen om att Försvarsmakten är ett yrke som enbart passar män och kopplas till teorin om genussystemet. Ytterligare teorier som uppsatsen utgår ifrån är den sociosemiotiska teorin, SFG (systemisk-funktionella grammatiken), men även Martinecs (2001) teori om hur kroppsrörelser realiserar interpersonell betydelse. Den tänkta mottagaren eller målgruppen som kampanjen vänder sig till kallar jag likt Björkvall (2003) för modelläsaren. Kampanjen analyseras med hjälp av en multimodal SFG analys för att besvara syfte och forskningsfrågor.

    Av analysen framgår att kampanjen består av ett flertal språkliga och visuella resurser som på olika sätt skapar närhet och identifikationskrav till modelläsaren. Genom porträtterandet av kvinnor och symboliska attribut såsom exempelvis kvinnosymbolen synliggörs på olika vis den feministiska ideologin. Kampanjen är i sin helhet inkluderande men det råder en viss oenhetlighet mellan affischerna och kampanjfilmen i fråga om vilka budskap som förmedlas. Affischerna avbildas av smala, vita och till synes typiskt idealistiska kvinnor medan kampanjfilmen förmedlar en bild av mångfald kopplat till positiva attityder som inte bara går att knytas till den feministiska ideologin utan även till människor från olika kulturer.

  • Sauma, Amorelle
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Gharib, Nazanin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Religionsfrihet: En studie av diskrimineringsförbud i arbetslivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Societies in Europe have become more diverse and multicultural. Sweden is a prime example of a multicultural country where religious diversity has come to lead to new and challenging situations. Despite the subject of religious freedom being a rather new topic, it has been an increasingly debated matter due to Sweden’s open migration policy, resulting in an influx of migrants from different parts of the world. In relation to the matter, it is not unusual that the problem increases when individuals with different religious backgrounds is to live side by side in a society based on the fundamentals of Christian values and secularity. The purpose of this study is to highlight issues that may arise between employers and employees in today´s multicultural Sweden. The study shows that the possibility of practicing religion in the context of employment is very limited. It also shows that the individual’s interests may give way to the employer’s interests.

    The right to freely choose religion is considered a basic human right and should prevail in all parts of society. The freedom of religion has a widespread protection that is regulated in article 9 in the European Convention on Human Rights and is also found in national law. In Sweden, religious freedom is regulated in the Swedish Constitution and is also regulated in form of a prohibition of discrimination in the Discrimination Act.

    Employers are obligated to make sure the work environment are suitable for employees regardless religious or other beliefs while making sure to not restrict other individual’s religious freedom, all this through active measurements. The right to be without belief or other beliefs for that matter should be taken into account just as much as the right in having a religious conviction.

    This essay aims to shed light on the problems that can arise in a work environment between employer and employee when the later claims his right to religious freedom. The focal point of the problems is the right to wear religious garment or symbols and the refusal of carrying out duties based on religious beliefs. The possibility of freely practicing their religion confined within working life due to for example patient security, which can come to weigh in heavier than the individual's right to exercise their religious convictions.

    By a presentation of different case law from the national and international courts, a thorough interpretation can be made clear of different situations that can arise in a work environment 6 when it comes to the individual’s right to practice their religion and how the freedom of religion can be in conflict with the employer’s interests for the business.

  • Oroug, Beatrice
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Skulpturförflyttningar i det offentliga rummet: En analys av temporära konstprojekts effekter på det offenrliga rummet och skulpturers betydelsebildningar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines three art projects that temporarily moved public sculptures to new locations. This thesis aims to analyze what effects these projects have on the public space and what significance it has on the public sculptures concerning conceptions of democracy and temporality. The conclusion of the essay is based on theories on public space and democracy by Catharina Gabrielsson and Rosalyn Deutsche. To analyze the aspect of temporality the essay relies on Elizabeth Freeman's theory of Chrono normativity and Catharina Gabrielsson's and Magnus Andersson's definition of the concept of annual growth rings (årsringar) in sites. The essay further uses Jessica Sjöholm Skrubbe's revision on Wolfgang Kemp's methodology of the aesthetics of reception and Roland Barthes's theory of semiotics to analyze the significance of the sculptures in the public space. The results of the analysis show that the art projects open up for different democratic possibilities in the public space by temporarily moving public sculptures.

  • Public defence: 2020-05-08 13:00 via länk, Huddinge
    Pröckl, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Tyngd, sväng och empatisk timing: förskollärares kroppsliga kunskaper2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In what way is knowledge embodied and what role does embodied knowledge play in interpersonal professional practices? In this thesis, practical and embodied knowledge of preschool teachers is investigated as an example of a profession where relational and bodily situated knowledge is significant.

    The questions, from where my point of departure is taken, are for instance: How does a skilful preschool teacher act? What approach in terms of embodied knowledge is needed if one wants to give care, trust and offer a child a sense of we? Are there dimensions of embodied knowledge that are present only in situations that appear negative? 

    This thesis belongs to the academic discipline The Theory of Practical Knowledge. Practical Knowledge in often described as experience based, bodily carried, situated and tied to our emotional life. The Theory of Practical knowledge tries to frame and explain these aspects of knowledge in the situations and contexts where they occur. 

    The importance of embodied knowledge, as a form of practical knowledge in relation to preschool teachers professional development, is not a theme that has been scrutinized in other research. In the light of a presupposition that knowledge is bodily carried (a presupposition that is founded in experiences of dance and a phenomenological influenced theoretical base) and that practical wisdom and skill in interpersonal practices exists only in action, this thesis is built upon a concern regarding whether values embedded in these practises could be threatened as a result of the difficulty to grasp them. 

    The forms of embodied knowledge possessed by the preschool teachers in this study appear as relational and situated in the co-embodied space in between the preschool teacher and the child, or, more correctly, between everyone in the group. In the interaction enabled by the good relationship the embodied forms of knowledge express themselves as mastery, a skill honed by care that I have chosen to describe using terms such as grooveweight, and empathetic timing

  • Ekström, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Lundholm, C.
    Stockholm University.
    ‘How Much Politics Is There’?: Exploring Students’ Experiences of Values and Impartiality from an Epistemic Perspective2020In: Journal of Political Science Education, ISSN 1551-2169, E-ISSN 1551-2177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we report findings of students’ conceptions of values and impartiality in political science teaching in relation to research on epistemic beliefs. This field of research concerns students’ beliefs about the nature of knowledge in different disciplines; beliefs that are central to learning disciplinary knowledge. Interviews were conducted with students after one semester of political science education, focusing on their experiences of values in teaching. Results show that students give contradicting answers regarding values and impartiality in political science teaching. They oscillate between different epistemic beliefs and they have an unclear understanding of the nature of knowledge in the discipline. Questions on the nature and limits of knowledge, therefore, need to be prioritized in political science education. If students are to become literate within their field, they need to become aware of the multiple epistemological underpinnings inherent in the discipline, and the ways these influence the discipline.

  • Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Jackson-Perry, D.
    Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK.
    Not Doing it Properly?: (Re)producing and Resisting Knowledge Through Narratives of Autistic Sexualities2020In: Sexuality and disability, ISSN 0146-1044, E-ISSN 1573-6717Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Autism is conceptualized in much scientific literature as being associated with restricted and repetitive interests, characterized by an ‘empathy deficit’, and negatively impacting social communication. Meanwhile, ‘good and healthy’ sexuality is largely considered to be a social endeavor: asexuality and sexualities defined by acts rather than by partner gender—for example kink or BDSM—are broadly pathologized. Perhaps, therefore, first-hand autistic experiences of sexuality challenge existing assumptions about ‘good and healthy’ sexualities within couplehood. As a theoretical starting point to explore this potential, we revisit Gayle Rubin’s notion of ‘sex within the charmed circle’ to ask whether autistic sexuality can ever truly ‘fit’ within this (neurotypically defined) virtuous sexual arena. We further consider the ways in which the intersection of autism and sexuality is understood and experienced in first-hand autistic accounts of sexuality within a specific context, through analysis of a Swedish online discussion forum in which autistic people discuss sexuality. In doing so we seek both to better understand autistic sexual experience, and to track and deconstruct potentially restrictive assumptions of (non-autistic) couple sexuality more generally. We also consider ways in which assumptions of deficit concerning both non-normative sexualities and autism may have a deleterious effect on autistic people and on research more broadly, limiting theoretical and conceptual understandings of autism and autistic ways of (sexual) being by a default comparison to sexual and neurological norms. © 2020, The Author(s).

  • Dawit, Rodas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Samo, Yvonne
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur bidrar frihandel till ekonomisk tillväxt i subsahariska Afrika?: En empirisk undersäkning av sambandet mellan frihandel och ekonomisk tillväxt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the relationship between free trade and economic growth as well as what impact open trade has on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. Some previous studies question this connection while a majority claim that there is a positive correlation. The data used is collected from World Bank and Fraser Institute. In the study, two different regressions are made that measure trade in two different ways. The first regression, which is the main test, measures the correlation between economic growth and free trade. The second regression is a robustness test and measures the correlation between economic growth and total trade. Both regressions have GDP per capita as the dependent variable and labor, capital, investment, economic freedom index, initial GDP and education as independent variables. The survey is a panel data study and is limited to the time period 2007-2017 and includes 44 of 46 possible countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Gunica, Jasmyn
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Jankovic, Milica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mindre företags val av K-regelverk: En kvantitativ studie om mindre företags val av K-regelverk i fastighetsbranschen samt forsknings- och utvecklingsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The study examines how many small companies choose the more detailed K3 regulation versus the less detailed K2 regulation in two lines of business. Furthermore, the study also looks into three variables to see if they can explain the small companies’ choice of regulation. The variables are debt ratio, share of intangible assets and share of building and land assets. One reason of choosing the K2-regulation is that it is simpler and less expensive. A reason to choose the K3 regulation is that it is the “higher standard” preferred to be read by investors which can lead to more financing. Companies that create intangible assets also benefit from the K3 regulation.

    Purpose: The purpose of the essay is to examine and to explain which factors affect the choice between the K2 and K3 regulation of companies in the research and development industry and the real estate industry.

    Methodology: The method chosen for the study is quantitative. Information from 654 annual reports has been used firstly in a univariate analysis and then in a correlation test. Lastly a logistic regression was used to determine if and how the variables affect the choice between K2 and K3.

    Conclusions: The logistic regression proved a positive correlation between the variable share of intangible assets and choosing K3. The logistic regression did not prove a correlation between the variables debt ratio and share of building and land and choice of K- regulation. The results had a connection to the institutional theory.

     

     

  • Tasnim, Sadia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Faraj-Falie, Ronak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Remitteringars påverkan på fattigdom i utvecklingsländer: En kvantitativ studie om remitteringsflödet i U-länder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Remittances have become a source of income for people living in developing countries. On the other hand, it is not known if remittances has an impact on poverty in those countries that according to the World Bank is classified as developing countries. The purpose and aim of this study is to analyze if there is a relationship between remittances and poverty in countries that according to the World Bank is classified as developing countries. Our database consists of 23 countries that had available data for the time-period between 2008-2017.

    The study uses a quantitative research method and the data was collected from the World Bank and PovcalNet. In total, five variables where used to reach the aim of this study, two of them where poverty measurements and the other three variables (GDP per capita, remittances and gini index) consists relevant information to the study of analyzing if there is a correlation between remittances and reduced poverty. We have chosen to use two different migration theories and the new institutional theory in our study. Using a panel dataset, we found out that remittances reduce poverty in the developing countries.

  • Hörnquist, John
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Building (Peripheral) Capitalism: En marxistisk ideologikritik av Anders Åslunds nyliberala förståelse av den ryska chockterapins drivkrafter och aktörer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to criticize the neoclassical and neoliberal ideological understanding of the actors and driving forces of the Russian shock therapy – expressed by Anders Åslund, political economist and adviser to President Yeltsin’s governments 1991-1993 – from a Marxist world system perspective. The sources of the study are Åslund’s various publications on the Russian development, mainly his books How Russia became a Market Economy (1995) and Building Capitalism (2002). From these sources, Åslund’s understanding of the actors and driving forces of the shock therapy are derived and summarized and his analysis is compared with the analysis of other social scientists, historians and political economists. The critique lastly focuses on and tries to explain contradictions in Åslund’s analysis. The Marxist world system analysis-perspective used in this study assumes that Åslund’s ideological interpretations, as well as the actors and driving forces of the shock therapy, need to be analyzed from a holistic perspective. Actions and beliefs are seen as the outcome of dialectical processes between subjective factors and the surrounding political economy and other social and political factors, themselves dependent on material conditions, such as the development of the productive forces and the hierarchies of the world economy. Hence Åslund’s view of these factors are also somewhat analyzed in this study. 

    Åslund initially considered the shock therapy successful if not perfect, but eventually grew more critical of the Russian development, calling Russia a ”rent-seeking” and ”semi-democratic” state. This was still an improvement, he claims, given the alternatives. Åslund gives the “liberal revolutionaries” around Yeltsin’s governments the credit for what he means was achieved, while blaming Russia’s lingering problems on the “rent-seeking” state enterprise leaders who resisted shock therapy. Much research contradicts Åslund’s interpretations. The contradictions in Åslund’s analysis can be explained by his theoretical assumptions. Åslund’s revolutionary neoliberal view of democracy sees free markets as the purpose of democracy, rather than as optional tools of it, making him underestimate the negative social effects of shock therapy, as well as its negative effects on civil society and democracy. It also makes him interpret social actors democratic legitimacy from their stance on “free markets” rather than on democracy. Åslund’s theoretical assumptions also prevents him from recognizing how underlying political, social and economic relations of power, according to many scientists, shaped the ”free markets” he imagines shock therapy created. Therefore Åslund cannot see how shock therapy strongly contributed to massive rent-seeking – as defined in classical political economy – and blocked modernization of Russian economy and society. Åslund’s theoretical perspective instead makes him see the peripherization of Russia and the compradorization of the Russian bourgeoisie as progress, since this was in line with what domestic and international markets demanded.

  • Rietz, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Att tjafsa med sossarna brukar få några röster att trilla in liksom": Professionalisering av Liberalernas valkampanj i Södertälje kommun 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker professionaliseringen i Liberalerna i Södertäljes valkampanj inför valet 2018. Syftet med undersökningen är att beskriva och analysera den strategiska kommunikationen i valkampanjen. Frågeställningarna behandlar hur kommunikation tas fram och bedrivs, hur kommunikationsstrategierna från partiledningen tillämpas i praktiken samt i vilken utsträckning valkampanjen kan beskrivas som professionaliserad. Ett professionaliseringsindex skapat för att mäta graden av professionalisering används i analysen tillsammans med en particentrerad teori om professionaliserade kampanjer. Materialet som analyseras är insamlat med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med kampanjarbetare som hade betydande roller i planeringen och bedrivandet av kampanjen. Resultatet visar att bland annat att professionaliseringen och strategier i den undersökta valkampanjen drivs av röstmaximering som mål och hindras av för få ekonomiska resurser, men även att professionaliseringen i vidare forskning behöver ses utifrån en ny fas där sociala medier tar större plats.

  • Teiko, Emma-Sofi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Yohanes, Yadiel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    IFRS 15 – Upplysningskravens påverkan på intäktsredovisningen: En kvantitativ studie om upplysningskravens påverkan på intäktsredovisningen inom byggbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to perform a investigation about how the disclosure principles in IFRS 15 have been implemented by companies within the construction industry and how the companies disclosures about revenues in the financial reports have been affected.

    Research question: How have the disclosure principles in IFRS 15 impacted the disclosures of revenues within the construction industry?

    Method: The method that is used in this study is a quantitative content analysis and the research design is a cross section examination. The data derives from the financial reports from year 2017 and 2018 of companies in the construction industry. All listed companies at Nasdaq Nordic within the industry of construction and materials has been included in the study, therefore the whole population was examined. There were 17 companies in this industry but one company was not included, so as of a total there was 16 companies that were examined. Variables have been designed from an operationalization from the research question and the company's financial reports has been read through to be able to provide values connected to the variables.

    Conclusions: The results of this study show that the companies have made changes in the disclosures of revenue. Between the years of 2017 and 2018 the division of revenues have increased with a average rate of 0,625 and 50% of the companies have increased the number of categories used for dividing the revenues. The number of companies that made disclosures about their contracts performance commitments and payment conditions has also increased but there is no shown difference about the disclosures about when their revenues are recognized and booked, in the year of 2017 all companies had already made disclosures about this. The conclusion that is made from the study is that there has been a change in the disclosures and the financial reportage since the implementation of IFRS 15 within the Swedish listed construction companies.

  • Saunders, Fred
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Ikauniece, Anda
    Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology, Riga, Latvia.
    Tafon, Ralph Voma
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Gee, Kira
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany.
    Zaucha, Jacek
    University of Gdańsk, Sopot, Poland / Maritime Institute in Gdańsk, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdańsk, Poland.
    Theorizing Social Sustainability and Justice in Marine Spatial Planning: Democracy, Diversity, and Equity2020In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 6, article id 2560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article elaborates a conceptual framework to examine social sustainability in marinespatial planning (MSP). Based on a critical literature review of key texts on social sustainabilityin MSP and the broader sustainable development literature we show the need to elaborate acogent and comprehensive approach for the analysis and pursuit of social sustainability linkedto the sea. We then theorize social sustainability by developing a conceptual framework throughintegrating three dimensions: Recognition, Representation and Distribution. While these three socialsustainability/justice features clearly overlap and are interdependent in practice, the conceptualthinking underpinning each of them is distinctive and when taken together they contributetowards conceiving social sustainability as a pillar of sustainability. Our approach can support ananalysis/evaluation of MSP in that, first, its broad scope and adaptability makes it suitable to examinethe wide range of claims, demands, and concerns that are likely to be encountered across dierentpractical MSP settings. Second, it acknowledges the opportunities and challenges of assessing,implementing, and achieving social justice within a broader sustainability framework.

  • Alveryd, Viktoria
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att vara eller inte vara en språkbrukare av engelska – ett andraspråkssocialisationsperspektiv på engelskämnet i styrdokumenten: En diskursanalytisk studie av styrdokumenten som berör engelskundervisningen för årskurserna 4-62019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As globalization becomes a more and more recognized phenomenon with an increased flow of goods, people and information across nations’ boarders, the way we communicate is influenced. The act of communication has turned from more traditional means of communicating correctly between mostly native speakers to newer ways where the main goal is to achieve understanding between participants, whether they have the same origin or not. One language that is specifically affected by this is the English language, which is taught in Swedish schools as a major school subject. In regard to this, the aim of this degree project was to investigate how the Swedish policy documents governing the English subject education contributes to the language socialization of students in becoming a certain type of language user. The questions which were posed in order to reach an understanding of this were the following:

    • Which conceptions of the students’ communicative competence could be seen in Lgr 11 and other policy documents governing the English subject education in compulsory school between the students’ fifth and seventh year of school?
    • Which language practices were presented for the students’ language usage in Lgr 11 and other policy documents governing the English subject education in compulsory school between the students’ fifth and seventh year of school?
    • Which contexts were presented for the students’ language usage in Lgr 11 and other policy documents governing the English subject education in compulsory school between the students’ fifth and seventh year of school?  

    These questions were answered in accordance with a second language socialization perspective and theories about communicative competence, functions of English and context, through a discourse analysis focused on the positioning of the subject.

    The results of this study were that the student was positioned both as a novice and an advanced language user of the English language without any direct connection between the two. This could be seen based on how the students were expected to make initial contacts with the English language whilst the policy documents at the same time present an abstractedly formulated communicative competence with an emphasis on the students’ ability to use aspects of it in relation to the whole of it. Furthermore could be deduced that the teacher’s competence and ability to scaffold the students’ learning were determinant for the language user shaped by the English teaching as the policy documents only covers certain functions of the English language and aspects of contexts.    

  • Makdisi, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Matematiska begrepp som förekommer i geometriundervisningen för årskurs 4 och 6: En kvalitativ studie kring lärares och elevers uttrycksformer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers for grades 4 and 6 introduce geometric concepts based on Van Hiele´s levels for understanding geometry. The purpose of the study is also to investigate pupils´ use of geometric concepts in conversations based on central concepts in geometry teaching. The purpose is broken down with the following issues:

    • Which of Van Hiele´s levels can be identified when introducing geometric concepts?

    • How do pupils use geometric concepts in conversations during the introduction?

    These are explored through observations that are supplemented with interviews. The data collection will be based on an interview guide and an observation schedule. This study is based on the theories of Van Hiele´s different levels of understanding geometry and central geometric concepts in teaching. There will also be Vygotsky´s sociocultural perspective regarding the nearest development zone for possible dialogue between scientific- and everyday concepts. The result shows that teacher 1 uses visualization, while teacher 2 and 3 use visualization and analysis to introduce geometric concepts to the pupils. Teacher 1 uses images and explanations and combines these with concrete material, while teacher 2 and 3 use laboratory exercises to promote pupils’ analytical skills. The mathematical language is linked to the pupils´ well-known phenomenon in the teaching of teacher 2 and 3, but not teacher 1. It shows that the teaching of geometry of teacher 2 and 3 is permeated by linguistic support to reach the interaction and to understand the meaning of the geometric concepts.

  • Dilek, Mehmet
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Tillväxt och korruption i Asien: En tvärsnittsstudie om korruptionens effekt på ekonomisk tillväxt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Asia is a continent where countries are in different states of economic growth. The purpose of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the significance of corruption for economic growth in Asia and what effects different levels of corruption contributes to.

    The analysis covers a total of 46 countries from Asia between the time period of 2000 to 2017. The study's dependent variable is GDP growth/capita and the independent variable in focus is Corruption perception index (CPI). Furthermore, the study uses explanatory variables that have a bearing on growth; capital, population, trade openness, state consumption, education, political stability and initial GDP growth/capita.

    An regression analysis, model 1, that includes countries in Asia has been done, in order to get a holistic picture of the importance of corruption for growth. In order to gain a more in-depth understanding of the significance of corruption, three additional analyzes have been made. These three analyzes focus on different levels of corruption in Asian countries and what effect these levels contribute to.

    The study finds that corruption has a significant negative effect on economic growth in Asia and that different levels of corruption generates different effects on growth.

  • Asklöf, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Arbinge, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhet, lönsamhet och det eventuella sambandet däremellan: En kvantitativ studie om hållbarhetsredovisningens effekt på lönsamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to examine the correlation between public companies registered CSP and CFP. This was examined through the use of a Correlation matrix and the use of multiple regression analysis. These were then used to answer the studies specific subquestions which in combination with one another related to the main topic which is correlation between CSP and CFP. The data was provided by Folksam from their sustainability index from 2013. 

    The study’s results are discussed from the theoretical framework, consisted of stakeholder theory, agency theory and legitimacy theory. The data was ambiguous and therefore no conclusion can be drawn as to whether these factors correlating to one another. 

  • Dementeeva, Tatiana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kulvietyte, Justina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nedskrivningsprövning av goodwill enligt IAS 36 punkt 134: En jämförande studie om svenska Mid Cap och tyska MDAX/TecDAX företag år 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: Since most of European companies have changed from goodwill write-offs to yearly impairment tests, goodwill has been the most complex and problematic financial post. Accounting in accordance with IAS 36 paragraph 134 is still lacking and goodwill takes up a big part of the companies’ total assets and equity.

    Research issue: How much does the accounting in accordance with IAS 36 paragraph 134 differ in middle-sized listed Swedish and German companies? Is there a connection between goodwill size relative to total assets and equity and compliance with IAS 36 paragraph 134?

    Purpose: The purpose is to find if any difference between Swedish and German companies when it comes to accounting for goodwill impairment tests in accordance with IAS 36 paragraph 134. Also, if a connection between goodwill size and the level of compliance with the standard can be found.

    Method: The study takes on a deductive approach. Hypotheses are developed on the ground of the study's framework. The data that is gathered from financial reports are processed with statistical methods to answer the developed research issues.

    Results and conclusions: No significant differences are found between the compliance of Swedish and German companies. The significant connection between goodwill size and compliances is only found in Swedish companies, however not in German, so the connection cannot be assumed.

  • Fräki Martins, Joaquim
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Pluralitet enligt Hannah Arendt: En undersökning av pluralitetsbegreppet i Arendts verk Människans villkor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work reconstructs Hannah Arendt’s own analyses of the different human activities: work, labour and action in her influential work The Human Condition. Using Arendt’s concept of plurality, not only as mere means for political and/or human diversity, but as a paradigm, the first part further examines to what extent plurality unfolds through the particular activities. Whilst Arendt’s famous conception about ”the rise of the social” is certainly hard to ignore, it is here argued that, there are different ways to adress this notion.

    The second part is a comparative analysis with Arendt and Sophie Loidolts book Phenomenology of Plurality: Hannah Arendt on Political Intersubjectivity. In that regard this essay also seeks to perceive plurality not only as a paradigm, but through a phenomenological lens, something Loidolt states has been overlooked prior. Loidolts essential argument here is that Arendt uses a phenomenological vocabulary, and its mainly the thematic concepts which she uses thats been analysed and defined - they don’t leave any proper phenomenological traces. However, since Arendt uses a phenomenological vocabulary, operative concepts are also present in her political thought, which clearly have a phenomenological background. According to Loidolt, they are usually left undefined and un-analysed. The second part undertakes such an assignment, that is, applying the phenomenological tools containing in the The Human Condition. What this means is that by analysing and defining the operative concepts, they become tools to understand the thematic concepts.

    But, what happens with Arendt’s political virtue when exercising the phenomenological tools presented by Loidolt? In this second part, I argue that there is a risk we are drifting away from the political in Arendt’s thought when focusing too much on her evident phenomenological background.

  • Poulsen, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Konstens fyra element: Att läsa Döden i Venedig i en antropocen tidsepok2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine the interconnections between art and nature in the context of recent scientific findings which show that planet Earth, due to human enterprises, has transitioned into a new geological epoch called the Anthropocene. The relevance of the German philosopher and music theoretician Theodor W. Adorno has already been emphasized by other scholars in this regard. However, few scholars have investigated how Adorno’s concept of nature, in light of the contemporary climate crisis, can enable new understandings and interpretations of art and aesthetics. In a close reading of the novella Death in Venice (1912) by the German author Thomas Mann, the thesis scrutinizes Adorno’s claim that the modern artwork can be interpreted as an expression of suppressed nature, both inner human nature and external nature. By relating Adorno’s philosophical works to a literary art piece, the thesis argues that the concrete literary text is an utterance that is rendered possible by a set of interactions between human subjects and natural objects.

  • Tunón, Håkan
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Bele, Bolette
    Norsk institutt for bioøkonomi (NIBIO), Ås, Norge.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Biologiskt kulturarv som som hållbar värdeskapare - slutrapport2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the final report from the interreg project with the same name (Interreg project 20200961 / IR2016.04). The project was carried out between March 2016 and September 2019. The intention was to investigate how natural and cultural values ​​and especially biological cultural heritage can be used to create value through economic business development in the enterprise for livestock farmers and others who utilize resources from the outlying land. The aim has thus been to show ways to create better financial conditions for the farmer to continue to practice customary use without influencing the contribution of transhumance to biodiversity, cultural heritage and other aspects of biological heritage in a negative way. During the course of the project, we have consequently focused on concepts such as biodiversity, biological cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage, terroir and sensory evaluation in order to show values ​​that are maintained through continued use of the outfield, which is now largely a growing resource for the future. The project has mostly been participatory and with elements of recurring workshops with farmers to help them develop their companies.

  • Hersi, Mohammed
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Collateral Damage: En studie om representationen av drönarattacker i amerikanska nyhetsinslag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Drönare är ett relativt nytt och kontroversiellt krigsverktyg som har skördat många oskyldiga liv. Trots det har dess användning inte problematiserats mycket inom media. Denna uppsats behandlar instanser där civila har omkommit och undersöker hur nyheten byggs upp visuellt och narrativt kring dessa event. Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka ifall det finns en avsaknad av lidande när det kommer till USA-baserad rapportering av dessa instanser då civila dör på grund av drönare. Med hjälp av Chouliarakis teorier om hyper-medialisering, ”tid-rum” och agens har jag kunnat bygga en egen analysmodell som sedan har använts för att analysera tre orelaterade attacker. Resultatet visar att det finns en avsaknad av lidande i vissa former av rapporteringar beroende på vilken relevans händelsen har för åskådarna. Med det menas att ju närmare offren är åskådarna kulturellt och geografiskt, desto mer fokus läggs på att skapa närhet mellan åskådare och offer. 

  • Björnegren, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Beväpnade missionärer: islam och fransk imperialism i en revolutionär dagstidning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Redin, Staffan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Danska guldåldrar: Iscensättningar av en konstepok på Nationalmuseum 1964 och 20192019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Danish Golden Age was the title of two exhibitions at Nationalmuseum in Stockholm 1964 and 2019, that exhibited art from the early 19thcentury Denmark. To a large extent the same artworks were included in both exhibitions, but their display and the general presentation were in many respects different. My paper researches how the objects of art were installed and by what means exhibition architecture, wallpaint, scenography and lighting was utilized in the designing of the exhibitions. Apart from the creation of a spatial and scenographic context for the objects of art, the 2019 version presented a lot of informative text within the exhibition. According to the cultural theorist Mieke Bal there is no neutral context for a work of art but an exhibition is always also an argument and a statement. Every single part of the exhibition is a demonstrative utterance. In both exhibitions colour was utilized in order to create both a sentiment and a narrative. Colour evokes emotions and associations founded in both individual and cultural experiences. By using colours that resembled those found in the paintings, the viewer moving through the rooms, was intended to have the experience to be surrounded by ”Golden Age colours”.

  • Ghebresus, Lwam
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Tesfayohannes, Lidia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bostadsrättsföreningars sparande för framtida underhållsåtgärder: Vem ska betala för underhållet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The housing associations' transition from progressive to linear depreciation (K2 and K3) has led to increased costs for depreciation, which has resulted in many housing cooperatives reporting large accounting deficits. These new regulations are not adapted for the housing associations, hence there is an ongoing discussion if a new regulatory framework that is adapted for tenant-owner associations is required or if the existing regulations that are in practise are to be regulated. Far, HSB, Bostadsrätterna, Sveriges Bostadsrätts Centrum and Riksbyggen investigate the consequences of a housing association reporting a deficit in the income statement and came to the conclusion that a tenant-owner association may go into deficit, as long as they have good liquidity and have savings to respond to future maintenance procedures.

    Purpose: Though great emphasis has been placed on tenant-owner associations requiring enough savings for future maintenance procedures, this study intends to investigate the housing cooperative's savings for future maintenance procedures. The study also aims to illustrate whether the selected factors of the study have a connection with housing cooperatives' savings.

    Method: In this study, a quantitative method has been applied and the sample size is 208 tenant-owner associations. Data has been collected in the form of published annual reports and with the support of key figures, the study has calculated relevant results. To answer the study's second research question, the relationship for the collected data has been analyzed with a correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The empirical result has thereafter been analyzed with accepted theories.

    Result: The study's results show that 50 percent of tenant-owner associations save over SEK 215 per square meter, 25 percent save between SEK 150 - 215 per square meter and that 25 percent save less than SEK 150 per square meter. This means associations that are around SEK 150 per square meter or lower need to review their savings and consider a possible increase in the annual fee. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated a statistical significance on the variables; annual fee and debt. However, the study could not find any significant correlation between the variables depreciation and the age with savings for future maintenance procedures.

  • Skotte, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Gref, Lisa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "De pratar med fröknar och blablabla": En livsvärldsfenomenenologisk studie om barnens upplevelser av de vuxnas olika roller i förhållande till leken.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to look at the children's experience of the teacher's different rolls in relation to play. We found this subject interesting because we feel insecure about what our role is in children's play. We had three questions that we wanted to get an answer to: What is the children's experience of the adults in relation to their play? What is the children's experience of the adults outside the play? and Which rolls do the children want the adults to take in their play? We used a qualitative study where we interviewed 33 children in small group interviews. All the children that participated where approximately five years old. We did the interviews on five different preschools. After our first round of interviews we wanted to collect more data. We decided to go back to some of the preschools to supplement our data with some movies that would put the light on different teachers behavior: The teacher that participate in children's play on there on terms, The teacher that confirms and acts as a resource to the play and The teacher that rules the play through rules. We chose a life - world phenomenology perspective for our study, which means that we want to take the children's subjective perspective of their lifeworld. In our study we found that the children had several variations of experience of the teacher's involvement. The children experience that the teachers often talked to each other instead of participating in the play. Another found was that the children wanted the teachers to listen to them and do what the children asked them to. One of the subjects that the children had a lot to talk about was the forbidden plays where the teachers were excluded. We could see that this was because they didn’t want to be corrected in their play.

  • Eriksson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Muslimer och hedersmord: En innehållsanalys av muslimska hemsidors framställningar av hedersmord2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nygren, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Scheffer, Kevin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Persuasive design som redskap för beteendeförändring: En studie om studenters motivation till inlärning på MOOC-plattformar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate which design principles on a MOOC-platform that can be considered to have a positive impact on the motivation for students' behavioral changes within a learning environment. This is done by comparing features of the MOOC-platform Sololearn with design principles from the framework Persuasive Systems Design Model (PSD). A qualitative research approach was carried out consisting of a diary method where eight informants interacted with and evaluated the platform's functionality. The diaries then formed the basis for a semi-structured interview based on the theoretical framework’s PSD, Fogg's behavior model and gamification theories. The results showed that the design princples reduction, self-monitoring, rehearsal, social comparison, reward, competition, liking, tunneling, verifiability, trustworthiness, social learning and normative influence had a positive impact on students' motivation for behavior change. These design principles are based on individual, social and functional needs.

  • Svanefjord, Natasha
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    "Allt detta är Platons fel!": Nietzsches presentation av Sokrates och Platon i Tragedins födelse2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores Nietzsche’s presentation of both Socrates and Plato in his earliest work The Birth of Tragedy with no regard to personal letters or notes. It argues that Nietzsche had great knowledge of both these ancient philosophers and presents a very nuanced understanding of both of them through the picture of the dying Socrates from Plato’s dialogue Phaedo, not a caricature of any sort as has been generally argued for. The dying Socrates includes the Socrates filled with contempt for and who only negates and takes from life but also the Socrates who practices music before his suicide. By analysing Socrates and Plato in The Birth of Tragedy through the concepts of truth and lie I explore Nietzsche’s aesthetics and concepts of the dionysian and the apollonian, the difference he makes between Socrates and Plato, how Socrates functions as both a fictional character and a living person stuck in the crossroads of fiction, reality, history and literature, the beginning of his linguistic critique, how Nietzsche views myth, what humankind must do as not to fall into nihilism and how Nietzsche by criticizing and problematizing Socrates and Plato presents his own version of what truth is and brings forward art as that which has ensnared western culture in an apollonian veil and that which can help it from falling into nihilism.

  • Garcia Pettersson, Elena
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Det är faktiskt bara snoppen: När okunskap och rädsla sätter stopp för barnens sexuella utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have written an essay about children's sexuality, a sensitive topic that can be difficult to deal with and talk about. It is based on three stories and dilemmas that I have encountered in my work experience. The first deals with a situation where children want to know more about their sex, the second is about a girl exploring her sexuality and the last one is about two children exploring each other. The purpose of this essay is to gain knowledge of the problems concerning children's sexuality and how I can relate to this controversial topic in preschool. I have based my essay on the questions: What does children’s sexuality mean? How should I as an educator relate to the topic? What can be the consequences if we do not raise the topic already at preschool? and What are some materials for us at preschool to work with?

    I present various theoretical concepts of sexuality to distinguish between adults and children. Then I illustrate the theoretical background for analyzing and reflecting from an encouraging and social constructivist perspective on what children’s play mean and whether sexual play can be indicative of possible abuse followed by the impact of language and what the consequences can be if we are not working encouraging. I analyze and concretise how the perspectives can be used in the educators' work at the preschool to finally present material helpful for myself but hopefully also for other educators and adults.

    The more knowledge and tools we get in preschool concerning the topic, the easier we can meet each individual and there is a need for both literature and policy documents from the National Agency for Education and the management. Educators and other adults have an important role to play regarding children’s sexuality, which if seen from an adult perspective can be problematic. It is therefore important to respond to the children in an encouraging manner together with a developed language that leaves room for their own interpretations, values and thoughts. It is important that we continue with a neutral aspect to normalize this taboo topic so as not to risk inhibiting, shaming or destroying children's sexual development.

  • Sjöberg, Samuel
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Homofiljakt, humlegårdsherrar och homosexuellt frimureri: En komparativ studie av tidningarnas bevakning av rättsaffärerna Kejne och Haijby under 50-talet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on public attitudes towards homosexuality in Sweden during the 1950s. It analyses four newspapers’ coverage of the conspiracy theories and the accusations aimed at government officials concerning homosexual freemasons, government corruption, and the authorities’ protection of those who were suspected of sexually abusing young men. Throughout the thesis, queer theory is used to understand the different ways in which homosexuality was stigmatized and how heterosexuality was upheld. The media discussion was sparked by two scandals, known as the “Kejne scandal” and the ”Haijby scandal”. The first one concerned a priest named Kejne that claimed that he was the victim of harassment from homosexual “freemasons”. The Haijby scandal concerned a man named Kurt Haijby that blackmailed the Swedish court by threatening to publicize a homosexual relationship he claimed to have had with King Gustav V. 

    The four newspapers that I have examined are Dagen (conservative Christian), Stockholms-tidningen, Expressen (both liberal) and Arbetaren (syndicalist). My result shows that the newspapers view of homosexuality aligned with their political bias, although in unexpected ways. When it concerned the Kejne scandal the syndicalist newspaper Arbetaren, tended to link homosexuality to upper-class elites, painting a picture of a dangerous homosexual group deeply embedded in corrupt government power. Both liberal newspapers agreed on the existence of an elite group of homosexual “freemasons”, but saw the solution as laying in government action. The Christian Dagen was least paranoid about homosexuality per se, portraying the majority of homosexuals not as part of a conspiracy but as individuals that were victims of a disease. Homosexual relationships were, in the newspapers’ coverage of the Kejne scandal bluntly portrayed. When it came to the Haijby scandal, all four of the newspapers suddenly became, in comparison, more careful. Suspicions about homosexual relationships in the coverage of the Haijby scandal were implied, but rarely explicitly mentioned. 

  • Zakaidze, Lasha
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lärares upplevelser om sekularisering i religionsundervisningen: En studie om sekulariseringens upplevda påverkan i religionsundervisningen i den svenska gymnasieskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have studied my research with the help of a qualitative method of data collection that I have analyzed with the phenomenographic approach; the purpose was to investigate how teachers experience the influence of secularization in religious education. The interviewed teachers perceive that the students previously had a reasonable knowledge of what Christianity was, but that this knowledge have disappeared because of secularization. This has caused complications in religious education for both students and teachers. Among other things is the absence of a religious identity the reason for a division between non-believers and believers, there is a greater relationship between the students who have a religious background than those who do not have a religious background. There is a greater interest in the teaching of Christianity today among pupils than it was earlier in the 1980-90 century because the secularization has made Christianity as exotic as other religions, students know as much about Christianity as other religions.

  • Sellfors, Sandra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Rektorn, rastverksamheten och fritidslärarens profession: En kvalitativ studie av rektorns syn på fritidlärarens roll vid planering och genomförande av en strukturerad och meningsfull rastverksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to their profession, school-age educare teachers are often assigned responsibility and planning of recess time in today’s school. The background and former research for this study emphasizes the importance of school recess as an established part of the school day. The background as well as the research also illustrates the need for planning time for recess activities and how this planning is adjusted to the educational mission.

    With this essay I want to try and contribute new knowledge for the mission of school-age educare and how this relates to recess activity in today’s context. In choosing my research method I concluded that qualitative interviews would work best to examine how principals deal with and their reasoning regarding the school-age educare teachers’ room for action and responsibility concerning recess activity. Five in-depth interviews were conducted with principals at four schools in the Greater Stockholm area as well as one school in the northern part of the province of Dalacarlia. 

    The results of the study show that the principals’ view on recess is that it is a meaningful and important part of the school day. Principals also feel that recess activity is the responsibility of the school-age educare teacher. At the same time the results show that the principals give different pre-conditions when it concerns time for planning and to follow up recess activity. Those principals that give the school-age educare teacher planning time do not allocate any extra time but the planning is meant to take place within the planning time for the educare center.

  • Efraimsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karlqvist, Ebba
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Digitaliseringens påverkan på effektivitet och teknologiska risker inom revisionsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om effektivitet och digitala risker ur ett revisionsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to show that digitalization not only lead to more efficient work, but also that risks in technology and information security in the audit industry as a result of an increasingly digitized work process has occurred. The study's research question reads: "How is efficiency affected and what technological risks have arisen in the audit industry as a result of an increasingly digitized work process?". The documentation consists of a comprehensive literature study and interviews with professional accountants at the four largest accounting firms. The study shows that the efficiency of the work has been positively affected by digitization, but that there is also an increased risk of confidential information leaking out and an increased vulnerability in the work process due to technical complications.