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  • Cautin, Stefan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Holmström, Mia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Uppfattning av karaktärsroller genom visuell design: Tolkning av associationer, utrustning och kroppsattribut i MOBA-spel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study analyses how gamers perceive and visually interpret characters from two MOBA games: League of Legends, and Defense of the Ancients 2, to broaden the research of visual character design. Subjects were randomly presented with an image and a video of one of six characters from either game. Interviews and thematic analysis reveal that gamers are able to explain a character’s personality and role in the game with help from visual attributes, shapes, animations and abilities, despite the lack of a presented backstory. The top-down view and the absence of a traditional narrative forced gamers to pay attention to the characters’ abilities, body attributes, visual expressions and movement patterns. Gamers perceived characters in the video differently from the image because of their in-game presentation, which also influenced believability of the character.

  • Silfverhjelm, Hedvig
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Om tänkande och mening i förskolans praktik2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay reflects upon a group process where the goal was to use an art exhibition as a source of inspiration. The purpose of introducing art through an Exihibition was to generate associations that lead to subjects for dialogue and therefor developed a creative process amongst the group. We used the experience that came out of the visit and phrased questions regarding electrical light sources to mediate to the children.

    The main questioning is regarding the transformation from conformity to a more experimental approach to children’s learning. My dilemma concerns me getting caught in between two different points of view and not always knowing to whom the dilemma should be addressed, towards the staff or the organisation.

    My investigation concerns the role of a supervisors communications skills in relation to aesthetics as a learning process. Secondly, I reflect upon pedagogic documentation and how it can be used in the preschool practice. Through the pedagogic documentation, I can reflect upon the children’s becoming in relationship to the spatial dimensions and their relationships towards each other. My purpose of outcome was to investigate creative thinking in relationship to a group process in the preschool practice and how one can go about to introduce art as a catalysator for a creative process.

  • Bäcklund, Jonas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Eskilsson, Joel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    WOM vs eWOM: En komparativ studie av WOM vs EWOM2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the perceived credibility of word of mouth (WOM) is compared with the perceived credibility of electronic word of mouth (eWOM) from a receiver's perspective. WOM can be described as verbal communication in trademarks, products and services where the transmitter does not have a profit motive. EWOM is all communications regarding brands, products and services that take place electronically over the Internet. The results of this qualitative study indicate that credibility is linked to the transmitter as a person rather than the message itself. Within WOM, the receiver usually has a relationship to the transmitter and therefore the credibility is to a large extent already given the recipient before the message is delivered based on past experience. Within eWOM the transmitter is often unknown or anonymous, which means that the receiver does not have a picture of the sender's credibility before the message is received. The receiver then creates a perception of the message and its sender based on language design. A language with certain qualitative characteristics tend to create greater credibility within eWOM. Another observation made in this study is that the quantity of messages affect the overall credibility of eWOM even when the messages alone are not considered to have high credibility from the recipient's perspective. The time aspect also proved to be of some importance for the credibility of the message in eWOM as older reviews were not as trustworthy as newer ones.

  • Jarpe, Jannice
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kunskap och känslor i förskollärarens yrkespraktik: En vetenskaplig essä om en resa mellan teoretisk och praktisk kunskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this scientific essay is to examine the relationship between different forms of knowledge and emotions which can arise in relationships at work in preschool. I use writing as a method for reflection, which creates openings for new perspectives that brings me closer to the core of the dilemma. I start from two different events taken from induction at two different times in my work life and the dilemma is from my own experiences. I state these questions to myself; Which expectations do I have for myself and my colleagues in relation to theoretical perspective and emotions? What role does the collegial interaction when negative emotions arise? What place do emotions have in the activities? How can we use educational theory with practical knowledge so they interact with each other in the work at the preschool? In an attempt to answer these questions I write a discussion on the relationship between emotions and knowledge from different perspectives. In both situations I mention the attachment theory both because it has great significance in connection with induction but also to enforce that theories needs to coexist with other knowledge in the work in preschool. Aristoteles three forms of knowledge, confidence in relationships and the importance of reflection are some of the things I write about in my text. Through this essay I want to show that there are more than theoretical standpoints that makes us professional educators while highlighting that there is not a given truth for how we should do to become and be a professional educator in preschool.

  • Bräysy, Alex
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Arkö, Axel
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Fourth Wall Manipulation in Digital Games and its Impact on the Gameplay Experience2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how manipulation of the fourth wall can affect players’ Gameplay Experience in digital games, due to the lack of any significant research regarding the matter. In preparation of the study, multiple commercially released digital games with instances of fourth wall manipulation were analysed. This led to the creation of four distinct game design patterns. These patterns were implemented into a game artefact specifically created for the study, which was played by eight participants. After playing, the participants were interviewed about how they experienced the game artefact. The results show that the majority of the patterns had a positive effect on both the participants’ immersion and engagement, which both form part of the Gameplay Experience model.

  • Afram, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Celebi, Suleyman
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Det ligger i deras händer: En sociologisk studie om segregationen mellan Bredäng och Mälarhöjden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to bring out the social economic residential segregation that exists in Bredäng and in Mälarhöjden by experiences and perceptions from local residents with a qualitative research. The study will also show how these expectations forms from local residents in these districts. Both these districts take place in southern Stockholm.

    Bredäng, the public housing neighborhood and Mälarhöjden, the garden neighborhood are two districts that was built up during two different eras but has a social economic difference bigger than the geographic distance. The majority of the local residents in Bredäng are low incomes and have a lack of university or college education. The majority of the local residents in Mälarhöjden have a higher percentage of university graduates and the average income per year are twice the size of Bredängs resident’s. The main focus of this study will be to inquire into why the social economic elements lead to residential segregation in these districts, but also in how Mälaräng will effect on this. The main focus will be to examine why the social economic elements leads to how segregation forms from the expectations that exist.

    It generally occurs similar beliefs and perceptions from all respondents about these districts. The results shows that all respondents confirms that it exist social economic differences between Bredäng and Mälarhöjden with consequences that Bredäng becomes the segregated district towards to Mälarhöjden that is considered the “fancier” district with higher “status”.

    We have used the concept segregation that is central in this study and two theoretical points, Goffman’s identity and Elias and Scotson who writes about established and outsiders. We use the theoretical perspectives to connect the empirical part about how individuals form experiences and perceptions toward to the opposite district. We also find how identity creations forms from the categories that the individual gets. 

  • Public defence: 2017-05-12 13:00 MA 624, Huddinge
    Yakusheva, Natalya
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Parks, Policies and People: Nature Conservation Governance in Post-Socialist EU Countries2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The national parks in the Carpathian Mountains along the Polish and Slovak border represent encompassing policy agendas that strive to balance biodiversity conservation and social welfare tasks. These countries have, during the last 25 years, undergone rapid transformation from socialist regimes to liberal democracies, and this transformation has affected the political, social and economic spheres. The accession to the European Union (EU) introduced demands for further changes, such as closer integration of conservation and socioeconomic development and inclusive, transparent and accountable decision-making that are based on participatory mechanisms.

    This thesis explores key challenges and opportunities for nature conservation policy and practice at the local level in a context of post-socialist legacies and Europeanization. Multi-level governance, Europeanization, and post-socialist studies are used as theoretical vehicles for the analysis of four transboundary national parks: Pieninsky national parks (NP) in both Poland and Slovakia and Bieszczady NP [Poland] and Poloniny NP [Slovakia].

    The results of this study show that the early designation of the studied parks as protected areas prevented their exploitation and enabled preservation of important landscapes, which currently are highly valued at the European level. These nature conservation regimes have created tangible restrictions on the possible economic uses of these areas. However, rural development alternatives depend on a broader set of local, national and global factors such as the structure of the local economy and employment, the prioritization of nature conservation in national policies, investors’ interest, and increasing urbanization. Europeanization provided opportunities for local actors to benefit from additional funding made available for nature conservation and rural development. At the same time, demands for participatory decision-making posed significant procedural and conceptual challenges to achieving transparent, inclusive and accountable governance. The prevalence of informal practices in local policy-making and the lack of trust in state authorities pose further challenges to formal participatory processes. The opportunities of local actors to reach out across levels to express their interests remain scarce and are not institutionalized, whereas the multi-level characteristics of modern governance indirectly shape local processes by defining common legal and policy frameworks. 

  • Cassel, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Circulating Emotions in James Baldwin’s Going to Meet the Man and in American Society2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores how James Baldwin’s short story Going to Meet the Man depicts racist attitudes toward African-Americans in American society. Further, this essay also shows how racism is linked to a circulation of emotions that unconsciously generates a xenophobic nation affecting even those who implicitly are regarded as genuine citizens of that community. By using two theoretical perspectives, Sara Ahmed’s theory of affective economies and some of Freud’s concepts from psychoanalysis, this essay analyzes Baldwin’s text and discovers how the American nation needs to accept and recognize its racist history, just as a child needs to acknowledge his or her fear when experiencing traumatic events. Baldwin’s narrative reinforces racist stereotypes while at the same time using the text to write back to a society that at the time of writing had not expected, but indeed needed, an African-American man to publish a book from a white man’s perspective.

  • Qazi, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress: en kvalitativ undersökning kring fyra bemanningsassistenters självupplevda stress i relation till krav, kontroll, ansträngning och belöning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är arbetsrelaterad stress vanligt förekommande och drabbar de flesta arbetsverksamma. Med bakgrund av detta ämnar denna studie undersöka hur fyra bemanningsassistenter på en vikariepool inom en kommunal verksamhet för funktionshindrade upplever sig stressade i relation till faktorer som krav, kontroll, ansträngning och belöning i arbetet. Detta kommer att genomföras genom en kvalitativ ansats i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer för att få en förklarande förståelse för respondenternas upplevelser. För att sedan undersöka om det föreligger några skillnader i upplevd stress i relation till de ovannämnda faktorerna har även respondenternas anställningsformer funnits i baktanke som ett diskussionsverktyg i uppsatsen.

    Det teoretiska ramverk som använts för att på bästa sätt besvara studiens syfte är Karaseks och Theorells teori om krav-kontroll, Siegrists teori om ansträngning-belöning samt Bronners och Levis teori om emotionell trygghet. Studiens resultat visar att samtliga respondenter upplever sig stressade på grund av en låg kontroll över sin arbetssituation (det vill säga hur, när, och på vilket sätt något ska göras) medan kraven på att leverera är höga. Resultatet har även visat att balansgången mellan den insats respondenterna lägger i arbetet och dess medföljande belöning (oftast i form av uppskattning) är bristande, vilket i sin tur genererar stress. Vidare har det även framkommit att den mängd kontroll arbetstagarna har i arbetet samt den belöning de får i relation till arbetsinsatserna tenderar att skilja sig åt beroende på om arbetstagaren är tim- eller fastanställda på verksamheten. 

  • Bergström, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Det du är kapabel att bli: En studie om hur dyslektiker upplever stigmatisering och svårigheter i skolan och arbetet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien ämnar undersöka hur individer med dyslexi upplever stigma och om diagnosen har påverkat deras karriärval. Mer specifikt handlar studien om vilka möjligheter och begränsningar respondenterna upplever i skolan och arbetet. Detta har gjorts genom att studera eventuella strategier samt former av hjälpmedel som dyslektikerna använder för att kunna anpassa sig till vårt textbaserade samhälle. Metoden som jag använder är teoretiskt grundad, en kvalitativ metod där jag förväntas vara förutsättningslös. Undersökningen genomfördes med intervjuer av sex dyslektiker som har arbetslivserfarenhet. I tidigare forskning har det blivit tydligt hur läs –och skrivkunnighet har betydelse för skola och arbetsliv, samt hur kreativitet och dyslexi är kopplat till varandra. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i denna studie är Goffmans teori om stigmatisering. Resultatet visar att respondenterna känner sig stigmatiserade i skolan och på arbetet särskilt i skolan. Respondenterna har också lärt sig att använda olika strategier och hjälpmedel för att utföra olika arbetsuppgifter. Avsikten är att förstå på vilket sätt en dyslektiker stigmatiseras i skolan och arbetet samt hur en dyslektiker stöter på motstånd från samhället och känner sig tvingade att anpassa sig till rådande normer.

  • Nordin, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Mellan raderna träder utställaren fram: En diskursanalytisk studie av Fotografiskas semiotiska och narrativa identitetsskapande i det digitala rummet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how websites can be used for corporate branding purposes of institutions in the cultural field. It is based on my analytical findings on the website of Fotografiska, a gallery for contemporary fine art photography in central Stockholm. The thesis is based on the claim that both the surrounding context and the content of the exhibition texts plays a crucial role in the creation of a corporate brand for art galleries. Therefore my intention here is to show how Fotografiska all together use semiotic and narrative resources on their website in order to brand themselves. Supported by the findings from my sociosemiotic discourse analysis I argue that the extensive portraying of fine art photography and its key figures, maintains a few artistic core values that are characteristic for the branding of Fotografiska. Those are minimalism, intellectuality, exclusiveness, tradition and expertise.   

  • Gallardo-Fernandez, Gloria
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Saunders, Fred P.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Sokolov, Tatiana
    Uppsala University.
    Börebäck, Kristina
    Stockholm University .
    van Laerhoven, Frank
    Utrecht University.
    Kokko, Suvi
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Tuvendal, Magnus
    Stockholm University.
    We adapt … but is it good or bad? Locating the political ecology and social-ecological systems debate in reindeer herding in the Swedish Sub-Arctic: Locating the political ecology and social-ecological systems debate in reindeer herding in the Swedish Sub-Arctic2017In: Journal of political ecology, ISSN 1073-0451, E-ISSN 1073-0451, Vol. 24, 667-691 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reindeer herding (RDH) is a livelihood strategy deeply connected to Sami cultural tradition. This article explores the implications of two theoretical and methodological approaches for grasping complex socio-environmental relationships of RDH in Subarctic Sweden. Based on joint fieldwork, two teams – one that aligns itself with political ecology (PE) and the other with social-ecological systems (SES) – compared PE and SES approaches of understanding RDH. Our purpose was twofold: 1) to describe the situation of Sami RDH through the lenses of PE and SES, exploring how the two approaches interpret the same empirical data; 2) to present an analytical comparison of the ontological and epistemological assumptions of this work, also inferring different courses of action to instigate change for the sustainability of RDH. Key informants from four sameby in the Kiruna region expressed strong support for the continuation of RDH as a cultural and

    economic practice. Concerns about the current situation raised by Sami representatives centered on the cumulative negative impacts on RDH from mining, forestry and tourism. PE and SES researchers offered dissimilar interpretations of the key aspects of the RDH socio-economic situation, namely: the nature and scale of RDH systems; the ubiquitous role of conflict; and conceptualizations of responses to changing socio-environmental conditions. Due to these disparities, PE and SES analyses have radically divergent socio-political implications for what ought to be done to redress the current RDH situation.

  • Abbaszadeh, Sepideh
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Espinoza, Daniela
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Instagram: en plattform för att frigöra kvinnors kroppar genom hashtags.: Ett bidrag i diskussionen angående aktivism på Instagram.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The naked body is an entity that has always been present in both the “real” world and the media. The anatomy of our bodies isn’t something we can avoid; today it reflects the reality that has developed partly from media. According to Instagram’s guidelines users are not allowed to publish naked or semi-naked pictures but that does not stop certain users that are critical to how the body norms and censorship are portrait today. In our study, we take part of research regarding gender in multimedia settings and how they have affected our daily lives. As well as studies, which research the usage of hashtags and how to circumvent censorship. The focus for this study is to research what role Instagram and hashtags have in generating a public discussion as well to draw attention to various issues and causes that are based on norm critique. We have conducted two different observations, held interviews with activists and created an online-survey for users to answer what they think about the Instagram community guidelines. The results show that there is an underlying discrimination acceptance within Instagram and their community guidelines. We can also see that women and users who uses hashtags can spread their causes more effectively, although they are simultaneously at risk for being censored depending on the hashtag they use. According to our respondents from our research there is an agreement regarding the need of updating Instagram’s community guidelines, which could help with eliminate the current discrimination against women and their breasts. At the end of this study we are giving a proposal to how Instagram can work with their censoring in a more critical way. This may contribute to an agenda to make social media platforms safer and less discriminating.

  • Nyman von Sydow, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    ”Svajpar du höger på en profil [på Tinder] är du intresserad, svajpar du vänster är du inte det”: En korpusstudie om etableringen av nyordet svajpa i svensk tryckt press och på webben2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Each year the Swedish Language Council compiles a list consisting of new words andcompounds that have been used frequently during the past year. The new Swedish wordsvajpa appeared on the latest list published in december 2015. Svajpa is imported from theEnglish word swipe which means to drag your finger across a mobile phone or a computerscreen. The aim of the study has been to investigate the establishment of svajpa in Swedishnewspapers and web and to find out Swedish journalists’ attitudes to svajpa. Furthermore, Ianalyze in which contexts the new word is used. By ’context’ I am referring to what kind ofnewspaper (e.g. major urban or local newspapers) and which sections in the newspapers(such as finance or technology) the word appears. The first 100 listings from Google areanalyzed by a similar classification to study recurring themes and patterns of usage. Thetheoretical assumptions for this study are language conservation, language planning,establishment and attitudes to language. To find out the establishment of svajpa a corpusstudy has been used as a method using the search tool Mediearkivet Retriever Research.Further, the search tool Google has been chosen as a complement. A survey has also beenconducted to find out the journalists' attitudes to svajpa. The new word was used for the firsttime in 2009 in the Swedish newspaper Pir. Additionally, the result shows that svajpa hasbecome increasingly established since 2015. Svajpa is used in many different contexts onGoogle, such as blog texts and language articles. Furthermore, svajpa is particularly used toswipe on mobile or tablet and on the dating app Tinder. The journalists' attitudes to svajpashows high recognition. Most of the interviewed journalists are familiar with svajpa and usethe word themselves. The answers also shows that it is most common to use svajpa in moreinformal settings rather than at work.

  • Johansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ohlsson, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vad påverkar priserna på bostadsmarknaden?: En tvärsnittsstudie om prisutvecklingen på småhus över Sveriges kommuner från 1996 till 20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to a study by the international real estate firm Knight Frank, the Swedish housing market is in a fourth place in the rankings of the world's hottest housing markets. Many municipalities in Sweden have experienced a strong price trend in housing during recent years. Therefore, it is important to study the Swedish housing market and its prices. The purpose of the study is to examine which factors affect the increase in house prices in Sweden's municipalities.

    We have made a cross-sectional study of 288 municipalities and studying the change in housing prices from year 1996 to 2015. The study was conducted using a statistical method in form of a regression analysis that has been divided into two time periods: 1996 to 2005 and 2006 to 2015. The dependent variable is the change in housing prices and the explanatory variables are the supply of housing, professional income, unemployment rate, population rate and municipal taxes.

    The regression analysis show that population growth is the variable that is significant to the price trend during the first period. All the explanatory variables except municipal taxes is significant during the second period. Through the descriptive statistics, we can also see a connection between supply of housing per capita and increases in house prices.

  • Sartoretto, Paola
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mobilization as Communication: A Latin American contribution to the study of social movements2016In: Commons: revista de comunicación y ciudadanía digital, ISSN 2255-3401, Vol. 5, no 2, 93-117 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scholars have noted the lack of interdisciplinary dialogue and research between the areas of social movements studies and that of media and communications. While social movement studies fail to fully analyse media practices and communicative processes in relation to mobilization, in media and communication the social and political aspects of mobilization are seldom taken into account when analysing communication in social movements. This apparent lack of dialogue is presented in the paper as a consequence of north-centred theorization in the fields of social movement studies and media and communication, which is addressed by spelling out the contribution of Latin American communication scholarship and a view of mobilization as anchored in communication.

  • Gustafsson, Ulrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    RFSU- Vill du?: En multimodal analys av RFSUs skolmaterial för att främja ömsesidig sexualitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    RFSU- Do you want to? -A multimodal analysis of the RFSU’s (the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education) school material to encourage mutual sexuality

    The purpose of this study is to identify the semiotic resources, by using a multimodal analysis, that the RFSU uses to communicate the creation of relationships between participants to express their aim. Furthermore, to examine the basic thoughts that the RFSU has about standards due to gender should be eliminated, and how these become evident in the films. The starting point for the essay is questions about how the RFSU creates a relationship with the audience through the semiotic resources, as well as the manner in which it is possible to derive the RFSU’s basic thoughts about breaking the standards and working towards stereotypical gender roles.

    The material I examine consists of two short films belonging to a collection of school supplies under the name titled ”Vill du?” (Eng. ”Do you want to?”) that the RFSU has created for the education of secondary school students. The method is based on a sociosemiotic perspective where the material is analyzed by a composition analysis, an ideational analysis and an interpersonal analysis. The dialogues are analyzed based on the systemic functional grammar and the discussion of the results and how they are linked to the theory that there is a heteronormativity in today's society, which the RFSU wants to break through. The conclusion is that RFSU uses semiotic resources such as young participants, communication tools, such as: Skype, computers and phones, and other typical youth-related things. The most prominent result of the analysis that is actively breaking the standards against the heterosexual norm is that one film, ”Gorillan”, which works against the stereotypical gender roles, where it is the male who is subjected to sexual harassment; and the second film works against the norm of heterosexuality as it is about two gay guys.

  • Yrjänä, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Förortens vardagsverkligheter: En kvalitativ studie om Spoken Word som mikropolitisk motståndsform2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera spoken word texter för att undersöka vardagsproblem i dagens svenska förorter och vetenskapliggöra de sociala kontexterna till de olika vardagsverkligheterna som beskrivs i texterna. Vidare syfte är även att se vilken betydelse poesi och spoken word kan ha för människor i utsatta områden, samt på vilket sätt kan spoken word öka dessa människors känslor av delaktighet och erkännande. För att uppnå syfte har det genomförts narrativ metod för tolkandet av sju spoken word texter. Vid tolkning av texterna har det använts en intersektionell analys. Även en intervju har genomförts för att få djupare förståelse för studiens bakgrund. Analysen av empirin kommer att ha sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i begreppet vardagsverklighet och de olika strukturerna som formar ramarna till de olika vardagsverkligheterna. Mikropolitiska aktiviteter kommer även att analyseras som ett sätt att göra motstånd i det vardagliga livet, och för att förstå motstånd i relation till makt så har denna studie utgått ifrån Foucaults maktperspektiv. Resultatet visar att poeternas vardagsverkligheter präglas av postkoloniala samhällsstrukturer och att de jämnt bemöter fördomar från det övriga samhället. Intersektionell analys på maktstrukturer blir användbar då det visar sig att tjejerna inte känner sig hörda och sedda i förort som för killar symboliserar trygghet. Spoken word ökar inte bara självreflektion och känslan av empowerment men kan även bli ett sätt att göra motstånd mot dessa strukturer och visa en motbild till den bilden av förorter som resten av samhället har.

  • Johnsson, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    När produkten är nyheten: En kvalitativ undersökning av kommersiella tidningars rapportering om hemelektronikprodukter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines three commercially driven swedish news organizations that cover consumer electronics in some way. These are: MacWorld, Dagens Industri and Ny Teknik. The aim of this study is to analyze the policies and ethical guidelines regarding consumer electronics of each news organization and see how these translate to the finished articles. This study also aims to examine if the articles from each news organization can be interpreted as native advertising and/or adverising for the product.

    To achieve this, qualitative interviews have been conducted with representatives from each news organization, about their guidelines and general attitudes regarding consumer electronics. Furthermore, a qualitative content analysis of 13 articles in total has been conducted. To limit this study, one product has been chosen as the analysis object. This product is the Apple Watch and all the analyzed articles has a focus on the product.

    The results show that the policies and ethical guidelines about consumer electronics where very similiar between the three news organizations. All three were strongly against native advertising and any other form of favouritism. They emphazied that their credibilty towards their audience was the most important thing and that their focus were on what was important and interesting for the audience, not financial gain. However, the representatives, did say that they experienced their reporting about consumer electronics as difficult, and descibed it as a balancing act.

    The content analysis show that all of the articles about the Apple Watch had similarities to native advertisning and regular advertising for the product, and that they could be interpreted as such. There was a discrepancy between the policies and the actual articles. The interviews painted a picture of the ideal and morally correct way of reporting about consumer electronics. The articles on the other hand did not always live up to these standards. However, this should not be interpreted as if the media organizations were immoral and lied about their use of native advertising. Yet, this study illustrates the difficulty in reporting about consumer electronics without it being interpreted as advertising, and supports previous calls for revised guidelines and definitions about what is and what is not considered native adverising.

  • Karlow, Egil
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Frihet och inflytande ur barns och pedagogers perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the conditions for children’s and adults' influence and freedom in preschool. The study is based on observations, interviews and discussions in a preschool class. Freedom is defined – in accordance with Marx and the dialectical tradition – as the human ability to experience and reshape reality in an active way that creates meaning. The success of children and adults in the creation of meaning is, in the study, examined in the interplay between the subjects’ action and the external circumstances. This analytic method is developed in accordance with activity theory, following Vygotskij and Leontiev.In the analysis – which also employs Habermas’s and Honneth’s theories – the increasing demands on results and learning in preschool are linked to a lack of freedom of both children and adults. The lack of freedom among adults appears both in relation to how they seem to experience themselves as passive objects of external demands and in relation to how they perceive a lack of recognition in their profession. From the children's horizons, a focus on a more formalized and planned learning can be interpreted as an obstacle for their desire for free play.Studies done by Anette Emilson and Klara Dolk confirm this picture of controlled activity as an obstacle to children's influence. But other central findings in my study contradict this viewpoint. Some of the ways in which children and adults create meaning, as observed in the study, would not be possible without planned activities and organized meetings. Furthermore, in a close study of two activities at the preschool, teacher control does not appear to be the most important factor determining children’s freedom. Based on Csikszentmihalyis concept of "flow" and Bjørkvolds concepts "musisk", the key factor for children’s freedom in the activity seems more strongly linked to the way in which children act and relate. This liberating way of being is defined in the way they are actively present without fear of failure and an ability to experience reality as changeable and dynamic.

  • Delic, Gordana
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Matematik i förskolan: Förskollärares förhållningssätt till matematik2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences and preferences of preschool teachers in Mathematics, and analyze how they apply their visualization of Mathematics in preschool. The study aims to examine how the teachers' own perceptions form their mathematical subjectivity and mathematical skills.

    Data collection was done through interviews. Six preschool teachers from two different preschools participated in the survey. The teachers spoke about their own mathematical experiences in school and talked about their experiences in working with preschool children.

    The results show that the participants have a positive attitude towards preschool mathematics. It also shows how their mathematical subjectivity changed over time due to increased knowledge and experiences that they create through working with children. Before the curriculum was introduced in 1998, the preschool teachers' understanding of mathematics comprise only of children learning to count. With the new curriculum, the preschool teachers were able to have the opportunity to develop their understanding about preschool mathematics. The participants in this study did. All six preschool teachers in this study showed that they have a mathematical awareness with a varying degree in competence development depending on the individual's interests, commitment and experiences.

  • Balbul, Zaid
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kassir, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kreditbedömning: Faktorer som har en inre påverkan på låntagarnas och långivarnas bedömningsprocess vid bostadslån2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ekonomiska systemet har genom åren genomlidit ett flertal kriser dessa är både finansiella och strukturella. Ökade belåningsgrad kan skapa finansiella kriser som skapar konsekvenser för både banker och individer det vill säga världsekonomin i helhet.

    Denna studie ämnar till att studera hur bankernas beslutfattare det vill säga långivare bedömer en utbetalning av bostadslån och dess påverkan på låntagaren. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilka faktorer som individer påverkas utav, det vill säga i detta sammanhang så kallade långivare. Även hur långivarna hantera oklarheter i en bedömning vid bostadslån samt den enskilde låntagarens synsätt av bostadslån.

    För att besvara syftet används ett antal teorier i denna studie vilka är att definiera begreppet risk, disaster myopia och agentteorin. Utöver teorier används även kvalitativa intervjuer samt två enkätundersökningar. Antalet intervjuade långivare var totalt fyra stycken, och 46 långivare som besvara enkätundersökningen. Låntagarnas enkätundersökning besvarades av totalt 126 personer. Studien kommer fram till att centrala faktorn i bedömning av bostadslån är återbetalningsförmågan för en låntagare men det finns ett antal faktorer som påverkar återbetalningsförmågan dessa diskuteras närmare i studien.

  • Grelz, Astrid
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    A Phenomenology of Transcendence : Edith Stein and the Lack of Authentic Otherness in Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to shed light upon the philosophical dignity of Edith Stein’s critique of the early Heideggerian conception of sociality in her text ”Martin Heideggers Existenzphilosophie”, from 1936. I will argue that Stein’s critique of Heidegger’s concept of sociality comes to be substantiated through her existential-philosophical approach to his understanding of the transcendent character of Dasein. By objecting to Heidegger’s definition of Dasein as ecstatic temporality, Stein points out his inattentiveness to authentic otherness in Being and Time, which reaches out into a problem surrounding Mitsein. I will further demonstrate how Stein, by ascribing to Dasein an enduring and sustaining quality in the midst of ecstasy, uses Heidegger’s concept of Dasein in order to formulate her own social ontology.

  • Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Karlsson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    E-handel för mikroföretag på ett socialt nätverk: En kvalitativ studie om e-handelsfunktioner för mikroföretag inom second hand2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study about how second hand micro enterprises are using Facebook to interact with their customers and to increase their clientele. The study also examines what benefits e-commerce may offer second hand companies. Why this study is significant is if second hand companies would operate an e-commerce it could make more people interested in second hand, and by that make more people shop second hand and help save the earth’s resources. The study was accomplished with several interviews with some second hand shops, one customer survey and observations on a social network and its functions. The result shows that images is the thing the companies uses most to interact with their customers on Facebook, the images lets the customers see the current range the store has and it also allow new customers to get the information they need before a visit to the real store. E-commerce can offer second hand shops bigger sales, when reached out for customers around the country and even abroad. The result was later complied and was put in an tematic analysis. The study’s conclusion is that an e-commerce on a social network can be time saving for micro enterprises. Our design proposal is for micro enterprises with lack of time and limited economy to manage marketing, communication and e-commerce all in one place.

  • Altun, Sami
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ouangar, Yasin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Redovisning av spelarförvärv i Herrallsvenskan: En kvalitativ studie om varför fotbollsklubbarna tillåts redovisa spelarförvärv på två olika sätt 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemdiskussion: Allsvenska fotbollsklubbar har idag möjlighet att redovisa förvärvade spelarkontrakt på två olika sätt, antingen som en immateriell tillgång i balansräkningen eller som en kostnad i resultaträkningen. Då det finns två olika redovisningsmetoder kan det ge ekonomiska konsekvenser. Även nedskrivningar av spelarkontrakt kan bli problematiskt då klubbar skriver ned dessa på olika sätt.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att belysa hur fotbollsklubbarna i Herrallsvenskan redovisar sina spelarförvärv samt undersöka varför klubbarna tillåtits redovisa sina spelarförvärv på två olika sätt. Det ska även undersökas hur fotbollsklubbarna hanterar nedskrivningar av deras spelarkontrakt.

    Metod: Studien har utgått från ett kvalitativt tillvägagångssätt där vi samlat in empiriska data utifrån intervjuer med Svenska Fotbollsförbundet samt nio av de totalt 16 herr allsvenska klubbarna. Den sekundärdata vi använt är samtliga klubbars årsredovisningar.

    Resultat: Samtliga klubbar följer SvFF:s elitlicenskriterier. Av samtliga deltagande herr allsvenska klubbar för säsongen 2015 är det endast BK Häcken som kostnadsför sina spelarförvärv i resultaträkningen. Resterande klubbar aktiverade spelarkontrakten som immateriella tillgångar i balansräkningen. SvFF har tagit fram två sätt att redovisa spelarförvärv. Orsaken till detta berodde främst på klubbarnas önskemål. Flertalet klubbar som aktiverar spelarförvärven i balansräkningen vill vara försiktiga med att direkt kostnadsföra spelarkontraktet i resultaträkningen medan andra klubbar vill fördela kostnaden över spelarens kontraktstid.

  • Gast, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Identification with Game Characters: Effects of visual attributes on the identification process between players and characters2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Concept of identity within digital games is believed to be a prominent subject as the bond between the player and the character could potentially enhance the gameplay experience. There is as yet a lack of studies addressing the visual identification of predefined game characters. Therefore, this study aims to examine how the identification is established through visual attributes of a game character. To this end, a qualitative online survey was undertaking, gathering responses from 350 respondents. The responses were analysed using thematic analysis, and the elicited themes indicate that the identification has in fact been established, where visual attributes such as hair, weapons, outfits and even abilities had an influence on how the participants perceived and identified themselves with the character.

  • Public defence: 2017-05-05 10:00 MB416, Huddinge
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Promises of the Free World: Postsocialist Experience in Argentina and the Making of Migrants, Race, and Coloniality2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the narrated experiences of a number of individuals that migrated to Argentina from Russia and Ukraine in the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union. The over-arching aim of this thesis is to study the ways in which these migrants navigated the social reality in Argentina, with regards to available physical, material, and socioeconomic positions as well as with regards to their narrated self-understandings and identifications. The empirical data consists of ethnographic in-depth interviews and participatory observation from Buenos Aires between the years 2011 and 2014. Through the theoretical frameworks of political discourse theory, critical race studies, auto-ethnography, and theories on coloniality, the author examines questions of migration, mobility, race, class, and gender in the processes of re-establishing a life in a new context. The interviewees were not only directly affected by the collapse of the USSR in the sense that it drastically changed their terrain of possible futures as well as retroactive understandings of their pasts, but they also began their lives in Argentina during the turmoil of the economic crisis that culminated in 2001. Central to this thesis is how these dislocatory events impacted the interviewees’ possibilities and limitations for living the life they had expected, and thus how discursive structures affect subject positions and identifications, and thereby create specific conditions for different relocatory trajectories. By focusing on how these individuals narrate their reasons for migration and their integration into Argentine labor and housing markets, the author demonstrates the role Argentine and East European history, as well as the neoliberal restructuring of the postsocialist region and Argentina in the 1990’s, had for self-understandings, subject positions, identities, and mobility. Various intersections of power, and particularly the making of race and whiteness, are important for the way that the interviewees negotiated subject positions and identifications. The author addresses how affect and hope played a part in these processes and how downward mobility was articulated and made meaningful. She also examines how participants’ ideas about a “good life” were related to understandings of the past, questions of race, social inequality, and a logic of coloniality.

  • Bökmark, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Linnala, Laura
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Miljön som handelsvara: en diskursanalys över utsläppsrättssystem2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Växthusgasnivåerna i atmosfären har nått nivåer som påverkar klimatet på jorden. Det här ställer krav på politiska överenskommelser som effektivt kan verka för en minskning av växthusgaser i atmosfären. Kyotoprotokollet implementerades 1997 och innehåller lagbindande krav på medlemsländerna att minska sina växthusgasutsläpp och presenterar utsläppsrätter som styrmedel för att nå målen. Utsläppsrätter innebär att politiker sätter ett pris på rätten att släppa ut och låter verksamheter som förorenar handla med rätterna, vilket enligt nationalekonomisk marknadsteori är det mest effektiva sättet att gå tillväga. Detta kan däremot kritiseras av ekologiska ekonomer som motsätter sig prissättande av miljön.

    Diskursteori används för att studera vad som har normaliserats med införandet av utsläppsrättssystem och därför inte ifrågasätts. Analysen visade att två diskurser primärt råder i den utvalda empirin; ekonomisk liberalism och teknologisk tilltro. Fokus på vinst, tillväxt, kostnadseffektivitet samt teknikoptimism återkom i alla tre dokumenten och framställs som avgörande för att nå målen för utsläppsreduktion.

    Utsläppsrätter är ett ekonomiskt styrmedel vars styrka ligger i marknadsmekanismer, men ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv finns problematik med prissättande av miljön; framförallt att det vilar på svag hållbarhet. Även marknadens otillräckliga förmåga att ta hänsyn till moraliska angelägenheter, prissättning av miljön och att ansvarsförskjutning mot företag placerar en större klyfta mellan människa och miljö kan tolkas som problematiskt.

  • Eliasson, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Olika perspektiv inom Polisens omorganisation: En kvalitativ studie om meningsskapande under ett förändringsarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:The aim of this study is to examine how an organizational change within a Police department can be understood. By interviewing different employees within the organization, the study focus on understandings about the work of the change management. In the context of educational research, and with help of theories of change,this study explores how the individual can manage change by creating meaning of it. Questions:How do the employees explain the purpose of the new organizational structure and the allocation of resources? How do the employees describe what is changing?Method:The essay wasa qualitative study of hermeneutical approach and an abductive analytically practise. The empirical data-collection was done by four semi-structured interviews. The respondents had different roles within the organization. Results and Conclusion:The analysis of the empirical material showed that different perspectives occur. It is also shown how attitudes regarding the change can be different. The analysis finally shows how employees during a change process can be influenced in their meaning of sensemaking. In conclusion, the resultshows that different perspectives within the organization have different perceptions about the organizational change and the ongoing change management. Signficant similarities that emerged was how the change management takes time and that more resources within the particular organization is wanted.

  • Holberg, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Män är inte djur: Maskulinitetsskapande och djurblivande i Selma Lagerlöfs En herrgårdssägen och August Strindbergs Tschandala2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker huruvida det går att finna ett samband mellan maskulinitetsskapande och djurblivande i två kortromaner från förra sekelskiftet, Selma Lagerlöfs En herrgårdssägenoch August Strindbergs Tschandala. I båda texterna förvandlas en man, mer eller mindre, till ett djur; hos Lagerlöf är det Gunnar Hede, som går under namnet Getabocken, och hos Strindberg är det Jensen, som av sin antagonist magister Törner förvandlas till en hund. Med hjälp av maskulinitetsteori och djurstudier analyseras hur de rådande manlighetsidealen tar sig uttryck i de båda romanerna, hur djur och djuriskhet framställs samt hur ett misslyckat maskulinitetsskapande kan resultera i en djurtransformation. Då den västerländske mannen länge har setts som normen för det neutralt mänskliga blir kvinnor, barn, djur och så vidare något avvikande. Detta, menar jag, gällerockså den omanlige mannen. Analysen visaratt såväl Hede som Jensen avviker från den hegemoniska maskuliniteten och därför kan liknas vid, eller förvandlas till, djur. De båda männen går dock synnerligen olika öden till mötes; där Hede slutligen räddas tillbaka till människorna, är drivkraften genom Tschandala att avmaskulinisera Jensen, förvandla honom till en hund och således göra honom möjlig att döda. Denna skillnad låter sig förklaras genom den homosociala aspekten av maskulinitetsskapandet. Mellan Törner och Jensen råder en ständig maktkamp och då inte heller Törner helt lyckas leva upp till manlighetsnormen finns där den ständiga rädslan för att bli dominerad, ett fenomen som mansforskaren Michael S. Kimmel beskriver i Manhood in America. För att själv inte bli en omanlig man, vilket kan likställas med att vara ett djur, måste Törner se till att Jensen blir det. Den här maktkampen är inte lika tongivande i En herrgårdssägen. De män som Hede speglas mot förekommer endast tidigt i romanen; på det stora hela är han mest omgiven av kvinnor. Då kvinnor inte ryms i den manliga/mänskliga hierarkin finns hos dem varken behov eller möjlighet att avmaskulinisera Hede. Det går även att ana ett försök till en så kallad positiv avmaskulinisering, ett ifrågasättande av normerna, som symboliseras av Hedes fiolspel. Detta försök lyckas inte fullt ut; slutligen är det den heterosexuella kärleken –en grundpelare i maskuliniteten –som gör Hede till en människa, och en man, igen. En väsentlig skillnad männen emellan ligger också i deras etnicitetstillhörigheter. Enligt den maskulinitetsmodell som sociologen Raewyn Connell en gång introducerat tillhör Jensen den marginaliserade maskuliniteten, varför han–i likhet med kvinnor –står utanför den manliga hierarkin och därför inte har möjlighet att bli en riktig man. Hede däremot har etniciteten på sin sida och således också chans att räknas som en man.

  • Bari, Aniqa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Johansson, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Södras Hållbarhetsredovisning i praktiken: Ur de anställdas perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sustainability reports can be seen as a relatively new concept today. The purpose of the report is to present the company’s responsibility towards society. In other words, one can say that the company takes stands for the environmental, economic and social impact that their business have. It’s still optional for companies in Sweden to constitute a sustainability report. However, this will change in 2017 when sustainability reporting will become mandatory due to a new law. There are no specific guidelines that must be followed in the reporting, but the most common framework to use in building the report has been established by GRI. This study is a case study where Södra Skogsägarna ekonomisk förening (Södra) is the main focus. Södra is a forest product industry. Our purpose is to examine how the knowledge of sustainability is spread among the employees and how it applies.

     Södra is a corporate group which mostly focuses on three business areas: forest, wood and pulp industries. To examine what information the employees actually has received, the enterprise’s sustinability report was studied and interviews with employees were operated. With 98 responses from the survey and nine interviews with employees without connection, we came to the conclusion that there is a major knowledge of Södra’s work with sustainability among employees. On the other hand does the implementation of sustainability vary regarding company unit and job task, along with the topical sustainability category. Södra has traditionally worked mainly with the categories in relation to environment and the social and economical sustainability have not been as highly prioritized. This is noticed by the employees since they primarily associate sustainability with environment.

  • Limpar, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Schröder, Rasmus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Informationsinsamlingsprocessen: En studie på aktiesparare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to immerse in how stock investors gather information before making a potential transaction and also examine how they feel about this process. Mapping how the information gathering process looks like for the average investor and getting their view of the process do this. This study has been conducted through a qualitative approach and semi-structured interviews were used to gather the empirical data for the research. The findings of the study identify that the average investor partake of similar sources to gather information towards a potential transaction. The results also indicate a positive attitude initially towards the information and the channels they use, but the attitude gradually becomes more negative and suspicious the more information they are exposed to and the more experience they gain of the stock market.

  • Ehlin, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Miley What's Good?": En hiphopfeministisk diskursanalys av motstånd, femininitet, ras och sexualitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera och erhålla en djupare förståelse kring latenta föreställningar om ras, sexualitet och femininitet, med utgångspunkt i den svarta kvinnliga hiphopartisten Nicki Minaj framställning av sig själv, och det motstånd hon har artikulerat. Hennes motstånd mot det vita patriarkala majoritetssamhället har mött kritik av de vita artisterna Taylor Swift och Miley Cyrus, samt av den svarta hiphopskribenten Chuck Creekmur. Frågeställningarna berör vilka strategier Minaj använder för att göra motstånd, och vilka reaktioner hennes motstånd får, samt hur Swifts och Cyrus reaktioner kan förstås utifrån teorier om vithet. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av hiphopfeministisk och svart feminismteori, främst med utgångspunkt i Chepps (2015) teori om respektabilitet, samt teorier om vithetsnormer, där Yancys (2008) teorier ”om att bli tagen i bakhåll av sin vithet” och ”ond tro” kan nämnas. Metoden som använts är diskursanalys för att genom specifika teman kunna analysera latenta meningar i texterna. Det som framkom i analysen är att Minaj använder många sätt för att göra motstånd, både genom att explicit uttrycka sin åsikt men också genom att utmana sterotypa framställningar av den svarta kvinnans kropp och sexualitet. Swift och Cyrus reaktion på Minaj kritik är typiskt så som många vita reagerar när de konfronteras med sin egen position i vithetsnormen: med chock och aggression mot den rasifierade person som påtalade ojämlikheten.

  • Gustavsson, Erik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hidesten, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Vad är drivkraften bakom användningen av tredjepartstjänster till spel?: A case of Pokémon Go2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In addition to the rise of digital games in all their forms, users often engages in existing services or even develops new external services. These external services often comes in forms of forums, mobile applications developed with a certain function in focus and applications dedicated to provide users with certain information. These external services provides the user with a different medium then the game itself, and they therefore work as a complement to the game. This study examines if the use of external services for games is related to lack of information/functions in the game. The study focuses on the case of the recent mobile game Pokémon GO and the external environment surrounding the game.

    As an example the study focused on the game Pokémon GO and did a case study about this game to try the thesis. 

  • Salamonik, Michał
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    In Their Majesties’ Service: The Career of Francesco De Gratta (1613-1676) as a Royal Servant and Trader in Gdańsk2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the administrative and economic career of Francesco De Gratta (1613–1676) as Royal Postmaster, Royal Secretary, and trader within the postal and fiscal systems of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This investigation focuses mainly on his network and career strategies and is based on various sources from a number of European archives and libraries, mainly those situated in Italy, Poland and Germany.

    The study presents the family De Gratta and the familial social actions that Francesco used in order to root his children and family in the Polish-Lithuanian noble culture. Next, the analysis shows that the career of Francesco De Gratta was inextricably correlated with the establishment of the early modern royal postal system in Gdańsk (the city of Gdańsk fulfilled an important bridging role within the Poland-Lithuanian Commonwealth) as well as his close contacts with different Polish kings and queens.

    The career followed distinct stages, tying him ever closer with the Crown, the nobility as well as the merchants in Gdańsk. It all started with his position as Head Postmaster in Gdańsk, in 1654. In 1661, he became Postmaster General of Royal Prussia, Courland, Semigallia and Livonia. After these initial steps, Francesco immersed in creditor activities and close contacts with the Royal Prussian cities, royal authorities, and not the least different Polish mint masters. He also got involved in the potash trade with his later son-in-law Jan Wawrzyniec Wodzicki, first as his factor and later as a co-owner of Wodzicki’s company. The study finally traces his social and economic advancement by the analysis of Francesco De Gratta’s legacies and their importance for his heirs’ social status.

    The summary compares the career of Francesco De Gratta with that of other postmasters and mint masters of Italian origin in Poland-Lithuania.