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  • Kask, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Jesper
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Den tredje parten: En fallstudie om ett rekryteringsföretags förhållningssätt till organisationskultur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studien ska bidra med insikter kring hur ett externt rekryteringsföretag förhåller sig till organisationskultur och därmed den kulturella matchningen mellan organisation och kandidat.Teoretiskt perspektiv: Till grund för tolkning och analys av insamlade data ligger Schein och Scheins (2017) modell för undersökning av organisationskultur. I modellen beskrivs tre nivåer av organisationskultur: artefakter, delad tro och värderingar samt underliggande antaganden. Dessa analyseras och tolkas i sin tur utifrån tolv observerbara faktorer och uttryck av organisationskultur.

    Metod: En fallstudie har genomförts på ett svenskt rekryteringsföretag med hjälp av kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer. Studien har haft en iterativ ansats, där den teoretiska referensramen har utvecklats under processens gång.

    Empiri: I en typisk rekryteringsprocess önskar fallföretaget identifiera en matchning mellan kund och kandidat, där kundens förväntningar på kandidaten och beskrivna organisationskultur, ska överensstämma med kandidatens kompetens, erfarenhet, värderingar och egenskaper. Insamlad empiri tyder dock på att fallföretaget saknar en gemensam definition av begreppet organisationskultur och dess innehåll, varpå undersökning, tolkning och bedömning av kundens organisationskultur sker subjektivt av rekryteringskonsulter. Fallföretaget förlitar sig på kundens beskrivning av organisationskultur, utan att söka bekräftelse för dess praktiska verklighetsförankring, medan kandidatens egenskaper, värderingar etc., söks bekräftas eller dementeras genom intervjuer och referenser.

    Slutsats: Studien visar på att fallföretaget går miste om essentiella insikter och inte skapar en fullständig förståelse för kundens organisationskultur. I förlängningen leder detta till att de tre entiteterna inblandade i rekryteringsprocessen, kund, kandidat och konsult, inte skapar en överensstämmande, heltäckande förståelse för den praktiska verkligheten av organisationskulturen. Därmed har studien identifierat brister i den kulturella matchningen mellan organisation och individ.

  • Bellos, Dina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Rebecchi, Angelica
    "Alla kan bara man vill!": En kvalitativ undersökning av barns erfarenheter och föreställningar om olika yrken ur ett genusperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this essay is to examine if children’s, in this case girls and boys between four and six year old, experiences and perceptions of various occupations follow a gender stereotypical pattern that is distinguishable in the society and that is evidenced by a gender distributed list presented by the Central Bureau of Statistics (SCB 2016).

    These children’s experiences and perceptions are examined in relation to family and surroundings. The central question is how they describe occupations and occupational-related activities offered in a school and preschool environment from a gender perspective. These children’s experiences and perceptions are also examined in relation to how they describe their career-related aspirations.

    Our study is theoretically based upon two different alignments of the gender theory that describe the social construction of gender.

    The data collection is based on 7 group interviews with 31 children from one preschool class and two different preschools.

    The results of our study indicate that the children have occupational experience that they relate to family members and/or to their immediate surroundings. The majority of the children’s experiences show that chores are distributed equally within the family and are therefore described as genus neutral. However, the majority of the children's occupational experience is gender-influenced, thus following the gender segregated labor market outlined by Central Bureau of Statistics (2016) list. Their own occupational aspirations also show that they follow this gender stereotypical pattern. The study emphasizes that the children are active agents in their development of gender identity and that their gender identity appears more clearly in specific contexts. On the other hand, we see that girls are more eager to extend the limits of the female arena. Another important aspect that the study shows is that the occupational activities offered in the school and preschool activities have a positive impact on how children distinguish their own ability. This can increase their ability to feel that they can do it if they really want to!

  • Kongo, Alma
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Min pil tränger djupt in i hans hals": En systemisk-funktionell grammatisk analys ur ett genusperspektiv av Suzanne Collins ungdomsroman Hungerspelen (2012)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study how grammatical constructions of the characters Katniss, Gale, Prim, Cinna, Rue, Peeta and Haytmich, from Suzanne Collins The Hunger Games (2012), contribute to their doing of gender.

    The thesis set to explore this using two research questions: How is Katniss and the six other characters presented grammatically and accordingly to systemic functional grammars transitivity system’s processes and participants? And, how can the grammatical analysis be interpreted from a gender perspective?

    By analysing six selected excerpts from the book with systemic functional grammars transitivity system’s processes and participants a grammatical analysis was done. The grammatical analysis was then interpreted from a gender perspective regarding the conceptions of what is considered as a doing of male or female gender behaviour.

    The result show that the grammatical constructions of Katniss and Peeta can be understood as a doing of both male and female gender. Futhermore, Gale’s and Haymitch’s constructions can be understood as a doing of male gender and Cinna’s, Rue’s and Prim’s constructions as a doing of female gender. Together these results show that the grammatical constructions in The Hunger Games (2012) affect the characters’ doing of gender and that their doing of gender does not have to reflect their sex.

  • Lindberg, Emil
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Georges, Sulaiman
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsrelaterad stress inom ett företag i förändring2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to qualitatively examine the individual's perspective of work-related stress. The research has been delimited to one of Postnord's offices. The study is based on Antonovsky (1979) Theory Sense of Coherence (SOC) to investigate the individual's experience of stress. With the help of Sense of Coherence (SOC), the study investigated how postmen express their experience of work-related stress with the key components of comprehension, manageability and meaningfulness. In response to the goal of the study, semistructured interviews were conducted on eight participants from Postnord. The results of the study showed that high work demands were one of the reasons behind the stress they felt. The lack of support from colleagues due to the structure of the work was another reason that affected the individual's experience of stress. Finally, the results also revealed that the participants perceived that they were unable to decide on their own work, which affected the experience of a lack of opinion in the workplace.

  • Sandberg Nilsson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Olika - eller - lika: "Våra stadsdelar ser olika ut och det är bra"Framställningen av norra och södra Botkyrka genom kommunalt områdesbaserat utvecklingsarbete.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative ethnological study I explore the local development work undertaken by the municipal Botkyrka, located south of Stockholm. The material is primarily based on the municipals development programs and interviews with officials from the municipal working with local development. Their work is primarily based on achieving sustainable development in various problem areas such as education, unemployment, urban environment, climate change. My aim was to investigate how a municipality, with a declared focus on the benefits of diversity, that at the same time struggles with unequality (in regard to ethnic segregation and disparities in income, education, employment, housing and health), through its local development work presented its different districts. Guided by discourse analysis and postcolonial theory I focused on how the citizens in the districts where portrayed and how the physical and natural environment in these where described. The result shows that the municipal through its local development work is differentiating the districts and their citizens by adopting neoliberal labour market and housing policies, reproducing urban planning ideals and ideas regarding national beloning. 

  • Dixon, Leena-Maaretta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    “Han Skulle Vara En Kille Som Pappa Inte Kunde Klaga På”: Subversive And Imaginative Masculinity In Lygia Bojunga’s Work2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis centers on three children’s novel, “Sex gånger Lucas”, “Min Vän målaren”, and “Den gula väskan”, written by the very appreciated and much awarded Brazilian Author Lygia Bojunga. All three of these novels discuss masculinity in young boys and men. In “Sex gånger Lucas”, the centerpiece of this thesis, the essential conflict in the novel is played out in the interchange between Lucas and his authoritarian father. The father, throughout the text, showcases toxic masculinity and its concurrent traits, such as verbal abuse and serial infidelity. This tyrannical parenting attempts to mold Lucas’ personality to what is deemed in the culture as acceptable masculine behavior. Lucas narrative journey finds him firstly internalizing this belief system, but, as the novel progresses, Lucas learns to accept himself, in all his gendered guises, and reject the father's binary opinions. “Min vän målaren” follows the tale of the sensitive young boy, Claudio, who struggles against an environment that doesn’t support him, in his many and varied attempts towards personhood. In “Den gula väskan” the protagonist Rakel confronts an open and oppressive sexism in society, community and the many dismissals of the family. “Den gula väskan” utilizes, at many junctures of the narrative, a fable structure as a means to discuss political oppression as well as the oppressive binary masculine norms. This Fable sub-tale focuses on the character Alfonso, a talking rooster. Alfonso rejects the expectations put on him as a rooster, but his cousin Skräcken is not as fortunate. The cousin, who it is heavily implied is the victim of masculine brainwashing, is unable to stop himself from fighting, even when it ends up killing him. Throughout these three novels lies an illustration of the downfalls of an oppressive and toxic masculinity (that men must be stoic, aggressive and in control) as well as highlighting the freedom for a more fluid gender expression. Lucas, Claudio and Alfonso give subversive, alternative depictions of masculinity, where it is acceptable to feel, be vulnerable, reject violence, and have healthy relationships built on companionship. This thesis explores how Bojunga's novels, through her characters struggles and triumphs, give the young male identified readers alternative ways to be a man. In other words, these novels liberate the male gender from a binary performance.

  • Dugardyn, Juliette
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Semi-anonymous question and answer platforms from a teenager’s point of view: Beyond Internet abuse on Sayat.me: the bigger picture2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis studies teenage users that are common to the semi-anonymous question and answer platform Sayat.me. Sayat.me offers users with a profile the possibility to receive questions and feedback from friends and peers. What is so special about the platform is that the commenters’ identity remains undisclosed, which means that all messages are by default anonymous. Previous research has demonstrated the frequent occurrence of cyberbullying or online abuse on these platforms. Adults are puzzled as to why semi-anonymous question and answer platforms are so popular amongst teenagers. Departing from a theoretical framework with key concepts from digital and social media theories, the analysis tries to create a better understanding of this phenomenon from Belgian teenagers’ point of view. The results of the interviews show that, first of all, Sayat.me is not considered as an independent social media site, but rather as an extension of it. On social media, ‘sociality’ and ‘connection’ is what matters, but on Sayat.me sociality mainly plays an indirect role where users receive compliments from and are comforted by friends. Compliments, approval and admiration is what teenagers keeps coming back to the platform. Although teenagers often encounter online abuse, they do not feel cyberbullied, even so they consider this abuse as ‘natural’ on the platform. In addition, it appears that the way you are handling Sayat.me says a lot about you as a person, which is why teens use Sayat.me to present themselves or to portray a certain image. However, teenagers only imagine their friends or peers as the audience and do not consider their Sayat.me for their parents’ eyes. The situation is that parents are confused and do not understand their children’s online behaviour, whilst teenagers are annoyed with their parents’ incomprehension and overprotectiveness.

  • Jansson, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Orelöv, Jesper
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mindfulness på arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ studie om hur anställda upplever att mindfulness som hälsofrämjande åtgärd inverkar på deras arbetssituation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies of today tend to invest more and more in workplace health promotion measures to improve employees ́ health. These health promotion measures have in particular been consisted of physical training, while the mental training have not received equal attention. Furthermore, research shows that a big part of how employees describe their well-being is based on how they experience their work situation. A few factors that have been identified to affect the work situation is work-related relationships, work environment and work-related strains. The aim of this study is therefore to contribute to an increased understanding of how employees experience that workplace health promotion in form of mindfulness can affect their work situation. The study has its basis on the Social cognitive theory and Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). In order to answer the aim, six semi-structured interviews were conducted at a consulting company in the real estate industry in Stockholm. The result showed that conclusions can be drawn about that mindfulness as a workplace health promotion in this context has a positive impact on employees work situation. The respondents stated that their relationships, work environment and ability to handle work-related strains had improved thanks to the implementation of mindfulness at work. They also stated that factors as their presence, openness and the ability to find their values had improved. The result is also supported by previous research which says that mindfulness has a positive impact on how employees experience their work situation.

  • Fryxell, Ellinor
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Sundell, Magdalena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Design som förmedlare av varumärkesidentitet: en deskriptiv studie om kommunikationsbyråers varumärkesidentitet och design som differenteringsverktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att konkurrensen inom kommunikationsbranschen blir hårdare blir det viktigare för kommunikationsbyråer att tydligt visa vad som skiljer dem från deras konkurrenter och tydligt positionera på marknaden. När tjänsteerbjudandet blir mer homogent blir marknadsföring och design allt viktigare verktyg för att differentiera sig gentemot sina konkurrenter. Kommunikationsbyråers roll är att agera experter på marknadsföring och hjälpa andra företag med att skapa en sammanhållen kommunikation med design som verktyg. För att inge förtroende hos kunderna är det därför viktigt att kommunikationsbyråer förmedlar sin designkompetens genom sin egen marknadsföring. Genom att tydligt förmedla sin varumärkesidentitet genom design talar teorierna om customer-based brand equity, brand credibility och integrated marketing communications för att byråer kan öka sin upplevda expertis, kundlojalitet och därmed även konkurrenskraft.

    Denna studie ämnar undersöka hur svenska kommunikationsbyråer arbetar för att förmedla sin egen varumärkesidentitet genom design. Förhoppningen är att bidra med ökad förståelse för hur kommunikationsbyråer ser på sin egen varumärkesidentitet och hur de arbetar för att förmedla den genom sin marknadsföring med design som verktyg. För att besvara frågeställningen har studien utgått ifrån en kvalitativ forskningsmetod där intervjuer genomförts med respondenter från fem utvalda kommunikationsbyråer som alla erbjuder någon form av designtjänst. Dessa intervjuer har kompletterats med semiotiska analyser där de utvalda byråernas hemsidor och interiör i entréer analyserats utifrån ett socialsemiotiskt perspektiv.

    Studiens resultat visar att svenska kommunikationsbyråers inställning till sin egen varumärkesidentitet varierar. Resultatet visar även att de undersökta kommunikationsbyråerna inte lyckas med att skapa ett sammanhängande budskap i sin design av hemsida och interiör. Istället ses referenser i form av bilder på tidigare arbeten som det viktigaste verktyget för att förmedla byråernas identitet. 

  • Klasson, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Norr, Ylva
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    CSR ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om hur medarbetare upplever det interna CSR-arbetet på sitt företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag spelar en stor roll i samhällets utveckling då de påverkar både samhälle och miljö. Företag arbetar idag allt mer aktivt med att ta sitt samhällsansvar för att möta förväntningarna från sina intressenter. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) används ofta för att beskriva det arbete som företagen utför för att ta sitt samhällsansvar. Då företagens CSR-arbete blivit allt mer omfattande kan arbetssituationen för medarbetarna förändras. Tidigare forskning har sällan fokuserat på hur det interna CSR-arbetet upplevs av medarbetarna, vilket gör att förståelsen för vilken effekt CSR har internt är bristfällig.

    Syftet med denna studie är därför att öka förståelsen för hur medarbetare upplever det interna CSR-arbetet på det företag de arbetar på. Intervjuer med medarbetare på två företag har genomförts och studiens resultat visar att medarbetarna är positivt inställda till det interna CSR-arbetet, men upplever att det kan vara svårt att integrera CSR i sitt arbete.

  • Forslund, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Widgren, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    E-handel av livsmedel, ett paradigmskifte inom dagligvarubranschen: Utmaningar & möjligheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The grocery trade in Sweden is facing the biggest change since self-service was introduced in the food industry. E-commerce development is taking place rapidly and investments are made within the industry. Several players have or will open e-commerce darkstores to provide their e-commerce customers with goods. The new way of shopping for food causes both challenges and opportunities for companies that work in the field.

    Purpose: The aim of the study is to investigate the view of e-commerce of food in Sweden as well as the challenges this brings to e-commerce actors in the grocery industry. By mapping out the challenges, future opportunities regarding e-commerce related to the food business area are also discussed.

    Methodology: A qualitative study based on interviews. The informants were chosen through a strategic selection. Through the TOE-model empirical and analysis have been structured.

    Conclusions: The e-commerce platform creates opportunities to tailor the customer journey and increased availability to the customer in everyday life, which provides the conditions for increased customer loyalty. Customers' demand is growing rapidly, creating opportunity for the industry while the management's support has been identified.

    Challenges include the complexity of goods handling, profitability, home delivery where last mile problems and the temperature requirements are central and that the supply chain needs to be developed to achieve increased efficiency. In order to meet these challenges, continued technological development and investment in all areas are required. IT development is currently the area that is most resource-intensive for companies. Automated darkstore solutions are something the industry believes in for the future, to make this happen, continued market growth is required.

  • Almrin, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hampshire, Heather
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Motivation i en arbetsmiljö präglad av säkerhet: En kvalitativ studie om varför kriminalvårdare väljer att arbeta innanför murarna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify the motivational factors among Prison Officers working in a high security prison. To investigate this purpose, a key issue was formulated and answered with the help of three sub-questions regarding why Prison Officers choose to take employment in the prison service, if their motivation changes over time and which views they have towards the working environment from a motivation perspective. In order to collect data, six semi-structured interviews were carried out with Prison Officers in a high security prison. The results of these interview showed that motivation among Prison Officers changes over time. Initially it was the need to have an income, the possibility of future career opportunities as well as wanting to test new career paths that drove their motivation. Later, motivation shifted to it being their colleagues and the clients who contribute to their work motivation. The work environment also has an impact on Prison Officers’ motivation as safety at work it is an important factor in creating good cohesion. The study also shows that one reason for becoming a Prison Officer can be that it provides a springboard for future work opportunities. Also, work motivation is based on a balance and a combination of several factors.

  • Oscarson, Frida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Rydberg, Erika
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Vilka är redo att kämpa för naturens bevarande på Kungsleden?: En kvalitativ studie om ekoturism och hållbar utveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how different stakeholders focus on ecotourism and sustainable development when engaged in outdoor recreation on Kungsleden. The theoretical framework is based on theories regarding ecotourism, sustainable development as well as management and planning for recreation opportunities.

     

    The empirical material has been gathered through a qualitative method consisting of seven semistructured interviews with stakeholders who run companies around Kungsleden and with three stakeholders who themselves have been hiking at Kungsleden. After the empirical material was collected, the authors analyzed the material several times. The authors analyzed the material based on the theories, purpose and the question of the study. During the analysis it came clear that all stakeholders interviewed mentioned that there is a lack of knowledge regarding ecotourism and sustainable development. Which they believe contributes to that the nature is not as important as it should be. The interviewed stakeholders also emphasize the importance of working for a sustainable future. Therfore knowledge is believed to be the key for future generations to experience what we are able to experience today.

  • Johansson, Håkan
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Scaramuzzino, Roberto
    Lund University.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Multilevel Strategies for Political Influence: How and Why Do Domestic Civil Society Organisations Seek Political Influence at National and EU Levels?2018In: Journal of Contemporary European Research, ISSN 1815-347X, E-ISSN 1815-347X, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 68-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses domestic civil society organisations (CSOs) and their multilevel strategies for gaining political influence in the European Union. Drawing on a theoretical framework identifying different ‘routes’ that CSOs can take in a multilevel system of EU governance, this article analyses which routes or combination of routes CSOs take and investigates what organisational factors can explain similarities and differences among domestic CSOs’ multilevel strategies for political influence. Factors like type of organisation, organisational resources, level of activity and perceived relevance of national and EU political levels are combined. The article shows that CSOs tend to choose a combination of routes and that most of them also participate at the national level when trying to influence EU policy. The article furthermore finds that domestic CSOs seek to influence EU policies above all when they organise around issues that face potential conflicts between national and EU policies, illustrating the analytical significance of how CSOs perceive different political levels.

  • Gustafsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Polynczuk-Alenius, Kinga
    Media and Communication between the Local and the Global2018In: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 145-148Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This editorial introduces the thematic issue of “Media and Communication between the Local and the Global”. It does so first by presenting the origin of this thematic issue: the Media, Globalization and Social Change division at the NordMedia2017 conference. The thematic issue is then anchored theoretically through discussion of the widely conceived notion of mediation as a technological, symbolic and ethical process―highlighting the interest in how media actors and communication technologies, practices and artefacts mediate between global phenomena and local contexts, which is what unites the contributions to this thematic issue. Last, the final section of this editorial introduces the articles, which coalesce around three broad themes: migration, marginalised communities, and consumption.

  • Gustafsson, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Domestic Connectivity: Media, Gender and the Domestic Sphere in Kenya2018In: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 188-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how increased media access and use influences Kenyan women’s everyday life and alters the domestic space. Based on 30 in-depth interviews with women in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya, the article demonstrates that women have incorporated newly gained media into their daily lives and routines. Increased media access has opened up the home and turned the domestic sphere from a secluded place into a connected space in which women can receive input from,connect with and interact with the world beyond their immediate surroundings whilst simultaneously remaining at homeand fulfilling their traditional gender roles. Women’s media use thus reinforces their connection to the domestic sphereand the gendered division of labour. Although it has the potential to challenge gender inequalities, the extent to which this occurs depends on the individual woman’s ability to act on the imagin aries and ideas that media carry.

  • Hallgren Sanderson, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    "Such a thing to waste words on": Genus, sexualitet och Beloved i Robin Hobbs The Realm of the Elderlings2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In fantasy literature, representations of gender and sexuality outside of the heteronormative binary have historically been limited. Although queer fantasy is on the rise, depictions of non-conformational identities are still rare and far in-between.

    This thesis seeks to examine one of the earlier fantasy representations of a queer character, the non-binary Beloved in Robin Hobbs fantasy series The Realm of the Elderlings in terms of gender and sexuality. Throughout the series, Beloved assumes different identities of various genders and sexual orientations, and continuously claims that these are all equally true and valid representations of themselves, although these are distinctly separated by ways of, often gendered, physical attributes. Therefore, a central part of this thesis will be to examine how these shifts between genders and sexual identities are established performatively, something I will do with the support of Judith Butler’s theory of gender performativity as it is presented in Gender Trouble. While the text ultimately lends itself to a reading in Beloved’s favour, they are often othered and met with scorn from other characters of the series, something that is quite central to their characterization. Consequently, this thesis will also investigate these reactions and the often heteronormative and conservative stances they demonstrate, and, most notably, how these reactions mirror exterior societal attitudes and change in accordance with these.

  • Westfelt, Anneli
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Marknadens triumf: lärare i en nyliberal tid2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An essay that investigates the basis and possible effects of certain formulations in the upper-secondary curriculum that emphasise entrepreneurial skills. Such skills are to be promoted in pupils, with the aim of their being able to start and operate businesses in the future. The purpose is to examine why the curriculum contains these formulations, whether it is possible or desirable for teachers to implement them in their instruction and what this might mean for the pupils, their education, the professional world and society as a whole. The essay is based on a discussion of the novel Yarden (“The Shipyard”) by Kristian Lundberg, which the author of this essay and a group of pupils read in autumn 2017. The exploratory aspect of the essay develops out of this story and the experience of the contrast between what is perhaps the goal and purpose of the instruction, and the writings about entrepreneurship contained in the curriculum. The result is a criticism of the neoliberal policy that created market-adapted schooling. The essay also questions the belief that we can educate people for a hypothetical future. Finally, it points to the necessity of reforms that can extract schools from the market.

  • Graf, Heike
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media Practices an Forced Migration: Trust Online and Offline2018In: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 149-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the relationship between online and offline practices in the special case of forced migration. By applying a central category in social relations, trust/distrust as developed by Niklas Luhmann, this article contributes to the understanding of forced migration in the digital age. It presupposes that, without a strategy of trust, it would be almost impossible to cope with situations of unfamiliarity and uncertainty. By interviewing refugees, the questionis in what contexts the refugee recognizes that they can trust (or not). The article concludes that through the combination of on- and offline communication practices, more varied mechanisms for the creation and stabilization of trust are provided. In contexts of unfamiliarity, interpersonal relations with the native inhabitants play an important role in bridging online and offline worlds.

  • Gelinder, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Velander, Elsa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur idrottens värderingar införlivas i rekryteringsprocessen: En fallstudie om hur Performiq inkorporerar idrott i sin rekryteringsprocess2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how athleticism can be incorporated as selection criteria within the recruitment process. It is a descriptive case study, whereas Performiq is the company chosen to study. The reason is due to the fact that Performiq attached great importance to athleticism. The study has been built up through semi structured interviews and a content analysis of Performiq’s interview guide and work ads. It is based on the theories of Kahlke & Schmidt’s assessment circle. The results showed that Performiq sees athleticism as a merit and not a requirement and explains how the company incorporates athleticism in their recruitment process. The company does believe that individuals get useful features from their sports that can be of use in future work.

  • Dankemeier, Matilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kosinska, Monika
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Viljan att komma tillbaka: En kvalitativ studie om motivation och lojalitet hos unga vuxna som återbesöker Gröna Lund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For many years, the experience and entertainment industry overall has had strong growth and become something that is important for the current tourism in big cities. Repeatable experiences mean that there is a second-hand value of the experience and that it is possible to implement again. This means that visiting attractions, such as Gröna Lund, are places that allow visitors to experience their roller coasters and other experiences several times, which leads to more frequent visits. The intention of this study is to investigate what motivates young adults to repeatedly visit the amusement park Gröna Lund repeatedly. Interviews have been conducted with seven respondents aged 20–25 who return to Gröna Lund several times a year. An interview with Gröna Lund’s project manager at the marketing department has also been conducted. The interviewers’ answers have been analyzed along with selected theories of loyalty development, push and pull factors and the communications process. The result shows that all respondents have a loyalty to Gröna Lund and are motivated to visit the park both through the promotion of Gröna Lund on social media, but also through the products that the park offers, mainly rides and concerts. It turns out that they are also motivated to return to Gröna Lund, with family and friends, as a tradition.

  • Nellie, Strand
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Krigets slut - en självbiografis början: En retorisk analys av ethos och val av persona i Morgan Allings självbiografi Kriget är slut2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate how ethos and choice of persona are used for self-representation in the autobiography Kriget är slut (2010) by Morgan Alling. The essay uses theories of self-representation in accordance with Aristotle and Roger D. Cherry, among others. The method of the essay is a thorough close textual analysis, mainly in accordance with Stephen Browne's definitions. The result shows that Alling uses the persona to give a voice of narration and attitude to the story and that ethos is used to write narration convincingly.

  • Wiberg, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Migrant, flykting eller asylsökande?: Om betydelsen av benämningar och kontakt för attityden till immigranter i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare år har antalet immigranter ökat, såväl i Sverige som i resten av Europa. Under 2015 förekom stora förflyttningar av människor i vad som har kallats en flyktingkris och det finns indikationer på att negativa attityder till människor på flykt har ökat. I den offentliga diskursen om flyktingkrisen används olika ord för att benämna immigranter, som till exempel migranterflyktingar och asylsökande. Huvudsyftet med denna studie var att undersöka om de benämningar som används innebär skillnader i hur de immigranter som kommer till Sverige värderas. Detta eftersom tidigare forskning har visat att ord och etiketter kan ha betydelse för bedömning och värdering av andra människor och grupper. Utifrån Allports kontaktteori undersöktes dessutom om erfarenheter med immigranter har en effekt på attityderna till gruppen. I studien ingick 179 deltagare, framförallt studenter, som randomiserades till att svara på frågor och påståenden om en av de tre etiketterna, migranterflyktingar eller asylsökande. Attityder till immigranter mättes dels på en individnivå, som social distans, och dels på en gruppnivå, som attityder i immigrationspolitiska frågor. Resultatet visade att etiketterna migranterflyktingar och asylsökande inte innebar någon skillnad i hur de immigranter som kommer till Sverige värderas, varken när det gäller social distans eller attityder i immigrationspolitik. Däremot fanns en skillnad i social distans beroende på erfarenhet, på så sätt att erfarenhet med immigranter innebar mer positiva attityder. Nuvarande studie gav därmed delvis stöd för Allports kontaktteori. De benämningar som används i diskursen om flyktingkrisen tycks däremot inte innebära skillnader i attityder till de människor som kommer till landet. Resultaten diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning inom området. 

  • During, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nylander, Alona
    Dekorationsföretagets konkurrenskraft: En kvalitativ studie om hur föränderliga normer och trender påverkar ett företags strategier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företaget Design AB befinner sig i en designbransch som präglas av normer och trender. Enligt den institutionella och kontingensteorin påvisas vikten av att ett företag förhåller sig till förändringar i rådande trender och normer för att överleva på marknaden. Dilemmat för ett företag inom branschen blir att de dels behöver anpassa sig till rådande normer och trender men samtidigt vill differentiera sig och sticka ut. Studien har som avsikt att genom en kvalitativ fallstudie ta reda på hur Design AB är konkurrenskraftiga samt om dessa strategier påverkas av normer och trender. Därefter ämnar studien undersöka hur företaget tar fram sina strategier utifrån tre teoretiska perspektiv. Från intervjuer med företagets anställda samt med deras kunder framkommer det att företaget har flera styrkor. Design ABs konkurrenskraft beskrivs ur företagets synvinkel samt bekräftas av deras kunder. Av studien framkommer även att företagets strategier i låg utsträckning påverkas av normer samt att de arbetar fram sina strategier utifrån erfarenheter.

  • Jiverud, Lina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Vikström, Ida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Revisorn och varning om fortsatt drift: En kvantitativ studie om faktorer som påverkar revisionskvaliteten.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After a numerous audit scandals over the years, it has become popular to criticize the auditor and question the audit quality. The auditor has a responsibility to inform if they have significant doubts about the continuity of a company. The issuing of a going-concern involves a lot of tough decisions and assessments for the auditor. However, there are factors that may affect the auditor’s actions such as the auditor’s closeness to the client, audit firm and the risk of legal action. Previous studies have also shown that there’s a difference in audit quality between men and women.

    The purpose with this paper is to study how different factors affect the auditor’s issuance of a going-concern and thus see how it affects the audit quality. The purpose is also to study any differences that exist in the Swedish context as compared to previous studies in other countries.

    To examine the relationship between going-concern and the variables, a quantitative study was conducted in which annual reports and audit reports from Swedish bankrupt companies were studied. The results of the study indicate that there is a relation between financial distress and a going-concern, but it was not possible to detect any relation to variables such as gender, audit firm and the age of the client. The result also shows that the audit quality and the issuance of a going-concern in Sweden differs from other countries.

  • Speiner, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tiflidou, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En kontrollerad profession: En kvalitativ studie baserad på lärares upplevda syn på deras arbetssituation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The National Agency for Education (Skolverket) have during the 2010s implemented reforms that have led to an extensive administrative burden for teachers. The extensive documentation and administration demands arise from superiors need for control, were controlmecanisms such as surveillance and quality assessments are used to monitor the teachers profession. The new curriculum that was presented in 2011 was more content and result focused, which resulted in more distinct frames that contain what the teachers can and can not do while carrying out their teaching. The theoretical framework contain theories about the ideal-typical bureaucratic form, centralisation & formalisation, Mintzberg's bureaucracy theories, Ouchi’s theory about Markets, Bureaucracy & Clans and New Public Management. The theories are utilized to establish an increased understanding of how the teachers profession is govern and to further simplify the interpretation of the teachers work situation. In order to answer the purpose of this study semi-structured interviews was carried out with eight teachers from two schools, one independent school and one state founded school.

    The results of this study shows that teachers autonomy has been negatively affected as a result of the new curriculum and increased demands from different actors, as of now, they have to follow the standardized procedures when planning their lessons. This study aims to establish a greater understanding about teachers experiences regarding their work situation, where both private and state funded schools were studied through semi structured interviews. The study illustrates through the empirical results that the demands from different actors have a negative impact on the teachers work situation. This study’s conclusions show that the different actors that affect teachers are; the school management (Academedia), the Municipality, media, The National Agency for Education (Government), parents, and the EU. Furthermore, the conclusion shows that teachers often does not understand the purpose of documentation and view it as far too extensive. Lastly, the conclusion that has been drawn from the increased demands of documentation and education have inflicted the teachers autonomy, and they have now lost power and control of their work to different actors.

  • Linde, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Ek Lilja, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    "Kan vi sända det live?": En studie om livetrenden bland webbaserade tidningar – publikens efterfrågan i jämförelse med redaktionernas utbud2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats bygger till största del på en kvantitativ publikundersökning, vars syfte är att undersöka en mindre grupp (Stockholmsbor i åldern cirka 20–40 år) av mediepubliken och deras inställning till och åsikter om livesändningar på webben. Som ett komplement till publikundersökningen intervjuas en chef och en reporter på nyhetsredaktionerna bakom Aftonbladet och Nynäshamns Posten. Syftet med intervjuerna är att utforska hur de arbetar med och hur mycket de satsar på livesändningar. Uppsatsen utgår från teorierna användarforskning, receptionsforskning, nyhetsvärdering och medielogik.

    Resultatet baseras på 93 enkätsvar och visar att den tillfrågade publiken mer sällan än ofta tar del av livesändningar, och då helst när en riktigt stor händelse har inträffat. Publiken anser att händelser som handlar om kända personer, som till exempel kungliga framträdanden, är minst intressanta att sända live. Aftonbladet har uppmärksammat publikens efterfrågan på livesändningar när stora händelser har inträffat, men menar även att en viktig del i att sända live är snabbheten. Att man är först med en nyhet och kan erbjuda information direkt till tittarna värderas högt. Nynäshamns Postens främsta argument för varför de sänder live är att det är ett nytt sätt att berätta.

    Resultatet för den grupp vi undersökt visar att utbudet av antalet livesändningar är större än andelen som faktiskt tar del av dem. Däremot anpassar sig redaktionerna efter publikens efterfrågan vad gäller innehållet och prioriterar de händelser som publiken anser är mest relevanta. Undersökningen pekar på att livesändningar fyller en kompletterande, snarare än ersättande, funktion till övrig nyhetsrapportering.

    Slutligen kan man säga att majoriteten av den tillfrågade publiken har en positiv eller åtminstone neutral inställning till livesändningar på webben.

  • Wallenborg, Angelique
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Eriksson, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Excise taxation to protect our planet: a point of view from students in the global North: A case from Södertörn University, Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Flying is a mode of travel used mainly by the wealthier part of the planets’ inhabitants, while it is the poor parts of the world that suffer the consequences from climate change the most. Coping with climate change is one of the largest challenges of the century, especially for low-income developing countries. Important stakeholders have realized that it’s a global responsibility to lower the anthropogenic impact on the climate. Political ecology will be used to place the problem with unequal distribution of consequences in a larger context, while environmental economics will be used to examine the flight tax implemented in Sweden on April 1st2018.

    Purpose: Toexamine student’s attitudes towards excise taxation as an incentive to reduce emissions from air traffic, and whether there was a difference in attitudes between students from different disciplines. Research question: What are Swedish students’ attitudes towards excise tax onflights to reduce emissions? Is there adifference in attitude towards the flight tax depending on the students’ field of studies?

    Method: Quantitative approach with questionnaire responses as the main empirical data material for analysis.

    Conclusion: A majority of students participating were positive towards the newly implemented flight tax. Students from an environmental discipline were positive to a greater extent than other students.

  • Forsén, Linnéa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Garpenhag, Jesper
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Företagsexpansion på världsmarknaden: En kvalitativ studie om hur Born Globals anskaffar kunskap inför internationaliseringsprocessen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att skapa en djupare insikt om Born Globals-företags kunskapsanskaffning inför en snabb internationalisering. Studien avser även att undersöka hur internationaliseringen skiljer sig från tidigare modeller. För att nå syftet med studien har en huvudfråga formulerats med utredande delfrågor, huvudfrågan lyder; hur införskaffar Born Globals-företag kunskap inför deras internationaliseringsprocess?

    För att kunna besvara vår forskningsfråga och uppfylla syftet med undersökningen har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod. Vi har intervjuat tre nyckelpersoner i tre Born Globals-företag om anskaffningen av kunskap inför internationaliseringen.

    Resultatet som framkommit av intervjuerna visar att de olika kunskapskällorna samt kunskapsinnehållet har varit av varierande betydelse för företagens internationella expansion, där den direkta erfarenheten huvudsakligen erhållen av grundarna uppmärksammas. Även grundarnas nätverk och färdigheter visar sig vara betydande inför internationaliseringen. Vidare visar även resultatet att internationaliseringsprocessen i Born Globals är mer individfokuserad, det är grundarnas och andra individers erfarenheter, färdigheter, kunnande och nätverk som ligger till grund för internationaliseringen. Medan processen i Uppsalamodellen är mer organisatoriskt förankrad och tidskrävande.

  • Ilvonen, Rebecka
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ylönen, Mikaela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ledarskapets roll i strategiska allianser: En kvalitativ branschöverskridande studie på sex företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order for companies to be able to reach the global market more easily and to meet customers’ expectations, strategic alliances have increased. Strategic alliances form when two or more companies decide to cooperate to reach a higher strategic purpose, which they cannot do individually. Many alliances do not succeed and strategic alliances are often very difficult to manage and requires a competent management and leadership. Previous research claims that leadership plays a major role in the success of strategic alliances.

    The aim of the study was to contribute to better understanding of what impact leadership have in strategic alliance. The method used was based on a qualitative research design with semi structured interviews from six companies in different sectors.

    The results of the study indicate that leadership has an important impact in a strategic alliance. The results also indicate that the four success factors; trust, interdependence, communication and conflict management, are important to succeed with the alliance. Leaders strives to create trust by building good relationships internally and externally within the alliance. The leaders of the companies experienced interdependence which was considered positive. All leaders put a lot of effort to ensure good communication, which is done by being transparent, straightforward, open and honest in his communication. The few conflicts that arose in the alliances were resolved at one time by being diplomatic and creative.

  • Adlertz, Rebecca
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Linddal Åhlin, Moa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Relationer inom globala försörjningskedjor - hur hanteras de egentligen?: En fallstudie om hur ett svenskt detaljhandelsföretag konstruerat relationerna till sina asiatiska produktleverantörer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is no longer individual companies competing against each other but rather supply chains and this assertion has been the starting point for this study. As trade becomes globalized, companies are faced with challenges about how international relations are to be managed. Companies need to make a consideration in the choice of supply strategy with decisions regarding what degree of cooperation and integration they should have with their suppliers.

    This study is intended as an illustrative example of how supplier relationships and supply chains are organized in practice, with the purpose to provide in-depth understanding of how relationships in supply chains can be designed. The focus in the study lies on information exchange and integration between the parties. To investigate this, a qualitative case study has been conducted at the Swedish retail company Rusta. They act as an example to help illustrate how companies in trade-intensive sectors work with issues related to supplier relationships and global sourcing.

    For the study, a framework has been designed based on previous research and theories about transaction costs, contract and control, supplier relations, information and integration. These topics have been the basis for data sample. The study is based on data collected through interviews, document examinations and one observation.

    The results found show that there are many dimensions in the design of supplier relationships. Rusta has purchasing offices in Asia to be closer to its suppliers and create a more secure business environment for trade. In some cases, Rusta works in close relations with their suppliers and in others on a transactional basis. We see that Rusta shares a large amount of information with their suppliers on a daily basis. Integration is evident in various ways, yet there is no shared business system operating between Rusta and their suppliers. In conclusion, the study shows that the more complex a product is, the more complex the relationship becomes. Another conclusion is that there is no general type of relationship that suits all business transactions.

  • Jansson, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Andersson, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Intern kommunikation, en bro mellan arbetsro och framtidstro: Visuell kommunikation i en digitaliserad värld2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen var att redogöra för hur organisationer arbetar med intern kommunikation och belysa om bristen på personliga möten mellan medarbetare av olika slag påverkar kommunikationen. Samt ge en djupare förståelse i hur kommunikation uppfattas och tolkas på olika nivåer inom organisationer för att förbättra effektivitet, måluppfyllelse, motivation och engagemang hos medarbetarna. Syftet var även att skapa en modell över en organisations interna kommunikation som kan användas både individuellt och övergripande i organisationen för att utvärdera den interna kommunikationen. Den forskningsstrategi som användes var en fallstudie hos ett transportföretag i Uppsala. Personer på olika hierarkiska nivåer i organisationen intervjuades och datan som respondenterna genererade kategoriserades under fem olika teman. Det framgick att det förekommer brister i den interna kommunikationen, framförallt mellan de olika hierarkiska nivåerna och en stor osäkerhet i hur de olika kommunikationskanalerna kan användas. Organisationen försökte lösa samtliga anställdas kommunikations- och informationsbehov genom en kanal. Beroende på vilken hierarkisk nivå den anställde befann sig på fanns det skillnader i uppfattningen och tolkning av information samt via vilken kanal som kommunikation bör ske genom. En ny modell som kan fungera som ett verktyg för att utvärdera den interna kommunikationen utarbetades med inspiration från två andra modeller. Den nya modellen ska kunna appliceras på organisationen som helhet men även på individnivå för att kunna utvärdera sin egen interna kommunikation.

  • Björkman, Lovisa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mild, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ett företetags osynliga värden: Kommunikation av intellektuellt kapital i årsredovisningar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att identifiera ord som företag använder sig av för att kommunicera intellektuellt kapital i årsredovisningar. Samt att kartlägga och tolka en eventuell förändring i omfattningen av kommunikation av intellektuellt kapital i årsredovisningar över tid.

    Metod: Uppsatsen antar en abduktiv ansats som grundar sig i att intellektuellt kapital studeras utifrån både tidigare forskning och studiens resultat. Uppsatsen undersöker 36 årsredovisningar från åren 2010, 2013 och 2016 genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys för att studera omfattning och en eventuell förändring. Uppsatsskribenterna har framställt ett kodschema med egenskaper och ord som utgår från tidigare forskning angående intellektuellt kapital. Vidare har dessa ord som återfinns i årsredovisningar kvantifierats i en innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Det finns likheter i hur branscherna väljer att kommunicera sitt intellektuella kapital i årsredovisningarna i ordval och olikheter i omfattning. Bank-, industri- och tillverknings- samt bygg- och fastighetsutvecklingsbranschen har ökat sin kommunikation av intellektuellt kapital i årsredovisningar. Investmentbranschen har däremot minskat. Relationskapital är det kapital som kommuniceras ut mest i jämförelse med human- och strukturkapital. Detta är slående för samtliga branscher och undersökta år.

    Slutsats: Svenska storbolag verkar inte använda sig av ramverk eller riktlinjer för att kommunicera intellektuella kapital i sina årsredovisningar, detta även i linje med tidigare forskning. Uppsatsen kan inte styrka någon specifik skillnad mellan kommunikation av intellektuellt kapital i kunskapsintensiva branscher gentemot traditionellt produktbaserade branscher. Tre av fyra undersökta branscher påvisar en ökning i kommunikation av intellektuellt kapital. 

  • Kumlin Lundmark, Klara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Simic, Nikola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kvalitetsstyrning på äldreboenden: En jämförande studie mellan en privat och en kommunal aktör2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Efter att den svenska välfärdsstaten genomgått förändringar, som grundas i reformerna inom new public management, har kvaliteten i äldreomsorgen varit ett omtalat ämne. I samband med omvandlingen fick kommunerna eget ansvar över äldreomsorgen inom kommunen. Förändringarna har medfört ett större fokus på hur företag inom den svenska äldreomsorgen säkerhetsställer och kontrollerar kvaliteten. Vilket har lett till en ökad efterfrågan på kontrollmekanismer.

    Syfte: Avsikten med denna studie är att analysera hur man arbetar med kvalitet och kvalitetsledningssystem på äldreboenden. Två aktörer undersöks för att upptäcka möjliga skillnader och likheter.

    Metoder: En kvalitativ forskningsmetod används i denna studie i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer, totalt sju stycken med nio respondenter, som primära data. Primäruppgifterna jämförs senare med sekundära data, som består av kriterier och kontroller från båda aktörerna samt från enkäten som ligger till grund för Socialstyrelsens nationella brukarundersökning.

    Resultat: Den empiriska samlingen är indelad i sex variabler; Kvalitetskriterier och kontroller, definitioner av kvalitet, dokumentation, delaktighet, kvalitetsindikatorer och förbättringsmöjligheter. Tillsammans täcker de temat i den teoretiska ramen.

    Slutsatser: Undersökningens syfte har besvarats med både likheter och skillnader mellan de två aktörerna. Problematiken som uppstått i undersökningen har beaktas och förslag på fortsatta studier presenteras.

  • Färm Grufman, Nici
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Roth de Albuquerque, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    The Activity-based Workspace Effect on Organisational Behaviour: A Case Study of Kognity2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In light of contradictory findings in previous research regarding the activity-based workspaces’ effect on organisational behaviour, this study applies The Activity-based Flexible Office Model on the company Kognity, which recently implemented this office concept. The purpose is to test if this may increase understanding of consequences on organisational behaviour from implementing an activity-based workspace. Semi-structured interviews and observations at Kognity are used as methods for the collection of data for the study. As secondary data, results from web-based surveys conducted by Kognity are used. Furthermore, previous research within the field of organisational behaviour and activity-based office concepts are used to give the study credibility and to gain a deeper insight of the topic. The theoretical framework for this study is based on The Activity Based Flexible Office Model and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory. The conclusion is that the activity-based workspace does affect organisational behaviour. Applying the Activity Based Flexible Office Model increases the understanding of what the implementation of an activity-based workspace may lead to in terms of organisational behaviour. The model is a useful tool which shows that task-related moderators can determine in what extent the workspace effects organisational behaviour, depends on individual values and task requirements. Further, application of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs shows that the higher needs in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs may be met through the freedom of choice within an activity-based workspace.

  • Sommar, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lindgren, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ett skepp kommer plastat: En fallstudie om logistik- och organisationsutveckling inom ett plastdistributionsföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Logistics development has evolved over the past few decades, yet more efforts are required to keep up-to-date on the latest trends. Many logistics studies deal with problems and solutions facing the largest companies, whereas the challenges facing smaller companies are less well understood. Therefore, this study focuses on how a medium-sized Swedish distribution company handles its logistics and how the organization is structured to meet the company's goals and growth. A qualitative casestudy has been conducted at the company RBP in Gothenburg. The purpose is to explore and investigate how RBP's organization and communication structure is built to successfully develop its logistics work.

    Information about the company was collected through a number of five semi-structuredinterviews as well as a thorough review of secondary data such as annual reports andscientific articles. The collected empirical material was then analyzed within ananalytical framework based on transaction cost theory, as well as organization-,communication- and logistics theory.

    The study indicates a difficulty to expand from a small to a medium-sized company. Thenecessary organizational changes require a leadership that clearly conveys a vision thatpermeates the entire organization. Unless the management agrees on core strategiesand approaches, it will be difficult to implement organizational changes.

  • Pautkina, Kristina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Det är en fantastisk grund att vila verksamheten på!": En kvalitativ studie av förskollärares uppfattningar av värdegrunden i den svenska förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärares uppfattningar av värdegrunden, vilken betydelse de tillskriver den och hur de resonerar vid uppkomsten av etiska dilemman inom värdegrundens ramar. Utgångspunkterna för undersökningen är att vi idag lever i ett postmodernt och mångkulturellt samhälle, som präglas av värdepluralism och skillnader i livsåskådningsfrågor. Inom denna socialpolitiska kontext finner vi ett etiskt styrdokument som avser överföring av vissa grundläggande och gemensamma värden till barnen.

    Studien grundar sig i kontextualiseringteorin. Inom den teorin ses kunskap som något som finns inom spänningsfältet mellan individens inre kunskapsrepertoar och individens uppfattning, eller kontextualisering, av situationen. Tolkningen av situationen i samspel med individens inre föreställningar och begreppsvärld påverkar vilken kunskap som aktualiseras. På det viset ligger en bestämd intention bakom varje handling, ett mål individen vill uppnå. Metoden som används i studien är intentionell analys. Metoden analyserar den möjliga intentionen bakom individens handling. Analysen utförs med hänsyn till de inre handlingsdeterminanterna (individens begreppssystem, föreställningar, känslor och erfarenheter) och de yttre handlingsdeterminanterna (plikter, normer och möjligheter som situationen implicerar).

    Resultatet av studien visar på att trots att förskollärare tämligen ofta medger att värdegrunden är komplex och mångtydig, är de genomgående positiva till värdegrunden. Förskollärare uppfattar värdegrunden som en demokratisk diskurs, ett respektfullt bemötande och en instutionell ideologi som gäller inom förskolans värld, men inte utanför den.

    Slutsatserna av studien tyder på att värdegrunden uppfattas och tolkas på varierande sätt inom förskolepraktiken, och att det därför finns ett behov av precision och förtydligande i det värdepedagogiska arbetet.

  • Serander, Emy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Vem är experten?: En kvalitativ studie i tre steg av hur två svenska tidningar använder sig av expertis och andra källor i artiklar om hedersrelaterat våld2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master Thesis investigates how the Swedish Newspapers Expressen and DN are using sources and expertise in their portrayal of honour related violence. Which sources are they using, and in which way are these sources being used? 40 articles written between January 1 2017 – March 31 2018 have been chosen for a qualitative analysis step one. In the second step 10 articles have been chosen for a deeper analysis. In the third step three journalists have been interviewed about the articles they have been written in the subject honour-related violence. The method frame analysis have been used. The results of the qualitative analysis shows for example that it is many of the articles that have a strong dramaturgy, and that the use of emotive words are different in various type of articles. The study also shows that the use of sources and expertise are different in DN than in Expressen, and that the use of sources and expertis are remarkable different from other kinds of articles in journalism.

  • Tezel, Claudia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Aho, Verdo
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Organisationsförändring ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie på avdelning X på Scania2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to contribute to our knowledge of organizational change by investigating an employee perspective and comparing with the managerial perspective of department X at Scania.

    Theory: This study applies Kurt Lewin's three-step model for change. Then a model that illustrates employee commitment that is called the TRY-Change model. Finally the linear model of communication demonstrates that problems may occur due to lack of communication.

    Method: A qualitative method with a deductive approach has been used as this method was considered most appropriate for this study. Interviewers were chosen by a convenience selection. The primary data has been collected through semistructurated interviews and the secondary data consists of scientific articles and literature.

    Conclusions: The conclusions of the study shows that there are differences in how employees experienced the organizational change compared to the managers' experience. Employees did not think that they were involved and they also thought there was a lack of communication, something that the managers thought worked well.

  • Marklund, Dahlia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Immigration in French Newspapers Post Terrorist Attacks: A study of the framing of immigration in Le Monde & Le Figaro after the Charlie Hedo attack2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore how the topic of immigration was framed by the two French newspapers Le Monde and Le Figaro in their political online sections during the two weeks following the terror attack on the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in 2015. Applying frame analyses on textual articles published during this time, this paper can conclude that five frames manifested themselves. Furthermore, a high degree of political parallelism, characterized by what Robert Entman refers to as content biased news coverage, was detected that greatly distinguished the two newspapers coverage of immigration. Le Monde, commonly erred to as a left-centrist paper, never openly criticized the ruling leftist government during the time frame studied. Contrastingly, Le Figaro, commonly referred to as a right-centrist paper, was overtly sceptic towards the socialist party, and framed multiple articles arguing that the right-wing populist party Front National was unjustly treated by the left as well as arguing for the legitimacy of the right-center party UMP. Based on the theoretical approach of framing, this thesis concludes that the media culture of both Le Monde and Le Figaro display characteristics greatly influenced by their political orientations. This paper also concludes that the two newspapers’ framing of the immigration topic was directly and consequently related to actions by the controversial right-wing populist party Front National. This implies a salience of ideological orientation of the newspapers in their framing of the news framing.Whether and how this framing of the news related to the terror attacks affected the opinions of their readers would be an interesting focus for future research.

  • Skaring, Ida
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in the Baltic Sea region: The effects of SSRI on teleost fish2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pharmaceuticals, enter the aquatic environments through sewage treatment plants and may affect fish. This examination paper is a literature study that focuses on Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SSRIs, exposure and the impacts on teleosts in the Baltic Sea by assessment of peer-reviewed literature and material. Teleosts affected by exposure of these substances may demonstrate physiologically as well as behavioral alterations. These can be observed as alterations in aggression, boldness, mobility, growth, feeding rate or in endocrine processes. The potential of which SSRI may effect teleosts depends on the pH of the aquatic environment, temperature, other contaminants and the fat solubility of the substances. Some effects caused by SSRI exposure may elicit ecological impacts. These particularly concern changes and effects in terms of evasiveness, reproductive capacity and ability to find food as well as alterations of interspecificity. Even the balance between population density, individual fitness and by extension survival might be affected. Effects in interspecificity may potentially lead to local extinctions and changes in food webs. Furthermore, results demonstrated that when a substance is bioaccumulated and the teleosts are eaten by predators on higher trophic levels, marine ecosystems can also be affected. Moreover a conclusion could be drawn the level of concentration of SSRIs in the aquatic environment may be of less significance since teleosts have the potential to bioaccumulate SSRIs in tissue over time and in this sense concentrations may reach harmful levels that can cause physiological or behavioural alterations. Continuous studies should refer to chronic tests studies with focus on a field testing environment for understanding of natural conditions and exposure. Furthermore, studies on how ecosystems may be affected should be important to give an overview of the problem with SSRI exposure. As the Baltic Sea is a sensitive environment, studies should preferable be made on species living in this environment.

  • Bornestav, Eric
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Digital detox – människans räddning i den digitala eran?: En etnografisk studie om digital detox2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att få en djupare förståelse för fenomenet digital detox och hur problem knutna till det alltmer digitalt uppkopplade samhället framställs samt hur dessa är tänkta att lösas inom detox-trenden. Följande frågeställningar är utformade för att besvara syftet: 1. Hur framställs problem knutna till det alltmer digitalt uppkopplade samhället inom digital detoxtrenden? 2. Hur är dessa problem tänkta att lösas? Det vill säga, vad innebär det egentligen att göra en digital detox? Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk kretsar runt det accelererande samhället samt de effekter som de digitala medierna har inneburit för människan. Däribland redogörs det för upplevelsen av tid, tidspress, medierad interaktion och digital bundenhet. Studien genomfördes med en deltagande observation på digital detox-lägret Villa Insikt i norra Sverige den 17-19 november 2017. Materialet består bland annat av en intervju med kursledaren, informella samtal med densamme och övriga deltagare, fältanteckningar samt analys av broschyrer och lägrets hemsida. Resultatet visar att digitala medier, enligt detox-lägret, har inneburit en rad olika problem för människor. Trots detta ges inga konstruktiva förslag för hur dessa problem ska lösas. Uppsatsens huvudsakliga slutsats är således att detoxen enbart fungerar som ett konstaterande över att människors bundenhet och förhållningssätt till de digitala medierna är problematisk samt att detoxen inte innebär någon större förändring för deltagarna som istället individuellt måste försöka att lösa de problem som detoxen påvisar genom insikt och digital strategi.

  • Lindström, Nikita
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Suleiman, Hamzah
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Idrott - en väg in i samhället: En fallstudie om utrikes födda personers integrering genom basket2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights how people born outside of Sweden experience that their participation in a basketball association contributed to integration into the Swedish society and in which ways it occurred. Furthermore, we study how possibilities and limitations are created for the participants to use sports as a platform for integration for the purpose of becoming a part the society. Through a case study we have interview people from a basketball association. The theories we used in this essay is the intersectional perspective and the theory of integration processes to find out how the individual’s ability to integrate can be affected by different social structures. Six themes were created to become the basis of the analysis: Focus on competition – a barrier for integration?, sports as a tool for language development, community as an inclusive factor, basketball - a sport for immigrant women, a social network creates the conditions for integration, and economic benefits of basketball. With the support of the theories we found that all themes have a significance on the individual ability to integrate and that the basketball association has been a platform for out participants to become a part of the community and to develop knowledge of the Swedish language.

  • Lapinske, Laura
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Living in precarity: Ethnography of everyday struggles of single mothers in Lithuania2018In: Sociologija, ISSN 0038-0318, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 64-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents challenges and life strategies of highly educated single mothers in Lithuania. My ethnography traces the impact on strategies of remaining in a country where exit strategies – alcoholism, suicide, emigration – prevail and seem as an “easier” option. It is a study concerned with the relationship between precarity, single motherhood, social reproduction and everyday living. I focus on precarious living conditions, social isolation and stigmatization, unappreciated and highly gendered care-work. Based on collaborative ethnographic fieldwork material, the paper presents the micro-level attempts to negotiate what it means to be a lone care-taker, to revalorize and challenge the hegemonic narratives of individual strength and success.

  • Adelin, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Alice
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kundens kanalupplevelse: En studie om kunders upplevelse av interaktionen med detaljhandelsföretags olika kanaler2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital and mobile channels has dramatically changed the retailing environment. New technologies allow companies to integrate information between different channels, in order to create a seamless and personal shopping experience for its customers. This is termed omni-channel retail strategy. In previous research it is discussed that this is the only way for retail companies to survive in the new retail environment. Previous research has focused on customer attitudes and values ​​but not on their actual behaviour. Thus, more research is required on how customers combine different channels during their buying process and how they experience the interaction.

    The purpose of the thesis is to create an understanding of how the omni-channel customer experiences its interaction with retailing channels. The goal is for companies to be able to use this study to better understand their customers experiences, and thereby improve their omni-channel strategy. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, a theoretical model, S-O-U, has been designed based on the classical Stimulus-Organism-Response model, which  often is used to describe consumer behaviour. The theoretical model has been used as a basis for the study's implementation and analysis.

    The study has a qualitative research strategy, and the data has been collected through focus groups. The collected data has been analysed based on the theoretical framework of the study, and the result shows that the customer uses different channels during its buying process to maximize their exchange. Furthermore, it has been found that the customer has different needs during the phases of the buying process. At the beginning of the buying process the customer is primarily driven by utilitarian values, while at the end of the buying process it is rather driven by hedonic values. The selection of channel depends on how well the channel can meet the customer's needs. Although the customer is driven by different values during the buying process, the result has clearly shown that both utilitarian and hedonic values ​​are necessary for the customer to have a positive experience of the interaction with different channels.

  • Shands, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Ferreira-Meyers, KarenUniversity of Swaziland.
    Special Issue on Life Writing2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles brought together in this special issue of Ravenshaw Journal of Literature and Culture on Life Writing are examples of social, therapeutic, and emotional life writing which can be described as ‘healing literature.’ All the contributions in this volume, whether they treat historical life writing or contemporary experiences, offer readers elements of events lived mainly in India, but also in the USA and Europe. The contributions published here are made by researchers from all over the world and propose analyses of narratives that are varied in thematic approach, from pain and illness narratives to narrations of lived religion (Dalit, Buddhism, Bhakti spirituality, Hinduism, Christianity), and in theoretical underpinnings (Foucault, Gilmore, Merleau-Ponty) and genres (journalism, autobiography/autofiction, poetry). The variety of themes, backgrounds, contexts and analytical approaches to texts from India, the USA, Europe and beyond allow both the experienced researcher to conduct in-depth readings and the neophyte a window into the exciting and ever-evolving field of life writing.

  • Elman, Beatrice
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    The Coordination Mechanisms of Self-Managing Organizations: An Explorative Case-Study of Three Pioneers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After many years of limited activity in the field of coordination research, new organizing forms with the aim to abandon managerial hierarchies have caused a renaissance in the research of new solutions to this universal organizing problem. An emerging stream of research about Self-Managing Organizations (SMOs) which eliminates formal hierarchies and managers completely, have left researchers wondering about SMOs new coordination solution as antecedent organizing forms have their coordination solution strongly dependent on managers. The aim of this thesis was to explore and identify the mechanisms that SMOs utilize to coordinate work output, how these mechanisms are configured and how they correspond to the settings of SMOs. Due to the nascent state of knowledge development within this field, the aim was operationalized with the help of coordination conceptualizations and theory from nearby fields. A multiple case-study was conducted, using deep, semi structured interviews, triangulated with internal documentation, external documentation and archival records. The study identified the mechanisms Planning based on ‘sense and respond’, Competence driven and partially fluent roles, the merged category of Familiarity peer-trust and transparency, Digital infrastructure, Cultural content and finally, Content of repeated procedures. Through a self-composed analytical approach, the study revealed that traditionally mechanistic coordination mechanisms were of less importance to SMOs and had an added organic and group-dependent dimension to their configurations, compared to similar mechanisms in hierarchies. Furthermore, the findings suggested that Digital infrastructure, Cultural content and Content of repeated procedures were configured in a way, particularly useful and important to SMOs. The reason was that the three mechanisms constituted a mechanistic but editable framing, which both aligned and encouraged organic efforts in a certain direction. They also corresponded well to SMOs settings as they could be exercised and edited by anyone, they facilitated coordination cross-teams without managers and they were scalable in theory. 

  • Henell, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Möte, reflektion och ansvar: i arbete som sjukgymnast i neurologisk rehabilitering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scientific essay depicts two encounters with individuals who have suffered stroke. While reflecting about these encounters I describe dilemmas in my professional everyday work. I try to describe the importance of understanding between me as a physiotherapist working with neurological rehabilitation and the individuals I encounter. The purpose is achieving good rehabilitation. My responsibility is to make sure the individual feels invested in the rehabilitation and thus actively participate. Problems arise when the person as a result of disease do not have autonomy and consequently is unable to take responsibility.

    Philosophers’ and other authors’ thoughts and opinions about practical knowledge, encounters, responsibility and reflection as well as my own thoughts about the encounters I have had are described and analyzed.

    My conclusion is that both theoretical and practical knowledge are needed in my work. The practical knowledge is often tacit knowledge. Reflection is essential for me to be able to do my work as well as possible and to earn experience and practical knowledge. Even though I try to make ethical choices in my occupation I am not always successful. It is when reflecting and feeling disappointed about these failures that I emerge a more experienced professional in my field.

  • Kyryllova, Iuliia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Listening to Digital Media: Analysis of Music Consumption Pattern on the Example of Russian Social Networking Site VKontakte: A user-focused research based on in-depth interviews2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper represents an overview of the most popular Russian social networking site VKontakte and its role in the formation of modern music consumption pattern in post-Soviet countries. Until spring 2017, it was known as the biggest platform for free music consumption in the region. The main distinctive feature of VKontakte was that it was providing free music content for its members and, as a result, was known for problems with international copyright law.However, in 2017 drastic changes occurred in copyright policies of the network, which affected music content distribution in it. As a result, VKontakte users were experiencing new routines and rapid evolution of their daily consumption habits. This research provides extensive analysis of digital music listening practices, based on the in-depth interviews with the members of the network.

  • Käll, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att motvilligt tjäna en visionär stat: En studie om styrning genom omlokalisering av statlig verksamhet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks hur förhållanden mellan institutionella logiker återverkar på regeringens förmåga att styra förvaltningen. I centrum står 2017 års regeringsbeslut att flytta sju myndigheter från Stockholm. Syftet med studien var att utifrån teorier om institutionella logiker undersöka förutsättningarna för regeringen att få genomslag för denna styrningsform. Genom en dokumentanalys av beslutsunderlag och intervjuer med berörda tjänstemän studerades hur beslutet motiveras av de som styr och hur det tolkas av de som styrs. En tematisk analys av det empiriska materialet sammanställdes i två narrativ: beslutsfattar- respektive medarbetarperspektivet. I de två narrativen spårades inflytandet av fyra institutionella logiker: demokratisk, byråkratisk, professionell och organisationslogik. Beslutsfattarperspektivet visade sig starkt influerat av en demokratisk och byråkratisk logik, medan medarbetarperspektivet i högre grad influerades av en organisatorisk-professionell logik. Analysen ledde fram till slutsatserna att regeringens förutsättningar att lyckas med sin styrning är små i förhållande till angivna mål, men större i förhållande till kraften att genomdriva organisatorisk förändring. Det förra förstås som ett resultat av att beslutet tolkas under inflytande av motstridiga logiker. Det senare som ett uttryck för den demokratiska logikens dominerande position, vilken i fältet stöttas upp av en stark byråkratisk logik.